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Civil War Upload
 

Civil War Upload

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Civil War

Civil War

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    Civil War Upload Civil War Upload Presentation Transcript

    • Civil War1861 - 1865
    • Difference Between North and South
      North
      Industries
      Large population
      Transportation-supplies
      Opposed slavery
      Ability to raise $$ (taxes)
      South
      Raw materials
      Knowledge of territory
      Leadership--generals
      Slave labor
      Cause—way of life
    • Missouri Compromise
      Missouri requested admission to Union
      11 Slave, 11 Free States
      Upset balance in Senate
      Missouri Compromise --
      Maine admitted as free state
      Missouri admitted as slave state
      Rest of Louisiana Territory split
      36 30’ north latitude (southern border of Missouri)
      North of line—free
      South of line–slavery legal
    • Nullification Crisis
      Tariffs on Imports 1824 & 1828
      Hurt Southern economy
      Loss of inexpensive British imports
      Forced to buy expensive Northern goods
      Felt North getting rich off South
      John Calhoun developed nullification theory
      Constitution established by sovereign states
      States still sovereign
      Have right to determine Congressional acts unconstitutional
      South Carolina declares tariffs null and void within state
      Couldn’t get support from other Southern states
      South Carolina did get tariffs lowered
      Proved a single state could force its will on Congress
    • Statehood for California
      Gold Rush caused California population to grow
      Applied for statehood as free state
      Compromise of 1850
      California admitted as free
      No slavery restrictions on rest of Mexican cession
      Slave trade abolished D.C., not slavery
      New fugitive slave law passed
      Threats of southern secession became more frequent
    • Fugitive Slave Act
      Allowed owners to hunt down runaways
      Accused runaways sent back to South
      Hurt Southern cause
      Newspaper accounts changed attitudes
      Previously indifferent Northerners now hostile
      Northerners actions increased
      Led to Underground Railroad
    • Conflicts Lead to Secession
    • Kansas-Nebraska Act
      Settling the Great Plains
      Sen. Stephen Douglas wanted to settle Nebraska Territory allowing slavery issue based on popular sovereignty
      Problem: Kansas and Nebraska territory lay north of Missouri Compromise line
      Solution: divide territory
      Nebraska in north next to free state Illinois
      Kansas in south just west of slave state Missouri
      Significance of Act – repealed Missouri Compromise
    • Dred Scott v. Sanford
      Dred Scott
      slave living in Missouri
      taken by owner to free states to live for a while
      returned to Missouri
      1854 sued in federal court for
      believed since had lived in free territory, should be free
      federal court ruled against him
      Appealed to Supreme Court
      ruled against him
      since not a citizen, did not have right to use court system
      living in free state does not make him free
    • Dred_Scott_Case_1min19sec
    • Harpers Ferry
      Abolitionist John Brown planned insurrection
      Help slaves break free from masters
      Needed weapons to give to slaves
      Oct. 16, 1859 led a band of men into Harpers Ferry, Virginia
      goal to seize the federal arsenal and start a slave uprising
      Federal troops put down rebellion
      authorities tried Brown and sentenced to death by hanging
    • Harpers Ferry cont’d
      Effects:
      Strengthened abolitionists feeling in North
      Boosted abolitionist movement
      Turning point for South
      Viewed as proof Northerners were plotting to murder slave holders
      Caused South to plan for war
    • Lincoln Elected President
      1860 Presidential election
      Abraham Lincoln, Republican candidate
      pledge to halt the further spread of slavery
      reassured the Southerners that he would not “interfere with their slaves, or with them, about their slaves”
      Viewed as enemy by many Southerners
      Lincoln’s victory leads to Southern secession
      less than half the popular votes
      no electoral votes from the South
      saw his victory as a loss of political voice in national gov’t
    • Secession
      South Carolina seceded Dec. 20, 1860
      Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas
      Formed the Confederate States of America
      Jefferson Davis elected President
      Fort Sumter, South Carolina
      Confederacy demanded Union troops leave fort
      Confederates attacked fort April 1861
      forced Union to surrender
      marks beginning of Civil War
    • Significant Battles
      First Battle of Bull Run
      Significance
      Made it clear North needed large, well-trained army to defeat the South
    • Significant Battles
      Antietam
      Significance
      Bloodiest 1-day battle in American History; convinced Lincoln time had come to end slavery
    • Significant Battles
      Vicksburg
      Significance
      Cut the Confederacy in two
    • Significant Battles
      Gettysburg
      Significance
      Turning point in East; Union victory ensured Britain not recognize Confederacy as nation
    • Emancipation Proclamation
      Sept 1862 Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation
      Freed all enslaved persons in states still at war with the Union after Jan 1, 1863
      Only applied to those states within Confederacy
      Border states could still have slaves
      Maryland, Kentucky, Missouri, and Delaware were slave states that remained in the Union
      Proclamation gave war moral purpose
      Moving away from secession issues to a war to free slaves
    • The War Ends
      April 9, 1865
      Confederate General Robert E. Lee
      surrendered to
      Union General Ulysses S. Grant
      at Appomattox Courthouse
    • Civil War Amendments(Civil Rights Amendments)
      Thirteenth Amendment - abolished slavery
      Fourteenth Amendment – granted citizenship to “all persons born or naturalized in the United States”
      Fifteenth Amendment – granted suffrage (voting rights) to African American males
    • Reconstruction
      Rebuilding of the South
      Physically, economically, politically
      Military districts were created to help bring order to South
      Southern states had to write new constitution and ratify 14th Amendment before allowed back in Union
      South could never return to pre-Civil War status
    • Cause and Effects of Civil War
      Conflicts over slavery issues
      Economic differences between North and South
      Election of Lincoln
      Secession of Southern states
      Attack on Ft. Sumter
      Abolishment of slavery
      Reconstruction of the South
      Nation reunited
      Civil Rights laws passed