Malaysian Job Scenario Today 马来西亚现今职业趋势 The Labour Market to 2010 and Beyond  –   “ Skill Shortages ” 朝向 2010 年及未来 劳动力市场  ...
Global Employment Trend 全球受雇趋势 <ul><li>Decent job creation too slow in times of good economic performance </li></ul><ul><l...
Employment Trend (South-East Asia and the Pacific) 东南亚和太平洋受雇趋势 <ul><li>Job quality – social protection, social dialogue, f...
Employment Trend (South-East Asia and the Pacific) 东南亚和太平洋受雇趋势 <ul><li>Improving job quality in the agricultural sector an...
Global Competency 世界竞争力 <ul><li>“ A global-ready graduate is a person with a grasp of global systems, global issues, the d...
Global Competency 世界竞争力 <ul><li>“ The skills to listen, observe and evaluate, analyze, interpret, and relate. ” </li></ul>...
Global Competency 世界竞争力 <ul><li>“ The ability to be fluent in at least one other language, such as Spanish or Mandarin; fl...
What Specific Skills do globally competent graduates have? 大专生应具备的世界竞争力 <ul><li>Initiative 自动自发、进取心 </li></ul><ul><li>Enth...
Who cares?   谁在乎 ? <ul><li>“ All major hiring companies need global citizens. Global sensitivities, global perspective, gl...
Powerful Forces Drive  Human Capital Pressures 驱动人力资本压力的强大力量 Human Capital 人力资本 Retiring Baby Boomers 第二世界大战后 出生的人逐渐退休 Glo...
The Labour Market Employment Trends 劳动力市场受雇趋势 <ul><li>What do we know of the Malaysian demography?...... Question of labou...
WORKING POPULATION 劳动力 MARKET DEMAND 市场需求 BABY BOOMERS RETIRING 2002 2008 EVOLVING JOB MARKET   职业市场之进展和演变
Labour Force Statistics  大马劳动力统计
Labour Force Statistics  大马劳动力统计
 
 
 
Labour Force Participation Rates (LFPR) by Educational Attainment 根据教育程度区分的劳动力参与率
Percentage Distribution of Employed Persons by Educational Attainment 根据教育程度区分的受雇者百分率
 
Percentage Distribution of Employed Persons by Category of Industry 根据行业区分的受雇者百分率
<ul><li>The  JobStreet.com Job Outlook 2008  survey sought to ask employers about the job specializations they would requi...
 
Forbes.com - Top 10 Highest Wages  American University Programmes   福布斯  -  十大“薪”情最好的美国大学科系 (Source: Sin Chew Jit Poh   资料...
Malaysia Largest Career & Training Fair 2008 马来西亚最大型职业与培训展   <ul><li>Among the jobs on offer are in accounting & finance, ...
<ul><li>Candidates with skills in Information Technology/Computing are in greatest demand by employers advertizing on JobS...
<ul><li>“ We see good job prospects for people who are in the IT and Computer field. There is no shortage of jobs and the ...
<ul><li>“ The claim that there are few jobs for ICT graduates is not true. MSC Malaysia status companies have approached u...
Skills Mismatched  不相符的技能 <ul><li>Contrary to popular belief, there ‘ re plenty of jobs in Malaysia. But employers are dem...
Skills Mismatched  不相符的技能 A recent survey conducted by the Young Professionals Association of Malaysia among 600 young pro...
Skills Mismatched  不相符的技能 <ul><li>Other problems encountered are lack of experience, difficulty in finding a job that matc...
Toward 2010 and Beyond - Are we on the same page?   朝向 2010 年及未来 – 我们的意见一致吗? The Equation - a framework 一个方程式 – 一个架构 <ul><...
Improve “Matching” 改善“配对” Better Matching   – of people and positions 更好的配对  -  人力与职位 Career Management - focus on flexibi...
HARMONY 人和
THANK YOU 谢谢
<ul><li>If you were able to take anything with you from the present and transport it to 2010 as improvements in the supply...
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  • Malaysian Job Scenario Today

    1. 1. Malaysian Job Scenario Today 马来西亚现今职业趋势 The Labour Market to 2010 and Beyond – “ Skill Shortages ” 朝向 2010 年及未来 劳动力市场 “ 缺乏在职技能 ”
    2. 2. Global Employment Trend 全球受雇趋势 <ul><li>Decent job creation too slow in times of good economic performance </li></ul><ul><li>经济发展表现良好 - 职业创新趋势缓慢 </li></ul><ul><li>Decent work deficit still large </li></ul><ul><li>缺乏理想职业 </li></ul><ul><li>Discrimination against young people, women and low-skilled workers </li></ul><ul><li>年轻人、妇女及低技能者受歧视 </li></ul><ul><li>~ International Labour Organization </li></ul>
    3. 3. Employment Trend (South-East Asia and the Pacific) 东南亚和太平洋受雇趋势 <ul><li>Job quality – social protection, social dialogue, fundamental rights at work, hours of work </li></ul><ul><li>职业质量 - 社会庇护与对谈、雇员基本权利、工作时间 </li></ul><ul><li>Invisible underemployment base on skills mismatch, namely people taking jobs that do not make use of their skills </li></ul><ul><li>雇员本身技能与职业不相符 </li></ul><ul><li>Severe disadvantages for young people </li></ul><ul><li>年轻人严重缺乏优势 </li></ul><ul><li>Improving education enrolment rates </li></ul><ul><li>提升入学率 </li></ul><ul><li>~ International Labour Organization </li></ul>
    4. 4. Employment Trend (South-East Asia and the Pacific) 东南亚和太平洋受雇趋势 <ul><li>Improving job quality in the agricultural sector and development within the rural non-farm sector </li></ul><ul><li>改善农业与乡区非农业职业质量 </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraging investment and job creation </li></ul><ul><li>鼓励投资与职业创新 </li></ul><ul><li>Managing external and internal (rural to urban) migration </li></ul><ul><li>乡区与城市间之移居管理 </li></ul><ul><li>Formal sector growth </li></ul><ul><li>正规部门之成长 </li></ul><ul><li>Child labour </li></ul><ul><li>儿童劳工 </li></ul><ul><li>~ International Labour Organization </li></ul>
    5. 5. Global Competency 世界竞争力 <ul><li>“ A global-ready graduate is a person with a grasp of global systems, global issues, the dynamics of how things are interrelated and interconnected in the world, and how society can best address global issues. ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ 一个准备好迎向世界的大专生必须能够理解全球化系统、制度和议题,能够认清且体悟国际事务间的相互联系与运作,并清楚了解社会可以如何更好地处理国际议题。 ” </li></ul><ul><li>-Ron Moffatt, Director of the San Diego State University International Student Center </li></ul>
    6. 6. Global Competency 世界竞争力 <ul><li>“ The skills to listen, observe and evaluate, analyze, interpret, and relate. ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ 聆听、观察、评估、分析及相互连贯的技巧。 ” </li></ul><ul><li>-Darla K. Deardorff, Director of Duke University ’ s International Education Administrators Association </li></ul>
    7. 7. Global Competency 世界竞争力 <ul><li>“ The ability to be fluent in at least one other language, such as Spanish or Mandarin; fluency with e-commerce and the Internet; a well-versed knowledge of geography; and, maybe most important, some knowledge of the political and cultural history of one or two countries or regions outside of Western Europe. ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ 必须能够口操至少一种流利外语,如:西班牙语或华语,熟悉网上贸易和互联网,具有良好的地理知识,或许最重要的是:除了西欧,还认识一至二个其他国家或区域的政治与文化历史。 ” </li></ul><ul><li>-Carol Conway, Director of the Southern Global Strategies Council </li></ul>
    8. 8. What Specific Skills do globally competent graduates have? 大专生应具备的世界竞争力 <ul><li>Initiative 自动自发、进取心 </li></ul><ul><li>Enthusiasm 热忱、积极 </li></ul><ul><li>Inquisitiveness 好奇、爱钻研 </li></ul><ul><li>Interest in continuous learning 持续学习 </li></ul><ul><li>Courage 勇敢 </li></ul><ul><li>Self-reliance 独立自主、信赖自己 </li></ul><ul><li>Self-confidence 自信 </li></ul><ul><li>Self-control 自我控制 </li></ul><ul><li>Self-knowledge 自我了解 </li></ul><ul><li>Positive outlook toward adversity 积极态度面对逆境 </li></ul><ul><li>Independence 自立 </li></ul><ul><li>Appreciation of Diversity 珍惜、重视多元化 </li></ul><ul><li>Perseverance 坚持不懈 </li></ul><ul><li>Creativity 创造力 </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility 弹性、伸缩性 </li></ul><ul><li>Comfort with Uncertainty </li></ul><ul><li>坦然面对未知 </li></ul><ul><li>Open-mindedness 思想开放 </li></ul><ul><li>Language and communication skills 语言与沟通技巧 </li></ul><ul><li>Assertiveness 自信、干劲 </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of humor 幽默 </li></ul><ul><li>Resourcefulness and adaptability (most important to employers according to a study by Michigan State University) 资源丰富、适应力 </li></ul>
    9. 9. Who cares? 谁在乎 ? <ul><li>“ All major hiring companies need global citizens. Global sensitivities, global perspective, global insight; along with maturity and a capacity for risk-taking, are exactly the skills every major organization is looking for – in every industry. ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ 全球主要征聘公司需要全球化人民。各行各业所寻求的雇员在职技能包括对全球化的敏感度、远景及洞察力,当然还要有一定的成熟度和冒险能力。 ” </li></ul><ul><li>-Kevin Gill, Global Director of Staffing for Honeywell </li></ul><ul><li>“ In the financial world, cultural awareness and cultural adeptness are far more important than undergraduate major or existing skill sets … These needs touch all industries, from banking to healthcare to engineering. ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ 在金融界里,对于文化的醒觉和认识度远比大专生主修或现有的技能更为重要。这个需求跨越各行业,从银行到健康护理到工程。 ” </li></ul><ul><li>-Jonathan Jones, Firmwide Campus Recruiting Director for Goldman Sachs </li></ul>
    10. 10. Powerful Forces Drive Human Capital Pressures 驱动人力资本压力的强大力量 Human Capital 人力资本 Retiring Baby Boomers 第二世界大战后 出生的人逐渐退休 Globally Deployed Work Force 全球性调动的劳动力 More Transient Labor Pool 较短暂的 劳工群体 Shortening Technology Life Cycles 科技生命周期 缩短 Acute Shortage of Skilled Workers 高技能者 严重缺乏 Movement to Knowledge Economy 知识经济运动 Human Capital Drives Corporate 人力资本驱动企业
    11. 11. The Labour Market Employment Trends 劳动力市场受雇趋势 <ul><li>What do we know of the Malaysian demography?...... Question of labour supply. </li></ul><ul><li>我们对大马人口统计了解有多少?劳工供应问题。 </li></ul><ul><li>Where and what are the labour demand issues?....... What importance will they play ? </li></ul><ul><li>劳工需求方面有哪些议题?它们将扮演哪些重要角色? </li></ul><ul><li>Where precisely is the Malaysian labour market heading? </li></ul><ul><li>大马劳动力市场究竟朝向何方? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the timelines? </li></ul><ul><li>有哪些合时势的计划与时限? </li></ul><ul><li>Why should we be concerned? </li></ul><ul><li>为何我们要关注? </li></ul>
    12. 12. WORKING POPULATION 劳动力 MARKET DEMAND 市场需求 BABY BOOMERS RETIRING 2002 2008 EVOLVING JOB MARKET 职业市场之进展和演变
    13. 13. Labour Force Statistics 大马劳动力统计
    14. 14. Labour Force Statistics 大马劳动力统计
    15. 18. Labour Force Participation Rates (LFPR) by Educational Attainment 根据教育程度区分的劳动力参与率
    16. 19. Percentage Distribution of Employed Persons by Educational Attainment 根据教育程度区分的受雇者百分率
    17. 21. Percentage Distribution of Employed Persons by Category of Industry 根据行业区分的受雇者百分率
    18. 22. <ul><li>The JobStreet.com Job Outlook 2008 survey sought to ask employers about the job specializations they would require in the new staff they hire. </li></ul><ul><li>一项调查研究雇主在聘请员工时主要强调哪些专业技能。 </li></ul><ul><li>Collectively for all industries, the top job specialization wanted was marketing and business development, and this was closed followed by mechanical engineering and specialization in computer and IT software. </li></ul><ul><li>综合各行业来说,最受重视的专业技能包括市场行销和企业发展、机械工程、电脑与资讯工艺技术(软件)。 </li></ul><ul><li>Other specializations that would have impact on the companies included sales and marketing, customer service skill, electrical engineering, accounting and human resource. </li></ul><ul><li>其它专业技能包括营业与市场行销、顾客咨询技巧、电机工程、会计及人力资源。 </li></ul>
    19. 24. Forbes.com - Top 10 Highest Wages American University Programmes 福布斯 - 十大“薪”情最好的美国大学科系 (Source: Sin Chew Jit Poh 资料来源:星洲日报 ) <ul><li>Computer Engineering (电脑工程) </li></ul><ul><li>Economics (经济) </li></ul><ul><li>Electrical Engineering (电机工程) </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Science (电脑科学) </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical Engineering (机械工程) </li></ul><ul><li>Finance (金融) </li></ul><ul><li>Mathematics (数学) </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Engineering (土木工程) </li></ul><ul><li>Political Science (政治) </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing (市场行销) </li></ul>
    20. 25. Malaysia Largest Career & Training Fair 2008 马来西亚最大型职业与培训展 <ul><li>Among the jobs on offer are in accounting & finance, sales & marketing, IT, telecommunications, biotechnology, research and development, administration and design … </li></ul><ul><li>征聘工作包括会计与金融、 营业与市场行销、 资讯工艺、电信、生物科技、研究与发展、行政管理与设计。。。 </li></ul>
    21. 26. <ul><li>Candidates with skills in Information Technology/Computing are in greatest demand by employers advertizing on JobStreet.com. </li></ul><ul><li>具备电脑与资讯工艺技术的求职者极为受雇主欢迎。 </li></ul><ul><li>The largest increase was in Software Development. People with network and database administration skills are also in big demand. 对于软件发展技术人才的需求量提升最大。其次是具备网络与资料库管理技巧者。 </li></ul>
    22. 27. <ul><li>“ We see good job prospects for people who are in the IT and Computer field. There is no shortage of jobs and the demand for good and qualified candidates is growing. We are seeing jobs increasing faster than the supply of new graduates in IT in recent years, with good graduates getting jobs even before they graduate.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ 我们看好电脑与资讯工艺领域人才的前景。没有面临所谓职业短缺的问题,反之对好的、合格的求职者需求量增加了。这几年来,我们发现资讯工艺领域职业数量的成长比相关科系的大专毕业生供应人数还快,杰出学生更是在还未毕业前就优先获得工作。 ” </li></ul><ul><li>~Dr Albert Wong, JobStreet.com's </li></ul><ul><li>chief technology officer </li></ul>
    23. 28. <ul><li>“ The claim that there are few jobs for ICT graduates is not true. MSC Malaysia status companies have approached us to assist them to find the right candidates to fill vacancies at their organizations. Companies are looking for candidates with industry relevant skills. Fresh graduates need to develop the right skills and attributes that employers are looking for. These attributes include the ability to communicate well in English and the ability to solve problems . ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ 电脑与资讯工艺领域的毕业生将面临职业短缺的说法是错误的。与大马超级走廊相关联的公司相续接近我们以便替它们寻找适合者来填补职业空缺。社会新鲜人必须掌握雇主所寻求的就业技巧与特质,当中包括良好的英语沟通能力以及解决问题的能力。 ” </li></ul><ul><li>~MDeC Vice-President Ms Ng Wan Peng </li></ul>
    24. 29. Skills Mismatched 不相符的技能 <ul><li>Contrary to popular belief, there ‘ re plenty of jobs in Malaysia. But employers are demanding better qualified candidates - making it very difficult for fresh graduates to find work . </li></ul><ul><li>与一般的看法相反,大马其实还有很多职业空缺。只是由于雇主们都希望征聘具备较高学历或资格的员工,故使刚毕业的大专生难以获得就业机会。 </li></ul>
    25. 30. Skills Mismatched 不相符的技能 A recent survey conducted by the Young Professionals Association of Malaysia among 600 young professionals between 22 and 30 revealed that the biggest challenge facing young professionals in securing a job is their inability to converse fluently in English and/or Bahasa Malaysia . 最近一项由 600 名年龄介于 22 至 30 岁的大马年轻专业人士所参与的调查报告显示,年轻专业人士面临最大的挑战就是 无法使用流利英语或马来语与他人交谈。
    26. 31. Skills Mismatched 不相符的技能 <ul><li>Other problems encountered are lack of experience, difficulty in finding a job that matches their primary field of study and lack of jobs in their hometowns. </li></ul><ul><li>其它问题包括缺乏经验,很难找到和自己专业技能相符的工作。自己的家乡也很少提供相关的就业机会。 </li></ul>
    27. 32. Toward 2010 and Beyond - Are we on the same page? 朝向 2010 年及未来 – 我们的意见一致吗? The Equation - a framework 一个方程式 – 一个架构 <ul><li>“ Increase ” the supply of people “ 增加 ” 人力资源 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Decrease ” (prioriti z e) positions “ 减少 ” (按优先顺序列出)职位 </li></ul><ul><li>Improve the “ matching ” process 改善 “ 配对 ” 过程 </li></ul>
    28. 33. Improve “Matching” 改善“配对” Better Matching – of people and positions 更好的配对 - 人力与职位 Career Management - focus on flexibility … 职业管理 – 专注于伸缩性 (knowledge of oneself and the provision of career management is perhaps the greatest ‘ underdone ” aspect of supply and matching.) (自我了解与职业管理措施也许是面对供应与配对议题的最佳法则。)
    29. 34. HARMONY 人和
    30. 35. THANK YOU 谢谢
    31. 36. <ul><li>If you were able to take anything with you from the present and transport it to 2010 as improvements in the supply of Human Capital … </li></ul><ul><li>若您有能力把现有的任何事物运送到 2010 年 </li></ul><ul><li>充作人力资本供应的主要改进措施。。。 </li></ul><ul><li>What would you take? </li></ul><ul><li>您将会运送什么呢? </li></ul><ul><li>What would be your priorities? </li></ul><ul><li>您的优先选择又会是什么呢? </li></ul>

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