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Stadtumbau /
Stadterneuerung

Uwe Altrock
Metropolitan and Regional Cooperation –
the German Experience
Gdansk, 22 Nov 201...
Stadtumbau /
Stadterneuerung

Outline
►Introduction
►Metropolitan and regional planning in a “social
market economy”
►The ...
Stadtumbau /
Stadterneuerung

Introduction
Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
►Metropolitan growth and coordination
►Fair inter-regional balance
►Sustainability and land consumption
►Organization of r...
Stadtumbau /
Stadterneuerung

Regional development in a “social market
economy”
Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
►Spatial development
►National and state infrastructure projects
►Regional planning
►However: strong municipal autonomy
►H...
Stadtumbau /
Stadterneuerung

The roots of current trends
Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
►Crisis of comprehensive planning
►Weakness of regional planning in times of
economic restructuring
►IBA Emscher Park as a...
Stadtumbau /
Stadterneuerung

IBA Emscher Park

Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
Stadtumbau /
Stadterneuerung

IBA Emscher Park
►Regional greenways

Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
Stadtumbau /
Stadterneuerung

IBA Emscher Park
►Identity politics

Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
Stadtumbau /
Stadterneuerung

IBA Emscher Park
►Identity politics

Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
Stadtumbau /
Stadterneuerung

IBA Emscher Park

Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
Stadtumbau /
Stadterneuerung

IBA Emscher Park

Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
Stadtumbau /
Stadterneuerung

Current trends
Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
Stadtumbau /
Stadterneuerung

Regional development innovations
►Demonstration projects
►Metro area development co-operatio...
►Regional planning
►Cross-border integration
and coordination of
infrastructure and utilities
►Joint promotion of
tourism
...
Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013

Stadtumbau /
Stadterneuerung

Metro area development cooperations
Stadtumbau /
Stadterneuerung

Regional development agencies

“Regionale” Cologne
“Rhine”
“City”
“Cultural heritage”

“Gree...
Stadtumbau /
Stadterneuerung

“Regionale” Cologne
►Case study “Gardens of Technology”

Water supply
competence center
Garb...
Stadtumbau /
Stadterneuerung

“Gardens of Technology”
► Landscaping
► Educational facilities
► Creation of new images
► Aw...
Stadtumbau /
Stadterneuerung

:metabolon

Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
Stadtumbau /
Stadterneuerung

:metabolon

Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
Stadtumbau /
Stadterneuerung

:metabolon

Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
Stadtumbau /
Stadterneuerung

:metabolon

Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
Stadtumbau /
Stadterneuerung

:metabolon
►The backside of the region becoming …
■
■
■
■
■
■
■

… an intentionally landscap...
►Complex strategic networking of stakeholders
in the concept stage
►Professional fora on innovation, education etc.
during...
State government

Funding
Initiating

Strategic networking
Stakeholders

Project

Qualifying

Regional
development
agency
...
Stadtumbau /
Stadterneuerung

Conclusion: Governance innovations
Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
Stadtumbau /
Stadterneuerung

Governance innovations
► Starting point
■ Horizontal coordination required
■ Regional planni...
Stadtumbau /
Stadterneuerung

Conclusions
Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
Stadtumbau /
Stadterneuerung

Conclusions
►Comprehensive regional planning not very
successful in development
►Financial i...
Stadtumbau /
Stadterneuerung

Thank you!
Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
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prof. Uwe Altrock, Universität Kassel, "Metropolitan and regional cooperation – the German experience."

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prof. Uwe Altrock, Universität Kassel, "Metropolitan and regional cooperation – the German experience."

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Transcript of "prof. Uwe Altrock, Universität Kassel, "Metropolitan and regional cooperation – the German experience.""

  1. 1. Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung Uwe Altrock Metropolitan and Regional Cooperation – the German Experience Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
  2. 2. Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung Outline ►Introduction ►Metropolitan and regional planning in a “social market economy” ►The roots of current trends ►Current trends ►Governance innovations ►Conclusions Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
  3. 3. Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung Introduction Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
  4. 4. ►Metropolitan growth and coordination ►Fair inter-regional balance ►Sustainability and land consumption ►Organization of regional cooperation Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013 Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung Challenges of regional development
  5. 5. Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung Regional development in a “social market economy” Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
  6. 6. ►Spatial development ►National and state infrastructure projects ►Regional planning ►However: strong municipal autonomy ►However: political criticisms Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013 Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung Regional development mechanisms
  7. 7. Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung The roots of current trends Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
  8. 8. ►Crisis of comprehensive planning ►Weakness of regional planning in times of economic restructuring ►IBA Emscher Park as alternative regional planning approach (1989-1999) fostering vision-based incrementalism ►Metro area cooperation Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013 Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung Major changes in regional development
  9. 9. Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung IBA Emscher Park Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
  10. 10. Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung IBA Emscher Park ►Regional greenways Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
  11. 11. Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung IBA Emscher Park ►Identity politics Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
  12. 12. Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung IBA Emscher Park ►Identity politics Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
  13. 13. Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung IBA Emscher Park Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
  14. 14. Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung IBA Emscher Park Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
  15. 15. Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung Current trends Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
  16. 16. Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung Regional development innovations ►Demonstration projects ►Metro area development co-operations ►Regional development agencies ►Incentive systems for inter-municipal development coordination Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
  17. 17. ►Regional planning ►Cross-border integration and coordination of infrastructure and utilities ►Joint promotion of tourism ►Economic cooperation and clusters ►Network activities Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013 Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung Metro area development cooperations
  18. 18. Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013 Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung Metro area development cooperations
  19. 19. Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung Regional development agencies “Regionale” Cologne “Rhine” “City” “Cultural heritage” “Green” “Gardens of technology” Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
  20. 20. Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung “Regionale” Cologne ►Case study “Gardens of Technology” Water supply competence center Garbage dump Industrial zone chemistry/energy Research center for Chemical plant aerospace medicine Open cast mine Agricultural research center Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
  21. 21. Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung “Gardens of Technology” ► Landscaping ► Educational facilities ► Creation of new images ► Awareness raising Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
  22. 22. Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung :metabolon Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
  23. 23. Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung :metabolon Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
  24. 24. Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung :metabolon Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
  25. 25. Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung :metabolon Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
  26. 26. Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung :metabolon ►The backside of the region becoming … ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ … an intentionally landscaped area … an accessible and embedded place … a complex research center … a training and educational center … a cluster for environmental technology … a part of an innovative knowledge-based region … an unusual recreation center Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
  27. 27. ►Complex strategic networking of stakeholders in the concept stage ►Professional fora on innovation, education etc. during implementation ►Detailed quality monitoring and development ►Communication of hidden regional structures ►Regional development agencies as initiators, think tanks, moderators, enablers, quality control experts Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013 Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung The role of intermediate organizations
  28. 28. State government Funding Initiating Strategic networking Stakeholders Project Qualifying Regional development agency Strategic networking Municipalities Project Project Special purpose organizations Project Project Project Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013 Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung The role of intermediate organizations
  29. 29. Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung Conclusion: Governance innovations Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
  30. 30. Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung Governance innovations ► Starting point ■ Horizontal coordination required ■ Regional planning weak ► Metro area coordination ■ Integrative organizational reform among equal partners ► Regional development incentives ■ Experimental settings for service delivery innovations ■ Bundling to overcome local budget crises ► Regional development agencies ■ Temporary settings for project-related development ■ Additional social capital and development expertise ■ Quality criteria to be met more easily Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
  31. 31. Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung Conclusions Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
  32. 32. Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung Conclusions ►Comprehensive regional planning not very successful in development ►Financial incentives by higher tiers of government crucial for regional cooperation ►Innovation often building on flexible and sometimes temporary intermediate organizations ►Vision-based incrementalism promising Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
  33. 33. Stadtumbau / Stadterneuerung Thank you! Gdansk, 22 Nov 2013
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