APEC Infrastructure Development Working Group

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SMART CEO Garry Bowditch was an invited speaker at a 2012 APEC meeting in Kuala Lumpur. Garry's talk was about infrastructure challenges associated with the extraordinary growth of Asian cities.

Sometimes the word extraordinary is overused but in this case the urbanisation process is profound because in the next forty years over 75% of humanity will live in mega cities & yet only occupy collectively four percent of the earth's surface.

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APEC Infrastructure Development Working Group

  1. 1. APEC Infrastructure Development Working GroupGarry BowditchChief Executive Officer23 May 2012, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  2. 2. SMART VISION World class intellectual leader andeducator in integrated infrastructure planning and management’
  3. 3. BREAKDOWN THE SILOS
  4. 4. INTERDEPENDENCIES AND BEHAVIOURElectric GridSewer LinesTransportationNetworkCommunicationsWater Lines Source: Critical Infrastructure Interdependencies Modeling: A Survey of U.S. and International Research, Idaho National Laboratory
  5. 5. REGIONAL FOCUS ON INFRASTRUCTURE Dr Ken Henry AC Chairman, SMART Infrastructure Facility Special Adviser to the Prime Minister & Author of the White Paper on ‘Australia in the Asian Century’ Mark Johnson AO Member, SMART Advisory Council
  6. 6. DIVERSITY OF DISCIPLINES AT SMART INFRASTRUCTURE FACILITYBehavioural Computer Chemistry Engineering Sciences Science Social Science,Materials Mathematical Physics Management &Science Sciences Governance Technology Innovation Business Innovation Social Innovation Demand Innovation
  7. 7. Within 40 years…75% of humanity will live incities…and occupy less than 4% ofthe planet’s surface
  8. 8. Grand ChallengeCan we actively design & shape ourcities to ensure their future is not onlyfunctional, but also:• Internationally Competitive• High standard of Liveability• Resilient to Change
  9. 9. WHAT’S THE PROBLEM? WHAT DO WE KNOW?WHAT MIGHT HELP? PeopleTechnology •Asia covers 29.4% of the Earth’s land Economic area and has a population of almost 4 billion, accounting for 56% of the world •Over the period 2010-20, the 32 developing•Extensive networks made up of population. member countries of ADB require financinginexpensive sensors and low cost of $US747 billion annually to meet growinganalytics. •It is expected that about 75 percent of demand for infrastructure. 35% of this is•Smart phones can transform cities & their the world population will be urban by required for transport.management ( eg. measure of air quality). 2050. •Asia’s cities are highly productive with 42%•Social networks can play important role • Half of the world’s 20 megacities are in of the population living in urban areas,in finding solutions to meet diverse Asia. contributing 80% of the region’s GDP.population segments (eg crowd sourcing). •China will experience the largest urban •Emerging infrastructure markets world wide,•IT allows global firms to operate migration (up to 70% of its population). require 6 trillion in Government and privateanywhere any time. spending over the next 3 years. Environment •In China alone, the number of registered vehicles have increased from 1 million in the 1990s to nearly 61 million in 2010. •In 2006, Asia accounted for 19% of total worldwide transport–sector related CO2 emissions. By 2030, the share of Asia in total worldwide transport–sector related CO2 emissions will increase to 31%.
  10. 10. RESEARCH FOCUS @ SMART Research is focused on city-wide planning and management of national infrastructure systems Solutions Emerging area: Human interaction with infrastructure Data Policy/Business decisions Models Optimisation Scenarios Infrastructure Operations, Performance & Analytics Infrastructure Assets & Services
  11. 11. People SystemsWe cannot think aboutinfrastructure withoutconsidering the peoplewho use and live withthem
  12. 12. Methods ofunderstandinginteraction betweenpeople and urbansystems -Knowing who and what is happening -Crowd patterns and behavioural modelling -Demand prediction- peak management -Behavioural change and crowd sourcing
  13. 13. ChallengesLiveable citiesdifferent needs, interactions,Intrusion, PrivacyValue Propositionscustomers, votersComplexitysimplification through visualisation
  14. 14. SUMMARYSMART research is concerned withempowering policy makers to “shape” bettercities, not just react to them.Evidence based planning & decision makingthrough integrating technology andknowledge is enabling the management ofcities in ways previously unimaginable.Time and space in our cities in increasinglyscarce, better planning of city systems isessential to not only better societies, butalso geo-political stability.
  15. 15. Garry BowditchCEOSMART Infrastructure Facility+612 4298 1241Garry_bowditch@uow.edu.au

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