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T Thieme
 

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Impact of Roundup Ready® maize production system on NTO’s

Impact of Roundup Ready® maize production system on NTO’s
“North Europe”

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    T Thieme T Thieme Presentation Transcript

    • Impact of Roundup Ready® maize production system on NTO’s “North Europe”
    • NTO’s Thomas Thieme (BTL) Application, weed Sabine Kappes (Biovativ GmbH) Soil characterisation Andre Schlichting (STZ Soil Biotechnology) Sponsored by Monsanto BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
    • Methods: Trial design Test site T5 T4 T3 T2 T1 N T3 T5 T1 T4 T2 T4 T3 T2 T5 T1 T3 T1 T4 30m T2 T5 27m BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
    • Methods: Treatment schedule in 2007 and 2008 Treatment 1: seed MONUMENTAL Herb Metusolam+Flufenacet (A) A Pre-emergence Herb Bromoxynil (C) Herb Iodosulfuron+Foramsulfuron (C) (2007-05-10, 2008-05-02) Treatment 2: seed MONUMENTAL B V2-3 Herb Metolachlor+Terbutylazine (B) Herb Mesotrione (B) (2007-05-23, 2008-05-27/29) Herb Rimsulfuron (C) Treatment 3: seed RR CORN C V6-8 Herb MON 78044 = Glyphosate (B) Herb MON 78044 = Glyphosate (C) (2007-06-11, 2008-06-17) Treatment 4: seed RR CORN Herb MON 69447 = Acetochlor (B) Herb MON 78044 = Glyphosate (B) Herb MON 78044 = Glyphosate (C) Treatment 5: seed RR CORN Herb Metolachlor + Terbotylazine (B) Herb Mesotrione (B) Herb Rimsulfuron (C) BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
    • Methods: Sampling with pitfall traps (PT) 4 PT/plot; sampling dates: 2007 May-Sep, 9; 2008 May-Sep, 9 BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
    • Methods: Sampling with yellow sticky traps (YST) 4 YST/plot; sampling dates: 2007 Jun-Oct, 8; 2008 May-Sep, 9 BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
    • Methods: Visual assessments (VA) 15/20 stems/plot in 2007/2008; assessment dates: 2007 Jun-Oct, 9; 2008 May-Sep, 9 BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
    • Number of NTO’s per treatment caught/observed Sampling 2007 2008* method T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T2 T3 T4 T5 PT 6868 5984 6599 6693 5597 7911 8332 8458 8847 YST 2693 2735 2409 2635 2974 1589 1724 1572 2010 VA 436 467 520 492 500 1660 12997 5933 1463 ∑ 9997 9186 9528 9820 9071 11160 23053 15963 12320 Total/year 47602 62496 Total 110098 * The very first application (A) at pre-emergence failed, therefore the arthropods in plots of T1 are not taken into consideration BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
    • Number of arthropod taxa in PT, YST and VA Sampling Taxa in 2007 (n) Taxa in 2008 (n) method Identified Sig. differences Identified Sig. differences T2 T4 T2 T4 PT 132 11 124 5 YST 11 4 20 1 VA 11 3 17 4 BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
    • Herbivores (H) and predators (P) caught 2007 and 2008 in PT Taxa showing significant differences using ANOVA (AN) or Kruskal-Wallis (KW) Taxon Test Sample T1 T2 T5 T3 T4 2007 H&P Amara spp. KW 8 a ab abc c bc KW 9 ac b c ab abc H Harpalus spp. KW 3 ab a a b a H Harpalus affinis KW 3 a a a b a P Anchomenus dorsalis AN 4 a a a b ab AN 5 ab ab b ab a P Bembidion spp. KW 7 a b ab b a P Calathus fuscipes KW 6 ac b ab c ab P Clivina fossor KW 9 ab ac ac b c P Pterostichus spp. AN 4 ab a ab ab b KW 9 a a ab b a P Pterostichus melanarius AN 4 ab a ab ab b KW 9 a a ab b a H&P Staphylinidae AN 5 ab ab ab a b KW 7 a a a a b H&P Aleocharinae AN 5 ab ab ab a b KW 7 a a a a b BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
    • Herbivores (H) and predators (P) caught 2007 and 2008 in PT Taxa showing significant differences using ANOVA (AN) or Kruskal-Wallis (KW) Taxon Test Sample T2 T5 T3 T4 2008 P Oedothorax spp. AN 2 a ab b ab P Oedothorax apicatus AN 2 a ab b ab P Oedothorax retusus AN 5 a b ab ab P Calathus spp. KW 1 a a a b P Trechus quadristriatus KW 3 a a b a BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
    • Predators in PT: Araneae 2007 2008 Appl 1 Appl 2 Appl 1 Appl 3 Appl 2 Appl 3 T1 80 Mean number of arthropods per trap Mean number of arthropods per trap 50 T2 70 T3 T4 40 60 T5 50 30 40 20 30 20 10 10 0 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 Days after sowing Days after sowing 03.05. 13.05. 23.05. 02.06. 12.06. 22.06. 02.07. 12.07. 22.07. 01.08. 11.08. 21.08. 31.08. 10.09. 30.04. 10.05. 20.05. 30.05. 09.06. 19.06. 29.06. 09.07. 19.07. 29.07. 08.08. 18.08. 28.08. 07.09. T1 T2 T5 T3 T4 a a a a a BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
    • Predators in PT: Oedothorax apicatus (Araneae: Linyphiidae) 2007 2008 T1 Appl 1 Appl 2 Appl 3 Appl 1 Appl 2 Appl 3 35 50 T2 Mean number of arthropods per trap Mean number of arthropods per trap T3 30 T4 40 T5 25 30 20 15 20 10 10 5 0 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 Days after sowing Days after sowing 03.05. 13.05. 23.05. 02.06. 12.06. 22.06. 02.07. 12.07. 22.07. 01.08. 11.08. 21.08. 31.08. 10.09. 30.04. 10.05. 20.05. 30.05. 09.06. 19.06. 29.06. 09.07. 19.07. 29.07. 08.08. 18.08. 28.08. 07.09. T2 T5 T3 T4 a ab b ab BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
    • Predators in PT: Oedothorax retusus (Araneae: Linyphiidae) 2007 2008 Appl 1 Appl 2 Appl 3 3.5 T2 Mean number of arthropods per trap 3.0 T3 T4 2.5 T5 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 Days after sowing 30.04. 10.05. 20.05. 30.05. 09.06. 19.06. 29.06. 09.07. 19.07. 29.07. 08.08. 18.08. 28.08. 07.09. T2 T5 T3 T4 a b ab ab BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
    • Herbivores in PT: Amara spp. (Col.: Carabidae) 2007 2008 T1 Appl 1 Appl 2 Appl 1 Appl 3 Appl 2 8 Appl 3 5 T2 Mean number of arthropods per trap T3 7 T4 4 6 T5 5 3 4 2 3 2 1 1 0 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 Days after sowing Days after sowing 03.05. 13.05. 23.05. 02.06. 12.06. 22.06. 02.07. 12.07. 22.07. 01.08. 11.08. 21.08. 31.08. 10.09. 30.04. 10.05. 20.05. 30.05. 09.06. 19.06. 29.06. 09.07. 19.07. 29.07. 08.08. 18.08. 28.08. 07.09. T1 T2 T5 T3 T4 T1 T2 T5 T3 T4 a ab abc c bc ac b c ab abc BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
    • Predators in PT: Bembidion spp. (Col.: Carabidae) 2007 2008 T1 Appl 1 Appl 2 Appl 1 Appl 3 Appl 2 25 Appl 3 25 T2 Mean number of arthropods per trap T3 T4 20 20 T5 15 15 10 10 5 5 0 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 Days after sowing Days after sowing 03.05. 13.05. 23.05. 02.06. 12.06. 22.06. 02.07. 12.07. 22.07. 01.08. 11.08. 21.08. 31.08. 10.09. 30.04. 10.05. 20.05. 30.05. 09.06. 19.06. 29.06. 09.07. 19.07. 29.07. 08.08. 18.08. 28.08. 07.09. T1 T2 T5 T3 T4 a b ab b a BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
    • Predators/Herbivores in PT: Aleocharinae (Col.: Staphylinidae) 2007 2008 T1 Appl 1 Appl 2 Appl 1 Appl 3 Appl 2 10 Appl 3 15.0 T2 Mean number of arthropods per trap T3 12.5 T4 8 T5 10.0 6 7.5 4 5.0 2 2.5 0 0.0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 Days after sowing Days after sowing 03.05. 13.05. 23.05. 02.06. 12.06. 22.06. 02.07. 12.07. 22.07. 01.08. 11.08. 21.08. 31.08. 10.09. 30.04. 10.05. 20.05. 30.05. 09.06. 19.06. 29.06. 09.07. 19.07. 29.07. 08.08. 18.08. 28.08. 07.09. T1 T2 T5 T3 T4 T1 T2 T5 T3 T4 ab ab ab a b a a a a b BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
    • Herbivores (H) and predators (P) caught on YST Taxa showing significant differences using ANOVA (AN) or Kruskal-Wallis (KW) Taxon Test Sample T1 T2 T5 T3 T4 2007 H Miridae AN 5 a b b b b H&P Syrphidae KW 4 a a a b ab P Coccinellidae KW 2 a a b b a P Propylea KW 2 a a b ab a quatuordecimpunctata 2008 H Auchenorrhyncha AN 2 a ab b ab BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
    • Mean number of arthropods per trap 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 BTL 0 03.05. 13.05. Appl 1 23.05. 20 Appl 2 02.06. 12.06. 40 Appl 3 22.06. 02.07. 60 Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide 12.07. 22.07. 80 2007 01.08. 11.08. 100 Days after sowing 21.08. 31.08. 120 10.09. 20.09. 140 30.09. 10.10. 160 Mean number of arthropods per trap 0 3 6 9 12 15 0 30.04. Appl 1 10.05. 20.05. 20 30.05. Appl 2 09.06. 40 19.06. Appl 3 29.06. 60 09.07. 2008 19.07. 80 29.07. Days after sowing T2 T5 T3 T4 a ab b ab 08.08. 100 18.08. Herbivores in YST: Auchenorrhyncha (Hemiptera) 28.08. 120 07.09. 17.09. 140 T5 T4 T3 T2 T1 Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
    • Predators in YST: Propylea quatuordecimpunctata (Col.: Coccinellidae) 2007 2008 T1 Appl 1 Appl 1 Appl 2 Appl 3 Appl 2 Appl 3 10 3.0 T2 Mean number of arthropods per trap Mean number of arthropods per trap T3 2.5 T4 8 T5 2.0 6 1.5 4 1.0 2 0.5 0 0.0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Days after sowing Days after sowing 03.05. 13.05. 23.05. 02.06. 12.06. 22.06. 02.07. 12.07. 22.07. 01.08. 11.08. 21.08. 31.08. 10.09. 20.09. 30.09. 10.10. 30.04. 10.05. 20.05. 30.05. 09.06. 19.06. 29.06. 09.07. 19.07. 29.07. 08.08. 18.08. 28.08. 07.09. 17.09. T1 T2 T5 T3 T4 a a b ab a BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
    • Mean number of arthropods per trap 0 3 6 9 12 15 BTL 0 03.05. 13.05. Appl 1 23.05. 20 Appl 2 02.06. 12.06. 40 Appl 3 22.06. 02.07. 60 Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide 12.07. 22.07. 80 2007 01.08. 11.08. 100 Days after sowing 21.08. 31.08. 120 T1 T2 T5 T3 T4 a a a b ab 10.09. 20.09. 140 30.09. 10.10. 160 Mean number of arthropods per trap 0 2 4 6 8 10 0 30.04. Appl 1 10.05. 20.05. 20 30.05. Appl 2 09.06. 40 19.06. Appl 3 29.06. 60 09.07. 2008 Predators in YST: Syrphidae (Diptera) 19.07. 80 29.07. Days after sowing 08.08. 100 18.08. 28.08. 120 07.09. 17.09. 140 T5 T4 T3 T2 T1 Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
    • Do we have sufficient information if only the family is known? Dipteranean families caught on colour traps during trials located in Germany and The Netherlands (natural enemies of pests on crop analyzed; not associated with crop, but attracted by colour) Species Family Sum Episyrphus balteatus … … Eupeodes corollae Anthomyiidae 6929 Helophilus affinis Cecidomyiidae 7424 Melanostoma mellinum Chloropidae 7176 Sphaerophoria scripta Drosophilidae 18395 Syrphus torvus Phoridae 7506 Syrphus vitripennis Sciaridae 11342 Trichopsomyia lucida Syrphidae 6063 Eristalis abusiva … … Brachyopa pilosa BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
    • Herbivores (H) and predators (P) observed in VA Taxa showing significant differences using ANOVA (AN) or Kruskal-Wallis (KW) Taxon Test Sample T1 T2 T5 T3 T4 2007 H Miridae AN 3 a ab c bc bc P Anthocoridae KW 3 a a b b ab P Nabidae KW 2 a a a ab b 2008 H Aphididae KW 4 ac c b ab H Aphis frangulae KW 4 a a b b P Neuroptera KW 5 a b b b P Chrysopidae KW 5 a b b b P Anthocoridae AN 5 ab b a ab BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
    • Herbivores in VA: Aphididae (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha) 2007 2008 Appl 1 Appl 2 Appl 3 350 T2 Mean number of arthropods per trap 300 T3 T4 T5 250 200 150 100 50 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Days after sowing 30.04. 10.05. 20.05. 30.05. 09.06. 19.06. 29.06. 09.07. 19.07. 29.07. 08.08. 18.08. 28.08. 07.09. 17.09. T2 T5 T3 T4 ac c b ab BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
    • Predators in VA: Chrysopidae (Neuroptera) 2007 2008 T1 Appl 1 Appl 2 Appl 3 Appl 1 Appl 2 Appl 3 0.30 1.0 T2 Mean number of arthropods per trap Mean number of arthropods per trap T3 0.25 T4 0.8 T5 0.20 0.6 0.15 0.4 0.10 0.2 0.05 0.00 0.0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Days after sowing Days after sowing 03.05. 13.05. 23.05. 02.06. 12.06. 22.06. 02.07. 12.07. 22.07. 01.08. 11.08. 21.08. 31.08. 10.09. 20.09. 30.09. 10.10. 30.04. 10.05. 20.05. 30.05. 09.06. 19.06. 29.06. 09.07. 19.07. 29.07. 08.08. 18.08. 28.08. 07.09. 17.09. T2 T5 T3 T4 a b b b BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
    • Herbivores in VA: Aphididae (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha) Effect of weeds to the number of aphids observed during visual assessments T4 T5 T5 T3 T3 T4 T3 BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
    • Weed Mean percentage coverage (± 95% confidence interval) for Total weed coverage assessed along with and after application B in different treatments 2007 2008 20.0 30.0 Percentage total weed coverage T1 T2 T2 T3 20.0 T3 T4 T4 10.0 T5 T5 10.0 0.0 0.0 -10.0 -10.0 7 29 0 19 42 Days after application B Days after application B BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010
    • Conclusion The new method of controlling weeds using NK603 provided a delayed but similar level of control and had no negative indirect effects on NTO's when tested under field conditions. BTL Bio-Test Labor GmbH Sagerheide Roundup Ready® Maize: The European Perspective, Brussels, March 22-24, 2010