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Hoye Pre Colombian Era And Colonization
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Hoye Pre Colombian Era And Colonization

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  • 1. Ms. Hoye
    US History
    Regular and AP
    Pre-Colombian Era and Colonization
  • 2. Inhabitants crossed over by way of the Bering Land Bridge (Where Palin saw Russia from her front Porch  )
    The Ice Melted… human beings started to pass over the land bridge.
    They took their time! The travelers averaged about 1 mile of migration EVERY 2 YEARS!!!
    Did you know that before Columbus “discovered” the New World that 100 MILLION natives actually lived there???
    Also, when Columbus landed… the Aztec Capital was larger than ANY European city?? WOW!
    35,000 years before he sailed the Ocean Blue…. Who is ________?
  • 3. 2,000 languages were spoke in the New World
    Agriculture was the reason these different civilizations could survive.
    Unlike the dirty European cities of that time… most of the large cities in the New World (Mesoamerica in particular) had Running water, clean streets and even botanical gardens
    Explorers dominated native inhabitants due to WEAPONS +DISEASES +USE of Tribe RIVALRIES
    2,000 Cultures and counting…
  • 4. ***CHILL OUT***
    this just means MIDDLE of the New World…
    The reason this section of the New World is commonly referred to is because they were much more advanced than the simple Hunting/Gathering societies in Northern America
    Mesoamerica????
  • 5. Want of WEALTH… Tales of GOLD!
    Renaissance ideals (humanism/optimism)… “We can do ANYTHING”
    Trades Routes -looking for a waterway to Asia
    They had the ability… SHIPS and ACCESS!
    Mariner’s Compass was developed… exploration was POSSIBLE!
    REASONS for Exploration….
  • 6. Europe was introduced to….
    Corn
    Tobacco
    Tomatoes
    Avocado
    Rice
    Indigo (later)
    DISEASE… Explorers were basically Biological WEAPONS!
    Horses
    Cattle
    EXCHANGE OF GOODS between Europe and New World“Colombian Exchange”
    Americas were introduced to…
    IN REALITY…..
    The American Indians were on the loosing end of a “White Elephant Gift Exchange”
    The OLD WORLD (Europe) brought death and domination to the Natives.
    And… the NEW WORLD (Americas) gave Europe a new life.
  • 7. The FRENCH built a fur-trading post in Quebec, Canada (1608)
    The SPANISH built a mission in Santa Fe, New Mexico (1610)
    The English established their first permanent colony at…..
    JAMESTOWN, VIRGINIA …. 1607
    John Smith and Pocahontas….
    Europeans “settling” in…
  • 8. FYI…..
    In actuality….
    Roanoke Island was founded in 1585… yes before Jamestown in 1607
    Is now referred to as the
    THE LOST COLONY
  • 9. Mercantilism was the economic philosophy of Great Britain when establishing the Colonies
    GB sought to increase its wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold/silver
    GB was also looking to establish a favorable balance of trade with its Colonies
    **Mercantilism**
  • 10. After the first couple of years… when people actually started living and not dying… more British started to arrive in the
    AMERICAN COLONIES
    When they arrived they had to choose…
    South
    North or
    Middle ???
  • 11. Smokin’ Virginia- Jamestown- settled by Virginia Co.
    “He who shall not work shall not eat”- John Smith
    Pocahontas
    Tobacco!!! (John Rolfe)
    Merry Maryland-
    CATHOLIC HAVEN!
    Started the trend of indentured servants
    Individualistic Carolinas-
    more relaxed… some outcasts
    Get Em’ Georgia-
    New Start for Criminals
    Southern Colonies…Virginia, Maryland, Carolinas and Georgia
    ****Rivers, Plantations, seasons suitable for farming
  • 12. Northern Colonies…Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut and New Hampshire***Protestants, Shipping, fishing, small farms, harsh winters and harbors
    Just North of Virginia… Mayflower landed
    Mayflower Compact “Government by Majority”
    Puritans
    Massachusetts Bay Colony
    The Mayflower---- Plymouth
    Theocracy … Church and State connected
    Anne Hutchinson
    Best known for her struggle with Massachusetts over religious doctrine and gender roles
    Hutchinson was banished to Rhode Island
    “Freethinking” Rhode Island- Roger Williams
    Paid Indians for land
    Separated Church and State (very controversial at this time)
    Connecticut comes to Order- Thomas Hooker
    Drafted “Fundamental Orders”… the beginning of a Constitution
    Women’s Rights
    New Hampshire
    Fishing
  • 13. Middle Colonies…New York, Delaware and Pennsylvania***fertile soil, industry, shipbuilding, plantations/small farms
    New York (Old Netherlands)
    Dutch Company
    Aristocratic
    Dutch Explorer Henry Hudson… Hudson river and Bay???
    Delaware
    New Sweden
    Pacifist Pennsylvania- William Penn
    Quaker Colony
    Pacifists… also paid Indians for land
  • 14. Indians Vs. Colonists
    NEW ENGLAND CONFEDERATION -1643The Puritan Colonies united to stand against Indians. The New England Confederation was highly successful in terms of bonding the colonies together, and provided a basis for the further collaboration of Colonies
    The Iroquois Confederacy
    • Unification of many several different tribes in response to the threat posed by the European Colonists.
    • 15. The Iroquois Confederacy was the MOST IMPORATANT and powerful Native American political alliance in history. It successfully ended generations of tribal warfare.
  • Life in the Colonies
  • 16. SOUTH
    WIDE GAP between rich and poor
    hierarchy of wealth and status
    1. Planter aristocracy w/ slaves mimicking feudalism of Europe
    2. However, these planters were hardworking, involved in day-to-day affairs
    3. Few cities – poor transportation
    4. Women more powerful – men die leaving property to widows
    b. Divorce rare – courts could order you to reunite
    Was a gap between Rich/Poor… but not as wide as South
    Because of harsh weather… industrialization begins
    Growing Population– fertile people/not soil
    1. Early marriage = high birth rates, women would often die during childbirth
    a. Obedient family ties, strong links to grandparents
    b. Women’s role not as powerful – no property rights
    Social Structure and Family Life
    NORTH
  • 17. Religion leads Northern lifestyle
    Towns in New England unite
    Geography & Fear of Indians force close relations
    Religion makes unity important
    50+ families in town requires a school
    Puritans ran churches DEMOCRATICALLY…… led to democratic government
    Farm and Town Life…
  • 18. Germans– left because of war, religion and a bad economy
    settled in Pennsylvania
    Scotts-Irish– Scottish kicked out of Ireland because not Catholic – settled in mountains
    Lawless, individualistic – lived in Appalachian hills – whiskey making fools!
    Not wanted by Germans or New Englanders – forced to hills
    Other groups were embraced by Colonial Settlers
    French, Dutch, Swedes, Jews, Irish, Swiss
    Largest immigrant group ----SLAVES
    Melting Pot from the start…Immigration
  • 19. Economy:Triangular Trade
    Natural Resources to England
    Sugar to Americas
    Slaves to Indies and Southern Colonies
    Weapons and Textiles to Africa
  • 20. A wave of religious revivals that spread across the American Colonies during 1730s and 1740s
    After the Colonial Regions started to become settled… along came….The Great Awakening
  • 21. The Great Awakening 1730-1740 gave colonists a shared national religious experience
  • 22. Reasons for The Great Awakening
    People felt that OLD religion was dry, dull and distant
    Half-Way Covenant- The Puritans established to ease requirements for Church Membership (allowed the baptism of children of baptized but unconverted Puritans
    Preachers felt that people needed to be concerned with inner emotions as opposed to outward religious behavior
    People in New England can read and interrupt the Bible on their own
  • 23. George Whitefield
    Puritan Minster who used raw emotional sermons to reach all classes of colonists
    Preached that “good works” and “godly lives” would bring you salvation
    Called on the Puritans to build a model society… which he referred to as “ a city upon a hill’
  • 24. Jonathan Edwards a Puritan Minster terrified listeners with his sermon “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”
  • 25. Outcomes of the Great Awakening
    Birth of deep religious convictions in the colonies
    New churches built to accommodate new members
    Colleges founded found to train new ministers
  • 26. Outcomes of the Great Awakening
    Encouraged ideas of equality and right to challenge authority---- How would this become important in the American culture?
    Birth of charity and charitable organizations
    The Great Awakening
    Enlightenment
    The American Revolution
  • 27. The Great Awakening leads to….the Enlightenment
    Great surge of literacy in the colonies
    Newspapers and book publications increase
    Schools are synonymous with new towns and villages
    Deism
  • 28. Deism: the belief that God created the universe but allowed it to operate through the LAWS OF NATURE
    A way of believing in a religious being but still believing in a Supreme Law of Nature
    ***Many of the Founding Fathers were Deists***
    Jefferson and Ben Franklin believed that Natural Laws could be discovered by use of Human Reason
    What is Deism you ask???
  • 29. Settling of the Colonies+Unification through Fear of Indians and Religion (The Great Awakening)+Economy of the TRIANGULAR TRADE+Enlightenment Ideals=A growing Independence in the Colonieswhich leads to…….
  • 30. The Stage for the American Revolution