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Writing your outline
 

Writing your outline

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    Writing your outline Writing your outline Presentation Transcript

    • Writing your Paper Here we go!!!!!
    • World War II -Pacific Theatre 1 World War II -Pacific Theatre 3 Guadacanal-382 nd Platoon, USMC, first battle for CTDuring early part of WWI, Japanese broke every code wedevised. Had plenty of fluent English speakers at their “deploying troops without tipping off the enemy was adisposal. They sabotaged messages, sent false messages challenge” and Japan had “homefield” advantage. Japanand ambushed Allies. always knew our positions.Guadalcanal-first battle code talkers were used. Once CT began, we gained ground immediately.Commanders using old code complained about excessivetime to encrypt and decrypt messages ( 2-3 hours). Ingenious Idea 2World War II-Pacific Theatre 3 1942-Johnston met with Maj Gen Clayton B Vogel, CG orBy 1941, Japan was invading China anBy 1941, Japan was Amph Corps….he was so impressed, he recommended theinvading China and Southeast Asia.US tried to encourage recruitment of 200 code talkers.peaceful negotiation. Japan attacked our Pacific Fleet at itsheadquarters, Pearl Harbor, HI on Dec 7, 1941.PresidentRoosevelt subsequently declared war on Japan. We sent 3Marines to fight on Japanesed Southeast Asia.US tried to encourage peaceful Two recruiters met with Chee Dodge, Chrmn of the Tribalnegotiation. Japan attacked our Pacific Fleet at its Council. He liked the idea and sent word to the tribes byheadquarters, Pearl Harbor, HI on Dec 7, 1941.President short wave radio. Response was swift and strong. SomeRoosevelt subsequently declared war on Japan. We sent even lied about their age to be able to serve in the war.Marines to fight on JapaneseIngenious Idea 1Early 1942, recruited 29 Navajo to be the first CT Ingenious Idea 1 Code talkers-young Navajos in WWIIThey: Conceived code, Excelled at basic training due totheir ruggedness of their tribal upbringing, young Served in every major battle from 1942-45 “most ingeniousmen/boys from 15-35, trained at Camp Elliot and Camp and successful code in military history”.Pendleton in CA, the code had 200 terms at the start and “played a pivotal role in saving countless lives and hasteningeventually grew to 600, they could communicate in 20 the war’s end”seconds what it took code machines 30 mins to do.
    • Ingenious Idea 1 Navajos 4Used words in Navajo that resembled their military terms: Navajo is the largest reservation in North America. (27,000 sq miles) at four corners.Tank turtle chay-da-gahi 1300-1600 Navajos came to SW from the NW. BeganDivebomber chickenhawk raiding Spanish settlers (known by Spanish as GreatAlso used Navajo words to represent letters, for ex. Warriors) By 1750, Navajo living in NE Arizona didn’t live in organized tribes, but as mobile families.Wo-la-chee=ant=letter ANavajo POW couldn’t even figure out code…Marinecryptologists couldn’t write or decode it. Ingenious Idea 1 Navajos 4Philip Johnston had solution to code problem. He was son 1848-Americans try to take Navajo landsof a missionary who grew up on Navajo reservation andwas fluent in their difficult language. 1850-60-Fight US for lands…Americans killed and captured thousands of Navajo and made them take “The He thought it would be Long Walk”. indecipherable. After demonstrating, he was given permission for Navajo 1868-Navajo allowed to return to homeland Code Talker Code Program in 1942. Ingenious Idea 3 Language-Navajos 1Their upbringing made boot camp easy---hard part wascreation of code (officers worried someone would know No alphabetNavajo) later tested on some Navajos and they were Only about 30 outsiders were fluentunable to understand. Impossible to master w/o early exposure
    • Navajos 4 Code Talkers at War 1Success of code attrib. to fact that Navajo families lived by Teddy Draper, SR. Iwo Jima, wounded in face and leg bythemselves, remote and not together as a tribe. Kept mortar fire but kept fighting anyway.their language from being known by anyone butthemselves. Landed with marines on Green Beach and ran thru enemy fire and back to get lost equip. to fix comm. Lines.By end of war:540 Marine Navajos420 were Code Talkers Code Talkers at War 1 Other Code Talkers 4After training sent to marine divisions in Pac Johnston ( a veteran of WWI) “had heard of a WWI battleTheatre, in which Choctaw Indians were talking by radio. ItNet with skepticism, quickly gained respect. No code ever completely fooled the Germans.” It helped the Americanswritten, they were living codes, secure victory.Battle of Iwo Jima-coded 800 transmissions perfectly andwas lynchpin this victory. Code Talkers at War 2 Post War 1Once trained-CT to a Marine Unit primary job was to talktransmitting info on tactics and troop movements, orders After war-they were silent heroes who kept code a secret.and other battlefield comm. Over phone and radio. 1968 the code was declassifiedIwo Jima- Maj Howard Connor(5th Marines) said, “Were it 2001 CT finally rec’d recognition.not for the Navajos, the Marines would never have takenIwo Jima. Connor had 6 talkers-800 message w/o error.Japanese remained baffled thru war.
    • World War I 5 Other Code Talkers 6“Choctaw code talkers were 19 Choctaw Indians from OK Meskwaki---Iowa 27 men (16% of total tribe pop) enlistedwho pioneered the used of NA Language as military code” in 1941 in US Army and used their language against theGermans were extremely good at code breaking and US Germans.military thought they had broken every code in use. Basque---Capt Frank Carranza got idea of using BasqueCol. AW Bloor(142nd Inf in France) saw 2 of his man whowere using Choctaw and concocted a plan to use their code talkers in May 1942 after meeting 60 marines ofnative language as a code. Basque ancestry. Wary due to some Basque influence in China and Philippines, so Basque was only used in HI and Australia. World War I 5 Other Code Talkers 6First use: Oct 26, 1918 Bloor ordered a difficult w/d of 2 8-1-1942---Lts. Aguirre, Bakaicoa and Juanna rec’d Basqueco of the 2nd battalion from Chufilly to Chardeny. They coded messages from San Diego warning Adm. Nimitz ofused Choctaw to manage the troop movement. “The upcoming Operation Apple, which would removeenemy’s complete surprise is evidence that it could not Japanese from the Solomon Islands.decipher the messages.” (Bloor) “A captured Germanofficer confirmed that they were completely surprised by There weren’t many Basque speakers, so Navajo becamethe Indian Language and gained no benefit whatsoever: primary code.from tapping into their conversation. As a result of thissuccess, Choctaw were p laced in each company to sendand rec. messages by telephone. Other Code Talkers 6 Post War 1Adolph Hitler knew of code talkers during WWi and sent After war-they were silent heroes who kept code a secret.several anthrop. To learn native American languages, but 1968 the code was declassifiedhad little luck. Because of this code talkers were not usedmuch in Europe. 2001 CT finally rec’d recognition. 3 Navajo Code Talkers cont’d thru Korean War and ended toward beginning of Vietnam.(longevity speaks to effectiveness)
    • One can see that I have these main topics:• World War I• World War II Pacific Theater• Ingenious Idea• Navajos• Code Talkers at War• Other Code Talkers• After the War
    • These should be the Basis of our outline:I. World War I • World War I 5 A. German code breakers • “Choctaw code talkers were 19 B. Colonel Bloor discovers Choctaws Choctaw Indians from OK who1. First Use of Choctaws pioneered the used of NA Language as military code” a. Successful troop removal Germans were extremely good b. Bloor-complete surprise at code breaking and US c. Germans baffled military thought they had C. Cherokee broken every code in use. 1. Battle of the Somme-3oth • Col. AW Bloor(142nd Inf inInfantry France) saw 2 of his man who were using Choctaw and concocted a plan to use their native language as a code. •
    • Topic 1: World War II. World War I World War I 5 A. German code breakers First use: Oct 26, 1918 Bloor B. Colonel Bloor discovers ordered a difficult w/d of 2 co of the Choctaws 2nd battalion from Chufilly to 1. First Use of Choctaws Chardeny. They used Choctaw to manage the troop movement. “The a. Successful troop removal enemy’s complete surprise is b. Bloor-complete surprise evidence that it could not decipher c. Germans baffled the messages.” (Bloor) “A captured C. Cherokee German officer confirmed that they were completely surprised by the 1. Battle of the Somme-3oth Indian Language and gained no Infantry benefit whatsoever: from tapping into their conversation. As a result of this success, Choctaw were p laced in each company to send and rec. messages by telephone.
    • Topic 2: Other Code TalkersII. Other Code Talkers Other Code Talkers 6 A. WWII-Hitler attempts code break Meskwaki---Iowa 27 men (16% of total tribe pop) enlisted in 1941 in US Army B. 30 Anthropologists and used their language against the C. Meskwaki Germans. D. Basque Basque---Capt Frank Carranza got idea of using Basque code talkers in May 1942Other Code Talkers 6 after meeting 60 marines of Basque ancestry. Wary due to some BasqueAdolph Hitler knew of code talkers influence in China and Philippines, soduring WWi and sent several Basque was only used in HI and Australia. Other Code Talkers 6anthrop. To learn native American 8-1-1942---Lts. Aguirre, Bakaicoa andlanguages, but had little luck. Juanna rec’d Basque coded messagesBecause of this code talkers were from San Diego warning Adm. Nimitz of upcoming Operation Apple, which wouldnot used much in Europe. remove Japanese from the Solomon Islands. There weren’t many Basque speakers, so Navajo became primary code.
    • Topic 3: Pacific Theater World War II-Pacific Theatre 3 By 1941, Japan was invading China and Southeast Asia.US triedIII. Pacific Theater to encourage peaceful negotiation. Japan attacked our Pacific Fleet at its headquarters, Pearl Harbor, HI on Dec 7, A. Japanese Aggression 1941.President Roosevelt subsequently declared war on Japan. We sent Marines to fight on Japanese 1. Invasion in the Pacific and Southeast Asia.US tried to encourage peaceful 2. Pearl Harbor World War II -Pacific Theatre 1 During early part of WWI, Japanese broke every code we 3. U.S declares war devised. Had plenty of fluent English speakers at their disposal. They sabotaged messages, sent false messages and ambushed B. Campaigns Against Japan Allies. 1. American efforts Guadalcanal-first battle code talkers were used. Commanders using old code complained about excessive time to encrypt and 2. Japan’s code breakers- decrypt messages ( 2-3 hours). Guadalcanal World War II -Pacific Theatre 3 3. What can the U.S. do? Guadacanal-382 nd Platoon, USMC, first battle for CT “deploying troops without tipping off the enemy was a challenge” and Japan had “home field” advantage. Japan always knew our positions. Once CT began, we gained ground immediately.
    • Topic 4: Ingenious IdeaIngenious Idea 1 Ingenious Idea 2Used words in Navajo that resembled their military terms: 1942-Johnston met with Maj Gen Clayton B Vogel, CG orTank turtle chay-da-gahi Amph Corps….he was so impressed, he recommended theDivebomber chickenhawk recruitment of 200 code talkers. 3Also used Navajo words to represent letters, for ex. Two recruiters met with Chee Dodge, Chrmn of the TribalWo-la-chee=ant=letter A Council. He liked the idea and sent word to the tribes byNavajo POW couldn’t even figure out code…Marine short wave radio. Response was swift and strong. Some evencryptologists couldn’t write or decode it. lied about their age to be able to serve in the warIngenious Idea 1Philip Johnston had solution to code problem. He was son of Ingenious Idea 1a missionary who grew up on Navajo reservation and was Early 1942, recruited 29 Navajo to be the first CTfluent in their difficult language.He thought it would be indecipherable. After demonstrating, They: Conceived code, Excelled at basic training due to theirhe was given permission for Navajo Code Talker Code Program ruggedness of their tribal upbringing, young men/boys fromin 1942. 15-35, trained at Camp Elliot and Camp Pendleton in CA, theIngenious Idea 3 code had 200 terms at the start and eventually grew to 600,Their upbringing made boot camp easy---hard part was they could communicate in 20 seconds what it took codecreation of code (officers worried someone would know machines 30 mins to do.Navajo) later tested on some Navajos and they were unableto understand. Served in every major battle from 1942-45 “most ingenious and successful code in military history”. “played a pivotal role in saving countless lives and hastening the war’s end”
    • Topic 4 OutlineIV. Ingenious Idea E. The CodeA. Philip Johnston 1 Terms 1. Parents were missionaries 2. Military terms 2. Fluent in Navajo 3. Alphabet “spelling” 3. Presents idea to military 4. Unwritten B. Codetalkers in Training 1. Original 29 2. Trained at Camp Elliot 3. Ages 15-35, lied about age
    • Topic 5: NavajosV. Navajos Navajos 4 Navajo is the largest reservation in North America. (27,000 sq miles) at four corners. A. Origins of the Navajo 1300-1600 Navajos came to SW from the NW. Began raiding Spanish settlers (known by Spanish as Great 1. came from NW to SW Warriors) By 1750, Navajo living in NE Arizona didn’t live in organized tribes, but as mobile families. 2. Raiders-Great Warriors Navajos 4 1848-Americans try to take Navajo lands 3. Not tribal 1850-60-Fight US for lands…Americans killed and captured thousands of Navajo and made them take “The Long Walk”. B. US. Takes their land 1868-Navajo allowed to return to homeland Language-Navajos 1 C. Language No alphabet Only about 30 outsiders were fluent Impossible to master w/o early exposure
    • Topic 6: Codetalkers at WarVI. Codetalkers at War Code Talkers at War 1 After training sent to marine divisions in Pac Theatre, Net with skepticism, quickly gained respect. No code ever written, they were living codes, Battle of Iwo Jima-coded 800 transmissions perfectly and was lynchpin this victory. Code Talkers at War 2 Once trained-CT to a Marine Unit primary job was to talk transmitting info on tactics and troop movements, orders and other battlefield comm. Over phone and radio. Iwo Jima- Maj Howard Connor(5th Marines) said, “Were it not for the Navajos, the Marines would never have taken Iwo Jima. Connor had 6 talkers-800 message w/o error. Japanese remained baffled thru war. Code Talkers at War 1 Teddy Draper, SR. Iwo Jima, wounded in face and leg by mortar fire but kept fighting anyway. Landed with marines on Green Beach and ran thru enemy fire and back to get lost equip. to fix comm. Lines.
    • Topic 7: After the War/ ConclusionVII. After the War Post War 1 After war-they were silent heroes who kept code a secret. 1968 the code was declassified 2001 CT finally rec’d recognition. Post War 1 After war-they were silent heroes who kept code a secret. 1968 the code was declassified 2001 CT finally rec’d recognition. Post War 3 Navajo Code Talkers cont’d thru Korean War and ended toward beginning of Vietnam.(longevity speaks to effectiveness)
    • Preliminary OutlineI. World War I A. German code breakers B. Colonel Bloor discovers Choctaws 1. First Use of Choctaws a. Successful troop removal b. Bloor-complete surprise c. Germans baffled C. Cherokee 1. Battle of the Somme-3oth InfantryII. Other Code Talkers A. WWII-Hitler attempts code break B. 30 Anthropologists C. Meskwaki D. BasqueIII. Pacific Theater A. Japanese Aggression 1. Invasion in the Pacific 2. Pearl Harbor 3. U.S declares war B. Campaigns Against Japan 1. American efforts 2. Japan’s code breakers- Guadalcanal 3. What can the U.S. do?