Civil War Upload


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Civil War

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Civil War Upload

  1. 1. Civil War1861 - 1865<br />
  2. 2. Difference Between North and South<br />North<br />Industries<br />Large population<br />Transportation-supplies<br />Opposed slavery<br />Ability to raise $$ (taxes)<br />South<br />Raw materials<br />Knowledge of territory<br />Leadership--generals<br />Slave labor<br />Cause—way of life<br />
  3. 3. Missouri Compromise<br />Missouri requested admission to Union<br />11 Slave, 11 Free States<br />Upset balance in Senate<br />Missouri Compromise --<br />Maine admitted as free state<br />Missouri admitted as slave state<br />Rest of Louisiana Territory split <br />36 30’ north latitude (southern border of Missouri)<br />North of line—free<br />South of line–slavery legal<br />
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  5. 5. Nullification Crisis<br />Tariffs on Imports 1824 & 1828<br />Hurt Southern economy<br />Loss of inexpensive British imports<br />Forced to buy expensive Northern goods<br />Felt North getting rich off South<br />John Calhoun developed nullification theory<br />Constitution established by sovereign states<br />States still sovereign<br />Have right to determine Congressional acts unconstitutional<br />South Carolina declares tariffs null and void within state<br />Couldn’t get support from other Southern states<br />South Carolina did get tariffs lowered<br />Proved a single state could force its will on Congress<br />
  6. 6. Statehood for California<br />Gold Rush caused California population to grow<br />Applied for statehood as free state<br />Compromise of 1850<br />California admitted as free<br />No slavery restrictions on rest of Mexican cession<br />Slave trade abolished D.C., not slavery<br />New fugitive slave law passed <br />Threats of southern secession became more frequent<br />
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  8. 8. Fugitive Slave Act<br />Allowed owners to hunt down runaways<br />Accused runaways sent back to South<br />Hurt Southern cause<br />Newspaper accounts changed attitudes<br />Previously indifferent Northerners now hostile<br />Northerners actions increased<br />Led to Underground Railroad<br />
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  10. 10. Conflicts Lead to Secession<br />
  11. 11. Kansas-Nebraska Act<br />Settling the Great Plains<br />Sen. Stephen Douglas wanted to settle Nebraska Territory allowing slavery issue based on popular sovereignty <br />Problem: Kansas and Nebraska territory lay north of Missouri Compromise line<br />Solution: divide territory<br />Nebraska in north next to free state Illinois<br />Kansas in south just west of slave state Missouri<br />Significance of Act – repealed Missouri Compromise<br />
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  13. 13. Dred Scott v. Sanford<br />Dred Scott<br /> slave living in Missouri<br /> taken by owner to free states to live for a while<br /> returned to Missouri<br />1854 sued in federal court for <br />believed since had lived in free territory, should be free<br />federal court ruled against him <br />Appealed to Supreme Court <br />ruled against him<br />since not a citizen, did not have right to use court system<br />living in free state does not make him free<br />
  14. 14. Dred_Scott_Case_1min19sec<br />
  15. 15. Harpers Ferry<br />Abolitionist John Brown planned insurrection<br />Help slaves break free from masters<br />Needed weapons to give to slaves<br />Oct. 16, 1859 led a band of men into Harpers Ferry, Virginia<br />goal to seize the federal arsenal and start a slave uprising<br />Federal troops put down rebellion<br />authorities tried Brown and sentenced to death by hanging<br />
  16. 16. Harpers Ferry cont’d<br />Effects:<br />Strengthened abolitionists feeling in North<br />Boosted abolitionist movement<br />Turning point for South<br />Viewed as proof Northerners were plotting to murder slave holders<br />Caused South to plan for war<br />
  17. 17. Lincoln Elected President<br />1860 Presidential election<br />Abraham Lincoln, Republican candidate<br />pledge to halt the further spread of slavery<br />reassured the Southerners that he would not “interfere with their slaves, or with them, about their slaves”<br />Viewed as enemy by many Southerners<br />Lincoln’s victory leads to Southern secession<br />less than half the popular votes<br />no electoral votes from the South<br />saw his victory as a loss of political voice in national gov’t<br />
  18. 18. Secession<br />South Carolina seceded Dec. 20, 1860<br />Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas <br />Formed the Confederate States of America <br />Jefferson Davis elected President<br />Fort Sumter, South Carolina<br />Confederacy demanded Union troops leave fort<br />Confederates attacked fort April 1861<br />forced Union to surrender<br />marks beginning of Civil War<br />
  19. 19. Significant Battles<br />First Battle of Bull Run<br />Significance<br />Made it clear North needed large, well-trained army to defeat the South<br />
  20. 20. Significant Battles<br />Antietam<br />Significance<br />Bloodiest 1-day battle in American History; convinced Lincoln time had come to end slavery<br />
  21. 21. Significant Battles<br />Vicksburg<br />Significance<br />Cut the Confederacy in two<br />
  22. 22. Significant Battles<br />Gettysburg<br />Significance<br />Turning point in East; Union victory ensured Britain not recognize Confederacy as nation<br />
  23. 23. Emancipation Proclamation<br />Sept 1862 Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation <br />Freed all enslaved persons in states still at war with the Union after Jan 1, 1863<br />Only applied to those states within Confederacy<br />Border states could still have slaves<br />Maryland, Kentucky, Missouri, and Delaware were slave states that remained in the Union<br />Proclamation gave war moral purpose<br />Moving away from secession issues to a war to free slaves<br />
  24. 24. The War Ends<br />April 9, 1865<br />Confederate General Robert E. Lee <br />surrendered to <br />Union General Ulysses S. Grant<br />at Appomattox Courthouse<br />
  25. 25. Civil War Amendments(Civil Rights Amendments)<br />Thirteenth Amendment - abolished slavery<br />Fourteenth Amendment – granted citizenship to “all persons born or naturalized in the United States”<br />Fifteenth Amendment – granted suffrage (voting rights) to African American males<br />
  26. 26. Reconstruction<br />Rebuilding of the South<br />Physically, economically, politically <br />Military districts were created to help bring order to South<br />Southern states had to write new constitution and ratify 14th Amendment before allowed back in Union<br />South could never return to pre-Civil War status<br />
  27. 27. Cause and Effects of Civil War<br />Conflicts over slavery issues<br />Economic differences between North and South<br />Election of Lincoln<br />Secession of Southern states<br />Attack on Ft. Sumter<br />Abolishment of slavery<br />Reconstruction of the South<br />Nation reunited<br />Civil Rights laws passed<br />