Crisis or Opportunity
 

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Workshop slides for Connecticut Library Association, November 20, 2009, Farmington Public Library.

Workshop slides for Connecticut Library Association, November 20, 2009, Farmington Public Library.

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  • The CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model (CRM) provides definitions and a formal structure for describing the implicit and explicit concepts and relationships used in cultural heritage documentation.

Crisis or Opportunity Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Crisis or Opportunity?
    Cataloging, Catalogers, RDA, and Change
    Diane I. Hilllmann
    Connecticut Library Association
    November 20, 2009
  • 2. It’s About Perspective …
    “Our traditions! Nothing must change. Everything is perfect as it is! We like our ways.” –Tevye
    11/20/09
    CLA TSS Seminar, Farmington
    2
  • 3. I Much Prefer …
    “You never want a serious crisis to go to waste. And what I mean by that is an opportunity to do things you think you could not do before.” – Rahm Emmanuel
    11/20/09
    CLA TSS Seminar, Farmington
    3
  • 4. Part 1: What’s the Crisis?
    Libraries are no longer the first place people come for information
    The Internet has changed the way people (including us) behave when seeking information
    Our former “granularity consensus” is coming apart
    To compete effectively for user attention, we must:
    Join the larger world of information, where our users are
    Learn how the competition attracts users, draws them in, and takes good advantage of their interest in participating
    Find a better balance between protecting privacy and capturing usage behavior
    11/20/09
    4
    CLA TSS Seminar, Farmington
  • 5. And What’s Our Role?
    • The comfortable certainties we know are coming undone, whether we’re ready or not
    We have much experience and insight to offer the larger information world (but not everything we’ve learned is relevant)
    We are collectively about the size of the Queen Mary, unable to turn on a dime—this change will take time, and each of us has a role to play
    Resistance is futile—we are not in charge of this new world, and our options are two: adapt or retire
    11/20/09
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    CLA TSS Seminar, Farmington
  • 6. The Map of Change
    Charting Our Course
    11/20/09
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    6
  • 7. What We Must Leave Behind
    A view of metadata based on catalog cards
    Library software that can’t sort search results better than “random” or “alphabetic”
    Search interfaces even Librarians hate (and we know the data!)
    Clunky static HTML pages that don’t attract our user’s interest, or guide them well
    One silo for books, others for journal articles, images, digitized books, etc. (explain that to a user!)
    11/20/09
    7
    CLA TSS Seminar, Farmington
  • 8. Starting to Move Forward
    A Starting Point: The Working Group on the Future of Bibliographic Control (Library of Congress)
    “On the Record”—final report, January 2008 http://www.loc.gov/bibliographic-future/
    A good, comprehensive overview of our new world and what we need to do
    Recommendations for LC, OCLC, ALA, library educators and all of us
    Extensively discussed at the Library of Congress and within the profession at large
    11/20/09
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    8
  • 9. “The Web is our platform”
    1.2.4.2 All: Explore tools and techniques for sharing bibliographic data at the network level using both centralized and non-centralized techniques (e.g., OAI-PMH).
    3.1.2.1 All: Express library standards in machine-readable and machine-actionable formats, in particular those developed for use on the Web.
    3.1.2.2 All: Provide access to standards through registries or Web sites so that the standards can be used by any and all Web applications.
    11/20/09
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    9
  • 10. A New Look at Library Systems
    4.1.1.1 All: Encourage and support development of systems capable of relating evaluative data, such as reviews and ratings, to bibliographic records.
    4.1.1.2 All: Encourage the enhancement of library systems to provide the capability to link to appropriate user-added data available via the Internet (e.g., Amazon.com, LibraryThing, Wikipedia). At the same time, explore opportunities for developing mutually beneficial partnerships with commercial entities that would stand to benefit from these arrangements.
    11/20/09
    10
    CLA TSS Seminar, Farmington
  • 11. Enriching Library Data
    4.1.2.1 All: Develop library systems that can accept user input and other non-library data without interfering with the integrity of library-created data.
    4.1.2.2 All: Investigate methods of categorizing creators of added data in order to enable informed use of user-contributed data without violating the privacy obligations of libraries.
    4.1.2.3 All: Develop methods to guide user tagging through techniques that suggest entry vocabulary (e.g., term completion, tag clouds).
    11/20/09
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    CLA TSS Seminar, Farmington
  • 12. Exploring Our New World
    Avoiding the Traps of Wrongovia
    11/20/09
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    12
  • 13. Taking a Look Around
    What’s all this about new catalogs?
    Is RDA really going to happen?
    Is it that different from AACR2?
    Why can’t we use RDA with MARC?
    What’s this Semantic Web thingy all about, and why do we care?
    How will RDA implementation affect cataloging?
    How can we best prepare for all this?
    11/20/09
    13
    CLA TSS Seminar, Farmington
  • 14. First, Let’s Nix the Silos!
    Why not expand resource availability in the current catalog?
    Demo: Dartmouth College Library Summon Beta
    What you’ll see: combined newspaper, journal and traditional book data
    Only those resources, including licensed resources, available to Dartmouth community (no dead ends)
    Ranking by relevance, date, etc.
    Filtering by resource type (filtering of search result set immediately)
    How do they do this? What are the limitation?
    11/20/09
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    14
  • 15. What Does FRBR Buy Us?
    An interesting start:
    OCLC Fiction Finder
    What is it doing?
    Using standard MARC relationships (expressed in uniform titles, primarily) to build a more browsable view
    Filtering by language and format, various sort options
    What can’t it do?
    Provide explicit links between related editions
    Provide a more useful web of relationships that machines can interpret and use
    Note that this “experiment” is no longer an active project
    11/20/09
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  • 16. A Quick Look at Standards
    11/20/09
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  • 17. The RDA You’ve Heard About …
    4th quarter calendar 2008 – Full draft of RDA available for constituency review (ending in early February 2009)
    http://www.collectionscanada.ca/jsc/rdafulldraft.html
    3rdquarter calendar 2009 – RDA content is finalized
    4th quarter calendar 2009 – RDA is released
    1st quarter calendar 2010 – Testing by national libraries
    2nd – 3rd quarters calendar 2010 – Analysis and evaluation of testing by national libraries
    4th quarters calendar 2010 and beyond – RDA implementation ?
    11/20/09
    17
    CLA TSS Seminar, Farmington
    We are here
  • 18. Under the RDA Hood
    A FRBR-based approach to structuring bibliographic data
    Contains more explicitly machine-friendly linkages (preferably with URIs)
    MUCH more emphasis on relationships and roles …
    … and less emphasis on cataloger-created notes and text strings (particularly for identification)
    Less reliance on transcription (important in an increasingly digital world)
    11/20/09
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  • 19. RDA: The Text
    1300+ pages and counting
    Looks a lot like it was designed by a committee
    Available only electronically, although many have called for a printed version (obviously can’t include 1300 pages!)
    Costs not yet finalized for the online product
    Text designed explicitly for online access, with user-configurable aspects
    Still very oriented towards textual resources
    11/20/09
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  • 20. What You Might Not Have Heard
    JSC has gradually backed away from their original stance that RDA could be expressed easily in MARC
    Full integration of FRBR entities into RDA has made that problematic
    RDA has been developed explicitly to take advantage of the Semantic Web (although there are still residues of past practice)
    Changes made in MARC to support RDA are insufficient to allow full RDA expression (particularly relationships) in MARC
    11/20/09
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  • 21. JSC Scenarios
    Scenario 1: separate records for all FRBR entities with linked identifiers
    Scenario 2: composite bibliographic records (with authority records representing each entity)
    Scenario 3: one flat record, with all Group 1 entities on a single record
    This is the only scenario that MARC can handle
    11/20/09
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  • 22. The Rest of the Story
    RDA elements, roles and vocabularies have been provisionally registered
    The vocabularies and the text will be tied together in freely available RDA XML schemas
    Some efforts have begun to consider how MARC21 data can be parsed into FRBR entities and RDA
    eXtensible Catalog Project moving strongly in this direction
    Unfortunately, we don’t know much about what OCLC is planning
    Discussions about long term maintenance of both RDA and the vocabularies will begin after RDA release
    The push is already on for a multi-language RDA Vocabulary
    11/20/09
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    CLA TSS Seminar, Farmington
  • 23. RDF Vocabularies
    Hosted at the Metadata Registryhttp://metadataregistry.org/rdabrowse.htm
    7 Upper ontologies (+ FRBR in RDA)
    69 Value vocabularies
    Extracted from Entity Relationship Diagrams (built by RDA Online contractor, based on JSC decisions)
    11/20/09
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    CLA TSS Seminar, Farmington
  • 24. RDA & FRBR: Registered!
    RDA Group 1 Elements:
    http://metadataregistry.org/schema/show/id/1.html
    RDA Roles:
    http://metadataregistry.org/schema/show/id/4.html
    RDA Vocabulary example: Base Material
    http://metadataregistry.org/vocabulary/show/id/35.html
    FRBR Entities for RDA
    http://metadataregistry.org/schema/show/id/14.html
    11/20/09
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  • 25. Who’s Doing This?
    DCMI/RDA Task Group
    See: http://dublincore.org/dcmirdataskgroup/
    Set up during the April 2007 London meeting between JSC and DCMI
    Gordon Dunsire and Diane Hillmann, co-chairs
    Karen Coyle & Alistair Miles, consultants
    IFLA Classification and Indexing Section
    Gordon Dunsire, Centre for Digital Library Research, University of Strathclyde, will be registering FRBR entities and relationships
    Possible inclusion of ISBDs, FRAD, etc., in future
    11/20/09
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  • 26. How Soon Will All This Happen?
    The bad news: This isn’t like 1981, when there was a “start date” and we knew exactly when to change gears
    More bad news: This transition is likely to be a pretty messy one, and last longer than we would like
    One unknown is OCLC’s role—at present they seem to be focused on consolidating control over library data and promoting WorldCat Local
    What little they have said indicates that they’ll be cramming data into MARC for the foreseeable future …
    Some vendors are starting to announce plans …
    11/20/09
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  • 27. What Are the Challenges?
    Coordination with JSC (or it’s successor, given the need to move beyond “Anglo-American”) on long-term maintenance planning
    Need for lightweight process for expansion and extension, where change is not a multi-year marathon
    Continuing development towards a more Semantic web-friendly RDA (less reliance on transcription, for instance)
    Tool development (at all levels, including ILS vendors)
    We need lots of innovation in this realm!
    11/20/09
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  • 28. Yet More Challenges
    Description Set Profiles that express more than one notion of “Work” and more than one communitypoint of view
    JSC still seeing the process through the lens of a text cataloger
    Their “core elements” make most sense for traditional books, serials, and other text-based objects
    Moving the MARC legacy data into RDA
    Including authority files
    Multi-lingual and specialized extensions
    Non-Anglo-American communities eager to participate
    11/20/09
    28
    CLA TSS Seminar, Farmington
  • 29. Multi-lingual RDA
    The NSDL Registry approach:
    Translations of labels, definitions and comments reside within the save vocabulary, with separate language attributes
    URIs stay the same, as do relationships
    Responsibility for updating translations rests with translation “owner”—who is enabled as a maintainer in the main vocabulary
    Disadvantages
    Unsure how extensively this strategy will “scale”
    Requires a “web of trust” and organizational commitment
    11/20/09
    CLA TSS Seminar, Farmington
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  • 30. RDA With German
    The Registry team has been working with the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek to build German language labels, definitions, etc. into the RDA elements and vocabularies
    The group developing these extensions consists of librarians from an array of German and Austrian libraries
    See Veronika Leibrecht’s blog post: http://metadataregistry.org/blog/2009/10/12/the-german-national-library-translating-and-registering-rda-elements-and-vocabularies/
    A sample: RDA Content Type, still image:http://metadataregistry.org/concept/show/id/523.html
    11/20/09
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    30
  • 31. Part 2: Whither Catalogers?
    What Happens When The Revolution Comes?
    11/20/09
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  • 32. Focus on Catalogers
    What do we anticipate will be different about our changed working environment?
    How will workflow change?
    How will the data look?
    What will the library vendor systems do with it?
    How will we integrate user data? What kinds of user data?
    What do we need to know to operate in this new environment?
    11/20/09
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  • 33. Approaching Change
    Catalogers will need to separate what they know about information based on their current systems from what is more general in nature
    Much of the knowledge is portable, but needs updating
    The new environment is not as well organized (yet), so much learning will need to be self-directed
    Catalogers’ role may become closer to that of Metadata Librarian
    Managing data at a more abstract level (not as creators)
    Understanding the goals of changes anticipated and new requirements will be essential
    11/20/09
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  • 34. Walking through a concrete example …
    From the DCMI/RDA Cataloger Scenarios
    11/20/09
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  • 35. Jane Cataloger is assigned to work on a gift collection. Her first selection is a Latvian translation of Kurt Vonnegut's "Bluebeard: a novel." She searches the library database for the original work, and finds:
    *Author: Kurt Vonnegut
    *Title of the work: Bluebeard: a novel
    *Form of work: Novel
    *Identifier for the work: W224578
    35
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    A Cataloger Scenario
  • 36. 11/20/09
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    Translated to RDA/XML:
    <frbrWork
    ID="rda.basic/01”>
    <rdarole:author>Kurt Vonnegut</rdarole:author>
    <titleOfTheWork>Bluebeard: a novel</titleOfTheWork>
    <formOfWork>Novel</formOfWork> <identifierForTheWork>W224578<identifierForTheWork>
    </frbrWork>
    Upgraded to RDA/XML with Links:
    <frbrWork
    ID="rda.basic/01”>
    <rdarole:author>http://lcnaf.info/79062641</rdarole:author>
    <titleOfTheWork>Bluebeard: a novel</titleOfTheWork>
    <formOfWork>http://RDVocab.info/genre/1008</formOfWork> <identifierForTheWork>http://purl.org/identifiers/W224578</>
    </frbrWork>
  • 37. 11/20/09
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    with links to the following expression information:
    *Language of expression: English
    *Content type: Text
    and one manifestation:
    *Edition statement: 1st trade edition
    *Place of publication: New York
    *Publisher’s name: Delacorte Press
    *Date of publication: 1987
    *Extent of text: 300 pages
    *Identifier for the manifestation: [ISBN]0385295901
  • 38. 11/20/09
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    Translated to RDA/XML:
    <frbrExpression
    ID="rda.basic/07”>
    <contentType>Text</contentType> <languageOfExpression>English<languageOfExpression>
    </frbrExpression>
    Upgraded to RDA/XML with Links:
    <frbrExpression
    ID="rda.basic/07”>
    <formOfWork>http://RDVocab.info/termList/RDAContentType/1020</> <languageOfExpression>http://marclang.info/eng </>
    </frbrExpression>
  • 39. 11/20/09
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    Translated to RDA/XML (with links below):
    <frbrManifestation
    ID="rda.basic/09”>
    <editionStatement>1st Trade Edition</>
    <placeOfPublication>New York<placeOfPublication>
    <publishersName>Delacorte Press</publishersName>
    <dateOfPublication>1987</dateOfPublication>
    <extentOfText>300 pages</extentOfText>
    <identifierForTheManifestation>[ISBN]0385295901</>
    </frbrManifestation>
    <frbrManifestatiion
    ID="rda.basic/09”>
    <editionStatement>1st Trade Edition</>
    <placeOfPublication>http://www.getty.edu/tgn/7007567</>
    <publishersName>http://onixpub.info/2039987</>
    <dateOfPublication>1987</dateOfPublication>
    <extentOfText>300 pages</extentOfText>
    <identifierForTheManifestation>urn:ISBN:0385295901</>
    </frbrManifestation>
  • 40. 11/20/09
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    FRBR Group 1
    Work
    Exp: eng
    Man: eng
  • 41. 11/20/09
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    Jane begins her description by linking to the existing Work entity. She then creates an expression description:
    *Content type: text
    *Language of expression: Latvian
    *Translator:Grigulis, Arvīds
    She creates an authority record for the translator since none yet existed. She continues by creating a fuller description for the new manifestation, linking to the authority record for the Latvian publisher (what luck, it already existed!).
    *Title: [in Latvian]
    *Place of publication: Riga
    *Publisher’s name: Liesma
    *Date of publication: 1997
    *Extent of Text: 315 pages
  • 42. 11/20/09
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    Translated to RDA/XML:
    <frbrExpression
    ID="rda.basic/11”>
    <contentType>text</contentType> <languageOfExpression>Latvian<languageOfExpression>
    <rdarole:translator>Grigulis, Arvīds</rdarole:translator>
    </frbrExpression>
    Upgraded to RDA/XML with Links:
    <frbrExpression
    ID="rda.basic/11”>
    <formOfWork>http://RDVocab.info/termList/RDAContentType/1020</> <languageOfExpression>http://marclang.info/lav</>
    <rdarole:translator>http://lcnaf.info/83219993
    </frbrExpression>
  • 43. 11/20/09
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    Translated to RDA/XML (with links below):
    <frbrManifestation
    ID="rda.basic/09”>
    <title>[in Latvian]</>
    <placeOfPublication>Riga<placeOfPublication>
    <publishersName>Liesma</publishersName>
    <dateOfPublication>1997</dateOfPublication>
    <extentOfText>315 pages</extentOfText>
    </frbrManifestation>
    <frbrManifestatiion
    ID="rda.basic/09”>
    <placeOfPublication>http://www.getty.edu/tgn/7006484</>
    <publishersName>http://onixpub.info/6770094</>
    <dateOfPublication>1997</dateOfPublication>
    <extentOfText>315 pages</extentOfText>
    </frbrManifestation>
  • 44. 11/20/09
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    FRBR Group 1
    Work
    Exp: eng
    Exp: lav
    Man: eng
    Man: lav
  • 45. 11/20/09
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    FRBR Group 2
    FRBR Group 1
    Work
    Author
    Translator
    Publisher
    Exp: eng
    Exp: lav
    Man: eng
    Man: lav
  • 46. 11/20/09
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    FRBR Group 2
    FRBR Group 1
    Work
    Author
    Translator
    Exp: eng
    Exp: lav
    Publisher
    FRBR Group 3
    Concepts
    Objects
    Events
    Places
    Man: eng
    Man: lav
    Subjects
  • 47. 11/20/09
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    FRBR Group 2
    FRBR Group 1
    Work
    Author
    Translator
    Exp: eng
    Exp: lav
    Publisher
    FRBR Group 3
    Concepts
    Objects
    Events
    Places
    Man: eng
    Man: lav
    Subjects
    Relationship
    Vocabularies
    Content Vocabularies
    Other Information
    In the “Cloud”
    Media Vocabularies
  • 48. Examining the Genetics
    RDA’s model is primarily FRBR and FRAD, but also takes some of its DNA from Dublin Core
    DC’s Abstract Model de-composes traditional metadata “records” and re-composes them with additional levels above and below what we’ve traditionally thought of as our “atomic level”
    The DCAM also talks about “statements” in ways that help connect RDA to the Semantic Web
    The Semantic Web leads us into a different world of data
    11/20/09
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  • 49. 11/20/09
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    A Dublin Core View of the World
    DCMI Abstract Model: http://dublincore.org/documents/abstract-model/
  • 50. 11/20/09
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    A Dublin Core View of the World
    DCMI Abstract Model: http://dublincore.org/documents/abstract-model/
  • 51. 11/20/09
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    Anatomy of a Statement: Strings
    Property
    Value
    Place of Production: New York
    Value
    String
  • 52. 11/20/09
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    Anatomy of a Statement: URIs
    Property
    Value
    Place of Production: http://dbpedia.org/page/Daytona_Beach%2C_Florida
    For Related Description
  • 53. 11/20/09
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    A Related Description
  • 54. “The Semantic Web is a web of data, in some ways like a global database”1
    “first step is putting data on the Web in a form that machines can naturally understand...  This creates what I call a Semantic Web - a web of data that can be processed directly or indirectly by machines”2
    1. http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/Semantic.html
    2. Tim Berners-Lee, Weaving the Web. Harper, San Francisco. 1999.
    Slide from presentation to UKOLN by Adrian Stevenson, 11/09
    11/20/09
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  • 55. Sets
    Cats, Descriptions, Whatever
    11/20/09
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  • 56. 11/20/09
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    Description Sets a Key Concept!
  • 57. Description Set=“A set of one or more descriptions, each of which describes a single resource.”*
    57
    *DCAM Definition
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  • 58. 11/20/09
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    FRBR Group 2
    FRBR Group 1
    Work
    Author
    Translator
    Exp: eng
    Exp: lav
    Publisher
    FRBR Group 3
    Concepts
    Objects
    Events
    Places
    Man: eng
    Man: lav
    Subjects
    Relationship
    Vocabularies
    Content Vocabularies
    Other Information
    In the “Cloud”
    Media Vocabularies
  • 59. 11/20/09
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    FRBR Group 2
    FRBR Group 1
    Work
    Author
    Translator
    Exp: eng
    Exp: lav
    Publisher
    FRBR Group 3
    Concepts
    Objects
    Events
    Places
    Man: eng
    Man: lav
    Subjects
    Relationship
    Vocabularies
    Content Vocabularies
    Other Information
    In the “Cloud”
    Media Vocabularies
  • 60. 11/20/09
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    FRBR Group 2
    FRBR Group 1
    Work
    Author
    Translator
    Exp: eng
    Exp: lav
    Publisher
    FRBR Group 3
    Concepts
    Objects
    Events
    Places
    Man: eng
    Man: lav
    Subjects
    Relationship
    Vocabularies
    Content Vocabularies
    Other Information
    In the “Cloud”
    Media Vocabularies
  • 61. 11/20/09
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    FRBR Group 2
    FRBR Group 1
    Work
    Author
    Translator
    Exp: eng
    Exp: lav
    Publisher
    FRBR Group 3
    Concepts
    Objects
    Events
    Places
    Man: eng
    Man: lav
    Subjects
    Relationship
    Vocabularies
    Content Vocabularies
    Other Information
    In the “Cloud”
    Media Vocabularies
  • 62. So, How Different Is This?
    A “Description Set” is an aggregation of statements …
    A MARC Record is an aggregation of fields
    Each has rules and specifications
    Each has ways of relating to other kinds of related information
    How hard can it be?
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  • 63. New Tools, New Knowledge
    Getting There From Here
    11/20/09
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  • 64. 11/20/09
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  • 65. Semantic Web Standards
    RDF: Resource Description Framework
    Statements about Web resources in the form of subject-predicate-object expressions, called triples
    E.g. “This presentation” –“has creator” –“Diane Hillmann”
    RDF Schema
    Vocabulary description language of RDF
    SKOS: Simple Knowledge Organisation System
    Expresses the basic structure and content of concept schemes such as thesauri and other types of controlled vocabularies
    An RDF application
    OWL (Web Ontology Language)
    Explicitly represents the meaning of terms in vocabularies and the relationships between them
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  • 66. Semantic Web Building Blocks
    Each component of an RDF statement (triple) is a “resource”
    RDF is about making machine-processable statements, requiring
    A machine-processable language for representing RDF statements
    A system of machine-processable identifiers for resources (subjects, predicates, objects)
    Uniform Resource Identifier (URI)
    For full machine-processing potential, an RDF statement is a set of three URIs
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  • 67. Things Requiring Identification
    Object “This presentation”
    e.g. its electronic location (URL)
    Predicate “has creator”
    e.g. http://purl.org/dc/terms/creator
    Object “Diane Hillmann”
    e.g. URI of entry in Library of Congress Name Authority File (real soon now?)
    NAF: nr2001015786
    Declaring vocabularies/values in SKOS and OWL provides URIs—essential for the Semantic Web
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  • 68. What Happened to XML?
    Nothing: XML (eXtensible Markup Language) is most likely how library systems will evolve after MARC
    It makes sense to use XML to exchange data between libraries, and some external services
    But RDF is gaining ground, and libraries will need to be able to accommodate it, and understand it
    An XML record is essentially an aggregation of property = value statements about the same resource
    RDF triples can also be aggregated using XML, but this isn’t necessarily the best way to realize the potential of RDF
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  • 69. New Sources of Data
    Governments
    The UK government is looking for ways to distribute it’s data widely: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/technology/8311627.stm
    The US government is joining the party: http://www.data.gov/
    Geographic names: http://www.geonames.org/
    New York Times: http://data.nytimes.com/
    Other information (being used by the NYTimes)
    Dbpedia: http://dbpedia.org/About
    Freebase: http://www.freebase.com/
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    http://dbpedia.org/page/Daytona_Beach%2C_Florida
  • 71. Can Libraries Participate?
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  • 72. Users
    Bringing Users (and Usage) Into the Conversation
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  • 73. User Data “R” Us
    Sources of ‘active’ user data
    Tagging, etc.
    Review and rating systems
    Courseware systems
    Sources of ‘passive’ user data
    Logs of user activity
    Circulation or download data
    “Making data work harder …” –Lorcan Dempsey
    Collaborative filtering
    Data mining
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  • 74. Active User Data
    User tagging and description
    Ex.: The LC Flickr Project
    Ex.: LibraryThing
    Review and rating systems
    Ex.: Penn Tags
    Ex.: Amazon
    Courseware Systems
    Making connections so that courseware can reuse catalog information; catalogs can know what has been used in courses, when, and who assigned it
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  • 75. LC-Flickr Project
    Library of Congress and Flickr--“In a very elegant way, Flickr solves the authority conundrum of exposing collections content to social process. No need to worry if some comments or tags are misleading, arbitrary or incorrect - it’s not happening on your site, but in a space where people know and expect a wide variety of contributions. On the other hand, LC selectively reaps the benefit of these contributions.”
    (http://hangingtogether.org/?p=401)
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    An Example: http://www.flickr.com/photos/library_of_congress/2536800324/
  • 76. Librarything
    What is it? From the homepage:
    Join the world’s largest book club
    Catalog your books from Amazon, the Library of Congress and 690 other world libraries. Import from anywhere
    Find people with eerily similar tastes.
    Find new books to read
    Free Early Reviewer books from publishers and authors
    An example: http://www.librarything.com/work/112603
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    What is PennTags?
    “PennTags is a social bookmarking tool for locating, organizing, and sharing your favorite online resources. Members of the Penn Community can collect and maintain URLs, links to journal articles, and records in Franklin, our online catalog and VCat, our online video catalog. Once these resources are compiled, you can organize them by assigning tags (free-text keywords) and/or by grouping them into projects, according to your specific preferences. PennTags can also be used collaboratively, because it acts as a repository of the varied interests and academic pursuits of the Penn community, and can help you find topics and users related to your own favorite online resources.nPennTags was developed by librarians at the University of Pennsylvania. “
    An example: http://tags.library.upenn.edu/
  • 78. Passive User Data
    Logs of user activity
    Usually locally maintained and analyzed
    Third party services like Google Analytics can provide important aggregate information
    Circulation or download data
    Tricky in library settings, where user privacy an important value, but can be successfully agregated
    Anonymized data can be stored and used for relevance ranking
    Take a cue from successful commercial sites like Amazon!
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  • 79. Hard Working Data
    Collaborative filtering
    Wikipedia: “ … the process of filtering for information or patterns using techniques involving collaboration among multiple agents, viewpoints, data sources, etc.”
    Ex.: Amazon (people who bought “X” also bought “Y”)
    Data mining
    Wikipedia: “ … statistical and logical analysis of large sets of transaction data, looking for patterns that can aid decision making.”
    Ex.: LibraryThing Zeitgeist
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  • 80. User Data Issues
    Privacy
    Being able to use information about a contributing user without violating personal privacy
    Complicated by differences in generational ideas about what privacy is
    Authority (who said?)
    Librarians have traditionally valued “objectivity,” but there’s no evidence that users see this as a value
    Management
    Keeping spammers out
    Filtering language and malicious intent
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  • 81. Sharing User Contributions
    Note how LibraryThing pulls Amazon descriptions
    Amazon has an API that allows other services to use its data
    Positioning Amazon data in other sites drives users back to Amazon—Libraries need to do this!
    As libraries move more of their unique data to the Web, they need to be aware of the marketing value of sharing data and allowing other services to combine it in new ways
    To do this, libraries will need to be able to package the data in ways hat others can capture it
    Ex.: XC Project is planning to share Courseware information
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  • 82. Preparing Ourselves
    Figuring Out What We Need To Know
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  • 83. Learning Strategies
    Group Learning
    Seminars (like this one!)
    Conference presentations
    Local study groups
    Self-directed learning
    Tutorials
    Blogs
    Keeping up with the discussion--You need a plan!
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  • 84. Self-directed Learning
    Web tutorials:
    http://www.w3schools.com/
    Blogs
    Get a Bloglines account (free)
    Start with a few, and expand:
    Lorcan Dempsey (http://orweblog.oclc.org/)
    Karen Coyle (http://kcoyle.blogspot.com/)
    The FRBR Blog (http://www.frbr.org/)
    Catalogablog (http://catalogablog.blogspot.com/)
    Cataloging Futures (http://www.catalogingfutures.com/)
    Metadata Matters (http://managemetadata.org/blog/)
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  • 85. Mailing lists
    Evaluate your current reading habits
    Are you spending too much time on lists that focus on MARC and AACR2 problem solving?
    Do you hear too much whining about change?
    Migrate to some of the lists discussing newer ideas
    web4lib@webjunction.org
    metadatalibrarians@lists.monarchos.com
    RDA-L@INFOSERV.NLC-BNC.CA
    DC-RDA@JISCMAIL.AC.UK
    Ask questions! Network!
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  • 86. Acronymia, We Are Here
    RDA: Resource Description and Access
    RDF: Resource Description Framework (a W3C standard)
    FRBR: Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records
    FRBRoo: Object Oriented FRBR (harmonized with CIDOC CRM)
    FRAD: Functional Requirements for Authority Data
    FRASAR: Functional Requirements for Subject Authority Records
    SKOS: Simple Knowledge Organisation System (a W3C standard)
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  • 87. Thanks & Acknowledgements
    Thanks for your attention!
    Slides and ideas from Karen Coyle, Gordon Dunsire, and too many others to count!
    Contact for Diane:
    Email: metadata.maven@gmail.com
    Website: http://managemetadata.com/
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