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Imperialism

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Imperialism Imperialism Presentation Transcript

  • Imperialism…. how the US acquired territories
  • The Need for More Markets
    • Productivity created surpluses
      • Export to foreign markets
      • Spurring of US expansionism
    • Acquisition of new lands
      • Increase American glory and prestige
      • Led to growing involvement in Latin America and Hawaii and Samoa
  • Cuba
    • Cuba under Spanish rule
    • Seen as natural expansion for US territory
    • US imposed sugar tariff caused economic chaos
    • Cuban rebels launched revolution against Spain
      • Caused economy to fall apart
      • Massive destruction of countryside
    • American concerns rose
      • $50 million invested in sugar industry
      • Exports to US plummeted
  • Spanish-American War 1898
      • USS Maine in Havana Harbor
      • Exploded February 1898
      • Spanish blamed, although was determined an accident
      • US troops sent in
        • Battle of San Juan Hill
        • Theodore Roosevelt and Rough Riders
        • First and last major battle
      • Treaty of Paris
        • Cuba gained independence
        • US acquired Guam and Puerto Rico and purchased Philippines
  • Roosevelt’s Policy
    • “ Speak softly and carry a big stick”
    • Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
      • Asserted right of US to act as international police power in Latin America
    • Hay-Pauncefote Treaty signed with Great Britain gave US exclusive right to build and control any proposed canal through Central America
    • US assisted with presence-only in Panama’s fight for independence
    • US recognized Panama as independent nation
      • Signed treaty to build canal
    • Viewed construction of canal through Central America as vital to American world power
  • William H. Taft’s Policy
    • “Dollar Diplomacy”
      • Encourage US businesses to invest in foreign regions
      • Use dollars—not bullets—to advance US authority and prosperity while promoting worldwide economic stability
  • Woodrow Wilson
    • US should champion democracy around globe and help maintain world peace
    • “Moral Diplomacy”—self-determination
      • Allowed US to meddle in Latin America and Asia
  • Understanding Imperialism Industrial Revolution  surplus products  export goods  foreign trade (expansion of economic markets) Cuba—area of expansionism for many US businesses; sought independence from Spain; Explosion of U.S.S. Maine led to Spanish-American War  Cuban independence and US gained Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines thus becoming imperial nation
  • The End