Provinces Quebec Ontario Saskatchewan British Columbia Nova Scotia Alberta Manitoba Prince Edward Island New Brunswick Newfoundland Canada is divided into 10 provinces.
A province is a political boundary that divides Canada into different regions. Provinces are equivalent to our states.
Click on any of the 10 province flags to learn more about each province! Quebec Ontario British Columbia Nova Scotia Alberta
Manitoba Saskatchewan Newfoundland New Brunswick Prince Edward Island Table Of Contents
Government Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy. This means Canadians recognize The Queen as their Head of State. The Governor General, Adrienne Clarkson, carries out Her Majesty’s duties in Canada. The Prime Minister is the Head of Government. Together, they make up the Executive Branch of the Government. Queen Elizabeth II Adrienne Clarkson Jean Chetien Click on the pictures to learn more about the Role and Responsibilities of each leader. Table Of Contents
Role and Responsibilities
Appoints the Governor General to carry out the Crown’s duties in Canada
Is Canada's official head of state through which the entire authority of the government is set in motion and in whose name laws are enacted
Chief of State
Role and Responsibilities
Is appointed by the Queen and carries out the Queen’s duties on a daily basis in Canada
Ensures that Canada always has a Prime Minister
Is Commander in Chief of Military Forces
Promotes national unity and moral leadership by encouraging Canadians to be proud of their country by working together to build strong communities
Role and Responsibilities
Leader of the party with the most support in Parliament and serves as Head of Government
Chooses a Cabinet that runs Canada’s Federal Government
Meets with Premiers of the provinces to discuss the best way to share money and what is best for the people of that province
Responsible for the decisions about what the government does, and when and how the government should do it
Lives in the capital city of Ottawa, Ontario in the Prime Minister’s house (similar to our White House)
Prime Minister Table Of Contents
Canadian Economy With its great natural resources, skilled labor force, and modern capital plant Canada enjoys solid economic prospects. Canada has changed from being a rural, agricultural society to being primarily industrial and urban.
Resources Canada’s economy is related to producing goods and services. This is done through importing and exporting goods. Importing goods is when Canada buys, then sells goods that are developed in other countries, such as the United States. Exporting goods, is when Canada ships their goods to other countries to be sold.
Imported Goods Which country does Canada import most of its goods from?
Types of Imported Goods Fruits and Vegetables Plastics Motor Vehicles Office Machinery Aircraft
Exported Goods Where does Canada export most of its goods to?
Types of Exported Goods Wheat Lumber Metals Corn Newsprint
Canadian Currency The Bank of Canada is responsible for the design and distribution of Canadian bank notes. Canadian bills are called “notes.” The Bank of Canada must be prepared to supply financial institutions with enough bank notes to satisfy public demand.
Instead of using notes to represent One and Two Dollars, coins are used instead. They are referred to as a “Loonie” for one dollar, and a “Twoonie” for two dollars. Loonie Twoonie The Loonie was designed to replace the country's supply of one-dollar bills, which was costing the Government of Canada over $16.6 million to replace each year. The thin paper dollars had only a one-year life span, while the coins were each expected to last as long as twenty years. Table Of Contents
Famous Canadians Many famous Canadians have made important contributions to world culture, cinematography, television, music, and literature.
Sir John A. MacDonald John A. Macdonald was Canada's first prime minister, and was knighted for his efforts in bringing about Confederation. His role in creating Canada, and the realization of his dream to build a transcontinental railway, have fixed his place as a nation-builder in Canadian history.
Alexander Graham Bell Alexander Graham Bell was the son, and grandson of speech experts, and with his mother being deaf, it's no surprise that he would devote his life to study and improve the methods with which we communicate to one another. not content with having invented the telegraph, and telephone, Bell was also granted sixteen other patents, plus twelve more shared with collaborators. These patents included plans for aeroplanes, hydroplanes, visual transmission devices (Photophone), and the selenium cell. He also founded the famous National Geographic Society in 1888. When he died in Nova Scotia in 1922, all phone services across the US were interrupted for one minute of silence, to respect and honor a man who had changed the world we live in forever.
Wayne Gretsky Wayne Gretzky is the "Great One" since the age of 3, when what was to be one of hockey's most impressive careers. Having score a record- beating 2,500 points, Wayne Gretzky, who has played for the Edmonton Oilers, the L.A. Kings, the St-Louis Blues, and the New-York Rangers, has to his credit over 45 NHL records. Playing for Team Canada in the 1991 Canada Cup finals, Gretzky was hit from behind by Team USA's Gary Suter, resulting in a serious back injury that continues to affect him to this day. Gretzky Retired from hockey in 1999.
Lucy Maud Montgomery Lucy Maud Montgomery is the author of the classic stories of "Anne of Green Gables", "Emily of the New Moon", and "The Road to Avonlea". She wrote close to a dozen books. Her husband was a reverend in charge of two churches, which probably gave her many of the ideas for her characters.
Jacques Cartier One of Canada’s most illustrious early explorers, Cartier always set the courses of his expeditions by the bearings of the shores of Newfoundland and Labrador. With two ships, Cartier sailed from St. Malo on April 20, 1534 on the first of his three famous expeditions to North America. After the sighting of "Bonne Viste" on the Island of Newfoundland and a short stop, perhaps to say mass at "saincte Katherine" (Catalina), he proceeded north to the "Baye des Chasteaulx" (in the Strait of Belle Isle). Table Of Contents
Symbols of Canada Canadian Flag Canadian Coat of Armor Maple leaf Maple Tree
Hockey Canadian National Anthem O Canada! Our home and native land! True patriot love in all thy sons command. With glowing hearts we see thee rise, The True North strong and free! From far and wide, O Canada, we stand on guard for thee. God keep our land glorious and free! O Canada, we stand on guard for thee. O Canada, we stand on guard for thee. Beaver Table Of Contents
Activities Directions: Each student must choose three (3) different activities. At least one activity must be a writing activity! Click on each topic to go to the directions. Table Of Contents