prof. Sofia Morgado, Technical University of Lisbon "III Wymiar przestrzenny inteligentnego rozwoju"

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prof. Sofia Morgado, Technical University of Lisbon "III Wymiar przestrzenny inteligentnego rozwoju"

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prof. Sofia Morgado, Technical University of Lisbon "III Wymiar przestrzenny inteligentnego rozwoju"

  1. 1. SPATIAL EFFECTS? SOFIA MORGADO CIAUD • Faculty of Architecture U Lisbon smorgado@fa.ulisboa.pt http//: murbs.fa.ulisboa.pt
  2. 2. Others, to become a sophisticated entrepreneur Sometimes we need to cross the desert
  3. 3. …or we’re in the mood [urge!] to being CREATIVE!
  4. 4. AN IMPERFECT TIME
  5. 5. In a period marked by successive crises modern unity fascicules. The European political reconfiguration after the fall of the Berlin wall in 1989 and its enlargement introduces a new era. Current conjuncture emphasises: From the 70’s, POST leads: • Post-Industrial, (D. Bell, 1967) • Neoliberal models, namely in the • Post City Age, (Melwin Webber, 1967) government of cities (ex: London) • Posturbain, (Françoise Choay, 1970) • Regional separatisms leading to cultural • Post-modern condition (Lyotard and Harvey) differentiation (ex: Spain) • Vattimo would state the acceptance of what is • Post-secularization exacerbation (ex: Islamic human, ephemeral, the mistake. spring from 2010 on, amongst others) • Jürgen Habermas, would focus on communication, public realm, everyday life. In the light of an ever faster present some will surprise themselves with the proposal of: • The End, Eisenman • A never ending race, Virilio In Urbanism two paths would began to differ: • POST-INDUSTRIAL with concrete functional and configuration effects - regional • POSTMODERN AS AN AESTHETICS – sometimes too local
  6. 6. SCARCITY?
  7. 7. Scarcity Age is an expression that starts appearing the press, blogs, social networks, with a growing importance since 2000, in the US economy agendas. Two facts would trigger completely new dynamics: While progressive modern cities would expand, nowadays cities are under an eviction processes: • The evidence of shrinkage (Oswalt, 2006) ― Ageing ― Forced migration by unemployment rates ― Loss of qualified active population ― Reduction of quality of life • 9/11: terrorism in real time anywhere and the end of state’s laicism • The subprime crisis, from 2006: originates a • The growth of countryside onto the city (Agnoletto e Guerzoni, 2012), by means of: global financial crash, deploying the EURO zone crisis ― Rural activities in urban land and shared management of a collective landscape with aesthetic and social values; ― Production of food and energy respecting Beyond direct social impacts what used to be the environment (Mostafavi e Doherty, G., collective – by human rights and not only civil ed, 2010); – dims, such as the welfare culture began after ― However without economic strength besides the WWII subsistence Resources might not be lesser but they become more difficult to access and people start even accepting it as an inevitability IS IT, THUS, A STRUCTURAL SCARCITY? • Decrease of a range of resources [or segregation on obtaining them] ―Social and economic (healthcare and education) ―Institutional failure ―New forms of civic platforms ―Emergence of collective cultural and creative innovation Urbanism was invented as a response to the city that grew over the country side How may it be used when the country is growing into the city?
  8. 8. REINVENTING
  9. 9. We might find ourselves on the threshold of a Beyond the functional dimension of regional brand new field of design: and urban planning the idea of a Metropolitan Design gains consistency and legitimacy, by : • Focusing in the open space system in their • Evolving from a Landscape Urbanism close interface with the urban fabrics (Waldheim, 2006) to an Ecological Urbanism (Mostafavi, Doherty, 2010). • By reinventing the range of qualities of the public space realm • Seeking for a new support of reconstitution: aesthetic, morphological, systemic, • In a perspective of a shared responsibility, by functional (Llop, Bosc, 2012). allowing the citizens to directly participate in the maintenance of the project - ex: food areas (already , PDM Lisbon, 2012) The production and design of the Especially Metropolitan realm promotes: • when considering bio, eco, environmental • An epistemological dimension by assuming systems consistent with designed and the existence of a metropolitan morphology: meaningful spaces urban, rural, other fabrics; • It is rooted in the early Urbanism invention, considering now an upgrade to include flexibility and multilevel tools • Identifies the open space system as the element with the strongest capacity to design these days ‘cities
  10. 10. INDUSTRIAL MODELS MODERN CITY Physical Planning, Formal Urbanism: Modern and Garden City Concepts Urban Expansion and Housing development Port and Railway development Green Belt Concept /Rural Transition Metropolitan centralities and land uses POST-INDUSTRIAL MODELS KNOWLEDGE AND CREATIVE BASED ECONOMIES Strategic Planning, Plan-Process approach: Urban requalification and regeneration concepts Metropolitan corridors and ecological network Urban requalification, heritage and sustainability ESDP (EC, 1999) SUSTAINABILITY POLYCENTRICISM KNOWLEDGE INFRASTRUCTURES LISBON STRATEGY (EC, 2009) TERRITORIAL COHESION COMPETIVENESS Space and Environmental Design-Oriented EUROPE 2020 (EC, 2013) SMART, SUSTAINABLE AND INCLUSIVE ECONOMY [GROWTH] Social and Environmental Capital - Oriented Resilience-oriented planning concepts and policies: Multi-level, flexibility, adjustment capacity Metropolitan centralities and sustainability Metropolitan Ecological Network, Environmental and risk assessment, Shrinkage prevention – mixed land uses and higher connectivity and multimodal networks EUROCITIES Priorities: Climate, Inclusion, Recovery Climate adaptation; Cohesion policy; Creative industries; Employment; Energy efficiency; Entrepreneurship; Green growth; Housing & homelessness; Innovation; Migration & integration; Mobility; Poverty & exclusion; Services & procurement; Smart cities; Social innovation; Urban planning & regeneration; Youth & education
  11. 11. • POLITICAL AND FINANCIAL PRIORITIES AND AIMS • A SMART, SUSTAINABLE, INCLUSIVE ECONOMY • SEVEN FLAGSHIP INITIATIVES SMART GROWTH digital agenda for Europe innovation union youth on the move THE EUROPE 2020 STRATEGY IS THE EU'S GROWTH STRATEGY FOR THIS DECADE FIVE TARGETS TO REACH BY 2020: SUSTAINABLE GROWTH resource-efficient Europe an industrial policy for the globalisation era INCLUSIVE GROWTH an agenda for new skills and jobs European platform against poverty 1. EMPLOYMENT: 75% of 20-64 year-olds should be in employment 2. R&D/INNOVATION: 3% of the EU's GDP (public and private) should be invested in R&D/innovation 3. CLIMATE CHANGE: the EU aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 20% (or even 30%) compared to 1990 levels, and aims to get 20% of its energy from renewable energy sources and increase energy efficiency by 20% 4. EDUCATION: reduce school dropout rates to below 10%; at least 40% of 30-34 year olds should have completed third level education 5. POVERTY/SOCIAL EXCLUSION: reduce the number of people living in or at risk of poverty and social exclusion by 20 million Available at: http://www.eurocities.eu
  12. 12. THE MAIN PRIORITIES TO THE CITIES ARE: The concept of a ‘SMART CITY’ is now being used to describe: CLIMATE INCLUSION RECOVERY • Modern urban competitiveness • Growing importance of social and environmental capital in profiling the Urban performance is no longer just attractiveness of a city. dependant on a city's hard infrastructure – its • Information and communication 'physical capital' - but increasingly on the technologies (ICTs) availability and quality of communication and • towards an efficient use and consumption of social resources. energy. A SMART CITY must be a good place to live, offering the best possible quality of life with the lowest possible use of resources. […] towards a healthy, energy-efficient city that uses renewable energy sources as much as possible, and is a pioneer in the deployment of advanced smart and ICT-based technologies. […] an inclusive place, using technology and innovative solutions to improve social inclusion and combat poverty and deprivation. Available at: http://www.eurocities.eu
  13. 13. LISBON (CML) Some recent initiatives promoted by the City Council and strategic partners, in close relation with the Master Plan for the City Festival In: Innovation and Creativity Festival November 2013; Warm up, May 2013 http://www.festivalin.pt/ Lisbon’s incubator network, An ecosystem for entrepreneurs; city’s strategy for economy and innovation; connects six incubators; August 2013; http://www.incubadoraslisboa.pt FabLab Lisboa [Fabrication Laboratory; low cost production using cork], Sep 2013; http://fablablisboa.pt/; FabLab network; http://www.fablabinternational.org
  14. 14. NOT SMART ENOUGH YET, however EUROPEAN COMPANIES AND REGIONAL LEADERS AGREE ON ACTION PLAN TO MAKE EUROPE'S CITIES SMARTER Cities are the major source of European economic activity and of innovation. We can and we should make cities better places to live and to work in. Our cities can become cleaner and healthier and use less energy. They can be Smart Cities. EUKN/European Urban Knowledge Network, the 18th November 2013, http://www.eukn.org/ LISBON THE SEXIEST CITY IN THE WORLD [Theme drawn by António Costa, Mayor of Lisbon, Festival In Round table, at the 16th November 2013)
  15. 15. smart - capable of smart - elegant and stylish; S.M.A.R.T. is an acronym for independent an acronym for the 5 and S.M.A.R.T. is "chic elegance"; "a smart a monitoring system for apparently intelligent for results or stepsdress"; "a a plan new to action suit of computer hardware such as action; "smart weapons alertness and calculation and smart[business] mental goals - showing voguish voguish cut "chic, hard disk drives intelligent - having the capacity for to detect "automatic - operating resourcefulness Specific, stylish, fashionable - having incompatibility with minimalreason especially to a high degree; "an human thought andtaste or Measurable, elegance or Selfintervention; independent intelligent question" or Achievable [attainable] refinement in manners -Monitoring, of external control; Relevant little less posh but dress; "a [realistic] Analysis and "automatic transmission"; Time-based stylish as Lord every bit as Reporting deficit that "a budget PW"; Technology. caused automatic spending cuts"

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