Drupalcon2007 Sun

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Some design patterns and concepts for industrial grade deployment of Drupal on Solaris, plus a specific example of an interesting Drupal site deployed on Solaris

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  • I attended Scott's presentation, he did a nice job. It's great to see Sun embracing Drupal. The technical data here is pretty useful for folks considering Drupal as a community site solution, although he did mention that their numbers have grown a bit since he last updated the user statistics.
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  • Drupalcon2007 Sun

    1. 1. Why Sun for Drupal? <ul><ul><li>Scott Mattoon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sun Microsystems, Inc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Job Title Company Name URL of Company or Project </li></ul></ul>Session ID
    2. 3. <ul><ul><li>AFH founded in 1999 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>100's of affiliates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2006 TED Prize Winner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OAN Launched 2007 </li></ul></ul>
    3. 4. The Participation Age Matters Many Diverse Objects Collaborative Process <ul><li>Hand sketches </li></ul><ul><li>Photos </li></ul><ul><li>CAD files </li></ul><ul><li>Project Plans </li></ul><ul><li>Designs that are situation appropriate </li></ul><ul><li>Designs that get re-used </li></ul>Better Ideas <ul><li>Architects, Designers, Community Members, NGOs, Funders </li></ul><ul><li>Crowdsourcing </li></ul>
    4. 5. <ul><li>In the first 60 days </li></ul><ul><li>400 Projects </li></ul><ul><li>4,500 Members </li></ul><ul><li>7 Creative Commons Licenses in Use </li></ul><ul><li>1.5 Million Visitors </li></ul><ul><li>3,000+ concurrent sessions </li></ul>The Community is Amazing
    5. 6. <ul><li>7 Creative Commons Licenses </li></ul><ul><li>Drupal 4.7 + new OAN modules </li></ul><ul><li>X64 tuned SAMP Coolstack </li></ul><ul><li>Solaris 10 </li></ul><ul><li>(2) SunFire X2200 M2 (1) 6 TB StorageTek 3511 </li></ul><ul><li>Hosted at AMD datacenter </li></ul>
    6. 7. Creative Commons Licenses
    7. 8. Ian Murdock: What's a Linux Guy Doing at Sun? <ul><ul><ul><li>Sun Fire T2000: Sun's Eco-friendly Server Tears It Up </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Solaris Technology Wins WSJ’s 2006 Top Innovation Award, Beating Inhalable Insulin </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sun Moves to Number Six x86 Server Vendor in 2005 </li></ul></ul></ul>IDC Worldwide Quarterly Server Tracker November, 2006 AMD/Sun Strategic Alliance; Opteron to Power Sun’s Servers Solaris, Java Go Open Source Sun, Intel Landmark Alliance; Intel Endorses Solaris <ul><ul><ul><li>$0 Solaris Price Tag Levels the Playing Field with Linux </li></ul></ul></ul>IBM jumps on the Solaris bandwagon
    8. 9. Network Services Identity Management Java Enterprise System Communications Composite Application Platform Application Platform B2B Web Infrastructure ESB Availability Virtualization Solaris Containers LDOMs / DSD VMware / Xen Architecture Operating System
    9. 10. The S in SAMP stands for Solaris <ul><li>Solaris Zones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free, lightweight and easy virtualization </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dtrace </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Find bottlenecks in PHP code </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RBAC, Process Rights Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don't give privileges that aren't needed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ZFS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplify admin, max. integrity, massive scale </li></ul></ul>Solaris – Apache – MySQL - PHP/Perl/Python
    10. 11. Solaris Zones for Efficiency & Control <ul><li>one server </li></ul><ul><li>host (2) Dev, Test, Production environments </li></ul><ul><li>maximize sharing, minimize redundancy </li></ul><ul><li>prevent misconfig, grant least privilege </li></ul><ul><li>guarantee max. resources for Productions </li></ul><ul><li>maximize efficiency & consistency btw. envs. </li></ul><ul><li>recover quickly from failed deployments </li></ul>Hypothetical Requirements & Constraints
    11. 12. /opt/coolstack -ro -ro /opt/coolstack' ./apache -ro ./mysql -ro ./php -rw /data/drupal-5.2 -rw -ro -ro /data/drupal-5.1 ./misc -ro -ro ./modules -ro -ro ./scripts -ro -ro ./sites -ro -ro ./themes -rw -ro ./files -ro -ro Solaris Zones for Efficiency & Control ...
    12. 13. Solaris Zones for Efficiency & Control ...
    13. 14. Security <ul><li>RBAC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grant users the privileges they need </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Process Rights Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Run with least privileges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g., not root, nosuid, noexec </li></ul></ul>
    14. 15. The S in SAMP stands for Solaris MySQL /var/svc/manifest/network/mysql.xml /lib/svc/method/CSKmysql # svccfg import /var/svc/manifest/network/mysql.xml # svcadm -v enable mysql Apache /var/svc/manifest/network/http-CSKapache2.xml /lib/svc/method/http-CSKapache2 # svccfg import /var/svc/manifest/network/http-CSKapache2.xml # svcadm -v enable CSKapache2 SMF for MySQL & Apache
    15. 16. Performance Tuning Which functions are being called by Drupal? # dtrace -n function-entry'{printf(&quot;called %s() in %s at line %d &quot;, copyinstr(arg0), copyinstr(arg1), arg2)}' -q How many times is a function called? # dtrace -n function-entry'{@[copyinstr(arg1)] = lquantize(arg2, 0, 5000)}' What's the file name and line number count: # dtrace -n function-entry'{@[copyinstr(arg1)] = lquantize(arg2, 0, 5000)}' Dtrace provider for PHP
    16. 17. Resource Management & Isolation Projects # projadd -c &quot;Apache-PHP&quot; -U webservd httpd.php # projmod -sK &quot;project.max-sem-ids=(privileged,256,deny)&quot; httpd.php # svccfg -s http:CSKapache2 setprop start/project = astring: httpd.php # svcadm -v enable CSKapache2 CPU Shares global# zonecfg -z zone1 zonecfg:zone1> add rctl zonecfg:zone1:rctl> set name=zone.cpu-shares zonecfg:zone1:rctl> add value (priv=privileged,limit=15,action=none) zonecfg:zone1:rctl> end zonecfg:zone1> exit Zones: data, configuration
    17. 18. Versioning & Protecting Data $ zfs snapshot /data/db1/scott@21Sep $ zfs snapshot /data/db1/scott@22Sep ZFS snapshots
    18. 19. Drupal and Java <ul><li>Requires quercus </li></ul><ul><li>Gives you: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Database connection pooling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clustering with Terracotta </li></ul></ul>PHP apps in Glassfish
    19. 20. Drupal and Java Graph courtesy Workhabit.org For details see: http://www.workhabit.org/resin-backed-php-drives-4x-performance-improvements-drupal Drupal in Glassfish, well Resin in this case
    20. 21. For More Information <ul><li>Open Architecture Network & AFH </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.openarchitecturenetwork.org/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.architectureforhumanity.org/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.ted.com/index.php/speakers/view/id/54 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.architectureforhumanity.org/programs/africa/advisory.html </li></ul></ul>
    21. 22. For More Information <ul><li>SMF & Security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://blogs.sun.com/downstream/tags/smf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.opensolaris.org/os/community/smf/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.sun.com/software/solaris/howtoguides/s10securityhowto.jsp </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dtrace </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://blogs.sun.com/bmc/entry/dtrace_and_php_demonstrated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://blogs.sun.com/shanti/entry/debugging_amp </li></ul></ul>
    22. 23. <ul><li>Constant innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Free </li></ul><ul><li>Open source </li></ul><ul><li>Incredible performance </li></ul><ul><li>Enterprise class, worldwide, 24x7 cost-effective support </li></ul><ul><li>Runs on more hardware </li></ul><ul><li>Runs more applications </li></ul><ul><li>We protect our customers </li></ul><ul><li>We protect the community </li></ul><ul><li>Huge numbers of customers, installed base, partners </li></ul>Why Solaris?
    23. 24. <ul><ul><li>Get Solaris sun.com/solaris/get </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get Data Sheets and White Papers sun.com/solaris/reference_materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Get Trained sun.com/solaris/freetraining | Learning Paths: sun.com/training/solaris </li></ul></ul></ul>1 2 3 4 <ul><ul><li>Get Started with Solaris Learning Centers sun.com/solaris/teachme </li></ul></ul>5 <ul><ul><li>Get Current sun.com/solaris/move | bigadmin.com/apps | bigadmin.com/hcl </li></ul></ul>6 <ul><ul><ul><li>Get Involved opensolaris.org | bigadmin.com | developers.sun.com/solaris </li></ul></ul></ul>
    24. 25. Q&A <ul><li>Scott Mattoon </li></ul><ul><li>Sun Microsystems, Inc. </li></ul>

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