Neuroscience & Peak Performance: Davis Lak at SMECC - 20140226


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Neuroscience & Peak Performance: Davis Lak at SMECC - 20140226

  1. 1. The adult human brain weighs on average about 3 lbs. (1.5 kg) A volume of around 1130 cubic centimetres (cm3) in women and 1260 cm3 in men Men with the same body height and body surface area as women have on average 100 grams heavier brains Cognitive and behavioral neuroscience Davis Lak Cognitive and behavioral neuroscience Neuroscience
  2. 2. Cognitive and behavioral neuroscience Cognitive and behavioral neuroscience Cognitive and behavioral neuroscience Cognitive and behavioral neuroscience
  3. 3. Scientific Studies about Peak Performance Cognitive and behavioral neuroscience Worked with top flight music students Goal: could training show measurable improvement in performance? Dr. John Gruzelier, Ph.D, Tobias Egner, Ph.D. Department of Cognitive Neuroscience and Behaviour, Imperial College, London, 2003, Neuroreport. Royal Conservatory of Music Improvement in Musical Performance Performance psychology The training that has been researched and scientifically proven performers in business; others in the performing arts who wish to deliver an exceptional performance other professionals such as entrepreneurs, medical and legal professions, small business etc. Shaping Peak Performance
  4. 4. 21 boys and 3 girls, each with a history of learning disabilities. Weekly, 40 minute training sessions, EEG biofeedback training Avg. sessions: 27.9 Subjects: Procedure: Length: WISC-R RESULTS 22 of 24 subjects increased Full Scale IQ scores of a least 1sd (15 IQ points) 2 showed increases of 13 and 14 IQ points. Tansey Report -WISC-R Results 1991 Changes in IQ after Neurofeedback Six groups created – each with different training: 1) Alexander Technique 2) Mental skills 3) Beta NF 4) SMR NF 5) Alpha-Theta NF 6) Exercise Rating scales were developed specifically from the Associated Boards of the Royal Schools of Music Performances were video-recorded, randomised and rated by expert musicians external to the Royal College of Music 10-15 minute performance of a musical piece assessed prior and subsequent to training Music Performance Evaluation goal setting concentration anxiety control motivation relaxation techniques imagery self-confidence Factors affecting Peak Performance Study has since been replicated Overall Quality (+ 14.4 %, p = .06) Musical Understanding (+ 16.4 %, p < .01) Stylistic Accuracy (+ 13.5 %, p < .01) Interpretative Imagination (+ 17 %, p < .01) Alpha-Theta neurofeedback group had significant change in musical improvements
  5. 5. Think about the "big picture." Ask yourself some important questions about what you want for your life. The answers to this question can be as general as "I want to be happy," or "I want to help people," or "I want to be fit." These general statements can help hone in on the things that really matter to you. Recognizing the things you value will guide your decision-making and keep you focused on your end goals. Think of the answers to your "big picture" questions as things you hope to attain 10, 15, or 20 years from now. Goal Setting Create some short-term goals. Once you have decided on your lifelong goals, and goals you'd like to achieve in 5 years, you have the roadmap for setting necessary goals for next year, next month, next week, tomorrow, and today. Break the "big picture" down into smaller and more specific goals. Goal Setting Mental skills training focuses upon core skills Your ability to perform consistently Consistency of your emotions. Your emotional reactions to challenges Respond positively to challenges Shaping Peak Performance
  6. 6. Keep track of your progress. Journaling Asking a friend with similar goals to buddyup with you Keep incremental goals small. Set priorities. Goal Setting Use the SMART method to create actionable goals. Specific. Measurable. Attainable. Relevant. Time-related. Goal Setting Reward your accomplishments. Acknowledge when you have reached goals and allow yourself to celebrate accordingly. Take this time to assess the goal process-from inception to completion. Goal Setting Make each goal a positive statement. Once you've done the brainstorming and considered how to make your goals SMART, it's time to solidify them. Using positive statements is a direct way to affirm your commitment to completing your goals. "I am going to learn how to drive," is a more definitive statement than, "I don't want to have to rely on others to give me rides everywhere." Goal Setting
  7. 7. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Primary / Chronic Insomnia PTSD Depression Anxiety / Phobia Motivation Life and Wellness Coach Cognitive Behavioral Therapist Goal Setting Cognitive Behavioral Therapist Neurotherapist Motivation +ve reinforcement / high expectation effective discipline and punishment treating yourself fairly satisfying your needs achieving personal related goal restructuring procedure Peak Performance = f (ability) (motivation) Six Strategies for motivation Motivation
  8. 8. Raw emotions pour into the brain and consequently the emotional stability of the mind becomes unbalanced. "Interaction between the Amygdala and the VMPFC may underlie the proper adaptation of levels of the stress hormone Cortisol on a daily basis." Stress is a trigger for emotional flooding and consequently instability to occur. The role of the VMPFC can be seen to regulate emotional outputs of the Amygdala When the outputs are too strong, the VMPFC becomes overwhelmed and is unable to efficiently regulate the streaming emotional outputs, meaning emotions begin to flood the brain. Emotion Amygdala Emotion Emotion Formation and processing of emotional reactions and emotional memories. Memories of emotional experiences imprint in the Amygdala's Neurons, creating emotional imprinting. Trauma causes a negative imprinting in the Amygdala's circuitry, meaning a fear response can be more easily triggered. Emotion
  9. 9. Cognitive Behavioral Therapist Neurotherapist Clinical Psychologist Psychiatrist Emotion Emotion Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Insomnia Dysthymia Depression Emotion Emotion
  10. 10. Neural Level Monitoring Relaxation Inner Balance Autogenic Training Progressive Muscle Relaxation Massage Meditation Deep Breathing Yoga Pilates Tai Chi Qigong Relaxation Walking Self Control Humour Some relaxation methods can also be used during other activities, for example, Autosuggestion, Mantras, Prayer, Classical Music and New Age Music.
  11. 11. Selective Attention Test Attention Over-stress Anxiety Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Depression Phobia Relaxation Attention
  12. 12. Over-stress Insomnia Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Dysthymia Depression Anxiety / Phobia PTSD Attention Attention Inattentive Distractible Lack of focus One second Theta 4-7 Hz Distracted, daydreaming
  13. 13. New Training Trend Medical Consultation Psychological Counseling Technical Skill Training Activity drilling Consistent drilling Traditional Attention Training Finishing tasks is a skill that can be learned by anyone regardless of ADHD/ADD, or other cognitive impairments. The task may be homework, balancing your checkbook, or even cleaning your room. You can learn to do it in an appropriate amount of time. Sheer Genius will teach you how to do it. Academic Bridge Neuroscience based attention training Brainwave feedback technology Computer training Internet training New Training Trend
  14. 14. EEG Biofeedback ention_recognition.php Internet resources Video 10. 9. 8. 7. 6. 5. 4. 3. 2. 1. to maintain good relations with close family members, friends and others; to avoid seeing crises or stressful events as unbearable problems; to accept circumstances that cannot be changed; to develop realistic goals and move towards them; to take decisive actions in adverse situations; to look for opportunities of self-discovery after a struggle with loss; to develop self-confidence; to keep a long-term perspective and consider the stressful event in a broader context; to maintain a hopeful outlook, expecting good things and visualizing what is wished; to take care of one's mind and body, exercising regularly, paying attention to one's own needs and feelings. "10 Ways to Build Resilience“ by APA Psychological Resiliance Feedback Screen EEG Sensors Therapist Monitor Therapist and client/game screen
  15. 15. Visualize the outcome you want. Evict the obnoxious roommate in your head. The Brain-Training Secrets Of Olympic Athletes Relax daily.
  16. 16. Set smarter goals. Go with the 'flow.'