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Plagiarism 5.3

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ECI 716

ECI 716


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  • 1. 5.3 Guidelines for Selecting In-text or Parenthetical Citations
  • 2. 5.3 Guidelines for selecting in-text or parenthetical citations
    Avoiding unintentional plagiarism requires you to follow so many rigid rules that this lesson should be a relief.
    There are no absolute rules about whether to use in-text or parenthetical citations.
    There are some general guidelines that should help you decide which to use.
  • 3. 5.3 Guidelines for selecting in-text or parenthetical citations
    Use a parenthetical citation when:
    You have not appropriately identified the author, or title of the work if no author is provided, in an in-text citation and you need to provide information about the location of information in your source.
    (Required information might include page, paragraph, section, act, scene, or line numbers.)
  • 4. 5.3 Guidelines for selecting in-text or parenthetical citations
    Use a parenthetical citation when:
    You have appropriately identified the author, or title of the work if no author is provided, in an in-text citation, but you still need to provide information about the location of information in your source
  • 5. 5.3 Guidelines for selecting in-text or parenthetical citations
    Use a parenthetical citation when:
    You have cited the author in the text but need to specify which work because you are using more than one work by the same author.
  • 6. 5.3 Guidelines for selecting in-text or parenthetical citations
    Use a parenthetical citation when:
    You have identified the original source in your text but could only find the information quoted in a secondary source.
    • According to Samuel Raines, the crime rate in Peoria has sky-rocketed in the last ten years (qtd. in Jones 33).
  • 5.3 Guidelines for selecting in-text or parenthetical citations
    Use a parenthetical citation when:
    Your information comes from more than one source (in-text citations would be too bulky).
  • 7. 5.3 Guidelines for selecting in-text or parenthetical citations
    It isn’t wrong to use a parenthetical citation instead of an in-text citation, but there are some situations in which you might prefer an in-text citation.
  • 8. 5.3 Guidelines for selecting in-text or parenthetical citations
    Use an in-text citation when:
    You are referring to the author of your source, and identifying his or her credentials would lend authority to information that seems opinion-based.
  • 9. 5.3 Guidelines for selecting in-text or parenthetical citations
    Use an in-text citation when:
    You are citing a work with a corporate author (e.g. government agency, professional organization) and want to avoid a distractingly long parenthetical citation.
    Note: If you are using APA format, you are probably writing in a discourse community such as the social sciences that does not mind long parenthetical citations.
  • 10. 5.3 Guidelines for selecting in-text or parenthetical citations
    Let’s practice.
    Select a scholarly, peer-reviewed article from your field of interest.
    Locate three in-text citations and three parenthetical citations.
    Explain what considerations might have influenced the author’s decisions about when to use an in-text or parenthetical citation.
    If your source only uses one kind of citation, do not look for another source. Explain why you think this may be the case.