2. Chapter Notes• God encouraged the Israelites to keep their covenant with him by sending prophets to speak in his name.• The first sin committed by the first human beings is known as original sin.• God’s gift to human beings of the freedom and ability to choose what to do is free will.• After the first human beings committed the first sin, original sin, human nature needed to be restored to its original relationship with God.
3. Chapter Notes• God created human beings to be at one with him, each other, and all of creation.• God promised his people a Messiah, giving all of us the hope of salvation.• God gave human beings the gift of Free Will, which is the freedom and ability to choose what to.
4. Chapter Notes• In Hebrew the name Jesus means God Saves.• The announcement to Mary that she would be the mother of the Son of God is called the Annunciation.• Sin is a thought, word, deed, or omission against God’s law that harms us and our relationship with God and others.
5. Chapter Notes• The truth that God made Mary free from original sin and from all sin since the very moment she was conceived is called the Immaculate Conception.• The Book of Isaiah contains a prophecy that a virgin will bear a son and name him Immanuel, which means “God is with us.”
6. Chapter Notes• In the Book of Isaiah we read that the Messiah will be a descendant of David, who was one of the Israelites’ greatest kings.• An angel is a creature created by God as a pure spirit, without a Physical Body.• To help the Israelites God sent wise rulers who were often military leaders. These rulers were known as Judges.
7. Chapter Notes• God promised to send a Messiah to bring forgiveness and salvation to all people.• It was of their own free will that the first humans chose to disobey God.• Throughout the Old Testament the same pattern emerges again and again—people struggle, even turn away from God, but God in his mercy always offers renewed hope.
8. Chapter Notes• God made Mary free from original sin and all sin from the very moment she was conceived; this truth is called the Immaculate Conception.• In the story of Cain and Abel, we learn of the terrible effect of original sin on humankind.
9. Chapter Notes• One of the prophecies about God’s plan for salvation said the Messiah would be a descendant of King David.• When an angel announced to Mary her role in God’s plan for salvation, she accepted this role by responding, “May it be done to me according to your word.”• One prophecy from the Book of Isaiah states that the Messiah shall be named Immanuel, which means “God is with us.”
10. Chapter Notes• How does the promise of a Messiah came to fulfillment? This was fulfilled when Mary conceived and bore Jesus, the Son of God, in fulfillment of the Old Testament prophecies about the Messiah.
11. Chapter Notes• The Church was instituted by Jesus Christ.• It was the sons task to accomplish the Fathers plan of salvation in the fullness of time.• The Lord Jesus Christ endowed his community with a structure that will remain until the kingdom is fully achieved.• The Church is born primarily of Christs total self-giving for our salvation, anticipated in the institution of the Eucharist and fulfilled on the cross.
12. Important Saints• St. Martin De Porres- November 3rd Fact: He made a martyr out of his body, devoting himself to ceaseless and severe penances. He is the patron saint of barbers.• St. Andrew- November 30th Fact: He was the first disciple of Jesus. After Jesus ascended into heaven, Andrew went to Greece to preach about Jesus Christ.• St. John Neumann- January 5th Fact: He was known as the “Little Bishop.” He is the founder of the Catholic School System. He also started the first adoration to the Blessed Sacrament in the United States