SMART International Symposium for Next Generation Infrastructure: Transport infrastructure renewal in the context of an ageing society in European cities in the 21st century

  • 338 views
Uploaded on

A presentation conducted by Dr Agnieszka Labus, Silesian University of Technology. Presented on Wednesday the 2nd of October 2013. …

A presentation conducted by Dr Agnieszka Labus, Silesian University of Technology. Presented on Wednesday the 2nd of October 2013.

The key question is: how can transport infrastructure provide senior citizens with access to a variety of areas, including housing areas and basic services, in order to prevent their exclusion from society? According to the OECD (2003),
solutions can be found in integration services systems and reduced spatial distances, which contribute to a more compact urban structure in the development of future cities,
and thus supported economic growth and urban renewal.

There are many links the transport infrastructure in the sustainable development, among which, two aspects seem to be the most important. On the one hand, urban streets, should not only allow the smooth movement of vehicles, but to public spaces, social, with a small architecture, frontages,
bike paths, etc., providing accessible and safe access to various locations in the city. On the other hand, the grid of streets in dense urban multifunctional structure can be used to support and motivate the senior citizens to take part in social networking in local venues and local services. The appropriate density of development and the street grid reduces the need to use transport and makes more efficient use of infrastructure. Three selected European cities serve as model cities in terms of demographic changes.

More in: Technology , Education
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
338
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. ENDORSING PARTNERS Transport infrastructure renewal in the context of an ageing society in European cities in www.isngi.org the 21st century The following are confirmed contributors to the business and policy dialogue in Sydney: • Rick Sawers (National Australia Bank) • Nick Greiner (Chairman (Infrastructure NSW) Monday, 30th September 2013: Business & policy Dialogue Tuesday 1 October to Thursday, 3rd October: Academic and Policy Dialogue Presented by: Dr Agnieszka Labus, Silesian University of Technology www.isngi.org
  • 2. TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE RENEWAL IN THE CONTEXT OF AN AGEING SOCIETY IN EUROPEAN CITIES IN THE 21TH CENTURY Agnieszka LABUS, PhD Eng. Arch. Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice (Poland), Faculty of Architecture, Department of Urban and Spatial Planning
  • 3. INTRODUCTION Poland Europe Gliwice Silesian University of Technology Agnieszka LABUS, PhD, Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice (Poland), Faculty of Architecture, Department of Urban and Spatial Planning
  • 4. CONTENTS 1.QUESTIONS 2.METODOLOGY 3.CASE STUDY 4.CONCLUSIONS 5.RECOMENDATION Agnieszka LABUS, PhD, Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice (Poland), Faculty of Architecture, Department of Urban and Spatial Planning
  • 5. 1. QUESTIONS How transport of infrastructure can provide access to older people in a variety of areas, including the areas of housing and basic services to prevent the exclusion of older people in society? AIM of the RESEARCH: looks for a new and innovative solutions regarding renewal of communication areas including strategic approach (transport policy) and structural approach (public areas), in selected European cities, in response to the needs of an aging population Agnieszka LABUS, PhD, Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice (Poland), Faculty of Architecture, Department of Urban and Spatial Planning
  • 6. 1. QUESTIONS mobility is the key to reducing social exclusion in European cities Charter of Athens (2003) OECD (2003) sees solutions in systems integration services, reduced spatial distances, contributing to a more compact urban structure in the development of future cities, thus supporting economic growth and urban renewal. Agnieszka LABUS, PhD, Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice (Poland), Faculty of Architecture, Department of Urban and Spatial Planning
  • 7. 1. QUESTIONS TREND AND TENDENCIES •high proportion of older people using daily public transport, •older people who do not use this service at all - that makes them feel socially excluded they need solutions that will positively contribute to active ageing, and thus increase their mobility in the city. Agnieszka LABUS, PhD, Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice (Poland), Faculty of Architecture, Department of Urban and Spatial Planning
  • 8. 1. QUESTIONS mobility understand as Agnieszka LABUS, PhD, Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice (Poland), Faculty of Architecture, Department of Urban and Spatial Planning
  • 9. transport infrastructure renewal 1. QUESTIONS not only removal of physical barriers separation of pedestrians from traffic need for broader changes in this area older generation may have special needs in terms of structure and function of the urban environment ? Agnieszka LABUS, PhD, Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice (Poland), Faculty of Architecture, Department of Urban and Spatial Planning
  • 10. 2. METODOLOGY Case study methodology - supported by: •analysis of literature on the topic, •author’s own observations, •interviews •practices. Representative European cities: BARCELONA (Spain) MALMO (Sweden) SANGERHAUSEN (Germany) STRATEGY APPROACH STRUCTURAL Agnieszka LABUS, PhD, Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice (Poland), Faculty of Architecture, Department of Urban and Spatial Planning
  • 11. 2. METODOLOGY STRATEGY APPROACH STRUCTURAL APPROACH Agnieszka LABUS, PhD, Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice (Poland), Faculty of Architecture, Department of Urban and Spatial Planning
  • 12. BARCELONA (SPAIN) 3. CASE STUDIES •global project “Age Friendly Cities”, which aim is to change the way of thinking about the city in the context of adapting it to the needs of people of all ages •“do not - for cars, do - for pedestrians” Agnieszka LABUS, PhD, Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice (Poland), Faculty of Architecture, Department of Urban and Spatial Planning
  • 13. Strategy approach BARCELONA (SPAIN) 3. CASE STUDIES •creating a pedestrian-friendly areas by eliminating cars from the pedestrians zones in the city •the introduction of new public transport to facilitate access to specific functions in the city •special cards “Rosa Target” and new forms of the bus to the nearest neighborhood residential areas and buses in the night •large number of stops in the city, and their distribution is dense, which is significant to facilitate and enable the mobility of the elderly and disabled •expansion of the existing system of bicycle paths, aimed at promoting a healthy lifestyle and a more ecological means of transport (active ageing) Agnieszka LABUS, PhD, Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice (Poland), Faculty of Architecture, Department of Urban and Spatial Planning
  • 14. Structural approach BARCELONA (SPAIN) 3. CASE STUDIES •connect the district to the city center and the integration of the two settlements Verdum and Prosperitati with walking pass by the Via Julia •system of three passageways: pedestrian walkway with local services, city squares forming a meeting place for the elderly, pedestrian connection with the revitalized pedestrian settlement and the rest of the city Agnieszka LABUS, PhD, Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice (Poland), Faculty of Architecture, Department of Urban and Spatial Planning
  • 15. MALMÖ (SWEDEN) 3. CASE STUDIES •young demographic, but it is an example worth a more detailed presentation due to its policy of renewal taking into account the urban aspect of the aging population. Agnieszka LABUS, PhD, Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice (Poland), Faculty of Architecture, Department of Urban and Spatial Planning
  • 16. Strategy approach MALMÖ (SWEDEN) 3. CASE STUDIES •construction of the Öresund bridge •high standard of service and optimizing the performance of vehicles, specially rented bicycles and electric-powered vehicles •reduced number of parking spaces resulted in a creation of public space free of cars, •some streets were closed to vehicular traffic with pedestrian traffic entering only. •well-developed network of bike paths providing fast, eco-friendly and economical way to get around the city center of urban canyons. Agnieszka LABUS, PhD, Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice (Poland), Faculty of Architecture, Department of Urban and Spatial Planning
  • 17. Structural approach MALMÖ (SWEDEN) 3. CASE STUDIES •bus stops in the district of Västra Hamnen are located in close proximity to residential areas, along major traffic routes in the district, at approximately 400 meters •can rent a car driven by electricity, in order to promote healthy living environment (without the noise and pollution), that promotes a high quality of life for all residents. Agnieszka LABUS, PhD, Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice (Poland), Faculty of Architecture, Department of Urban and Spatial Planning
  • 18. SANGERHAUSEN (GERMANY) 3. CASE STUDIES •process of shrinking and ageing of the population •elderly people above 65 years of age account for about 26% of the population Agnieszka LABUS, PhD, Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice (Poland), Faculty of Architecture, Department of Urban and Spatial Planning
  • 19. Strategy approach SANGERHAUSEN (GERMANY) 3. CASE STUDIES •people are increasingly changing their place of residence in old age and are characterized by higher activity in the elderly, resulting in expected in the future increase in the number of elderly travelers, less likely using public transport, and often other forms of communication •observed declining trends related to the intensity of use of public transport •the main means of communication in the city include: the train, the communication bus service in the city and outside its borders, and a welldeveloped network of roads and highways •older adults can benefit from service offers of the neighboring municipalities. Agnieszka LABUS, PhD, Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice (Poland), Faculty of Architecture, Department of Urban and Spatial Planning
  • 20. Structural approach SANGERHAUSEN (GERMANY) 3. CASE STUDIES •small number of lines of public transport, •linked with other neighboring cities, •promote active ageing - transport by foot Agnieszka LABUS, PhD, Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice (Poland), Faculty of Architecture, Department of Urban and Spatial Planning
  • 21. 4. CONCLUSIONS In Barcelona transport infrastructure renewal has been carried out on the basis of following interventions: •point interventions •linear interventions •system interventions Agnieszka LABUS, PhD, Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice (Poland), Faculty of Architecture, Department of Urban and Spatial Planning
  • 22. 4. CONCLUSIONS In turn Malmö implements the concept of a compact and green city, growing within the urban structure. Access to: •different services by reducing traffic in pedestrian zones, •basic functions by foot or in close proximity to bus stops. Agnieszka LABUS, PhD, Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice (Poland), Faculty of Architecture, Department of Urban and Spatial Planning
  • 23. 4. CONCLUSIONS In case of Sangerhausen transport in city scale is underdeveloped. •this is due to short distances between particular areas in the city, which can be covered by foot, •regional transport system better than local transport system - linked with other neighboring cities Agnieszka LABUS, PhD, Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice (Poland), Faculty of Architecture, Department of Urban and Spatial Planning
  • 24. 5. RECOMENDATION 1. elimination communication with the circular pedestrian 2. ensuring access to public transport for the elderly, through offers of discounts and subsidies, as well as the density of public transport, located near the place of residence, 3. connectivity to urban centers in the region in order to benefit the elderly of service and cultural offers of other cities, 4. the introduction of new means of public transport, with a focus on the needs of older people (cars powered by electricity), 5. reduce noise and reduce the level of gas in the city, 6. to promote cycling as a more ecological and economical transportation in the city and implementing the concept of active and healthy aging. Agnieszka LABUS, PhD, Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice (Poland), Faculty of Architecture, Department of Urban and Spatial Planning
  • 25. References ACT Consultants. (2011). Good policies and practices to tackle urban challenges. Paris, European Commission. Retrieved June 5, 2013, from http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/docgener/studies/pdf/citiesoftomorrow/citiesoftomorrow_case.pdf Barcelona Urban Mobility Masterplan (PMU) 2006-2012 (2006). Retrieved June 12, 2013, from http://www.impacts.org/euroconference/Rome2010/Presentations/Day%201/05%20PMU%20-%20June%2010%5B2% 5D_julio%20garcia%20ramon.pdf Cykelprogram för Malmö stad 2012-2019 (2012). Retrieved June 12, 2013, from http://www.malmo.se/download/18.3744cbfb13a 77097d8748de/ Cykelprogram +f%C3%B6r +Malm%C3%B6+stad+20122019+2012-10-30.pdf Fiedler, M., Schuster, A., & Link, J. (2010). AENEAS programme. Study Tour Catalogue. Retrieved June 15, 2013, from http://www.aeneas-project.eu/docs/AENEAS_StudyTourCatalogue.pdf Garcia, A. S., & Garcia-Villalba, O. C. (2011). Housing in the first periphery of Barcelona: Towards the finding of criteria for urban renewal. Proceedings of the 23rd European Network for Housing Research (ENHR) Conference (pp: 1-22). Toulouse, France: European Network for Housing Research. Giddens, A. (2009). Europa w epoce globalnej. Warszawa, Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN. Landkreis Mansfeld Sudharz Kassel. (2009). 2. Fortschreibung des Nahverkehrsplans. Retrieved June 12, 2013, from http://www.mansfeldsuedharz.de /media/pdf/2._fortschreibung_des_nahverkehrsplans_endfassung.pdf IBA Saxony-Anhalt. (2010). Sangerhausen. Rating for liveable urban district. Retrieved June 18, 2013, from http://www1.europa.sachsen-anhalt.de/vademecum/Archiv_verbindlicher_Dokumente/ I+P/Veranstaltungen /IBAStadtumbau2010_broschuere_sangerhausen_EN.pdf OECD (2003). Ageing, housing and urban development, Paris: OECD. WHO (2007a). Checklist of Essential Features of Age-friendly Cities, Retrieved June 10, 2013, from http://www.who.int/ageing /publications/Age_friendly_ cities_checklist.pdf. WHO (2007b). Global Age Friendly Cities: A guide. Geneva, WHO Press. Retrieved June 10, 2013, from http://www.who.int/ageing/publications/ Global_ age_friendly_cities_Guide_English.pdf Agnieszka LABUS, PhD, Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice (Poland), Faculty of Architecture, Department of Urban and Spatial Planning
  • 26. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION Agnieszka LABUS, PhD Eng. Arch. labusagnieszka@gmail.com Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice (Poland), Faculty of Architecture, Department of Urban and Spatial Planning