Receding Gums


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The pink tissue that surrounds your teeth is called gums which plays an important role in holding the teeth in the jaws.

It is very important that these tissues remain in good health and care should be taken to see that the gums don’t inflame and recede or shrink from their actual position.

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Receding Gums

  1. 1. Receding Gums For more details visit
  2. 2. Receding Gums <ul><li>The pink tissue that surrounds your teeth is called </li></ul><ul><li>gums which plays an important role in holding </li></ul><ul><li>the teeth in the jaws </li></ul><ul><li>The color of this tissue is usually pink but it </li></ul><ul><li>maybe black in some people </li></ul><ul><li>It is very important that these tissues remain in </li></ul><ul><li>good health and care should be taken to see that </li></ul><ul><li>the gums don’t inflame and recede or shrink from </li></ul><ul><li>their actual position </li></ul>For more details visit
  3. 3. Causes of Receding Gums <ul><li>Accumulation of Dental Plaque </li></ul><ul><li>Dental Plaque is a sticky, soft, colorless film of bacteria </li></ul><ul><li>that constantly builds up on the surface of teeth and gums </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to remove this film causes formation of a layer </li></ul><ul><li>which accumulates many bacteria that produce acids </li></ul><ul><li>These start causing irritation to the gums </li></ul><ul><li>and thus produce gum inflammation where the gums become </li></ul><ul><li>red, swollen and bleed easily </li></ul>For more details visit
  4. 4. Causes of Receding Gums <ul><li>Tartar Formation </li></ul><ul><li>If oral hygiene is not maintained properly, </li></ul><ul><li>the tooth plaque continues to build up and </li></ul><ul><li>can become mineralized to form tartar or calculus </li></ul><ul><li>A layer of yellow or brown hard mineral </li></ul><ul><li>deposits on the teeth surface </li></ul><ul><li>It maybe present above and below the gums </li></ul><ul><li>It is full of bacteria and can cause severe </li></ul><ul><li>irritation to the gums and in self defense, </li></ul><ul><li>the gums become severely inflamed and start </li></ul><ul><li>shrinking or ‘ Receding ’ from their original position </li></ul>For more details visit http://
  5. 5. Causes of Receding Gums <ul><li>There can be some other causes like : </li></ul><ul><li>Thin gums </li></ul><ul><li>Prominent frenum pulling the gums </li></ul><ul><li>If a restoration is impinging on the gums </li></ul><ul><li>Trauma due to biting forces and toothbrush trauma </li></ul>For more details visit http://
  6. 6. Effects of Receding Gums <ul><li>Gums become inflamed, swollen and bleeding </li></ul><ul><li>and pus discharge maybe seen </li></ul><ul><li>The root surface gets exposed which causes a lot of </li></ul><ul><li>sensitivity, esp. while having food of extreme </li></ul><ul><li>temperatures like cold water or hot tea </li></ul><ul><li>It causes bad breath and it definitely looks </li></ul><ul><li>unaesthetic in case of anterior teeth </li></ul><ul><li>In extreme cases, if the tartar is accumulated for a very </li></ul><ul><li>long time, there is loss of bone around the tooth that is </li></ul><ul><li>present below the gums, this causes loosening of the teeth </li></ul>Gum Disease For more details visit http://
  7. 7. How To Prevent Receding Gums ? <ul><li>Brush thoroughly at least twice a day, </li></ul><ul><li>with a fluoride toothpaste to remove plaque from teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Use dental floss daily to remove plaque </li></ul><ul><li>from between your teeth and under your gums </li></ul><ul><li>Rinse your mouth properly after every meal </li></ul><ul><li>esp. on having sticky food </li></ul><ul><li>Control your diet. </li></ul><ul><li>Limit sugary or starch foods, esp. sticky snacks </li></ul><ul><li>Check your teeth in the mirror to look for </li></ul><ul><li>any stains or yellow brown tartar deposits </li></ul><ul><li>Visit your dentist regularly for professional </li></ul><ul><li>dental cleanings and dental examinations </li></ul>For more details visit http://
  8. 8. Treatment of Receding Gums <ul><li>Receding gums are treated by placing a ‘ soft </li></ul><ul><li>tissue graft ’ over them and stitching or suturing it </li></ul><ul><li>in place-this procedure is called Grafting </li></ul><ul><li>Different types of soft tissue grafts are performed </li></ul><ul><li>to treat or prevent further gum recession or bone </li></ul><ul><li>loss and for cosmetic reasons like making the </li></ul><ul><li>gum line more even </li></ul><ul><li>In case of severe bone loss, bone grafts maybe </li></ul><ul><li>performed to help rebuild an area of bone </li></ul><ul><li>A dressing is placed on the graft area which is </li></ul><ul><li>removed after a week and then gentle cleaning of </li></ul><ul><li>the area is allowed </li></ul><ul><li>Gums begin to look normal in 1month and heal in </li></ul><ul><li>2-3months. </li></ul>Soft Tissue Graft For more details visit http://
  9. 9. About Smile Care Author Name : Dr. Sneha Lele Smile Care® has spearheaded the cause of modern dentistry in India through its multitude of activities in the field of dentistry. Smile Care® is involved in Clinical Services, Continuing Education, Clinical Research, Public Awareness and Scientific Publication in the field of dentistry and offers the synergistic benefit of these activities to all its clients. For more details visit
  10. 10. Contact Details Smile Care Clinic Bandra, Vashi, Nashik, Kolhapur Email: [email_address] Tel: 91 -22-26400188 / 83 Fax 91-22-26416342 For more details visit
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  12. 12. Issued in Public Interest by For more details visit