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New Grid Architectures: Centralised v Decentralised Systems

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Presentation given at Acumen 2014 conference in Belfast, 2 March 2014 on "New Grid Architectures: Centralised v Decentralised Systems"

Presentation given at Acumen 2014 conference in Belfast, 2 March 2014 on "New Grid Architectures: Centralised v Decentralised Systems"

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  • 1. New Architectures: Centralised vs Decentralised Systems Euan Davidson edavidson@smartergridsolutions.com ACUMEN 2014, Belfast, 3rd March 2014 © 2013: Smarter Grid Solutions Ltd. (SC344695). All rights reserved. © 2013: Smarter Grid Solutions Ltd. (SC344695). All rights reserved.
  • 2. From the Smart Grid Architecture Model… Generation © 2013: Smarter Grid Solutions Ltd. (SC344695). All rights reserved.
  • 3. Comms DER DER VPP New Loads Storage DER © 2013: Smarter Grid Solutions Ltd. (SC344695). All rights reserved.
  • 4. Centralised vs Decentralised Systems What functionality is required? & Where should it reside? © 2013: Smarter Grid Solutions Ltd. (SC344695). All rights reserved.
  • 5. Challenges: • Brown Field Site • Networks aren’t all the same • A new pace of change • Uncertainty and need for flexibility • The requirement for repeatable ‘standard’ solutions • … and a way of integrating those solutions © 2013: Smarter Grid Solutions Ltd. (SC344695). All rights reserved.
  • 6. Research on Architectures © 2013: Smarter Grid Solutions Ltd. (SC344695). All rights reserved.
  • 7. © 2013: Smarter Grid Solutions Ltd. (SC344695). All rights reserved.
  • 8. © 2013: Smarter Grid Solutions Ltd. (SC344695). All rights reserved.
  • 9. Active Network Management © 2013: Smarter Grid Solutions Ltd. (SC344695). All rights reserved.
  • 10. Commitment to an architectural philosophy: e.g. Peer-to-Peer or Nearest Neighbour Communications… Hub and spoke… Cell Concept Commitment to a particular technology/technique: e.g. Multi-agent Systems… Control problems cast as optimisation… From the ground up…. Start with the power systems problem… © 2013: Smarter Grid Solutions Ltd. (SC344695). All rights reserved.
  • 11. © 2013: Smarter Grid Solutions Ltd. (SC344695). All rights reserved.
  • 12. AuRA-NMS © 2013: Smarter Grid Solutions Ltd. (SC344695). All rights reserved.
  • 13. ` © 2013: Smarter Grid Solutions Ltd. (SC344695). All rights reserved.
  • 14. Accelerating Renewable Connections www.arc-project.com © 2013: Smarter Grid Solutions Ltd. (SC344695). All rights reserved.
  • 15. ANM-enabled Grid Supply Point ANM-enabled Grid Supply Point ANM-enabled Grid Supply Point © 2013: Smarter Grid Solutions Ltd. (SC344695). All rights reserved. 15
  • 16. Circuit Rating: Summer: 90MVA Spring/Autumn: 100MVA Winter: 110MVA Circuit Rating: Summer: 90MVA Spring/Autumn: 100MVA Winter: 110MVA 132/33kV 60MVA 132/33kV 60MVA Export Capacity Exceeded during low demand/max output GSP Overload Tripping Scheme Wind Farm A 48 MW Wind Farm B 62.5 MW Max Demand: 36.5MW Min Demand: ~10MW New EFW 27.5MW © 2013: Smarter Grid Solutions Ltd. (SC344695). All rights reserved. 16
  • 17. Reinforcement Options Circuit Rating: Summer: 90MVA Spring/Autumn: 100MVA Winter: 110MVA Circuit Rating: Summer: 90MVA Spring/Autumn: 100MVA Winter: 110MVA 132/33kV 90MVA 132/33kV 90MVA Transformer Replacement GSP Overload Tripping Scheme Wind Farm A 48 MW Wind Farm B 62.5 MW New EFW 27.5MW Max Demand: 36.5MW Min Demand: ~10MW © 2013: Smarter Grid Solutions Ltd. (SC344695). All rights reserved.
  • 18. Reinforcement Options Circuit Rating: Summer: 160MVA Circuit Rating: Summer: 160MVA 132/33kV 60MVA 132/33kV 60MVA 132/33kV 90MVA Additional Transformers + Reinforcement of 132kV GSP A Board Wind Farm B 62.5 MW 50% Existing Demand GSP B Board Wind Farm A 48MW New EFW 27.5MW 50% Existing Demand © 2013: Smarter Grid Solutions Ltd. (SC344695). All rights reserved.
  • 19. Circuit Rating: Summer: 90MVA Spring/Autumn: 100MVA Winter: 110MVA Circuit Rating: Summer: 90MVA Spring/Autumn: 100MVA Winter: 110MVA ANM Alternative 132/33kV 60MVA 132/33kV 60MVA DNP3/ICCP DNP3 Existing Comms GSP DNP3 Overload Tripping Scheme Wind Farm A 48 MW Wind Farm B 62.5 MW Max Demand: 36.5MW Min Demand: ~10MW New EFW 27.5MW © 2013: Smarter Grid Solutions Ltd. (SC344695). All rights reserved.
  • 20. © 2013: Smarter Grid Solutions Ltd. (SC344695). All rights reserved.
  • 21. © 2013: Smarter Grid Solutions Ltd. (SC344695). All rights reserved.
  • 22. Stakeholders in ARC SO TNO DNO Developer Community Developer Community Load © 2013: Smarter Grid Solutions Ltd. (SC344695). All rights reserved.
  • 23. To sum up… There is a growing base of ideas on technical and commercial architectures. Demonstration activities around the world are providing us with a ‘proven’ set of tools/techniques/systems/commercial arrangements. The next challenge is defining the architectures that bring these tools/techniques/systems/commercial arrangements together © 2013: Smarter Grid Solutions Ltd. (SC344695). All rights reserved.
  • 24. www.smartergridsolutions.com © 2013: Smarter Grid Solutions Ltd. (SC344695). All rights reserved.

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