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Imperialism

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    Imperialism Imperialism Presentation Transcript

    • Imperialism…. how the US acquired territories
    • The Need for More Markets
      • Productivity created surpluses
        • Export to foreign markets
        • Spurring of US expansionism
      • Acquisition of new lands
        • Increase American glory and prestige
        • Led to growing involvement in Latin America and Hawaii and Samoa
    • Cuba
      • Cuba under Spanish rule
      • Seen as natural expansion for US territory
      • US imposed sugar tariff caused economic chaos
      • Cuban rebels launched revolution against Spain
        • Caused economy to fall apart
        • Massive destruction of countryside
      • American concerns rose
        • $50 million invested in sugar industry
        • Exports to US plummeted
    • Spanish-American War 1898
        • USS Maine in Havana Harbor
        • Exploded February 1898
        • Spanish blamed, although was determined an accident
        • US troops sent in
          • Battle of San Juan Hill
          • Theodore Roosevelt and Rough Riders
          • First and last major battle
        • Treaty of Paris
          • Cuba gained independence
          • US acquired Guam and Puerto Rico and purchased Philippines
    • Roosevelt’s Policy
      • “ Speak softly and carry a big stick”
      • Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
        • Asserted right of US to act as international police power in Latin America
      • Hay-Pauncefote Treaty signed with Great Britain gave US exclusive right to build and control any proposed canal through Central America
      • US assisted with presence-only in Panama’s fight for independence
      • US recognized Panama as independent nation
        • Signed treaty to build canal
      • Viewed construction of canal through Central America as vital to American world power
    • William H. Taft’s Policy
      • “Dollar Diplomacy”
        • Encourage US businesses to invest in foreign regions
        • Use dollars—not bullets—to advance US authority and prosperity while promoting worldwide economic stability
    • Woodrow Wilson
      • US should champion democracy around globe and help maintain world peace
      • “Moral Diplomacy”—self-determination
        • Allowed US to meddle in Latin America and Asia
    • Understanding Imperialism Industrial Revolution  surplus products  export goods  foreign trade (expansion of economic markets) Cuba—area of expansionism for many US businesses; sought independence from Spain; Explosion of U.S.S. Maine led to Spanish-American War  Cuban independence and US gained Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines thus becoming imperial nation
    • The End