World War II
Treaty of Versailles    Germany blamed for WWI   German war reparations
The Versailles Treaty                    Germany                 •Blamed for                 war                 •Lost col...
The Great Depression World-wide economic   devastation
Problems in Europe After     Great Depression             WWI•Economic = people were jobless•Political = weak governments ...
Rise of Foreign Dictatorships    social desperation and unrest   promise of dictators to change    problems
•Power of government rests in one man.              •TOTAL POWER      •No freedoms in this society…..•Usually racist and d...
Totalitarian                  Adolph Hitler                       dictators came to                                       ...
• Communist gov’t established• Union of Soviet Socialist Republics    (U.S.S.R)  • gov’t control of all territories• Josef...
•Joseph Stalin                   •1921/Soviet Union                      Communism                   Spread Communism     ...
• Benito Mussolini created Fascist Party  • condemned Democracy, Socialism, &    Communism  • defended capitalism regulate...
Benito Mussolini                   1922/Italy---Facism                 Believe, Obey and Fight                 Revive the ...
• wrote Mein Kampf (“My Struggle”) while     in prison  • book detailing political ideas for     Germany• rebuilt Nazi Par...
The Rise of Adolph Hiler       Born in AustriaFought in WWI and was bittertowards the Treaty of Versailles
The Rise of Adolph Hiler               After the war his job in the army was               to keep tabs on different poli...
The Rise of Adolph Hitler           It fails and Hitler is arrested.He is convicted 1924 and serves 9 months out of a 5-...
ANTI-SEMITISM•ANTI-JEWISH….THE HATRED OF  JEWS, THEIR CULTURE AND         RELIGION.•IT IS THE PRACTICE OF RACISM  THAT LEA...
• removed German Jews from jobs• Nuremberg Laws  • deprived German Jews of German  citizenship  • banned marriages between...
A Common Enemy• Hitler blames Jews and Communists  for problems of Germany     • Loss of WWI     • German Economic Depress...
Two Phases of Hatred• Phase 1 1933-1939 – A Common Enemy : Re-Education – Citizenship Rights?    – German Jews face deport...
• Hitler blamed Jews for Germany losing WWI• Believed Germans superior race• “Final Solution” – plan to rid world of all J...
• economy hurt by Depression  • loss of world markets• military leaders rose to power  • built up military  • invaded Manc...
Took the form of a god                 Japan’s Manifest             Destiny was to expand             into China and the r...
1931/Japan, expan              sionist and military                     leader              •Would threaten our           ...
• Neutrality Act of 1935  • illegal for Americans to sell arms to any      nation at war• Neutrality Act of 1937  • cont’d...
• Japan, Germany & Italy formed the    Axis Powers• Feb. 1938 Hitler announced    Anschluss – unification of Austria    & ...
GERMANEXPANSION     •1935 to1939, unopposed by  the League of     Nations.    •Rhineland       1936     •Austria       1938
Sudetenland•Part of Germany  before WWI.    •Treaty ofVersailles created Czechoslovakia•7,450,000 Czechs   •3,200,000    G...
•Leaders met in Munich to decide the      fate of Czechoslovakia..•Hitler believed Sudetenland should be            part o...
•German demands for the Sudetenland are met = “All I want, is a Germany                               for Germans”        ...
•FDR sent a letter to Hitlerasking him to honor the Munich          Conference  •Later in 1939, Hitler would  invade and t...
•What is the                  cartoonist                 trying to say                     here?                •What is m...
• Hitler demanded Sudetenland• Hitler then demanded return of Danzig• He also wanted right to build highway and    railroa...
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H wwii pt 1 upload

  1. 1. World War II
  2. 2. Treaty of Versailles Germany blamed for WWI German war reparations
  3. 3. The Versailles Treaty Germany •Blamed for war •Lost colonies •New countries formed out theirs •Paid (war debts) reparations (~33 Billion$)
  4. 4. The Great Depression World-wide economic devastation
  5. 5. Problems in Europe After Great Depression WWI•Economic = people were jobless•Political = weak governments couldnot solve problems in theircountries………..Fear of Jews andCommunists•Social = times of unrest people lookfor a leader.
  6. 6. Rise of Foreign Dictatorships social desperation and unrest promise of dictators to change problems
  7. 7. •Power of government rests in one man. •TOTAL POWER •No freedoms in this society…..•Usually racist and discriminatory towards certain groups…… •Often have large militaries and mustexpand and conquer to gain approval from their people.
  8. 8. Totalitarian Adolph Hitler dictators came to Benito Mussolini power during the 1920s and 1930s in Joseph Stalin Europe.Totalitarian dictators have total power….There are no freedoms in this type of society…..Usually racist and discriminatory towards certaingroups……Often have large militaries and must expand and conquer to gain approval from their people. COMMUNISM, FASCISM AND NAZISM ARE TOTALITARIAN DICTATORSHIPS!
  9. 9. • Communist gov’t established• Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R) • gov’t control of all territories• Josef Stalin, dictator • massive effort to industrialize • no opposition tolerated
  10. 10. •Joseph Stalin •1921/Soviet Union Communism Spread Communism throughout the world•Stalin maneuvered himself into becoming the leader of the Soviet Union. •The Russian Revolution was led by the people tooverthrow a monarch but when the new ruling class took over, there were no protections of people’s rights…… ―NO BILL OF RIGHTS‖ •Communism and fascism are similar in their ideologies
  11. 11. • Benito Mussolini created Fascist Party • condemned Democracy, Socialism, & Communism • defended capitalism regulated by gov’t • slow economic recovery • blamed world economic conditions
  12. 12. Benito Mussolini 1922/Italy---Facism Believe, Obey and Fight Revive the Roman EmpireFACISM: BASED ON A SYMBOL OF AUTHORITY IN THE OLD ROMAN EMPIRE…………‖a philosophy or system of government that advocates or exercises adictatorship, state control of industry, racial superiority, supremacy of the leader, limits civil rights, together with an ideology of belligerent nationalism, militarism and expansion…..‖
  13. 13. • wrote Mein Kampf (“My Struggle”) while in prison • book detailing political ideas for Germany• rebuilt Nazi Party• took control of Germany • established Fascist state
  14. 14. The Rise of Adolph Hiler Born in AustriaFought in WWI and was bittertowards the Treaty of Versailles
  15. 15. The Rise of Adolph Hiler After the war his job in the army was to keep tabs on different political parties. Hitler already shows anti-Semitic views.Discovers a small political party known as TheNational Socialist German Workers Party (NAZI)Begins to work himself into the leadership positionsof the Nazi partyNovember 1923- The "Beer Hall Putsch“, Hitler and theNazis try to overthrow the local government ofMunich, Germany.
  16. 16. The Rise of Adolph Hitler It fails and Hitler is arrested.He is convicted 1924 and serves 9 months out of a 5- year sentence.Hitler writes his book Mein Kampf or “My Struggle”After his release from prison he continued to work with the Nazi party to take over Germany.
  17. 17. ANTI-SEMITISM•ANTI-JEWISH….THE HATRED OF JEWS, THEIR CULTURE AND RELIGION.•IT IS THE PRACTICE OF RACISM THAT LEADS TO ALL FORMS OFHOSTILITY DIRECTED TOWARDS THE JEWS.
  18. 18. • removed German Jews from jobs• Nuremberg Laws • deprived German Jews of German citizenship • banned marriages between Jews and non-Jews• Kristallnacht – “night of broken glass” • massive destruction of Jewish property
  19. 19. A Common Enemy• Hitler blames Jews and Communists for problems of Germany • Loss of WWI • German Economic Depression• Jews identified as a ―race‖ –not a religion • Anti-Semitism • A New Education Begins• Save purity of German race. • Aryan Virtues----Nuremberg Laws nuremberg
  20. 20. Two Phases of Hatred• Phase 1 1933-1939 – A Common Enemy : Re-Education – Citizenship Rights? – German Jews face deportation – Violence Escalates----Kristalnacht• Phase 2 (1939-1945) – World War II begins vs. France/England – Holocaust Begins--- The Final Solution – Ghettos and Forced Labor Camps – mass executions of Jews and Eastern Europeans. – Gas Chamber
  21. 21. • Hitler blamed Jews for Germany losing WWI• Believed Germans superior race• “Final Solution” – plan to rid world of all Jewsand undesirables • round up Jews and place in concentrations camps •Healthy ones work as slave labor • elderly, sick, & young children exterminated
  22. 22. • economy hurt by Depression • loss of world markets• military leaders rose to power • built up military • invaded Manchuria in northeastern China for resources • formed military agreement with Germany & Italy
  23. 23. Took the form of a god Japan’s Manifest Destiny was to expand into China and the rest of Asia. Empire of the SunEmperor Horhito
  24. 24. 1931/Japan, expan sionist and military leader •Would threaten our island possessions and U.S. trade policy into China, Open Door Policy.Hideki Tojo
  25. 25. • Neutrality Act of 1935 • illegal for Americans to sell arms to any nation at war• Neutrality Act of 1937 • cont’d ban on arms sale to nations at war • warring nations only buy nonmilitary supplies on cash & carry basis
  26. 26. • Japan, Germany & Italy formed the Axis Powers• Feb. 1938 Hitler announced Anschluss – unification of Austria & Germany, first area unified
  27. 27. GERMANEXPANSION •1935 to1939, unopposed by the League of Nations. •Rhineland 1936 •Austria 1938
  28. 28. Sudetenland•Part of Germany before WWI. •Treaty ofVersailles created Czechoslovakia•7,450,000 Czechs •3,200,000 Germans •2,300,000 Slovaks•720,000 Magyars•560,000 Ruthenes •100,000 Poles
  29. 29. •Leaders met in Munich to decide the fate of Czechoslovakia..•Hitler believed Sudetenland should be part of Germany. •Adolf Hitler--Germany Neville Chamberlain—England Premier Edouard Deladier---France Benito Mussolini--Italy •Hitler promised the world if hereceived the Sudetenland, there would be no war.
  30. 30. •German demands for the Sudetenland are met = “All I want, is a Germany for Germans” •All Chamberlain wanted was peace at any cost.•Chamberlain believed that by sacrificing Czechoslovakia he had satisfied Hitler and he would stop being aggressive; he promised “a peace with honor… peace in our time.” •Chamberlain gave into Hitler (appeasement) •Hitler got the Sudetenland.
  31. 31. •FDR sent a letter to Hitlerasking him to honor the Munich Conference •Later in 1939, Hitler would invade and take the rest of Czechoslovakia……. •The United States learned from the Munich Conferencethat you cannot trust the words of a dictator………
  32. 32. •What is the cartoonist trying to say here? •What is meant by, “we might as well try to appease him”? •How does the cartoonist justify his decision to appease Hitler? •Notice the American countries……. What is this symbolic of?Umbrella Road
  33. 33. • Hitler demanded Sudetenland• Hitler then demanded return of Danzig• He also wanted right to build highway and railroad across Polish corridor• With these demands for territory in Poland, GB & France realize appeasement had failed• Sept 1, 1939, with Soviet support, Germany invades Poland• Sept 3, 1939 GB & France declare war on Germany – WORLD WAR II BEGINS

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