Macrophotography

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The presentation I made on macrophotography technique and my wildlife macro photos, at FORTH's visual arts group, on March 10th, 2010.

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Macrophotography

  1. 1. Macrophotography Stavros Markopoulos Amateur photographer Anax Imperator ♂
  2. 2. Macrophotography ● What is it? ● Equipment ● Technique ● Subject ● Approach Anemone coronaria
  3. 3. What is macrophotography? ● Close-up photography ● Minimum focusing distance ● Magnification – Lifesize (1:1) Prunus armeniaca
  4. 4. Equipment ● Compact camera ● SLR + Macro lens ● Reverse lens ● Close-up filter (diopter) ● Extension tubes / bellows ● Teleconverter ● Lighting
  5. 5. Compact camera ● Macro mode ● Closest focusing distance ● Ability to add filters?
  6. 6. Compact camera Crocothemis erythraea ♂ Orthetrum brunneum ♂
  7. 7. Compact camera Lycosa praegrandis ♀
  8. 8. Compact camera Charaxes jasius
  9. 9. Macro lens ● Usually fixed lenses ● Normal to telephoto ● Sharp ● Able to focus close ● Large focusing ring ● Magnification ratio (usually 1:1) ● Working distance
  10. 10. Osteospermum
  11. 11. Reverse lens ● Cheap solution (poor man's macro) ● Normal or wide-angle ● Adapter (or not!) ● No camera - lens communication ● Manual lens ● Suitable double adapter (expensive)
  12. 12. Lens coupling / stacking ● Telephoto + reverse wide-angle Disadvantages: ● Filter thread adapter (lens coupler) ● Difficult to work with ● Magnification ratio: tele / wide ● Quality loss (extra glass)
  13. 13. order: Collembola, family: Bourletiellidae
  14. 14. Close-up filters ● Diopter: +1, +2, +4, +10 Disadvantages: ● Added in front of the lens ● Only close focus ● Reduces focusing distance ● Quality loss (extra glass) ● Less sharpness Advantages: ● Chromatic aberration ● No loss of light ● Can be used in compact cameras ● No lens removal (sensor dust)
  15. 15. Crocothemis erythraea ♂
  16. 16. Extension tubes / bellows ● Between camera and lens Disadvantages: ● Reduces focusing distance ● Only close focus ● Camera – lens communication? ● Light loss ● Extension tubes: Lens removal (sensor dust) Advantages: ● Bellows: bulky ● No quality loss (no extra glass)
  17. 17. Teleconverter ● Between camera and lens Disadvantages: ● Multiplies focal length and ● Light loss aperture ● Quality loss (extra glass) ● 1.4x 2x 3x ● Lens removal (sensor dust) Advantages: ● Retains camera – lens communication ● Ability to focus to infinity
  18. 18. Sympetrum striolatum ♀
  19. 19. Sympetrum striolatum ♀
  20. 20. Canon MP-E ● Specialized macro lens (equivalent to a reverse lens on bellows) ● 1:1 to 5:1 magnification ratio Disadvantages: ● Manual lens ● Only macro (above lifesize) ● Difficult to work with
  21. 21. order: Coleoptera, family: Oedemeridae
  22. 22. Difficulties ● Extremely shallow depth-of-field (DoF) ● Exact focusing ● Stabilization ● Subject approach ● Lighting ● Dust on sensor!
  23. 23. Tripod? ● Excellent for still subjects ● Macro rail ● Mirror lock ● Remote trigger
  24. 24. Flash lighting ● Control the lighting ● Able to light at close apertures ● Acts as your shutter speed (freeze moving subjects)
  25. 25. Flash lighting Ring flash (expensive, only macro)
  26. 26. Fischeria bicolor
  27. 27. Flash lighting Normal flash(es) + bracket
  28. 28. Softening flash light ● Do-it-yourself: ● Plastic (e.g. styrofoam) ● Paper (e.g. kitchen towel) ● Ready made: ● Diffuser ● Mini softbox ● Reflector
  29. 29. Iris oratoria ♀
  30. 30. Hand-held focusing ● Autofocus is often useless... ● Image stabilization is useless, too ● Manual focus essential for lifesize and above ● Forward-backward movement
  31. 31. Approach ● Practice ● Patience ● Persistence ● Trial and error ● Study your subject Anax imperator ♂
  32. 32. Anax imperator ♂
  33. 33. Anax imperator ♂
  34. 34. Anax imperator ♂
  35. 35. Subject: The tiny world around us...
  36. 36. Tarentola mauritanica
  37. 37. Wildflowers
  38. 38. Bellis sp.
  39. 39. Bellis sp.
  40. 40. Anemone coronaria
  41. 41. Anemone coronaria
  42. 42. Iris unguicularis ssp. cretensis
  43. 43. Lotus tetragonolobus Orchis papilionacea
  44. 44. Orchis quadripunctata
  45. 45. Tragopogon sp.
  46. 46. Anacamptis pyramidalis Asphodelus sp.
  47. 47. Ophrys iricolor
  48. 48. Tulipa doerfleri
  49. 49. Orchis italica
  50. 50. Ophrys ariadnae Moraea sisyrinchium
  51. 51. Anemone hortensis
  52. 52. Ophrys heldreichii
  53. 53. Convolvulus elegantissimus Cyclamen graecum
  54. 54. Crocus laevigatus Anemone coronaria
  55. 55. Clematis cirrhosa
  56. 56. Garden flowers
  57. 57. Arachnida
  58. 58. Argiope lobata ♀
  59. 59. Plexippus paykulli ♂
  60. 60. Thomisus onustus ♀
  61. 61. Salticidae
  62. 62. family: Salticidae
  63. 63. Micrommata ligurina
  64. 64. family: Lycosidae
  65. 65. Thomisus onustus
  66. 66. Lycosidae Cyclosa conica
  67. 67. family: Agelenidae
  68. 68. Odonata
  69. 69. Ischnura elegans ♂
  70. 70. Crocothemis erythraea ♂
  71. 71. Anax imperator ♀ Orthetrum brunneum ♂ ♀
  72. 72. Orthetrum brunneum ♂
  73. 73. Sympetrum fonscolombii ♂ Crocothemis erythraea ♂
  74. 74. Crocothemis erythraea ♂
  75. 75. Sympetrum fonscolombii ♀
  76. 76. Sympetrum fonscolombii ♂
  77. 77. Trithemis annulata ♂
  78. 78. Ischnura elegans ♀
  79. 79. Diptera
  80. 80. Calliphora sp.
  81. 81. Musca domestica
  82. 82. Bactrocera oleae
  83. 83. Bithia sp.
  84. 84. Stomorhina lunata ♂
  85. 85. Scathophaga stercoraria
  86. 86. family: Calliphoridae
  87. 87. Machimus sp.
  88. 88. Clogmia albipunctata
  89. 89. Coleoptera
  90. 90. Coccinella septempunctata
  91. 91. Chrysolina americana
  92. 92. Capnodis tenebrionis
  93. 93. Rhagonycha nigritarsis
  94. 94. Tropinota hirta
  95. 95. Oxythyrea cinctella
  96. 96. Myriochila melancholica
  97. 97. Hymenoptera
  98. 98. Apis mellifera
  99. 99. Polistes sp.
  100. 100. Messor sp.
  101. 101. Thyreus sp.
  102. 102. Rhynchium oculatum
  103. 103. Halictus sp.
  104. 104. Xylocopa violacea ♂
  105. 105. Mutilla quinquemaculata ♀
  106. 106. Vespula germanica ♀
  107. 107. Hemiptera
  108. 108. Dionconotus sp.
  109. 109. Graphosoma lineatum
  110. 110. Ancyrosoma leucogrammes
  111. 111. Cicada cretensis
  112. 112. family: Gerridae
  113. 113. Mantodea
  114. 114. Ameles sp.
  115. 115. Ameles sp. Iris oratoria ♀
  116. 116. Iris oratoria ♀
  117. 117. Iris oratoria ♀
  118. 118. Iris oratoria ♀
  119. 119. Mantis religiosa ♀
  120. 120. Mantis religiosa ♀
  121. 121. Orthoptera
  122. 122. family: Acrididae
  123. 123. family: Acrididae
  124. 124. family: Tettigoniidae
  125. 125. Neuroptera
  126. 126. family: Chrysopidae
  127. 127. Lepidoptera
  128. 128. Papilio machaon
  129. 129. Charaxes jasius
  130. 130. Coenonympha thyrsis
  131. 131. Iphiclides podalirius
  132. 132. Gonepteryx cleopatra ♂
  133. 133. Polyommatus icarus ♂
  134. 134. Iphiclides podalirius
  135. 135. Vanessa atalanta
  136. 136. Papilio machaon Vanessa atalanta
  137. 137. Pieris rapae
  138. 138. Pieris sp.
  139. 139. Pieris brassicae Thank you! Stavros Markopoulos stavros.markopoulos@gmail.com flickr.com/people/markop

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