Anxiety disorders


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Anxiety disorders

  1. 1. Anxiety Disorders By: Alexandra Smith
  2. 2. Introduction Everyone has felt anxious at one point in their lifetime. This is caused by stressful events and situations. I decided to have my topic as anxiety disorders because in my program, dental hygiene I will potentially be dealing with clients who have white coat anxiety. This is when a fear of doctors or health caregivers is present. Gaining knowledge on anxiety allows me to better understand how to help calm their uneasiness.
  3. 3. What is anxiety? Anxiety is the body`s response to a stressful or dangerous event. BUT!When the anxiety becomes too intense and overwhelms daily living it can indicate a anxiety disorder is present.
  4. 4. Types of Anxiety Disorders Generalized Anxiety Disorder: ● Repeated worrying over everyday activities with an inability to gain control on fears. Panic Disorders: ● ● Has no warning, causes extreme fear. Powerful and unpredictable.
  5. 5. Types Cont. Phobias: ● ● Social: A fear of social situations. Specific: A fear of a specific object, thing, or activity. Ex. spiders, heights, flying. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: ● ● ● Inability to control unwanted, constant thoughts or rituals. Constantly concerned with routine tasks To relieve these thoughts, compulsive habits are formed. Ex. excessive hand-washing, constant counting.
  6. 6. Types Cont. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: ● ● ● Survivors of a life threatening event leaving them emotionally or physically harmed Ex. War, Abuse, Rape. Experience flashbacks, nightmares or depression.
  7. 7. Video A personal account of living with generalized anxiety disorder.
  8. 8. Causes Factors Include: ● ● ● ● Environment Psychological Genetics Development It is believed that any combination of these factors can lead to the development of an anxiety disorder.
  9. 9. Signs & Symptoms It is considered to be an anxiety disorder when these symptoms cause significant distress and interrupt daily living ● ● ● ● ● ● Inability to concentrate Dizziness Nausea Shortness of breath or dry mouth Racing pulse or possibly chest pains Trembling, muscle tension
  10. 10. Symptoms Cont. Anxiety Disorders often coexist with other disorders, including; ● ● ● Substance abuse Eating disorders Depression It is often hard for those with anxiety disorders to maintain relationships and work with others.
  11. 11. Treatment Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT): ● ● ● Starts by identifying the anxiety causing thoughts. Small challenges are created to face their anxiety. This exposure teaches how to handle situations and control the fear. Medication: ● ● Cannot cure anxiety disorders but can keep them under control. Antidepressants, Anti-anxiety drugs and betablockers used.
  12. 12. Treatment Cont. Lifestyle Choices: ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Healthy diet and exercise Avoid alcohol and drugs Stop smoking Stress management Join a support group Ensure enough sleep is obtained Participate in activities that calm the mind. These simple changes in lifestyle can lead to an overall healthier well-being and can reduce the stress and anxiety the brain feels.
  13. 13. How to Get Help ● Know and understand the symptoms ● Talk to your family doctor and explain the symptoms you have and how they affect your daily life. ● Find resources within your community such as support groups
  14. 14. Symbolic Interactionist Perspective ● Anxiety disorders can relate to this theory because it is the large cause for why people do not seek help. ● Media portrays those with mental illnesses as being very unstable and prone to violence, but this is not true. ● People do not want to be labeled as having a mental disorder, due to the stigma associated with that label.
  15. 15. Who’s At Risk? ● ● ● ● Anyone can develop an anxiety disorder. Anxiety disorders affect 12% of the population. Its the most common mental illness in Canada 1 in 4 people will be affected by anxiety in their lifetime. ● If you have a family member with an anxiety disorder, you are more likely to potentially develop one.
  16. 16. Know The Difference! ● Anemia and thyroid problems have similar symptoms as anxiety disorders. ● Similar symptoms can also occur from caffeine, alcohol or drug use. ● Anxiety is considered an issue when it last for 30 minutes or longer everyday.
  17. 17. References AnxietyBC. (2012). Retrieved from Anxiety Disorders. (2013). National Institute of Mental Health. Retrieved from Anxiety Disorders Association of Ontario. (2012). Retrieved from http://www. Homewood Health Centre. (2012). Retrieved from http://homewood. org/learning-about-mental-illness/mental-health-information/anxiety-2
  18. 18. References Cont. Mood Disorders Association of Ontario. (2013). Retrieved from http://www. Understanding Anxiety Disorders. (2012). Canadian Mental Health Association. Retrieved from