Cancer nursing
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Cancer nursing






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  • Databases are not the same either in content or coverage nor in how much information they will provide
  • NO index covers every journal possible in a subject area
  • Controlled vocabulary and Tools: Thesaurus, Tree, Permuted Index These Advanced Search features make searching more effective.
  • Access the Advanced Scholar Search page (as above)

Cancer nursing Cancer nursing Presentation Transcript

  • Specialty Cancer/Palliative Care Nursing Searching the databases: CINAHL Sharon Karasmanis [email_address] Faculty Librarian, Health Sciences
  • 3 stages in the search process:
    • Search strategy – preparing your search
    • Using the databases
      • Understanding which database to use
      • Understanding which search terms to use
      • Understanding the database functionality
    • Finding the full text of the article
  • Sample search query
    • What factors influence the control of post-operative pain in older people?
    • What are the key concepts in this question - look for alternative words to describe these concepts?
      • Factors (communication, patient interview, pain assessment practice)
      • Pain control (pain management or pain measurement)
      • Post-operative pain (post surgical pain)
      • Older people (aged person, elderly etc)
    • Use these words to form the foundation for your search
  • It’s helpful to draw a concept map Concept 1 + Concept 2 + Concept 3 communication or pain management or post operative pain or patient interview pain measurement post surgical pain or consultation or pain assessment or post-operative pain
  • Efficient searching requires subject heading and keyword searching!
    • Subject heading (subject term) search:
      • this is a more specific way of searching where you retrieve only those records which list the subject heading for your concept
      • e.g. Subject heading for ‘ stroke’ will cover: cerebrovascular accident/s, cerebral vascular accident/s, CVA/s etc.
    • Keyword search
      • this is broader way of searching where you will retrieve records which mention your keywords but may or may not be specifically about your concept
  • More on subject headings …
    • Subject Headings (or controlled vocabulary) overcome variations in the:
      • use of terminology e.g. back pain, spinal pain or backache
      • use of spelling e.g. ageing or aging
      • Tick the Subject Heading box, scroll down to the ‘ used for ’ to look for other relevant keywords
    • Scope note : describes how the term is used in the database, the “scope” of the term or the history of the indexing
  • To look for subject terms, login to the CINAHL database:
    • (A-Z Databases/Journals)
    • Click on Suggest Subject Terms and enter your query
  • Concept 1: subject heading search communication
    • Use the subject term communication
    • Do not use diacritics e.g.* (only use in keyword search)
    • Select the term, and explode (to include narrower terms)
    • Read the Scope Note
    • Tick on the Search Database (green box)
  • Generic search tips for keyword searching
    • Spelling: be aware of variations e.g. p ae diatric or p e diatric; counselling or counseling; ageing or aging
    • Terminology: the term stroke could also include cerebral vascular accident/s, cerebrovascular disorders
    • Truncation: occupation * will produce occupation, occupational, occupations
    • Wildcard (?) for example: randomi ? ed will retrieve randomi z ed and randomi s ed
    • Phrase search use quotation marks to search as a phrase e.g. “acquired brain injury” or “quality of life”
    • Understand Boolean operators and + or
  • Concept 1: keyword search c ommunicat* or patient interview* or consultation*
    • Use the asterisk to search for all forms of the word e.g. communicat* - communication/s, communicate, communicating, communicated
    • Using or will combine all words within your first concept
    • When searching by keyword, do not tick the subject heading box
  • Concept 2: subject heading and keywords
    • Searched for and used the subject heading: pain measurement
    • Searched for keywords: pain management or pain assessment* or pain measurement*
  • Concept 3: subject heading and keywords
    • Searched for and used the subject heading: postoperative pain
    • Searched for keywords: postoperative pain or post-operative pain or post surgical pain
  • Search results showing a combination subject heading and keyword search
  • Limit your search
    • Use the Edit function to limit your search
    • Useful limits in CINAHL include:
      • Peer-reviewed
      • English language
      • Date
      • Age groups
    • Important :
    • Click: View Results after editing to see the edited list.
  • Other considerations:
    • You can just use subject headings or keywords separately, or as individual searches.
    • There may not always be a subject term or heading for your query, in this case, just use a keyword search
    • Sometimes there may be two subject terms that you can use e.g. maternal-child nursing or community health nursing
  • Check the full record for the source, and more relevant subject headings & keywords
  • Search results – finding the full text!
    • some databases will have the Full Text Finder icon to link you to the full text of the article
    • If not, search the Catalogue by the title of the journal via the Journal titles tab and follow the links to the full text:
      • sometimes the article may only be in print copy in the Library
    • If not held by the Library, request the article via Document Delivery Services
    • Ensure you have registered for remote delivery, instruction in the guide under off campus services.
  • Another useful feature: set up an account in CINHAL to save searches, articles, journal alerts ..
  • Homework!
    • Search in CINAHL for the following subject terms
    • Check the scope note (if available), search by the term, view the results, and practice the edit function
    • Look for the full text in the Library’s collection
      • Symptom distress
      • Palliative care
      • Quality of life
      • Oncologic nursing
      • Cancer pain
      • Cancer fatigue
      • Pleural effusion malignant
      • Breast neoplasms
      • Hormone therapy