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Sustainable Transportation in Small Communities
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Sustainable Transportation in Small Communities


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This presentation discusses ways to manage community mobility. It features the Fraser Basin Council’s Transportation Demand Management (TDM) Guidebook for small to medium-sized communities …

This presentation discusses ways to manage community mobility. It features the Fraser Basin Council’s Transportation Demand Management (TDM) Guidebook for small to medium-sized communities ( and a case study prepared by the Climate Change and Air Quality team.
Interested in having FBC present TDM information to your community?
Please contact : Peter Ostergaard: (250) 888-3030, or Jim Vanderwal,, (604) 488-5357

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  • Context - WHYBanners/Toolkit - HOW.
  • We work for an organization that is built upon these very same ingredientsFBC is a Non-profit organization, created nearly 12 years agoBorne out of a realization of the value of a very precious economic, social and environmental connector -the mighty Fraser River-.Like much of British Columbia, it's bigger than life, stretching 1400 km from the Rockies to Richmond and covering an area the size of Britain or California. The Basin boasts one of world's most productive salmon river systems. Its vast ecosystem supports 65 species of fish and hundreds of species of birds, mammals, plants and trees. 80% of BC's economy is generated in the region. And, perhaps most importantly, for two out of three British Columbians, the Fraser Basin is home.What makes FBC different is our composition: 4 orders of government: Federal, Provincial, local & 8 language groups of the First Nations from within the Basin, plus representatives from business & civil society
  • E3 FleetCanada’s green rating system for vehicle fleets Provides analysis to help you identify opportunities for reducing emissions and fuel costs by managing your fleet assets better Fleets we’ve worked with have identified an average of 10% cost savings/emissions reduction through this analysis Green rating to recognize performance Over 100 fleets across Canada participatingElectric Vehicle Purchasing vehicle are coming – potentially a key part of meeting emissions targets in BC where 40% of emissions are transportation related FBC is assisting BC Hydro/Ministry of Energy in deploying electric vehicles Brokering vehicle placement of various models becoming available this year Sign up to if you are interested in hearing about opportunities with Charlotte and climate adaptationAs the pine beetle has taught us, climate in BC has already changed, which means that we need to plan and build our communities with the future climate patterns in mind The ReTooling for Climate Change website is a first stop for elected officials and staff of local governments, First Nations, and everyone else interested in learning about climate change adaptation. Includes information on climate change and local impacts in BC, as well as tools and resources to assist communities with adaptation planning Upcoming learning events and webinars – contact Kelly Giesbrecht for more details.
  • TDM describes a broad range of policies, programs and services designed to reduce the demand for vehicle useThe GOAL of TDM is to effectively manage demand for road space and reduce auto useHow? By influencing individual travel behaviour, and providing expanded, viable options
  • This guide outlines a number of strategies that will help you implement TDM in your community and region, including planning and policy tools, education and social marketing, and physical infrastructure improvements. This guide has lots of ideas, examples and case studies, that will help you implement TDM initiatives in the region.
  • Time: when people go to workAmount: How often people travel, how many trips people are takingMode: Single occupancy vehicle, bicycle, walking, transitTime: when people go to workAmount: How often people travel, how many trips people are takingMode: Single occupancy vehicle, bicycle, walking, transit
  • Time of travel: this addresses volume of traffic most specifically, and doesn’t apply as much to smaller and mid-sized communities, so I’ll just briefly touch on it.
  • This addresses how many trips people make, to run errands for example, how often they drive to work, etc. This can be addressed by employer programs such as telecommuting one or more days a week, compressed work weeks, encouraging people to combine trips to minimize vehicles on the road, and city planning to incorporate density, reduce sprawl, and make the community more pedestrian friendly.
  • Changing modes of transportation to accommodate more variation in transportation type. This can be accomplished by adding more bike lanes and pedestrian sidewalks/crosswalks, installing HOV lanes, improving bus service to increase reliability and frequency.
  • This is the story of Sparwoods Transportation Plan, the process, formation and implementation
  • Home to the biggest truck in the world, and located in the Southeast corner of the Province, Sparwood is a mining community that ships coal around the worldOur Council and Staff take the concept of sustainability seriously, and have produced an Active Transportation Plan to guide the development of a system to encourage residents to leave their cars and trucks at home more often.
  • Active Transportation Plan to encourage residents to leavetheir cars at homeA speaker series, directed at the importance of active transportation, helped to educate and involve residents.Speakers were carefully chosen for their areas of specialization and their ability to stimulate discussion.
  • The community has to believe that we intend to follow through and make use of their inputSparwood’s Active Transportation Plan addresses the suggestions and concerns identified through the public input sessionsNeed for interconnected, paved pathways illuminated for safety and well-maintained (especially with regard to snow clearing during the winter)Need for improved transit service, providing additional bus stops at convenient locations, shelters at stops, reliable schedule tracking, and better accommodation for seniorsHighway 43 does not safely accommodate those using active modes to travel between Sparwood Heights and Sparwood ProperMore secure bike storage areas are required, including racks and sheltered storage areasWildlife are a perceived barrier to active modes of transportation More bicycle infrastructure needed, such as ramps, exclusive and well marked bike lanes on roadways.Community initiatives to encourage active modes use, such as recreational groups and equipmentRental programs, community bicycle sharing, and programs such as “Steps Out”Wider sidewalks, well-maintained especially during the winter
  • We began by looking at the main destinations in the community and the practicality of walking, biking or taking a busSchools The downtown core and shopping centreThe Health Care CentreLeisure ComplexMajor industrial and business areasEV Coal bus pick up locationsBC Transit pick up locationsLooked at how Active transportation can be applied to these areas
  • Sparwood’s Active Transportation Plan concludes that “ a well connected system of paved pathways and on street active-ways is essential to provide commuters with an attractive alternative to driving“Extend and improve the current pathway network with paved, marked and illuminated facilities”Challenges include: The railway, two rivers, and mountainous terrain present challengesSome major residential areas are separated from the downtown coreTwo new pedestrian bridges are planned to link segments of the community
  • Sparwood hosts a BC Transit Bus system complete with wheelchair access and bicycle racks.Work is required to improve access by changing or adding to the number of bus stops, and by changing the schedule tobetter suit the needs of potential users.
  • Other amenities were also identified in the plan
  • Transcript

    • 1. Sustainable Transportationin Small Communities Transportation Demand Management (TDM) | April 19, 2011 | ParksvillePeter Ostergaard: postergaard@fraserbasin.bc.caAngela Evans:
    • 2. Outline• About FBC• What is TDM• TDM Toolkit• Three behavioral shifts of TDM• Sparwood case study
    • 3. Fraser Basin Council A Collaborative Structure36 Board of Directors:Federal, Provincial, Local and First Nations, Private Sector, Civil Society
    • 4. Other FBC Programs/Resources
    • 5. FBC Climate Programs• E3 Fleet• Electric Vehicle Purchasing• and Climate Adaptation
    • 6. TDM is about Changing Behaviour By influencing individual behavior, and providing more expanded viable options
    • 7. Why is this important?
    • 8. • What can local governments do? • What is already being done? • What other actions are possible?
    • 9. TDM: 3 Major Shifts in Behavior 1. Time of Travel 2. Amount of Travel 3. Mode of Travel
    • 10. 1. Time of Travel • Flex time in work places • Peak-hour ‘controls’, ie tolls
    • 11. 2. Amount of Travel• Telecommuting• Compressed work weeks• Trip-chaining linking multiple errands into one trip• Distance: Density/land-use
    • 12. 3. Mode of Travel • Bike Lanes and sidewalks • High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lanes • Transit/Bus Service • Van and car pool promotion
    • 13. Active Transportation • Wells (pop 246) • Qualicum Beach (pop 8,500) • Sparwood (pop 4,500) • Golden (pop 4,500)
    • 14. Carshare/Carpool • Nelson Carshare (pop 10,000) • Regional tools: • North Okanagan ( • Kootenays (www.kootenayride share,com)
    • 15. Transit/Bus Service• Regional Collaboration• Key drivers • Health services • Post-secondary education • Major employers • North Okanagan • Sparwood
    • 16. Transportation Planningin Sparwood CASE STUDY
    • 17. Challenges • Home to world’s biggest truck • Mining community • Ships coal globally
    • 18. Public Participation in Planning• Active Transportation Planning engaged residents• Plan to encourage residents to leave their cars at home• A speaker series, helped to educate and involve
    • 19. Public Participation in Planning Guided discussion Reporting the findings
    • 20. Using Public Input in PlanIncorporated suggestion inplan including:• Interconnected, paved• Improved transit service• Highway 43 to activemodes to travel• Secure bike storage areas• Address Wildlife barrier• More bicycle infrastructure• Community initiatives for activemodes use• Transportation programs• Wider sidewalks
    • 21. Plan Recommendations#1: Extend and improve the current pathway network with paved, marked and illuminated facilities• Challenges include: The railway, two rivers, & mountainous terrain• Major residential areas separated from downtown• Two new pedestrian bridges planned to link community
    • 22. Plan Recommendations#2: Re-stripe a number of collector and arterial roadways to accommodate exclusive bike lanes• Bikeways and walkways linking the new Sparwood Heights bridge system a priority
    • 23. Plan Recommendations#3: Provide public educationconcerning the benefits andsafety considerations ofactive transportationSome examples include:• Walk with the Mayor• Name the Bridges contest• ‘Steps Out’ Corporate Challenge• Sparwood Steps Out• Active Community speaker series• Indoor walking group
    • 24. Plan Recommendations#4: Develop an annual maintenance program that rigorously addresses issues such as snow removal
    • 25. Plan Recommendations#5: Coordinate activetransportation with othersustainable modes such astransit• Accessible BC Transit Bus system• Improve access & frequency
    • 26. Other Suggested Amenities• Better design and location of bicycle racks,• Benches• Lighting• Ramps along stairways for bicycles• Rails on steep inclines to encourage safe walking and bicycling
    • 27. Costs of the studyExpenses RevenuesSpeakers and public education $ 5262.38 Built Environment Active $ 22,000 Transportation fundFood and refreshment services $ 2941.21Facility rentals and promotion $ 1505.33 District of Sparwood $ 45,851.52Planning Consultants $ 58142.60TOTAL $ 67,851.52 TOTAL $ 67,851.52
    • 28. Questions? Peter Ostergaard Jim Vanderwal Smart Planning for Communities Fraser Basin Council Fraser Basin Council 604-488-5357 250-888-3030