6.1
0                 -             +           +0.5                  -       6.12.1      Covalent>3.3     Bonding
Covalent bonding
Covalent bonding• Different from ionic.
Covalent bonding• Different from ionic.
Covalent bonding• Different from ionic.• Ionic is transferring electrons
Covalent bonding• Different from ionic.• Ionic is transferring electrons
Covalent bonding• Different from ionic.• Ionic is transferring electrons• Covalent is SHARING ELECTRONS.
Hydrogen gas
Hydrogen gas• Example of sharing, but what happens?
Hydrogen gas• Example of sharing, but what happens?         -     +           +             -
Hydrogen gas• Example of sharing, but what happens?         -     +           +             -
Hydrogen gas• Example of sharing, but what happens?         -     +           +             -
Hydrogen gas• Example of sharing, but what happens?         -     +           +             -
Hydrogen gas• Example of sharing, but what happens?         -     +           +             -         repulsions
Hydrogen gas• Example of sharing, but what happens?         -     +           +             -         repulsions
Hydrogen gas• Example of sharing, but what happens?         -     +              +                -         repulsions    ...
Hydrogen gas• Example of sharing, but what happens?         -     +              +                -         repulsions    ...
Hydrogen gas• Example of sharing, but what happens?         -     +              +                -                       ...
Electronegativity and bonding
Electronegativity and bonding• Electronegativity: The ability of an atom to  attract e-.  – This causes some atoms to “sha...
Electronegativity and bonding• Electronegativity: The ability of an atom to  attract e-.  – This causes some atoms to “sha...
3 types of bonds
Electronegativity   differences      3 types of bonds
Electronegativity   differences      3 types of bonds
Electronegativity   differences      3 types of bonds  0 0.5
Electronegativity   differences      3 types of bonds  0 0.5
Electronegativity   differences      3 types of bonds  0                      Nonpolar covalent 0.5
Electronegativity   differences      3 types of bonds  0                      Nonpolar covalent 0.5 2.1
Electronegativity   differences            3 types of bonds  0                              Nonpolar covalent 0.5         ...
Electronegativity   differences            3 types of bonds  0                              Nonpolar covalent 0.5         ...
Electronegativity   differences            3 types of bonds  0                              Nonpolar covalent 0.5         ...
Electronegativity   differences               3 types of bonds  0                               Nonpolar covalent 0.5     ...
Electronegativity   differences               3 types of bonds  0                               Nonpolar covalent 0.5     ...
Determine the type of bond.
Determine the type of bond.• NO2   ………………………………
Determine the type of bond.• NO2   ………………………………
Determine the type of bond.• NO2   ………………………………
Determine the type of bond.• NO2   ………………………………
Determine the type of bond.• NO2   ………………………………• CaCl2 ……………………………
Determine the type of bond.• NO2   ………………………………• CaCl2 ……………………………
Determine the type of bond.• NO2   ………………………………• CaCl2 ……………………………
Determine the type of bond.• NO2   ………………………………• CaCl2 ……………………………
Determine the type of bond.• NO2   ………………………………• CaCl2 ……………………………• CF4   ………………………………
Determine the type of bond.• NO2   ………………………………   3.4 - 3.0• CaCl2 ……………………………• CF4   ………………………………
Determine the type of bond.• NO2   ………………………………   3.4 - 3.0                       = 0.40• CaCl2 ……………………………• CF4   …………………...
Determine the type of bond.• NO2   ………………………………   3.4 - 3.0                       = 0.40                       = Nonpolar ...
Determine the type of bond.• NO2   ………………………………   3.4 - 3.0                       = 0.40                       = Nonpolar ...
Determine the type of bond.• NO2   ………………………………   3.4 - 3.0                       = 0.40                       = Nonpolar ...
Determine the type of bond.• NO2   ………………………………   3.4 - 3.0                       = 0.40                       = Nonpolar ...
Determine the type of bond.• NO2   ………………………………   3.4 - 3.0                       = 0.40                       = Nonpolar ...
Determine the type of bond.• NO2   ………………………………   3.4 - 3.0                       = 0.40                       = Nonpolar ...
Determine the type of bond.• NO2   ………………………………   3.4 - 3.0                       = 0.40                       = Nonpolar ...
6.1 covalent bonding
6.1 covalent bonding
6.1 covalent bonding
6.1 covalent bonding
6.1 covalent bonding
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6.1 covalent bonding

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  • 6.1 covalent bonding

    1. 1. 6.1
    2. 2. 0 - + +0.5 - 6.12.1 Covalent>3.3 Bonding
    3. 3. Covalent bonding
    4. 4. Covalent bonding• Different from ionic.
    5. 5. Covalent bonding• Different from ionic.
    6. 6. Covalent bonding• Different from ionic.• Ionic is transferring electrons
    7. 7. Covalent bonding• Different from ionic.• Ionic is transferring electrons
    8. 8. Covalent bonding• Different from ionic.• Ionic is transferring electrons• Covalent is SHARING ELECTRONS.
    9. 9. Hydrogen gas
    10. 10. Hydrogen gas• Example of sharing, but what happens?
    11. 11. Hydrogen gas• Example of sharing, but what happens? - + + -
    12. 12. Hydrogen gas• Example of sharing, but what happens? - + + -
    13. 13. Hydrogen gas• Example of sharing, but what happens? - + + -
    14. 14. Hydrogen gas• Example of sharing, but what happens? - + + -
    15. 15. Hydrogen gas• Example of sharing, but what happens? - + + - repulsions
    16. 16. Hydrogen gas• Example of sharing, but what happens? - + + - repulsions
    17. 17. Hydrogen gas• Example of sharing, but what happens? - + + - repulsions attractions
    18. 18. Hydrogen gas• Example of sharing, but what happens? - + + - repulsions attractions
    19. 19. Hydrogen gas• Example of sharing, but what happens? - + + - They SHARE the e-, repulsions creating a attractions molecular orbital.
    20. 20. Electronegativity and bonding
    21. 21. Electronegativity and bonding• Electronegativity: The ability of an atom to attract e-. – This causes some atoms to “share” electrons unequally.
    22. 22. Electronegativity and bonding• Electronegativity: The ability of an atom to attract e-. – This causes some atoms to “share” electrons unequally.• How is this determined? – Find the difference (subtract) in electronegativity.
    23. 23. 3 types of bonds
    24. 24. Electronegativity differences 3 types of bonds
    25. 25. Electronegativity differences 3 types of bonds
    26. 26. Electronegativity differences 3 types of bonds 0 0.5
    27. 27. Electronegativity differences 3 types of bonds 0 0.5
    28. 28. Electronegativity differences 3 types of bonds 0 Nonpolar covalent 0.5
    29. 29. Electronegativity differences 3 types of bonds 0 Nonpolar covalent 0.5 2.1
    30. 30. Electronegativity differences 3 types of bonds 0 Nonpolar covalent 0.5 δ+ δ- 2.1
    31. 31. Electronegativity differences 3 types of bonds 0 Nonpolar covalent 0.5 δ+ δ- polar covalent 2.1
    32. 32. Electronegativity differences 3 types of bonds 0 Nonpolar covalent 0.5 δ+ δ- polar covalent 2.1>3.3
    33. 33. Electronegativity differences 3 types of bonds 0 Nonpolar covalent 0.5 δ+ δ- polar covalent 2.1 + ->3.3
    34. 34. Electronegativity differences 3 types of bonds 0 Nonpolar covalent 0.5 δ+ δ- polar covalent 2.1 + - ionic>3.3
    35. 35. Determine the type of bond.
    36. 36. Determine the type of bond.• NO2 ………………………………
    37. 37. Determine the type of bond.• NO2 ………………………………
    38. 38. Determine the type of bond.• NO2 ………………………………
    39. 39. Determine the type of bond.• NO2 ………………………………
    40. 40. Determine the type of bond.• NO2 ………………………………• CaCl2 ……………………………
    41. 41. Determine the type of bond.• NO2 ………………………………• CaCl2 ……………………………
    42. 42. Determine the type of bond.• NO2 ………………………………• CaCl2 ……………………………
    43. 43. Determine the type of bond.• NO2 ………………………………• CaCl2 ……………………………
    44. 44. Determine the type of bond.• NO2 ………………………………• CaCl2 ……………………………• CF4 ………………………………
    45. 45. Determine the type of bond.• NO2 ……………………………… 3.4 - 3.0• CaCl2 ……………………………• CF4 ………………………………
    46. 46. Determine the type of bond.• NO2 ……………………………… 3.4 - 3.0 = 0.40• CaCl2 ……………………………• CF4 ………………………………
    47. 47. Determine the type of bond.• NO2 ……………………………… 3.4 - 3.0 = 0.40 = Nonpolar covalent• CaCl2 ……………………………• CF4 ………………………………
    48. 48. Determine the type of bond.• NO2 ……………………………… 3.4 - 3.0 = 0.40 = Nonpolar covalent• CaCl2 …………………………… 3.2 - 1.0• CF4 ………………………………
    49. 49. Determine the type of bond.• NO2 ……………………………… 3.4 - 3.0 = 0.40 = Nonpolar covalent• CaCl2 …………………………… 3.2 - 1.0 = 2.2• CF4 ………………………………
    50. 50. Determine the type of bond.• NO2 ……………………………… 3.4 - 3.0 = 0.40 = Nonpolar covalent• CaCl2 …………………………… 3.2 - 1.0 = 2.2 = Ionic• CF4 ………………………………
    51. 51. Determine the type of bond.• NO2 ……………………………… 3.4 - 3.0 = 0.40 = Nonpolar covalent• CaCl2 …………………………… 3.2 - 1.0 = 2.2 = Ionic 4.0 - 2.6• CF4 ………………………………
    52. 52. Determine the type of bond.• NO2 ……………………………… 3.4 - 3.0 = 0.40 = Nonpolar covalent• CaCl2 …………………………… 3.2 - 1.0 = 2.2 = Ionic 4.0 - 2.6• CF4 ……………………………… = 1.4
    53. 53. Determine the type of bond.• NO2 ……………………………… 3.4 - 3.0 = 0.40 = Nonpolar covalent• CaCl2 …………………………… 3.2 - 1.0 = 2.2 = Ionic 4.0 - 2.6• CF4 ……………………………… = 1.4 = Polar covalent

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