READING NONFICTION  Types and Purposes
WHAT IS NONFICTION?The subject of nonfiction is real The author writes about actual  persons, places and events. The wri...
CRITICAL READINGLook at writer’s backgroundLook at writer’s purposeLook at writer’s attitudeLook at writer’s audience
JOURNALISM•Newspapers•Magazines•Online sources
TYPES OF JOURNALISM          Interviews          Columns          Reviews          Articles          Editorials          E...
ESSAYS
TYPES OF ESSAYS•Formal Essay   •A prose discussion on a serious topic in a   serious manner, usually rigidly structured   ...
OTHER TYPES OF      ESSAYSComparison andContrast EssaysPersuasiveEssaysCause and EffectEssays
PERSONALCHRONICLES
DIARIES AND JOURNALS      Diaries: a private      form of writing with      no further intended      audience      Journal...
LETTERSPrivate LettersPublic LetterLetters can   Reveal character   Express opinions   Ask for information   Give info...
AUTOBIOGRAPHYWritten by the subject for publicationAuthor has some purpose for writing To teach To arouse awareness To ...
MEMOIRSA TYPE OF AUTOBIOGRAPHICALWRITING, DEALING WITH THERECOLLECTIONS OF PROMINENTPEOPLE OR PEOPLE WHO HAVEBEEN A PART O...
BIOGRAPHY     The accurate     presentation of a life     story from birth to death     of an individual.     Historical b...
OTHER TYPES OF  NONFICTION        Speeches        Historical Writing        Science Writing        Technical writing      ...
ELEMENTS OF        NONFICTIONCharacters, Plot, and Setting. Likefiction, nonfiction has characters, plot,and setting. Howe...
MORE ELEMENTSPurpose. Different types of nonfiction havedifferent purposes. Biographies andautobiographies, for example, h...
AND MORE ELEMENTS Tone. The writers attitude toward his or her subject matter is called tone. A writers tone may be sympat...
HOW TO READNONFICTION      Try to separate Facts      from Opinions.      The writer has chosen      facts that present a ...
MORE READING TIPSThink about thewriters purpose.Is the writer trying towin you over to his orher opinion?Learn to apprecia...
FINAL READING TIPS          Be aware of the          writers tone.          Frequently a writer          reveals much abou...
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Reading nonfiction

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Reading nonfiction

  1. 1. READING NONFICTION Types and Purposes
  2. 2. WHAT IS NONFICTION?The subject of nonfiction is real The author writes about actual persons, places and events. The writer may just report facts The writer may also include personal opinions Often there is a mixture of both Readers must read critically
  3. 3. CRITICAL READINGLook at writer’s backgroundLook at writer’s purposeLook at writer’s attitudeLook at writer’s audience
  4. 4. JOURNALISM•Newspapers•Magazines•Online sources
  5. 5. TYPES OF JOURNALISM Interviews Columns Reviews Articles Editorials Editorial Cartoons
  6. 6. ESSAYS
  7. 7. TYPES OF ESSAYS•Formal Essay •A prose discussion on a serious topic in a serious manner, usually rigidly structured and organized.•Informal Essay •A prose discussion on any topic in a light, humorous, amusing manner; often loosely organized, rambling and casual in approach.
  8. 8. OTHER TYPES OF ESSAYSComparison andContrast EssaysPersuasiveEssaysCause and EffectEssays
  9. 9. PERSONALCHRONICLES
  10. 10. DIARIES AND JOURNALS Diaries: a private form of writing with no further intended audience Journals: varying styles and topics. Give a glimpse of the writer’s value of his or her world
  11. 11. LETTERSPrivate LettersPublic LetterLetters can Reveal character Express opinions Ask for information Give informationAudience and Purposeinfluence tone.
  12. 12. AUTOBIOGRAPHYWritten by the subject for publicationAuthor has some purpose for writing To teach To arouse awareness To warn Simply to entertain
  13. 13. MEMOIRSA TYPE OF AUTOBIOGRAPHICALWRITING, DEALING WITH THERECOLLECTIONS OF PROMINENTPEOPLE OR PEOPLE WHO HAVEBEEN A PART OF OR HAVEWITNESSED SIGNIFICANT EVENTS.CONSIDERED BOTHAUTOBIOGRAPHICAL ANDHISTORICAL
  14. 14. BIOGRAPHY The accurate presentation of a life story from birth to death of an individual. Historical biographies include strands of an individual’s life interwoven with historical persons, places and events.
  15. 15. OTHER TYPES OF NONFICTION Speeches Historical Writing Science Writing Technical writing Writing online Miscellaneous writing
  16. 16. ELEMENTS OF NONFICTIONCharacters, Plot, and Setting. Likefiction, nonfiction has characters, plot,and setting. However, these elementsare real, not made up. The maincharacter in an autobiography orbiography is called the subject. Thesubjects words, thoughts, and actionsare presented.
  17. 17. MORE ELEMENTSPurpose. Different types of nonfiction havedifferent purposes. Biographies andautobiographies, for example, have thepurpose of informing the reader. They useexplanatory, descriptive, and narrativeparagraphs. Other types of nonfiction, suchas newspaper editorials, are intended to winreaders over to a certain opinion. They usepersuasive paragraphs. Sometimes a piece ofwriting combines purposes.
  18. 18. AND MORE ELEMENTS Tone. The writers attitude toward his or her subject matter is called tone. A writers tone may be sympathetic, It may be bitter, It may be comic, hopeful, solemn, or anything the writer likes.
  19. 19. HOW TO READNONFICTION Try to separate Facts from Opinions. The writer has chosen facts that present a certain picture of the subject. Think about what might be missing as well as what is there.
  20. 20. MORE READING TIPSThink about thewriters purpose.Is the writer trying towin you over to his orher opinion?Learn to appreciatehow well a writer sayssomething, even whenyou dont agree.Be a critical reader.
  21. 21. FINAL READING TIPS Be aware of the writers tone. Frequently a writer reveals much about himself or herself by the tone he or she uses. This is especially important in autobiographical writing
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