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Macrophotography

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The presentation I made on macrophotography technique and my wildlife macro photos, at FORTH's visual arts group, on March 10th, 2010.

The presentation I made on macrophotography technique and my wildlife macro photos, at FORTH's visual arts group, on March 10th, 2010.

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    Macrophotography Macrophotography Presentation Transcript

    • Macrophotography Stavros Markopoulos Amateur photographer Anax Imperator ♂
    • Macrophotography ● What is it? ● Equipment ● Technique ● Subject ● Approach Anemone coronaria
    • What is macrophotography? ● Close-up photography ● Minimum focusing distance ● Magnification – Lifesize (1:1) Prunus armeniaca
    • Equipment ● Compact camera ● SLR + Macro lens ● Reverse lens ● Close-up filter (diopter) ● Extension tubes / bellows ● Teleconverter ● Lighting
    • Compact camera ● Macro mode ● Closest focusing distance ● Ability to add filters?
    • Compact camera Crocothemis erythraea ♂ Orthetrum brunneum ♂
    • Compact camera Lycosa praegrandis ♀
    • Compact camera Charaxes jasius
    • Macro lens ● Usually fixed lenses ● Normal to telephoto ● Sharp ● Able to focus close ● Large focusing ring ● Magnification ratio (usually 1:1) ● Working distance
    • Osteospermum
    • Reverse lens ● Cheap solution (poor man's macro) ● Normal or wide-angle ● Adapter (or not!) ● No camera - lens communication ● Manual lens ● Suitable double adapter (expensive)
    • Lens coupling / stacking ● Telephoto + reverse wide-angle Disadvantages: ● Filter thread adapter (lens coupler) ● Difficult to work with ● Magnification ratio: tele / wide ● Quality loss (extra glass)
    • order: Collembola, family: Bourletiellidae
    • Close-up filters ● Diopter: +1, +2, +4, +10 Disadvantages: ● Added in front of the lens ● Only close focus ● Reduces focusing distance ● Quality loss (extra glass) ● Less sharpness Advantages: ● Chromatic aberration ● No loss of light ● Can be used in compact cameras ● No lens removal (sensor dust)
    • Crocothemis erythraea ♂
    • Extension tubes / bellows ● Between camera and lens Disadvantages: ● Reduces focusing distance ● Only close focus ● Camera – lens communication? ● Light loss ● Extension tubes: Lens removal (sensor dust) Advantages: ● Bellows: bulky ● No quality loss (no extra glass)
    • Teleconverter ● Between camera and lens Disadvantages: ● Multiplies focal length and ● Light loss aperture ● Quality loss (extra glass) ● 1.4x 2x 3x ● Lens removal (sensor dust) Advantages: ● Retains camera – lens communication ● Ability to focus to infinity
    • Sympetrum striolatum ♀
    • Sympetrum striolatum ♀
    • Canon MP-E ● Specialized macro lens (equivalent to a reverse lens on bellows) ● 1:1 to 5:1 magnification ratio Disadvantages: ● Manual lens ● Only macro (above lifesize) ● Difficult to work with
    • order: Coleoptera, family: Oedemeridae
    • Difficulties ● Extremely shallow depth-of-field (DoF) ● Exact focusing ● Stabilization ● Subject approach ● Lighting ● Dust on sensor!
    • Tripod? ● Excellent for still subjects ● Macro rail ● Mirror lock ● Remote trigger
    • Flash lighting ● Control the lighting ● Able to light at close apertures ● Acts as your shutter speed (freeze moving subjects)
    • Flash lighting Ring flash (expensive, only macro)
    • Fischeria bicolor
    • Flash lighting Normal flash(es) + bracket
    • Softening flash light ● Do-it-yourself: ● Plastic (e.g. styrofoam) ● Paper (e.g. kitchen towel) ● Ready made: ● Diffuser ● Mini softbox ● Reflector
    • Iris oratoria ♀
    • Hand-held focusing ● Autofocus is often useless... ● Image stabilization is useless, too ● Manual focus essential for lifesize and above ● Forward-backward movement
    • Approach ● Practice ● Patience ● Persistence ● Trial and error ● Study your subject Anax imperator ♂
    • Anax imperator ♂
    • Anax imperator ♂
    • Anax imperator ♂
    • Subject: The tiny world around us...
    • Tarentola mauritanica
    • Wildflowers
    • Bellis sp.
    • Bellis sp.
    • Anemone coronaria
    • Anemone coronaria
    • Iris unguicularis ssp. cretensis
    • Lotus tetragonolobus Orchis papilionacea
    • Orchis quadripunctata
    • Tragopogon sp.
    • Anacamptis pyramidalis Asphodelus sp.
    • Ophrys iricolor
    • Tulipa doerfleri
    • Orchis italica
    • Ophrys ariadnae Moraea sisyrinchium
    • Anemone hortensis
    • Ophrys heldreichii
    • Convolvulus elegantissimus Cyclamen graecum
    • Crocus laevigatus Anemone coronaria
    • Clematis cirrhosa
    • Garden flowers
    • Arachnida
    • Argiope lobata ♀
    • Plexippus paykulli ♂
    • Thomisus onustus ♀
    • Salticidae
    • family: Salticidae
    • Micrommata ligurina
    • family: Lycosidae
    • Thomisus onustus
    • Lycosidae Cyclosa conica
    • family: Agelenidae
    • Odonata
    • Ischnura elegans ♂
    • Crocothemis erythraea ♂
    • Anax imperator ♀ Orthetrum brunneum ♂ ♀
    • Orthetrum brunneum ♂
    • Sympetrum fonscolombii ♂ Crocothemis erythraea ♂
    • Crocothemis erythraea ♂
    • Sympetrum fonscolombii ♀
    • Sympetrum fonscolombii ♂
    • Trithemis annulata ♂
    • Ischnura elegans ♀
    • Diptera
    • Calliphora sp.
    • Musca domestica
    • Bactrocera oleae
    • Bithia sp.
    • Stomorhina lunata ♂
    • Scathophaga stercoraria
    • family: Calliphoridae
    • Machimus sp.
    • Clogmia albipunctata
    • Coleoptera
    • Coccinella septempunctata
    • Chrysolina americana
    • Capnodis tenebrionis
    • Rhagonycha nigritarsis
    • Tropinota hirta
    • Oxythyrea cinctella
    • Myriochila melancholica
    • Hymenoptera
    • Apis mellifera
    • Polistes sp.
    • Messor sp.
    • Thyreus sp.
    • Rhynchium oculatum
    • Halictus sp.
    • Xylocopa violacea ♂
    • Mutilla quinquemaculata ♀
    • Vespula germanica ♀
    • Hemiptera
    • Dionconotus sp.
    • Graphosoma lineatum
    • Ancyrosoma leucogrammes
    • Cicada cretensis
    • family: Gerridae
    • Mantodea
    • Ameles sp.
    • Ameles sp. Iris oratoria ♀
    • Iris oratoria ♀
    • Iris oratoria ♀
    • Iris oratoria ♀
    • Mantis religiosa ♀
    • Mantis religiosa ♀
    • Orthoptera
    • family: Acrididae
    • family: Acrididae
    • family: Tettigoniidae
    • Neuroptera
    • family: Chrysopidae
    • Lepidoptera
    • Papilio machaon
    • Charaxes jasius
    • Coenonympha thyrsis
    • Iphiclides podalirius
    • Gonepteryx cleopatra ♂
    • Polyommatus icarus ♂
    • Iphiclides podalirius
    • Vanessa atalanta
    • Papilio machaon Vanessa atalanta
    • Pieris rapae
    • Pieris sp.
    • Pieris brassicae Thank you! Stavros Markopoulos stavros.markopoulos@gmail.com flickr.com/people/markop