Maryland became ahaven of religioustolerance for allChristians, and it becamethe first major Catholicenclave in the New World
New York was also a royal giftSome of the area wasa Dutch settlementcalled NewNetherland
The Quakers received theirown colony. William Penn,a Quaker, was a closefriend of King Charles II,and Charles granted Pennwhat became Pennsylvania
Carolina was also aproprietary colony,which ultimatelysplit in two
North Carolina, whichwas settled byVirginians, developedinto a Virginia-likecolony
South Carolina wassettled by thedescendants ofEnglishmen who hadcolonized Barbados
Their arrival trulymarked thebeginning of theslave era in thecolonies.
Triangular traderoutesSlaves to sugar plantations,sugar to distillers in colonies,rum and such to Europe
Eventually, most of theproprietary colonieswere converted to royalcolonies (owned by thecrown)
THE AGE OFSALUTARY NEGLECT(1650 TO 1750)Also “Benign Neglect”
British too busywith otherproblems to keepclose rein oncolonies
ENGLISH REGULATIONOF COLONIAL TRADEMercantilists believed thateconomic power was rooted in afavorable balance of trade.American colonies were seenprimarily as markets for British andWest Indian goods.
Navigation Acts requiredthe colonists to buy goodsonly from England andprohibited the coloniesfrom manufacturing anumber of goods thatEngland already produced
MAJOR EVENTSOF THE PERIODConsult your “laundry list”
LIFE IN THE COLONIESPopulation in 1700was 250,000; by 1750,that number was1,250,000
Over 90 percent-livedin rural areasChildren and women werecompletely subordinate tomen! (Great Idea!!)
Childrens educationhad to be fit inaround their workschedules
Married womenwere not allowed tovote, own property,draft a will, ortestify in court.
Slaves often developedextended-kinship ties andstrong communal bonds tocope with the misery ofservitude and the possibilitythat their nuclear familiesmight be separated by sale
New Englandsociety centered ontrade. Boston wasthe colonies majorport city
The middle colonies-New York,Pennsylvania, NewJersey-had more fertileland and so focusedprimarily on farming
The lower South(the Carolinas)concentrated onsuch cash crops astobacco and rice
Majority ofSoutherners weresubsistence farmerswho had no slaves
Colonies on theChesapeakecombined features ofthe middle coloniesand the lower South
Colonies were hardlya unified whole asthey approached theevents that led themto rebel
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