7 wwii and-cold_war-7


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7 wwii and-cold_war-7

  1. 1. Pre-war attitudes H/O(see Drift towards WorldWar II handout)
  2. 2. IsolationismNeutrality Act (1935)
  3. 3. Gradual shifttoward involvement
  4. 4. Cash and CarryDestroyer DealLend-Lease Act(repealed Neutrality Act)
  5. 5. Relations with Japan Japanese fears concerning resources, etc.
  6. 6. Pearl HarborU.S. Enters War
  7. 7. The Home FrontSome importantwartime agencies
  8. 8. War Production BoardOrganized and coordinatedindustries to make quick, efficienttransition to production of warmaterials.No consumer autos were built duringwar.
  9. 9. Office of War InformationResponsible for maintainingmorale – positive propaganda
  10. 10. Office of Price AdministrationSet prices, rationed goods,fought inflation and blackmarket – assured military needs were met
  11. 11. War Labor BoardSettled disputes between businessand laborAvoided strikes and maintainedmorale
  12. 12. Fair Employment Practices CommitteePrevented employerdiscrimination against workersFoundation for the civilrights movement of the1950s
  13. 13. Conduct of warTwo front war for the U.S. Europe first H/O (See War Strategy H/O)
  14. 14. World War II AlliesIncluded GreatBritain, Free France,the USSR, andnationalist China.
  15. 15. ConferencesCasablanca, Cairo, Teheran:Planned war strategy Yalta: (1945) planned post-war strategies
  16. 16. Postwar PeriodService men’s readjustment act of 1944(GI Bill) H/OThe United Nations Post-War Organization favored big winners
  17. 17. The Cold War
  18. 18. The Truman DoctrinePledged aid to Greece andTurkeyContainment policyIntended to keep communismwithin its original borders
  19. 19. Marshall PlanOffered recovery assistance toall European countriesCommunist countries declined
  20. 20. Berlin BlockadeSoviets block land accessU.S. responds by air
  21. 21. NATODesigned to block or containCommunists, especiallySoviet, expansionIgnored George Washington’sadvice against permanent H/Oalliances Cold War
  22. 22. Communist victory in ChinaNationalists flee to TaiwanGovernment there recognized asChina by the United States and theU.N. until Nixon
  23. 23. Korean WarCommunist North Korea attacks SouthKorea, the U.N. respondsArmistice terms restore statusquo
  24. 24. SEATOSoutheast Asia TreatyOrganization is the Pacificequivalent to NATO
  25. 25. France, Dien Bien Phu,and our involvement inVietnamAntiwar demonstrations and Jane Fonda
  26. 26. Hungarian RevoltSoviets crushHungarian revolution
  27. 27. Aswan Dam Soviets assist Egypt in building the damU.S. and Britain offeredfirst but withdrew theoffer
  28. 28. Suez Canal seizure Egypt takes control, France, Britain and Israel invade, U.S. and Soviets stop them “diplomacy” at workSuperpower
  29. 29. Eisenhower DoctrineOffers aid to Middle Easterncountries who feel threatenedby communism
  30. 30. U-2 incidentU.S. spy plane shot down over Soviet territory
  31. 31. Independence of African nationsCivil Wars break out all over
  32. 32. Cuban RevolutionCastro takes over, announcescommunist regime, relationswith the U.S. deteriorate
  33. 33. Bay of PigsCuban refugees, backed bythe United States fail tooverthrow Castro
  34. 34. Berlin WallSoviets seal off East Berlin withphysical Wall
  35. 35. Cuban Missile CrisisSoviets attempt toplace missiles inCuba. The U.S.blockades
  36. 36. The “Hotline”Direct link between U.S.and USSR intended todivert nuclear disasterFirst used during six day war
  37. 37. Nuclear test ban treatyAllowed onlyunderground testing
  38. 38. Outer Space treatyBanned the military basesweapons and weapons tests inouter space
  39. 39. Nuclear nonproliferation treatyBanned the spread of nuclearweapons among signatorynations
  40. 40. 1969. Nixon’s visit to ChinaCommunist China had alreadybecome the U.N. member, nowPresident Nixon’s visit opened newfriendly relations with this hugenation
  41. 41. Detente1972-President Nixon visited Moscowand signed several agreementsincluding the anti-ballistic missiletreatyThe Cold War eased
  42. 42. The Reagan Revolution The West wins the Cold War The Gorbachev influence The I.N.F. TreatyH/O
  43. 43. 1980 Election Issues DebatesHostage crisis
  44. 44. Reagan and Communism Evil Empire Nicaragua Latin America Granada
  45. 45. 1988 Election Candidates and issuesBush policiesDesert Storm and Middle East policyeconomics civil rights
  46. 46. William Jefferson Clinton All of this review topresent will be done in the classroom