SMART International Symposium for Next Generation Infrastructure: A feasible pathway for Australia’s next infrastructure paradigm
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SMART International Symposium for Next Generation Infrastructure: A feasible pathway for Australia’s next infrastructure paradigm

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A presentation conducted by Dr Trevor Chorvat, Independent Researcher, Wollongong, NSW, Australia ...

A presentation conducted by Dr Trevor Chorvat, Independent Researcher, Wollongong, NSW, Australia
Presented on Thursday the 3rd of October 2013.

There are many paradigms that could shape this century’s infrastructure in Australia, and indeed the world. This paper outlines one feasible pathway to fill a glaring gap in public transport within our cities, and do this while addressing a number of pressing social, environmental and economic needs including providing transport users an alternative to the car and truck, reduce congestion in cities, promote renewable energy sources, return ‘people space’ to cities and suburbs, and make it a healthier and happier space to name a few. The pathway outlined in this paper involves using a fully-automated small-vehicle system called Gazelle. The system uses linear motors for propulsion and an air cushion for frictionless levitation of the vehicle. Contact-less electromagnetic switching allows the vehicles to be routed across the track network. It is self-sufficient in renewable energy. Use of vertical space facilitates safe automation and allows continued use of most ground vehicles.

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SMART International Symposium for Next Generation Infrastructure: A feasible pathway for Australia’s next infrastructure paradigm SMART International Symposium for Next Generation Infrastructure: A feasible pathway for Australia’s next infrastructure paradigm Presentation Transcript

  • ENDORSING PARTNERS A feasible pathway for Australia’s next infrastructure paradigm The following are confirmed contributors to the business and policy dialogue in Sydney: • Rick Sawers (National Australia Bank) • Nick Greiner (Chairman (Infrastructure NSW) Monday, 30th September 2013: Business & policy Dialogue Tuesday 1 October to Thursday, Dialogue 3rd October: Academic and Policy Presented by: Dr Trevor Chorvat, Independent Researcher, Wollongong, NSW, Australia www.isngi.org www.isngi.org
  • ZOOMA – A FEASIBLE PATHWAY FOR AUSTRALIA’S NEXT INFRASTRUCTURE PARADIGM Fully automated transport for people and goods Dr Trevor Chorvat ( tc@genling.com ) Independent Researcher, Wollongong, NSW, Australia and Dr Keith Bramma Bureau of Transport Statistics, Sydney, Australia ISNGI, AUSTRALIA 2013 3 October, 2013 2
  • OBJECTIVE • To show that the proposed solution – Zooma – is • a feasible paradigm-shift pathway • warrants funding to a stage where Zooma can be examined on its merits in any global city’s metropolitan urban transport and land use planning strategy • Structure of presentation • the energy and transport context in which Zooma fits • explain what Zooma is • compare Zooma to other modes • apply Zooma to Sydney to illustrate feasibility ISNGI, AUSTRALIA 2013 3 October, 2013 page 3
  • ENERGY AND TRANSPORT CONTEXT ✔ ✔ ✔ ✓ ✓ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✓ ✔ ✔ electric cars ✔ ✓ ✔ ✔ driverless cars ✔ ✔ ✔ ISNGI, AUSTRALIA 2013 ① Energy sources from non-renewable to renewable ② Fossil-fuel use from extensive to zero ③ Concentrated linear routing to distributed parallel routing ④ Access proximity of transport from area-to-area to point-to-point ⑤ Shared use of transport vehicles from limited to extensive ⑥ Digital integration into transport from limited to deep ⑦ Vehicle control from manual to automated ⑧ Use of transport-dedicated people time from high to low ⑨ Land dedicated to transport from high to low 3 October, 2013 page 4
  • WHAT IS ZOOMA ? • Zooma consists of: • a new transport mode called Gazelle • a functional interface called the Super Postal Service • Gazelle is: • an elevated tube in every street, access lifts every 60 metres (200 feet) • small light vehicles (plats) carrying 4 or 6 passengers, or 2 pallets of freight • plats glide on an air cushion and propelled by a linear motor • self-reliant on renewable energy (solar panels), with 1 month energy storage • energy efficient and fully automated • Super Postal Service is: • software that is accessed via a smart-phone app, computer, internet • a suite of transport and logistic functions that orchestrate Gazelle • responsibility and care of passengers and freight ISNGI, AUSTRALIA 2013 3 October, 2013 5
  • IS ZOOMA ENERGY EFFICIENT ? ISNGI, AUSTRALIA 2013 3 October, 2013 page 6
  • GAZELLE ENERGY USE ISNGI, AUSTRALIA 2013 3 October, 2013 page 7
  • WILL ZOOMA WORK IN PRACTICE ? • Examine Zooma for • volume feasibility • pricing feasibility • economic feasibility • Mid-sized global city — Sydney ISNGI, AUSTRALIA 2013 3 October, 2013 page 8
  • MID-SIZED GLOBAL CITY — SYDNEY • Population — 4.6 million • Private vehicle numbers — 2.6 million • Passenger transport • Average weekday trips — 16.5 million • Average trip length — 11 km ( 7 miles ) • Dominant mode — road 68% of average weekday travel • Freight transport • Average weekday task — 13 million tonne-km • Road network — 21,000 kilometres ISNGI, AUSTRALIA 2013 (9 million ton-miles) (13,000 miles) 3 October, 2013 9
  • CAN ZOOMA FULFILL THIS TRANSPORT TASK ? • Zooma sized to cope with 2050 volumes for Sydney (pop 7.3 mil) • 23 million passenger trips per day • 50 million tonne-kilometres of freight per workday (34 million ton-miles) • Zooma’s peak capacity — 4.6 million passenger trips per hour • How? • Use of distributed parallel track network • Global optimised routing • High occupancy rate — near 100% • High average speed — 80 km/hr ( 50 mph ) • High volume track can be bi-directional • More network capacity can be attained by using more plats — up to a point • Dynamic pricing to spread traffic load in a globally co-ordinated way so congestion is avoided ISNGI, AUSTRALIA 2013 3 October, 2013 page 10
  • CAN ZOOMA COMPETE ? $0.90 Externality and Subsidy $0.80 Other Private Costs $0.70 $0.60 Fares or Fuel Cost $0.50 $0.40 $0.30 $0.20 $0.10 $- Gazelle ISNGI, AUSTRALIA 2013 Cars Trains Buses 3 October, 2013 11
  • IS ZOOMA ECONOMICALLY FEASIBLE ? • Benefits do not include • automated transport • digital integration (ITCT) • agglomeration benefits 31 ISNGI, AUSTRALIA 2013 32 3 October, 2013 12
  • GAZELLE INFRASTRUCTURE COSTS Based on a 21,000 kilometre city network — Sydney Item Solar panels Flywheel Energy Storage Ultra-capacitor Energy Storage Linear Motor Electricity distribution (cables) Track Structure Track Enclosure Switches/Merges Electrical power switching & control Air Compressors Access Points Plats (vehicles) Service Centres Air Quality Points Computer centres A$ billion 15 12 16 21 7 19 17 2 9 2 20 3 1 4 4 Total Network Cost (A$billion) 152 ISNGI, AUSTRALIA 2013 A$7.5 million per kilometre (A$12 million per mile) 3 October, 2013 13
  • CONCLUSION • The proposed solution – Zooma – is a feasible paradigm-shift pathway • fully-automated transport • digitally integrated • self-reliant in renewable energy • carries both passengers and freight • congestion-free • price competitive • economically feasible • Zooma needs funding support from any interested parties! • prove the novel compressor concept • develop Zooma to prototype stage • refine feasibility analysis ISNGI, AUSTRALIA 2013 3 October, 2013 14