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Brave New World
 

Brave New World

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Presented at an ExLibris sponsored program at ALA Midwinter, Sunday, Jan 25, 2009. Reusable under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 United States License.

Presented at an ExLibris sponsored program at ALA Midwinter, Sunday, Jan 25, 2009. Reusable under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 United States License.

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Brave New World Brave New World Presentation Transcript

  •  
  • Framing the Conversation
    • Examining our changed environment
    • Charting our course forward
    • Incorporating new library standards
    • Finding new frameworks for building services
    • User participation--enlarging the metadata footprint
    • Open data—a necessity for building innovative services
    1/25/09 Hillmann--ExLibris Seminar
  • What Do We Know?
    • We are no longer the first place our users go for information, yet:
      • We still manage many silos of information important to them
        • Books, serials subscriptions and licenses, archival materials, institutional repositories, other project materials
      • We will need to keep inventory-level information to support acquisitions and circulation
    • The notion of integrated back room and OPAC seems irreparably broken
    • What do we do now?
    1/25/09 Hillmann--ExLibris Seminar
  • What We Must Leave Behind
    • A view of metadata based on catalog cards
    • Library software that can’t sort search results better than “random” or “alphabetic”
    • Search interfaces even Librarians hate (and we know the data!)
    • Clunky static HTML pages that don’t attract our user’s interest, or guide them well
    • One silo for books, others for journal articles, images, digitized books, etc. (explain that to a user!)
    1/25/09 Hillmann--ExLibris Seminar
  • Acronymia, We Are Here
    • RDA: Resource Description and Access
    • FRBR: Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records
      • FRBRoo: Object Oriented FRBR (harmonized with CIDOC CRM)
    • FRAD: Functional Requirements for Authority Data
    • FRASAR: Functional Requirements for Subject Authority Records
    1/25/09 Hillmann--ExLibris Seminar
  • Standards Upgrade 1/25/09 Hillmann--ExLibris Seminar Type of Standard Old Standard New Standard(s)? Bibliographic Model None FRBR, FRBRoo Metadata Content AACR2 RDA Metadata Structure MARC21 Bibliographic RDAVocab Name Authority MARC21 Authority FRAD Subject Authority MARC21 Authority FRASAR, SKOS Encoding MARC21 XML, XML/RDF
  • The RDA You’ve Heard About …
    • 2 nd quarter calendar 2009 – RDA content is finalized
    • 3 rd quarter calendar 2009 – RDA is released
    • 3 rd and 4 th quarters calendar 2009, possibly into 1 st quarter calendar 2010 – Testing by national libraries
    • 1 st and 2 nd quarters calendar 2010 – Analysis and evaluation of testing by national libraries
    • 3 rd -4 th quarters calendar 2010 – RDA implementation ?
    1/25/09 Hillmann--ExLibris Seminar
  • Under the RDA Hood
    • A FRBR-based approach to structuring bibliographic data
    • More explicitly machine-friendly linkages (preferably with URIs)
    • More emphasis on relationships and roles
    • Less reliance on cataloger-created notes and text strings (particularly for identification)
    • Less reliance on transcription
    1/25/09 Hillmann--ExLibris Seminar
  • Example: The XC Project
    • An example of iterative, flexible development in an unstable world
      • Focus on managing data from a variety of sources, intended for a variety of purposes
      • “ Added value” important at every level
    • Built an XC Schema to move forward despite the gaps in current standards activities--without carving data decisions in stone
    • Services operate independently, improvements and upgrades don’t require “central system” changes; new services can be added with little impact on other activities
    1/25/09 Hillmann--ExLibris Seminar
  • What You Might Not Have Heard
    • JSC has gradually backed away from their original stance that RDA could be expressed easily in MARC21
      • Full integration of FRBR entities into RDA has made that problematic
    • RDA has been developed explicitly to take advantage of the Semantic Web (although there are still residues of past practice)
    • IFLA is working on formal, persistent registration of FRBR entities and relationships
    1/25/09 Hillmann--ExLibris Seminar
  • RDA & FRBR: Registered!
    • RDA Elements:
      • http://metadataregistry.org/schema/show/id/1.html
    • RDA Roles:
      • http://metadataregistry.org/schema/show/id/4.html
    • RDA Vocabulary: Base Material
      • http://metadataregistry.org/vocabulary/show/id/35.html
    • FRBR Relationships (Sandbox version)
      • http://sandbox.metadataregistry.org/vocabulary/show/id/90.html
    • Registered schemas and vocabularies will be available as part of the released RDA tools this summer
    1/25/09 Hillmann--ExLibris Seminar
  • 1/25/09 Hillmann--ExLibris Seminar RDA Toolkit NSDL Registry Vocabulary data, schemas, APs Workflows Applications, repositories, etc. Sample records Supporting Innovation
  • Building New Frameworks
    • Flexible metadata management is essential for building systems in an “uncooked” world
      • Must accommodate multiple “formats” for input and output
      • Cannot wait for the library world to “settle down” (it may never do so again!)
      • Will accommodate MARC as one (of many) input formats and as only one of the output options
      • Must be sustainable as a service , without commoditizing data output
    1/25/09 Hillmann--ExLibris Seminar
  • Building New Paradigms
    • Based on better use of machines; limiting human intervention to where it makes the most sense
    • Understanding the changed world of metadata, and where the Semantic Web will be pushing it
    • Accommodating a variety of “packaging” and transport mechanisms
    • Collecting and mashing up data from various sources to provide better functionality for users
    • Supporting innovation from users and others
    1/25/09 Hillmann--ExLibris Seminar
  • Attracting User Participation
    • The end of descriptive objectivity (social networks = subjectivity)
    • No more “one size fits all” applications
    • Learning from Amazon and other successful services
      • Users will participate if they get some value back
    • Passive participation also important
      • Usage data, circulation (popularity) data, connections with course management systems, etc.
      • Aggregated data mitigates privacy concerns
    1/25/09 Hillmann--ExLibris Seminar
  • The Semantic Web Lurks
    • Prefers open linked data as a basis for operation
    • Artificial or proprietary boundaries around data will build disincentives to important innovation
      • OCLC’s proposed record reuse policies very troublesome
    • Vendors have challenges in this new world, but maintain an important role in developing new products and services
      • The rewards will go to those who are early out of the gate, build flexibility into their products, and carefully examine their old assumptions
    1/25/09 Hillmann--ExLibris Seminar
  • Diane I. Hillmann Director of Metadata Initiatives, Information Institute of Syracuse Contact: [email_address] 1/25/09 Hillmann--ExLibris Seminar