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Unit 6 Choices

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  • 1. Block 2Block 2 Unit 6 ChoicesUnit 6 Choices Action PlanAction Plan In this unit, you will learn:In this unit, you will learn: • To read persuasive texts.To read persuasive texts. • To understand inferences in texts.To understand inferences in texts. • To use verbs + prepositional phrases.To use verbs + prepositional phrases. • To be aware of gender related language.To be aware of gender related language. • To use words for talking about livingTo use words for talking about living cheaply.cheaply. Action PlanAction Plan In this unit, you will learn:In this unit, you will learn: • To read persuasive texts.To read persuasive texts. • To understand inferences in texts.To understand inferences in texts. • To use verbs + prepositional phrases.To use verbs + prepositional phrases. • To be aware of gender related language.To be aware of gender related language. • To use words for talking about livingTo use words for talking about living cheaply.cheaply. 5 min.
  • 2. 1. Who usually does these jobs? 2. Which of these jobs would you (not) like to do? Why? 3. Why do men or women choose not to do some jobs? She is doctor He is a nurse He is a firefighter She is a dancer She is a lawyer She is a mechanic He is a teacher She is an architect
  • 3. Lesson ALesson A Inexpensive LivingInexpensive Living 3 min.
  • 4. discounted economical charity for free expensive priceless bargain household bills Vocabulary Living on the cheap Complete the definitions with words from the box. Then listen and check your answer. 1. Being economical means spending money wisely and carefully. 2. Something that is priceless means that its prince is so high we cannot buy. 3. If you can get something for free, it means you pay no money for it. 4. If something is discounted, it means its price has been lowered to sell it cheap . 5. If something is a bergain, it means you bought it at a lower price than normal. 6. Something that is expensive has a very high price. 7. Your household bills, are the expenses such as rent, electricity, gas, and so on. 8. Charity is the giving of things or money to someone because they need dream. 8 min.
  • 5. Speaking Circle the best answer to describe your partner. Then ask and answer questions to find out if you were right. Explain your guesses. 5 min. 1. He/She spends all the money she gets every month. 2. He/She some of the time has enough money for his daily needs. 3. He/She sometimes buys things he doesn’t need.
  • 6. Pre-reading a) Look at the title of the text on page 65. Predict what you think the text will be about. b) Quickly read the text on the next page. Then answer the questions. Skim 1. What’s the article about? Living cheaply. Scan 2. How much could Paul spend in total? $14. 3. Did the $2 a day include household bills? No. 4. Who did he cook for during the week? His girlfriend. 5. Did he achieve his aim? Yes. 5 min. Paul Harding’s blog August 27th Living on $2 a day
  • 7. Comprehension Correct the errors in the summary of the article 5 min. Paul Harding decided to live for a week on $2 a day. He worried whether he could do it because he wasn’t fit and didn't have much time to look for bargains at the supermarket. At First it was hard live cheaply, but soon it was easier. Paul managed to Cook a meal for his girlfriend but didn´t have enough money to go out afterwards. Paul Learned a lot in his week.
  • 8. Skills Work Contrasting ideas A writer can join two ideas to show how they can contrast with each other. Look at the examples. He comes to work early, however, he works slowly. She asked me to go for a coffee, but I had to refuse. a) Complete the contrasts whit information from the blog. 1. My friends didn´t think I was serious, however, I decided to try. 2. I could spend $2, but I couldn't accept charity from my friends. 3. It was 30 km to work and back by bike, but I wasn't very fit. 4. In the end she understood, although I cooked a cheap meal with rice and beans. 5. She asked me to go out for a coffee, but I had to refuse. b) Underline the contrasts in the text. Paul's week very tough. When he was shopping, there were many things he wanted but he couldn't afford them. The hardest part was looking in other shopper's baskets. They had lots of delicious foods, but he couldn't bye them. He had plenty of money although he wasn't allowed to spend it. It was also tough because he was tired all the time after the long bike rides to work. He woke up in the middle of the night dreaming of delicious foods although he couldn't eat them. One of the important things he learned was that he hadn't spent much money but he was not unhappy. 8 min.
  • 9. Speaking Decide what you would need to do in order to live on a very limited budget. I'm sure I could do it. I'd buy… It looks hard to me, so I couldn't do it. But if I did, I… I'm already spending less than… 5 min.
  • 10. Language Work Although, despite, in spite of Look at how the words contrast ideas in a sentence. Then complete the sentence below. 8 min. 1. In spite of not working hard, he passed the test. 2. Altough it was windy, it wasn´t cold. 3. I just couldn´t sleep despite / in spite begin so tired. 4. I spent a lot of money despite begin poor. 5. Although she padded her driving test, she doesn´t drive often. 6. Despite liking the CD, I didn´t buy it. Despite/in spite of + noun phrase/gerund Although + subject and verb Despite the rain, we went anyway. In spite of being late, he didn’t run to class. I wasn’t sick despite/in spite of eating too much. Although he ate cheap food, his health didn’t suffer. I’d like to go out tonight, although it’s a bit late.
  • 11. Writing Complete the letter whit the correct contrasting words from above. Skill Builder 6 min. Dear Paul, I read your blog the other day. I agree that living cheaply is a great idea, (1) although it would be hard. I think I could be like you and live cheaply (2) in sipite of the difficulty of doing it. But it will made me fittrer if I walk to school every day, (3) although it would take a long time. I admire you because (4) in sipite of having a good job and good salary, you chose to help the planet and reduce food waste, and that´s cool. I wish more people would do this, (5) altough I don´t think it will happen soon. So I´m going to try it (6) despite the trouble and difficultries. Susana Dear Paul, I read your blog the other day. I agree that living cheaply is a great idea, (1) although it would be hard. I think I could be like you and live cheaply (2) in sipite of the difficulty of doing it. But it will made me fittrer if I walk to school every day, (3) although it would take a long time. I admire you because (4) in sipite of having a good job and good salary, you chose to help the planet and reduce food waste, and that´s cool. I wish more people would do this, (5) altough I don´t think it will happen soon. So I´m going to try it (6) despite the trouble and difficultries. Susana When you meet a word you don’t know and you don’t have a dictionary, you should try to guess what the word means using these steps. •Keep reading. If the word is a useful one it will come again. If the word stops you from understanding, try to guess its meaning. •Read the sentences around the unknown word to learn the context or topic. •Decide what part of speech the word is- a verb, noun, adjective? •Substitute your guess for the unknown word. If the sentence makes sense, keep reading. If not, guess again. Guessing the meaning of unknown words
  • 12. Lesson BLesson B Men and Women at WorkMen and Women at Work 3 min.
  • 13. a. attendant b. humankind c. sales clerk d. flight attendant e. chairperson f. workforce g. firefighter h. police officer Vocabulary Gender specific words Match the words with a gender-neutral one on the right. Then listen and check your answers. h 1. policeman g 2. fireman a 3. waiter / waitress f 4. manpower c 5. salesman / saleswoman e 6. chairman d 7. stewardess b 8. mankind 8 min.
  • 14. Listening a. Look at the picture and discuss the questions with a partner. 1. Who is the boss in the photo? How do you know? 2. In what ways are men and women treated differently at work and in society in general? 8 min. b. Listen to Rita and Daniela. Write T for True or F for False. F 1. Rita is upset with her boyfriend . T 2. Daniela was ignored by the waiter. T 3. Daniela thinks men can be rude to woman sometimes. T 4. Daniela is upset because her boyfriend ignored her. F 5. Rita complained about a woman at work who got the job she wanted. F 6. Rita`s angry because the man was better at the job than the woman.
  • 15. Pre-reading THE “GLASS CEILING”-FACT ORFICTION?THE “GLASS CEILING”-FACT ORFICTION? a) Look at the title of the article on page 69. Predict what you think the article will be about. b) Quickly read the article on the next page. Then answer the questions. Skim 1. What is the article about? Equality in the workplace. 2. Who says there is a “glass ceiling”? Jane Holden. 3. Who says there isn't a “glass ceiling”? Gloria Di Stefano. Scan 4. Where does Gloria Di Stefano work? Milwaukee International University. 5. What is Jane Holden’s position in her company? CEO—Chief Executive Officer. 5 min.
  • 16. Comprehension Circle the best answer. 1. Gloria believe that women tend to focus more on their family than career. a. men b. women c. both 2. Jane believe gender-neutral language is good for her company. a. good for b. bad for c. often used in 3. According to Gloria, women tend to be focused on their family. a. their careers b. equality c. their family 4. According to Jane, only a few men think women should stay at home and look after the family. a. most b. only a few c. many 8 min.
  • 17. Skills Work Understanding state and inferred statements Information can be presented in two ways-either by stating exactly what you mean, for example, He is tall. Alternatively, you can say something without saying it directly (i.e. inferring your meaning). For example The phone is ringing means Please answer it. Learning to understand inference is a vital reading skill. a) Decide if the information is stated or inferred. Check  Stated or Inferred. 1. “It seems these women put their families before a career.” Inferred 2. “Of course there’s glass ceiling”. Stated 3. “Men tend to be more determined and more ambitions. Inferred 4. “Some men still think that way but their number is getting smaller.” Stated 5. “Women have babies and tend to be more focused on their families than men.” Inferred
  • 18. b) Read the inferred sentences. Write what the speaker means directly. 1. I’m having a party at 7 p.m. this Friday. Can you come to the party? 2. His hair is too long. He needs to go to the barber. 3. The weather is nice outside. Let’s go for a walk. 4. Are you using your pen right now? May I use it? 5. Dinners ready! Come and eat your dinner.
  • 19. Speaking Discuss whether you agree or disagree with each statement. Explain why. 1. I like it when men say “ladies first” and they open doors for us. I want to be treated like a lady. 2. Women should look after the home and family. 3. If a men and women are both applying for a job, the best person should get the job. 5 min. In Mexico How are men and women’s lives different and similar in Mexico?
  • 20. Language Work Verb + preposition + -ing Study the prepositions that follow the verbs. Then complete the sentences below using each verb phrase once. I’m thinking of getting a nice ring, but I wouldn’t dream of paying a lot for it. She decided on taking the job but she’s decided against living away from home. Paulette succeeded in pasing the test, but she didn’t feel like celebrating. 1.I’ve always dreamed of having a big family and a nice home. 2.We decided against going to concert. It’s too far. 3.Have you succeeded in finding a better job. 4.We’ve decided on buying a new car. We’ll get it next week. 5.Sorry, I don`t feel like going out tonight. Maybe some other time. 6.Where are you thinking of going on your next vacation.
  • 21. Hi Jill, Thanks for your e-mail. No, I haven’t (1) decided against moving to Mexico City and I’m still (2) thinking of getting a job there. But the problem is it’s so expensive and the cost of renting an aparment stops me from moving there. I have some good news. I (3) succeeded in getting a good TOEFL score last week so I’m (4) dreaming of finding a good job overseas but I don’t know where to apply. I (5) feel like working in tourism, maybe in Cancun or Baja California. Have you got any good advice for me? See you, David. Writing Complete the sentence using the correct verb and preposition from above. When writing or speaking it’s best to use gender-neutral language so that no one is offended. For example say: humankind not mankind Teachers are wonderful people, because they…not A teacher is a wonderful person because he… Using gender- neutral language
  • 22. Real-life Reading Read the statements. Write T for True or F for False. 1. The company address goes on the right, above the date. F 2. My own address goes at the top right of the letter. F 3. My own name is at the bottom below the closing. T 4. We start cover letters by stating the reason we are writing. T 5. When we don’t know the person’s name or gender or grender we say Dear Sir. F
  • 23. My Learning Experience Look at the list of language objetives in the unit. Draw  ,  or . Language Agree? ,  or  I can read persuasive texts.  I can understand somo inferences in texts.  I can use some verb + preposition phrases.  I can use some gender-related language.  I can use some words for talking about living cheaply.  Closing Task Look at the pictures on pages 62 and 63. Which other jobs are typically done by men or women? Why?
  • 24. Word builder Suffixes: -ful and –less a. Study the examples of adjective suffixes –ful and –less. Then complete the columns below. 1.meaning meaningless meaningful 2.color colorless colorful 3.use useless useful 4.help helpless helpful 5.power powerless powerful 6.harm harmless harmful b. Complete the sentence with words from a. 1.Many people think a cold is harmless. 2.Studying all night is hopeless , I’m never going to pass the test. 3.I really love this food, it’s so flavorful. 4.They were so thankful for the lovely presents they got. 5.I really love that colorful dress you’re wearing. 6.I’m not good at computers. So I’d be a useless computer teacher. adjective -ful (lots of) -less (without) thank flavor hope taste thankful flavorful hopeful tasteful thankless flavorless hopeless tasteless
  • 25. My Dictionary Write the words in English. Look for them in the unit. Spanish English a pesar de despite a su conveniencia at your convenience aunque although auxiliar de vuelo cabin attendant bombero fire fighter carta de introducción cover letter centrado de la familia family focused director general CEO cuentas del hogar household bills decidir no hacer algo decide against decidir hacer algo decide on doing something discriminación discrimination escalera corporativa corporate ladder gran valor priceless humanidad humankind igualdad equality obtener algo gratis get something for free oportunidad opportunity presidente(a) (de un comité) chairperson una ganga a bargain
  • 26. Fuentes Bibliográficas: Chapman, J. (2009). Sequences, Teacher’s Resource Book 5. México: Heinle Cengage Learning. Waring, R., Woodall, P. y Thomlinson, J. (2009). Sequences, Student Book 5. México: Heinle Cengage Learning. Electrónicas: http://images.google.com/images?gbv=2&hl=en&sa=1&q=choices&aq=f&oq=& Elaborado por: Ing. Sonia Margarita Osuna RodríguezElaborado por: Ing. Sonia Margarita Osuna Rodríguez