Impact of Roundup Ready® maize
  production system on NTO’s

        “North Europe”
NTO’s                          Thomas Thieme (BTL)

  Application, weed              Sabine Kappes (Biovativ GmbH)

  Soil...
Methods: Trial design




                     Test site
                                  T5           T4           T3   ...
Methods: Treatment schedule in 2007 and 2008

           Treatment 1: seed MONUMENTAL
                     Herb Metusolam+...
Methods: Sampling with pitfall traps (PT)

               4 PT/plot; sampling dates: 2007 May-Sep, 9; 2008 May-Sep, 9




...
Methods: Sampling with yellow sticky traps (YST)

                4 YST/plot; sampling dates: 2007 Jun-Oct, 8; 2008 May-Se...
Methods: Visual assessments (VA)

 15/20 stems/plot in 2007/2008; assessment dates: 2007 Jun-Oct, 9; 2008 May-Sep, 9




B...
Number of NTO’s per treatment caught/observed



        Sampling                               2007                      ...
Number of arthropod taxa in PT, YST and VA



        Sampling                          Taxa in 2007 (n)                  ...
Herbivores (H) and predators (P) caught 2007 and 2008 in PT

   Taxa showing significant differences using ANOVA (AN) or K...
Herbivores (H) and predators (P) caught 2007 and 2008 in PT

   Taxa showing significant differences using ANOVA (AN) or K...
Predators in PT: Araneae

                                                                                                ...
Predators in PT: Oedothorax apicatus (Araneae: Linyphiidae)

                                                             ...
Predators in PT: Oedothorax retusus (Araneae: Linyphiidae)

                          2007                                ...
Herbivores in PT: Amara spp. (Col.: Carabidae)

                                                                          ...
Predators in PT: Bembidion spp. (Col.: Carabidae)

                                                                       ...
Predators/Herbivores in PT: Aleocharinae (Col.: Staphylinidae)

                                                          ...
Herbivores (H) and predators (P) caught on YST
   Taxa showing significant differences using ANOVA (AN) or Kruskal-Wallis ...
Mean number of arthropods per trap




                                                                                   ...
Predators in YST: Propylea quatuordecimpunctata (Col.:
                                                             Coccin...
T Thieme
T Thieme
T Thieme
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T Thieme
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Impact of Roundup Ready® maize production system on NTO’s
“North Europe”

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T Thieme

  1. 1. Impact of Roundup Ready® maize production system on NTO’s “North Europe”
  2. 2. NTO’s Thomas Thieme (BTL) Application, weed Sabine Kappes (Biovativ GmbH) Soil characterisation Andre Schlichting (STZ Soil Biotechnology) Sponsored by Monsanto BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
  3. 3. Methods: Trial design Test site T5 T4 T3 T2 T1 N T3 T5 T1 T4 T2 T4 T3 T2 T5 T1 T3 T1 T4 30m T2 T5 27m BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
  4. 4. Methods: Treatment schedule in 2007 and 2008 Treatment 1: seed MONUMENTAL Herb Metusolam+Flufenacet (A) A Pre-emergence Herb Bromoxynil (C) Herb Iodosulfuron+Foramsulfuron (C) (2007-05-10, 2008-05-02) Treatment 2: seed MONUMENTAL B V2-3 Herb Metolachlor+Terbutylazine (B) Herb Mesotrione (B) (2007-05-23, 2008-05-27/29) Herb Rimsulfuron (C) Treatment 3: seed RR CORN C V6-8 Herb MON 78044 = Glyphosate (B) Herb MON 78044 = Glyphosate (C) (2007-06-11, 2008-06-17) Treatment 4: seed RR CORN Herb MON 69447 = Acetochlor (B) Herb MON 78044 = Glyphosate (B) Herb MON 78044 = Glyphosate (C) Treatment 5: seed RR CORN Herb Metolachlor + Terbotylazine (B) Herb Mesotrione (B) Herb Rimsulfuron (C) BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
  5. 5. Methods: Sampling with pitfall traps (PT) 4 PT/plot; sampling dates: 2007 May-Sep, 9; 2008 May-Sep, 9 BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
  6. 6. Methods: Sampling with yellow sticky traps (YST) 4 YST/plot; sampling dates: 2007 Jun-Oct, 8; 2008 May-Sep, 9 BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
  7. 7. Methods: Visual assessments (VA) 15/20 stems/plot in 2007/2008; assessment dates: 2007 Jun-Oct, 9; 2008 May-Sep, 9 BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
  8. 8. Number of NTO’s per treatment caught/observed Sampling 2007 2008* method T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T2 T3 T4 T5 PT 6868 5984 6599 6693 5597 7911 8332 8458 8847 YST 2693 2735 2409 2635 2974 1589 1724 1572 2010 VA 436 467 520 492 500 1660 12997 5933 1463 ∑ 9997 9186 9528 9820 9071 11160 23053 15963 12320 Total/year 47602 62496 Total 110098 * The very first application (A) at pre-emergence failed, therefore the arthropods in plots of T1 are not taken into consideration BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
  9. 9. Number of arthropod taxa in PT, YST and VA Sampling Taxa in 2007 (n) Taxa in 2008 (n) method Identified Sig. differences Identified Sig. differences T2 T4 T2 T4 PT 132 11 124 5 YST 11 4 20 1 VA 11 3 17 4 BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
  10. 10. Herbivores (H) and predators (P) caught 2007 and 2008 in PT Taxa showing significant differences using ANOVA (AN) or Kruskal-Wallis (KW) Taxon Test Sample T1 T2 T5 T3 T4 2007 H&P Amara spp. KW 8 a ab abc c bc KW 9 ac b c ab abc H Harpalus spp. KW 3 ab a a b a H Harpalus affinis KW 3 a a a b a P Anchomenus dorsalis AN 4 a a a b ab AN 5 ab ab b ab a P Bembidion spp. KW 7 a b ab b a P Calathus fuscipes KW 6 ac b ab c ab P Clivina fossor KW 9 ab ac ac b c P Pterostichus spp. AN 4 ab a ab ab b KW 9 a a ab b a P Pterostichus melanarius AN 4 ab a ab ab b KW 9 a a ab b a H&P Staphylinidae AN 5 ab ab ab a b KW 7 a a a a b H&P Aleocharinae AN 5 ab ab ab a b KW 7 a a a a b BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
  11. 11. Herbivores (H) and predators (P) caught 2007 and 2008 in PT Taxa showing significant differences using ANOVA (AN) or Kruskal-Wallis (KW) Taxon Test Sample T2 T5 T3 T4 2008 P Oedothorax spp. AN 2 a ab b ab P Oedothorax apicatus AN 2 a ab b ab P Oedothorax retusus AN 5 a b ab ab P Calathus spp. KW 1 a a a b P Trechus quadristriatus KW 3 a a b a BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
  12. 12. Predators in PT: Araneae 2007 2008 Appl 1 Appl 2 Appl 1 Appl 3 Appl 2 Appl 3 T1 80 Mean number of arthropods per trap Mean number of arthropods per trap 50 T2 70 T3 T4 40 60 T5 50 30 40 20 30 20 10 10 0 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 Days after sowing Days after sowing 03.05. 13.05. 23.05. 02.06. 12.06. 22.06. 02.07. 12.07. 22.07. 01.08. 11.08. 21.08. 31.08. 10.09. 30.04. 10.05. 20.05. 30.05. 09.06. 19.06. 29.06. 09.07. 19.07. 29.07. 08.08. 18.08. 28.08. 07.09. T1 T2 T5 T3 T4 a a a a a BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
  13. 13. Predators in PT: Oedothorax apicatus (Araneae: Linyphiidae) 2007 2008 T1 Appl 1 Appl 2 Appl 3 Appl 1 Appl 2 Appl 3 35 50 T2 Mean number of arthropods per trap Mean number of arthropods per trap T3 30 T4 40 T5 25 30 20 15 20 10 10 5 0 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 Days after sowing Days after sowing 03.05. 13.05. 23.05. 02.06. 12.06. 22.06. 02.07. 12.07. 22.07. 01.08. 11.08. 21.08. 31.08. 10.09. 30.04. 10.05. 20.05. 30.05. 09.06. 19.06. 29.06. 09.07. 19.07. 29.07. 08.08. 18.08. 28.08. 07.09. T2 T5 T3 T4 a ab b ab BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
  14. 14. Predators in PT: Oedothorax retusus (Araneae: Linyphiidae) 2007 2008 Appl 1 Appl 2 Appl 3 3.5 T2 Mean number of arthropods per trap 3.0 T3 T4 2.5 T5 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 Days after sowing 30.04. 10.05. 20.05. 30.05. 09.06. 19.06. 29.06. 09.07. 19.07. 29.07. 08.08. 18.08. 28.08. 07.09. T2 T5 T3 T4 a b ab ab BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
  15. 15. Herbivores in PT: Amara spp. (Col.: Carabidae) 2007 2008 T1 Appl 1 Appl 2 Appl 1 Appl 3 Appl 2 8 Appl 3 5 T2 Mean number of arthropods per trap T3 7 T4 4 6 T5 5 3 4 2 3 2 1 1 0 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 Days after sowing Days after sowing 03.05. 13.05. 23.05. 02.06. 12.06. 22.06. 02.07. 12.07. 22.07. 01.08. 11.08. 21.08. 31.08. 10.09. 30.04. 10.05. 20.05. 30.05. 09.06. 19.06. 29.06. 09.07. 19.07. 29.07. 08.08. 18.08. 28.08. 07.09. T1 T2 T5 T3 T4 T1 T2 T5 T3 T4 a ab abc c bc ac b c ab abc BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
  16. 16. Predators in PT: Bembidion spp. (Col.: Carabidae) 2007 2008 T1 Appl 1 Appl 2 Appl 1 Appl 3 Appl 2 25 Appl 3 25 T2 Mean number of arthropods per trap T3 T4 20 20 T5 15 15 10 10 5 5 0 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 Days after sowing Days after sowing 03.05. 13.05. 23.05. 02.06. 12.06. 22.06. 02.07. 12.07. 22.07. 01.08. 11.08. 21.08. 31.08. 10.09. 30.04. 10.05. 20.05. 30.05. 09.06. 19.06. 29.06. 09.07. 19.07. 29.07. 08.08. 18.08. 28.08. 07.09. T1 T2 T5 T3 T4 a b ab b a BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
  17. 17. Predators/Herbivores in PT: Aleocharinae (Col.: Staphylinidae) 2007 2008 T1 Appl 1 Appl 2 Appl 1 Appl 3 Appl 2 10 Appl 3 15.0 T2 Mean number of arthropods per trap T3 12.5 T4 8 T5 10.0 6 7.5 4 5.0 2 2.5 0 0.0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 Days after sowing Days after sowing 03.05. 13.05. 23.05. 02.06. 12.06. 22.06. 02.07. 12.07. 22.07. 01.08. 11.08. 21.08. 31.08. 10.09. 30.04. 10.05. 20.05. 30.05. 09.06. 19.06. 29.06. 09.07. 19.07. 29.07. 08.08. 18.08. 28.08. 07.09. T1 T2 T5 T3 T4 T1 T2 T5 T3 T4 ab ab ab a b a a a a b BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
  18. 18. Herbivores (H) and predators (P) caught on YST Taxa showing significant differences using ANOVA (AN) or Kruskal-Wallis (KW) Taxon Test Sample T1 T2 T5 T3 T4 2007 H Miridae AN 5 a b b b b H&P Syrphidae KW 4 a a a b ab P Coccinellidae KW 2 a a b b a P Propylea KW 2 a a b ab a quatuordecimpunctata 2008 H Auchenorrhyncha AN 2 a ab b ab BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
  19. 19. Mean number of arthropods per trap 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 BTL 0 03.05. 13.05. Appl 1 23.05. 20 Appl 2 02.06. 12.06. 40 Appl 3 22.06. 02.07. 60 Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide 12.07. 22.07. 80 2007 01.08. 11.08. 100 Days after sowing 21.08. 31.08. 120 10.09. 20.09. 140 30.09. 10.10. 160 Mean number of arthropods per trap 0 3 6 9 12 15 0 30.04. Appl 1 10.05. 20.05. 20 30.05. Appl 2 09.06. 40 19.06. Appl 3 29.06. 60 09.07. 2008 19.07. 80 29.07. Days after sowing T2 T5 T3 T4 a ab b ab 08.08. 100 18.08. Herbivores in YST: Auchenorrhyncha (Hemiptera) 28.08. 120 07.09. 17.09. 140 T5 T4 T3 T2 T1 Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
  20. 20. Predators in YST: Propylea quatuordecimpunctata (Col.: Coccinellidae) 2007 2008 T1 Appl 1 Appl 1 Appl 2 Appl 3 Appl 2 Appl 3 10 3.0 T2 Mean number of arthropods per trap Mean number of arthropods per trap T3 2.5 T4 8 T5 2.0 6 1.5 4 1.0 2 0.5 0 0.0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Days after sowing Days after sowing 03.05. 13.05. 23.05. 02.06. 12.06. 22.06. 02.07. 12.07. 22.07. 01.08. 11.08. 21.08. 31.08. 10.09. 20.09. 30.09. 10.10. 30.04. 10.05. 20.05. 30.05. 09.06. 19.06. 29.06. 09.07. 19.07. 29.07. 08.08. 18.08. 28.08. 07.09. 17.09. T1 T2 T5 T3 T4 a a b ab a BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
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