From ASCD formerly the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development
The Partnership for 21st Century Skills has put forth a set of National Action Agenda Principles to clearly define and advance 21st century skills from Kindergarten to Higher Ed in the U-&gt;S-&gt;21st Century Skills Project: Public schools in 14 of our 50 states have subscribed to the 21st Century Skills curriculum-&gt;The idea of using Web 2-&gt;0 tools to create instruction that fosters Higher Order Thinking Skills focuses on two of the fundamentals of 21st Century Skills – Learning and Innovation (Higher Order Thinking Skills)Information, Media and Technology (Digital Literacy)Learning and innovation skills those that separate students who are prepared for more and more complex life and work environments in the 21st century, and those who are not-&gt; A focus on creativity, critical thinking, communication and collaboration is essential to prepare students for the future-&gt;&quot; 2-&gt; As our videoconferencing infants show, We live in a technology and media-rich world, including: 1) access to an abundance of information, 2) rapid changes in technology tools, and 3) the ability to collaborate and make individual contributions on an unprecedented scale-&gt; “To be effective in the 21st century, citizens and workers must be able to exhibit a range of functional and critical thinking skills related to information, media and technology-&gt;&quot;
Bloom's Digital Taxonomy and Collaboration-&gt;Collaboration can take many forms (see above) and value of the collaboration can vary on a large scale, no matter what tool is used to collaborate-&gt; Also, you don't have to collaborate to learn, but often your learning is enhance by doing so-&gt; Collaboration is a 21st Century skill of increasing importance as one that is used throughout the learning process-&gt; In some taxonomic levels the collaboration verbs are included as an element of Bloom's Digital taxonomy and in others its is just a mechanism which can be use to facilitate higher order thinking and learning-&gt;So to prepare our students, our teaching should also model collaboration-&gt; A vast array of collaborative tools are available; all of the five tools we will look at today are collaborative-&gt;
Bloom's Taxonomy is a multi-tiered model of classifying thinking according to six cognitive levels of complexity-&gt; Bloom published the original Taxonomy of the cognitive domain in 1956-&gt; Since then, it has become the de facto standard for classifying educational goals and objectives-&gt; In 2001, Anderson & Krathwohl, published a revision of the original taxonomy-&gt; The goal of the revision was to add relevance for 21st century students and teachers-&gt; The nouns were changed to verb forms to fit the way they are used in learning objectives-&gt; Also, the top two tiers were swapped to make Create the highest order thinking skill-&gt; This version of the taxonomy is more easily applicable in today’s instructionalterms-&gt; (Forehand, M-&gt; (2005)-&gt;The new terms are defined as: Remembering: Retrieving, recognizing, and recalling relevant knowledge from long-term memory-&gt; Understanding: Constructing meaning from oral, written, and graphic messages through interpreting, exemplifying, classifying, summarizing, inferring, comparing, and explaining-&gt; Applying: Carrying out or using a procedure through executing, or implementing-&gt; Analyzing: Breaking material into constituent parts, determining how the parts relate to one another and to an overall structure or purpose through differentiating, organizing, and attributing-&gt; Evaluating: Making judgments based on criteria and standards through checking and critiquing-&gt; Creating: Putting elements together to form a coherent or functional whole; reorganizing elements into a new pattern or structure through generating, planning, or producing-&gt;
In 2008, Andrew Churches took the revised taxonomy one step further by using the “–ing” forms of the verbs to focus on active learning, and, more importantly, adding 21st century/web 2-&gt;0 skills as digital additions-&gt; For example, students show that they are “remembering” information when they can recall it to perform a iGoogle Search-&gt; Or, they show they are “understanding” the material when they describe or explain the information in the form of a Tweet on Twitter, or post a comment on a document-&gt; From Churches’ article: Key Terms - Remembering:Recognizing, listing, describing, identifying, retrieving, naming, locating, finding, Bullet pointing, highlighting, bookmarking, social networking, Social bookmarking, favorite-ing/local bookmarking, Searching, Googling-&gt;Key Terms - Understanding:Interpreting, Summarizing, inferring, paraphrasing, classifying, comparing, explaining, exemplifying, advanced searching, Boolean searching, blog journaling, twittering, categorizing and tagging, commenting, annotating, subscribing-&gt; Key Terms - Applying:Implementing, carrying out, using, executing, running, loading, playing, operating, hacking, uploading, sharing, editing-&gt; Key Terms - Analyzing:Comparing, organizing, deconstructing, Attributing, outlining, finding, structuring, integrating, mashing, linking, reverse-engineering, cracking, mind-mapping, validating, tagging-&gt; Key Terms – Evaluating:Checking, hypothesizing, critiquing, experimenting, judging, testing, detecting, monitoring, (blog/vlog) commenting, reviewing, posting, moderating, collaborating, networking, reflecting, (alpha & beta) testing-&gt; Key Terms – Creating:designing, constructing, planning, producing, inventing, devising, making, programming, filming, animating, Blogging, Video blogging, mixing, remixing, wiki-ing, publishing, video-casting, podcasting, directing/producing, creating or building mash ups-&gt;
What's a Slidecast?A Slidecast is a format for viewing presentation slides synchronized with an audio (mp3) file-&gt; It can be used for conference talks, musical slideshows, webinars, teaching lessons, etc-&gt; You can host your mp3 file on SlideShare-&gt;This is typically thought of as a tool to use to get the content out of the class, and made more readily accessible for students, anytime, anyplace-&gt;However, it could just as easily be use for students to present their own projects-&gt; Additionally, it can become extremely collaborative when placed or embedded into a blog, were students can then comment on in support or disagreement of the presentation, add additionally resources for consideration of the topic, and debate items of interest shown in the slideshare
Log in to g-docs show templates
Inmany of the Human Resources courses at Penn State’s World Campus, students are required to compete assignments in groups-&gt; Typically these assignments are created with two steps to the assessment process, first students create in individual assignment, then work collaboratively in small groups using google docs to compile a group assignment-&gt; Both are submitted to the instructor and evaluated-&gt;In this example students are to discuss the effectiveness of a number of advertisements-&gt;
Might have been fun to experiment with using a blog for this presentation-&gt;Could be used as a running commentary for a course – having students contribute their thoughts through reflective writing
5 Hots Tools For 21st Century Instruction
<li>5 HOTS Tools for 21st Century Instruction<br />Dr-> Stephanie Edel-Malizia<br />Instructional Designer, <br />Blended Learning Initiative<br /></li><li>21st Century Instruction<br />Digital Literacy & 21st Century Skills<br />Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy<br />Five Web 2->0 Tools<br />Wiki’s<br />GoogleDocs<br />Blogs<br />SlideShare<br />VoiceThread<br /></li><li>21st Century Instruction<br /></li><li>21st Century Instruction<br />Heidi Hayes Jacobs<br />Curriculum 21: Essential Education for a Changing World<br /></li><li>21st Century Skills<br />Creativity and Innovation <br />Critical Thinking and Problem Solving <br />Communication and Collaboration <br />Information Literacy<br />Media Literacy<br />ICT Literacy<br /></li><li></li><li>Bloom’s Taxonomy<br />1956 - Original<br />2001 - Revised<br /></li><li>Bloom’s Taxonomy Blooms Digitally<br />2008 Article by Andrew Churches<br />Designing, constructing, planning, producing, inventing, devising, making, Programming, filming, animating, blogging, video blogging, mixing, re-mixing, wiki-ing, publishing, video-casting, podcasting, directing, broadcasting<br />Checking, hypothesizing, critiquing, experimenting, judging, testing, detecting, monitoring, blog commenting, reviewing, posting, moderating, collaborating, networking, posting, moderating, collaborating, networking, refactoring, testing<br />Comparing, organizing, deconstructing, attributing, outlining, finding, structuring, integrating, mashing, linking, validating, reverse engineering, cracking, media clipping<br />2008 - Digital<br /></li><li>21st Century Instruction<br />Wiki<br />A collection of web sites designed to enable anyone with access to contribute or modify content<br />Examples:<br />Pitot House on Wikipedia<br />PSU iMBA Program Wiki<br /></li><li></li><li>PSU iMBA Wiki<br /></li><li>SlideShare<br />A presentation sharing website where users can upload, view, and share presentation files<br />Example:<br />Instructional Practices presentation<br />21st Century Instruction<br /></li><li></li><li>21st Century Instruction<br />Google Docs<br />A free, Web-based word processor, spreadsheet, presentation, and form application<br />Examples:<br />Templates<br />Human Resources/Employee Relations course<br /></li><li></li><li>HRER 505 – Seminar in Human Resources Google Docs assignment<br /></li><li>Blogs<br />A type of website, usually maintained by an individual with regular entries of commentary, descriptions or events, or other material such as graphics or video<br />Examples:<br />Reflections From Our Classroom<br />Class Blogs on The Edublogger<br />21st Century Instruction<br /></li><li></li><li></li><li>VoiceThread<br />A collaborative multimedia slide show that holds images, documents, and videos, and allows people to leave comments using voice, text, an audio file, or video<br />Examples:<br />7th Grade <br />Comm 150 – Film Studies <br />21st Century Instruction<br /></li><li></li><li></li><li>Digital Literacy & 21st Century Skills<br />Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy<br />Five Tools:<br />Wiki’s<br />GoogleDocs<br />Blogs<br />SlideShare<br />VoiceThread<br />21st Century Instruction<br /></li><li>5 HOTS Tools for 21st Century Instruction<br />Any Questions?<br />Recommended <br />student computer ?<br /></li><li>Contact me!<br />Stephanie Edel-Malizia<br />Instructional Designer, Blended Learning<br />Pennsylvania State University<br />World Campus<br />sae12@psu->edu<br />5 HOTS Tools<br /></li><li>Resources:<br />21st Century Skills Project at http://www->21stcenturyskills->org/index->php <br />Churches, Andrew-> &quot;Bloom&apos;s Taxonomy Blooms Digitally->&quot; Educators&apos; eZine (2008)-> Retrieved 8 Aug 2009, from http://www->techlearning->com/article/8670<br />e-Portfolios @ Penn State - http://portfolio->psu->edu/<br />Forehand, M-> (2005)-> Bloom&apos;s taxonomy: Original and revised-> In M-> Orey (Ed->), Emerging perspectives on learning, teaching, and technology-> Retrieved 18 Oct 09, from http://projects->coe->uga->edu/epltt/<br />Krathwohl, D->R-> (2002)-> A Revision of bloom&apos;s taxonomy: an overview-> Theory into Practice, 41(4), 212-218-><br />The Economist Intelligence Unit 2008, The future of higher education: How technology will shape learning http://www->nmc->org/pdf/Future-of-Higher-Ed-(NMC)->pdf<br /></li><li>21st Century Instruction<br />Did you Know?<br /></li>
A particular slide catching your eye?
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.