Models of teaching smitarani behera final


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Models of Teaching

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Models of teaching smitarani behera final

  1. 1. M. Ed. (2013 – 2014) School Of Education Pondicherry University
  2. 2. CONTENTS 1. Introduction. 2.What is Teaching? 3.What are Models? 4.What is Teaching Models? 5.Concept of Teaching Models. 6.Definition of Models of Teaching. 7.Characteristics of Teaching Models 8.Function of teaching Models. 9. Types of Modern Teaching Models. Information Processing Model Social Interaction Model Personal Interaction Model Behavior Modification Model
  3. 3. 9. Fundamental Elements of Teaching Model  Focus  Syntax  Principles of Reactions  The Social System  The Supportive System  Application context 10.Merits of Models of Teaching CONTENTS
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION Development of Models of teaching is the recent innovation in teaching. An important purpose of discussing models of teaching is to assist the teacher to have a wide range of approaches for creating a proper interactive environment for learning needs of the students. Educators and psychologist have design several types of teaching models which provides suitable guidelines to the teachers for modifying the behavior of the learners.
  5. 5. What is teaching? H.C. Morrison(1934); Teaching is a system of actions intended to produce learning. Clarke (1970); Teaching refers to activities that are designed & performed to produce change in students’ behaviour.
  6. 6. Models are mental reconstruction of reality. They are representation used as aids to easily remember parts and or functions of a certain system, cycle, objects, etc. What are MODELS?
  7. 7. What is Teaching Model? “A model of teaching is a plan or pattern that can be used to shape curriculums (long-term courses of studies), to design instructional materials, and to guide a teacher’s action in the classroom and other settings” - Joyce and Weil (1980)
  8. 8. Definition of Models of Teaching JOYCE AND WEIL (1972); Teaching of model is a pattern or plan, which can be a curriculum or courses to select instructional materials and to guide a teachers action. Jangira (1983);“A model of teaching is a set of interrelated components arranged in a sequence which provides guidelines to realise specific goal.
  9. 9. Concept of Teaching Model Aim of The Teaching Model: To Produce Effective Teaching. Teaching Objectives Set Induction Teaching – Learning Activities Evaluation
  10. 10. Main Characteristics of Teaching Models Specification of learning outcome Specification on Environment Specification of criterion of performances Specification of Operation Scientific Procedure
  11. 11. Function of Teaching Model Formulate a complete & perfect teaching scheme. Enable teachers to analyze & evaluate its strengths & weaknesses so as to plan & implement appropriate follow-up actionsAs basic guidance for teachers for reflection during feedback session. Provide guidance to planners & teachers to enable them to plan & carry out the teaching process effectively.
  12. 12. Function of Teaching Models They help in guiding the teacher to select appropriate teaching techniques, Strategies and Methods for the effective utilization of the teaching situation and material for realizing the objectives. They help in bringing about desirable change in the behavior of the learners.
  13. 13. They help in finding out ways and means of creating favorable environmental situation for carrying out teaching process. They help in achieving desirable teacher – pupil interaction during teaching. Conti….. They help in the construction of curriculum or contents of a course. They help in designing appropriate educational activities.
  14. 14. Conti….. They help in the proper selection of instruction material for teaching the prepared course or curriculum. They assist procedure of material to create interesting and effective materials and learning source. They stimulate the development of new educational innovations.
  16. 16. Types of Modern Teaching Models INFORMATION PROCESSING MODEL Information processing models refer to the way people handle stimuli from the environment, organize data, sense problem, generate concepts and solution to problems and use verbal and nonverbal symbols. SOCIAL INTERACTION MODEL Social interaction model stress the relationship to the individual to other person and to society.
  17. 17. Conti…. PERSONAL MODEL Personal development models assist the individual in the development of selfhood, they focus on the emotional life of an individual . BEHAVIOUR MODIFICATION MODEL Behaviour modification models stress on changing the behaviour of the learner and describe them in terms of visible behaviour
  18. 18. Fundamental Elements of Teaching Model A Teaching Model has six fundamental elements.
  19. 19. It is the central aspect of a teaching model. It generally describes the purpose of model. i. Focus
  20. 20. ii. Syntax This is description of how the various phases in the development of a lesson are sequenced when the model is translated in to action. The phases involved in the different models will differ. Syntax helps a teacher to use the model, & how he should begin & proceed further.
  21. 21. iii. Principles of Reaction This defines the nature of reaction expected from the teacher to every pupil activity. The principles of reaction give guidance to the teacher as to how he is expected to react to each activity of the learners, to suit the characteristics of the model selected.
  22. 22. It helps to maintain interactive roles and relationships between the teacher and students. It emphasizes the kinds of norms that are encouraged and the student behaviour that is rewarded. iv. The Social System
  23. 23. v. The Supportive System Every model of teaching warrants certain conditions and facilities for the realization of the goal. A description of this support system will help the teacher ensure that he can apply model successfully. Support system demands some special skill, knowledge & capacities from the teacher or some special aid like films, self instructional system & a flexible schedule.
  24. 24. vi. Application It describes the application aspect. This element helps to describe the feasibility of the models in varying contexts, achieving specific educational goal and demanding specific work environment.
  25. 25. Merits of models in Teaching It is a natural way of teaching and learning. It is helpful in developing the power of imagination of the students. It helps in the developments of reasoning power of the students. It saves the energy, time and efforts of the teachers.
  26. 26.  It helps the students to analyze things systematically.  It keeps students actively engaged in the classroom activity.  Provide systematic procedure and organized efforts. Conti.….  Give specific instructional designs for particular type of instruction.
  27. 27. REFERENCES • Essentials of Educational technology- S.K.Mangal,Uma Mangal,PHI Learning Private Limited,New Delhi,2011,pg no-(556-563) • Pathak R. P., & Chaudhary Jagdeesh,(2012), Educational Technology, New Delhi, Dorling Kindersley (India) Pvt. Ltd. • Joyce, Bruce,Weil,Marsha, Models of teaching,(7thed.),Bacon,2004