NCC Millennials Presenation
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NCC Millennials Presenation

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Slides from my April 24 talk about teaching the Millennials, given at Nassau Community College, Long Island.

Slides from my April 24 talk about teaching the Millennials, given at Nassau Community College, Long Island.

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  • Hello! Funny Introduction – Take it slow… I’m no expert – Keep the tone light… Think of this as a sharing session I want to hear YOUR stories and I want us to share stories and ideas as we go

NCC Millennials Presenation NCC Millennials Presenation Presentation Transcript

  • Reaching & Teaching the Millennials One cynical Gen-Xer’s view… Stewart Brower, MLIS, AHIP University at Buffalo Health Sciences Library
  • What is a “generation?”
    • A grouping of people, typically by birth years, that are defined by the historical and sociological experiences they have shared
    • Howe & Strauss, Millennials Rising
  • Defining the Generations
    • Four major generations are currently at play (war?) in the world of learning:
    • Silent – born 1925-1945
    • Boomers – born 1946-1963
    • Gen-Xers – born 1964-1982
    • Millennials – born post-1982
  • Who are the Silent Generation?
    • Described by William Manchester as "withdrawn, cautious, unimaginative, indifferent, unadventurous and silent."
    • Stuck between the get-it-done G.I.s and the self-absorbed Boomers
    • David Foot, economist, argues that this is actually the most successful generation
    • Famous Silents: Colin Powell, Walter Mondale, Woody Allen, Martin Luther King, Jr., Sandra Day O’Connor, Elvis Presley
  • Who are Boomers?
    • Defining events include the birth of television, the Civil Rights Movement, and fiscal prosperity
    • Also deaths of President Kennedy, Bobby Kennedy, and Dr. Martin Luther King; the Vietnam war and related protests; and the Watergate scandal
    • Boomers value health and wellness, personal growth, and involvement
  • Who are Gen-Xers?
    • Characterized by an economic and psychological "survivor" mentality
    • Grew up very quickly amid rising divorce rates, latchkeys, violence and low expectations
    • The Challenger explosion, AIDS, hostage crises, Desert Storm, Nike (“Just Do It!”)
    • Independent, skeptical of authority, cautious in their commitments
  • Who are Millennials? aka…
    • Millennials
    • “ Don’t Label Us”
    • Generation Y (or Gen Why)
    • Generation Text
    • Generation Next
    • Generation.com
    • Generation 2000
    • Echo Boom
    • Boomer Babies
    • Generation Wired
  • Who are Millennials?
    • Result of a backlash against the “hands-off” parenting of the 1970s – a protected ( coddled? ) generation
    • Raised in the 80s & 90s, Mils have only known economic prosperity and opportunity
    • College-age Mils mostly children of Boomers; younger Mils mostly children of Gen-Xers
    • Columbine, Power Rangers, cell phones, DVDs, Olsen Twins and 9-11
    • “ They’re the most numerous, affluent, and ethnically diverse generation in American history.” - Strauss
  • Some Mil Statistics
    • Numbering over 80 million, the Millennials outnumber the Boomer Generation by roughly 20 percent (78 million births 1980 – 99)
    • One Mil in five (20 %) has an immigrant parent
    • 8 Mils in 10 plan on attending college
    • Over the next ten years, approximately 300,000 new freshmen will enter college each year
    • Pew Internet defines a “young tech elite,” averaging 22 years of age, that spends $161 a month on information goods and services
  • Americans Under 18 Years Old ~32% ~96.4 2005 25.9% 69.8 1998 25.7% 64.2 1990 28.0% 63.7 1980 34.0% 69.8 1970 35.7% 64.5 1960 31.1% 47.3 1950 Percent of Population Millions Year
  • More Mil statistics
    • 87 percent use e-mail regularly
    • 28 percent of Mils under 12 have their own cell phones (going up)
    • Mil tweens (up to 13 years old) influence $190 billion in purchases annually
    • Mil teens (13 and over) influence $50 billion and spend $100 billion of their own money
    • $100 per teen per week on average
  • Seven Core Traits As identified by Howe & Straus in Millennials Go to College :
    • Special
    • Sheltered
    • Confident
    • Team-Oriented
    • Conventional
    • Pressured
    • Achieving
  • Core Trait: Special
    • Each parent thinks their child is special
    • Parents are more directly involved in their children’s college education than ever before (i.e. “Helicopter” Parents)
    • Mils want to think that their experiences, though shared, are special and unique to themselves
  • Core Trait: Sheltered
    • Security, in homes and schools, has been a constant for Mils
    • Along with physical safety, Mils anticipate personal success in terms of career: high salaries, strong benefits
    • Technology as protector – trust-based relationships built with tech
  • Core Trait: Confident
    • 8 out of 10 Mil teens plan on attending college
    • Ninety percent of teens are “excited and happy about the future”
    • Eighty percent anticipate making over $50K by the time they turn 30
    • 3 out of 5 Mil children believe they could be President of the United States
    • Confidence in the classroom: Mils will often strongly contest weak or less-than-perfect grades
  • Core Trait: Team-Oriented
    • Unlike previous generations of learners, Mils often do work in small groups and have done so since kindergarten
    • Mils form political structures quickly and divide work accordingly
    • Sometimes Mils will cover for each other’s weaknesses by doing each other’s work
    • This does not, however, indicate that Mils prefer group learning!
  • Core Trait: Conventional
    • They “believe in Brand” – i.e. “Old Navy”
    • However, they will “change brands” easily to find the fit they want, including transferring between schools (“Swirling”)
    • They want to be “regular” students
    • Assignments that stress “originality” may be disturbing to them
  •  
  • Core Trait: Pressure
    • Mils are worried about their grades
    • Mils recognize that school performance may reflect their future success or failure
    • The Holy Trinity: Job, Car & School
    • Mils highly structured and busy lifestyles often add to the pressure and they will often try radical measures to find relief – including cheating on exams or plagiarism
  • Core Trait: Achieving
    • High expectations, demanding schedules, and competitive parents
    • Most Mils (60.2%) expect to earn a B average or better in college
    • More and more Mils are going for advanced degrees
    • Mils do not necessarily connect their goals to their efforts – Clear guidance must be given to Mils to help them understand the amount of work required to achieve in higher education
    • The Myth of Multitasking Millennials
  • Millennials and Tech
    • Grew up on videogames, PCs, cell phones
    • Have been online a “long time,” averaging between five and seven years
    • Assumption among Boomer and X-er faculty that this generation of students is information-savvy
  • Tech Change & Fragmentation
    • Accustomed to rapid technological change in communications, and have come to expect this type of change in all aspects of their lives
    • Postmodern conditions in which they have been raised, characterized by consumerism, superficiality, and knowledge fragmentation
  • Mil Learning Style Preferences
    • Technology
      • Comfort levels in using technology as a tool of learning are high
      • Potentials for abuse are likewise high – Plagiarism, for example
      • Use the web to teach things that are best learned independently and that require some degree of evaluative skill
    • Visual Learning
      • Mils grew up with sophisticated multimedia
      • Average student retains 20 – 30 percent of what they see versus 10 percent of what they read
      • “ Nonlinear, nonsequential” holistic modes of learning
      • Give instructions with flowcharts or graphics (especially when the instructions are detailed)
    • Customization
      • Think the (ugh) “Microsoft” way: pull-down menu vs. button bars vs. keyboard shortcuts
      • Give them choices
      • Consider developing two or three different kinds of assignments for a course module, so students can select the kind of assignment that works best for them
    • Group Activities
      • Unlike previous generations of learners…
      • Peer-to-Peer Learning significantly enhances Active Learning principles in the classroom
      • Can we take “Think-Pair-Share” to a new level?
      • Engage the students every ten minutes
  • The “Nintendo” Factor How do Mils really learn? Trial and Error!
  • Connectivism: The major points
    • A new learning theory being developed by George Siemens: Connectivism.ca
    • Learning has an end goal - namely the increased ability to "do something"
    • Learning is a process of connecting specialized nodes or information sources.
    • Learning happens in many different ways – Courses are not the primary conduit for learning
  • Subject-Centered Learning
    • Significantly different from the “Student-Centered” model
    • A model supported by connectivism theory
    • Put the “thing” in the middle
    • Engaged, interactive, working students who consult with the instructor
    • Dissect, identify, understand, explain
    • Let students discover the connections and report them back to you
    • Expect chaos in the classroom
  • “Sage on the Stage” is dead…
    • Use technology to teach “small stuff”
      • Screencasting, blogging, podcasting
      • For online tutorials, think “quick & easy”
    • Reserve classroom time for the “big stuff”
      • Discussions (not just lecture) on thought-provoking topics and issues
      • In-class hands-on activities linked to specific learning objectives – Learning by doing/Case study methods
    • Evaluate and assess constantly
      • Courseware for quizzes and assignments
      • “ Turningpoint” audience response systems
  • “Teaching Naked…”
    • Use Email to Create More Class Time
    • Use Online Tests to Create More Class Time
    • Quizzes before Classes: No More Unprepared Students
    • The Inverted Classroom
    • Lectures of Wonder
  • Motivate, guide, and give them the benefit of your wisdom…
    • Share in their optimism
    • Take advantage of their comfort in using technology
    • Tell them plainly what you expect them to learn and why it will benefit them
    • Students are still motivated by their grades, but poor grades do not necessarily motivate better behaviors
  • One other thing about the Mils…
  • “ They will listen when faculties tell them there is a base of knowledge that [they] should have…” “ They will tend to take more of the long view, which reflects their optimism. They are prepared to lay the foundation for something that comes later.” Q&As from Neil Howe and William Strauss, authors of Millennials Rising http://www.millennialsrising.com/qa.shtml
  • Thanks for Listening!