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Brief Description of Program/Project/Initiative<br />The Government of India (GoI) has embarked upon an ambitious initiative to provide a Unique Identification (UID) to every resident of India and has constituted the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) for this purpose. The timing of this initiative coincides with the increased focus of the Government of India on social inclusion and development through massive investments in various social sector programs, and transformation in public services delivery through e-Governance programs. The UID has been envisioned as a means for residents to easily and effectively establish their identity, that can be verified and authenticated in an online, cost-effective manner, which is robust enough to eliminate duplicate and fake identities. The idea behind UID was to make the poverty eradication programs to reach the poor, the actual poor. <br />The widespread implementation of the UID project needs the reach and flexibility to enrol residents across the country. To achieve this, the UIDAI proposed partnership with a variety of agencies and service providers (acting as Registrars, Sub-registrars and Enrolling Agencies) to enrol residents for UID. Thus, Smart ID took up this project as the system integrator as well as an enrolment agency. Now, it has established itself as the leading enrolment agency in Jharkhand.<br />Nandan Nilekani, Chairman, UIDAI is visiting Ranchi, Jharkhand on 17th June, 2011 for monitoring UIDAI work progress. SmartID is the single Enrolment Agency in the state, which is invited to give a presentation regarding its enrolment practices. Many eminent personalities of Jharkhand, like Chief Minister, Governor etc. are expected to attend the meet. Smart ID has been offered this opportunity due to its high-quality work for having minimum percentage of error, which is 0.8%. Besides, SmartID is the single Enrolment Agency which has not been imposed any type of penalty in Jharkhand. <br />Besides, by participating in enrolling residents across the country, SmartID would be part of a truly historic exercise, which can make our welfare systems far more accessible and inclusive for the poor, and also permanently transform service delivery in India.<br />UID Project<br />Provision of an effective, usable ID proof to those who do not have an ID<br />To generate a Unique database<br />No duplicates <br />No fakes<br />Improve Targeting and Delivery of Services<br />
Reduce cost of Delivery of Services
Why was the Project Started?<br />Unique identification project was initially conceived by the Planning Commission as an initiative that would provide identification for each resident across the country and would be used primarily as the basis for efficient delivery of welfare services. It would also act as a tool for effective monitoring of various programs and schemes of the Government.<br />The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) has been established by the Government of India in January 2009, as an attached office to the Planning Commission. The mandate of the Authority is to issue a unique identification number (called Aadhaar) to all Indian residents that is (a) robust enough to eliminate duplicate and fake identities, and (b) can be verified and authenticated in an easy, cost-effective manner.<br />Objective:<br />The role that the Authority envisages is to issue a unique identification number (UIDAI) that can be verified and authenticated in an online, cost-effective manner, which is robust enough to eliminate duplicate and fake identities.<br />Target Group:<br />Though the target group spans across the total population, but Smart ID is doing the project for residents of Jharkhand, Bihar and customers base of LIC, which is itself huge in number. In the last seven months since inception, we have targeted residents of the district -Deoghar in Jharkhand.<br />The target group is all the residents of particular region in which we are operational across all age group.<br />We need to capture only demographic details as well as photographs of particular age group of 0-5 years and for rest of the age group we need to capture demographics, photo, iris as well as finger print.<br />Geographical Reach<br />The geographical reach of Smart ID is in those regions where we are working. We are currently operational in Deoghar as well as in whole India by targeting the complete customer base of LIC whose customer base is spread across the country.<br />Date from which the project became operational<br />3rd November 2010<br />10 points that make the programme/project innovative?<br />
Unique creation of centralized National Database
Providing a unique Number or AADHAAR number to everyone
Offering online authentication services
To help prevent infiltration
To offer common services easily and at affordable rate
Mapping the regions by analyzing data online and help create action plan region wise
Can be used for various state and central run programs
List the 5 achievements of the programme/project?<br />Smart ID has contributed in creating a pathway for realising the vision of Government<br />Here we are mentioning those points which are significant in terms of UIDAI.<br />
Contributed since early stages in developing the AADHAAR enrolment Client Software
Contributed since early stages in selecting the high-quality biometric Devices (minimum percentage of error that is 0.8%) .
Provided the best enrolment practices in the country.
More than 2.5 lacs enrolments done in a single District.
Developed the innovative and best Enrolment Process.
List 5 key challenges while implementing the program/project/initiative and how they were overcome<br />
Diversity of region as whole: Overcome by employing regional and local folks
Language and class difference: Local folk’s involvement as well as participation of government employees.
As it was unique project and was envisioned first time, there were lots of hiccups in its developmental stages of process, software etc.
Till the standardization of process was on, we have contributed significantly.
Out of 220 Companies empanelled for this work by Government of India last year only a dozen of them seems competent to reach their goals and help government achieve their ultimate mission.
List the 5 points how can the programme serve as a model that can be replicated or adapted by others?<br />
Its unique database
Its non duplication nature
Its wide reach through on line and off line modes
Its mandate of providing authentication services
Providing various common services model
List 5 points to elaborate on the scalability of the programme/project/initiative<br />Its scalability lies in its mandate and its vision.<br />
Reaching 1.2 billion people in one go is one such scalability
Providing benefits and services meant for poor only is another
Can create a base for public and private firms which need authentication of customers
Can be strong base for Business correspondence Model (BC Model)
More or less Identification method can further validate methods like SSN number system in US