• The Character by William Wordsworth • I marvel how Nature could ever find space For so many strange contrasts in one human face:Quatrains: Theres thought and no thought, and theres paleness and bloomThe poem to the right is a quatrain, in And bustle and sluggishness, pleasure and gloom.the form AA BB…quatrains can also bein AAAA form, AABA form or ABAB Theres weakness, and strength both redundant and vain;form. Such strength as, if ever affliction and pain Could pierce through a temper thats soft to disease, Would be rational peace--a philosophers ease.They are frequently in iambicpentameter (like Shakespeare) which Theres indifference, alike when he fails or succeeds, And attention full ten times as much as there needs;means it is said with a da dum beat Pride where theres no envy, theres so much of joy;repeated 5 times. And mildness, and spirit both forward and coy. Theres freedom, and sometimes a diffident stareda DUM, da DUM, da DUM, da Of shame scarcely seeming to know that shes there,DUM, da DUM. Theres virtue, the title it surely may claim, Yet wants heaven knows what to be worthy the name.Here is a stanza in AABA form… This picture from nature may seem to depart,Come, fill the Cup, and in the fire of Spring Yet the Man would at once run away with your heart;Your Winter garment of Repentance fling: And I for five centuries right gladly would beThe Bird of Time has but a little way Such an odd such a kind happy creature as he.To flutter--and the Bird is on the Wing.
Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard by Thomas GrayThe curfew tolls the knell of parting day, Beneath those rugged elms, that yew-treesThe lowing herd winds slowly oer the lea, shade,The ploughman homeward plods his weary Where heaves the turf in many a moulderingway, heap,And leaves the world to darkness and to me. Each in his narrow cell for ever laid, The rude Forefathers of the hamlet sleep.Now fades the glimmering landscape on thesight, The breezy call of incense-breathing morn,And all the air a solemn stillness holds, The swallow twittering from the straw-builtSave where the beetle wheels his droning shed,flight, The cocks shrill clarion, or the echoing horn,And drowsy tinklings lull the distant folds: No more shall rouse them from their lowly bed.Save that from yonder ivy-mantled tower For them no more the blazing hearth shallThe moping owl does to the moon complain burn,Of such as, wandering near her secret bower, Or busy housewife ply her evening care:Molest her ancient solitary reign. No children run to lisp their sires return, Or climb his knees the envied kiss to share,
Another Quatrain (in iambic Pentameter)William Butler Yeats (1865-1939) When You Are Old WHEN you are old and gray and full of sleep, And nodding by the fire, take down this book, And slowly read, and dream of the soft look Your eyes had once, and of their shadows deep; How many loved your moments of glad grace, And loved your beauty with love false or true, But one man loved the pilgrim soul in you, And loved the sorrows of your changing face; And bending down beside the glowing bars, Murmur, a little sadly, how Love fled And paced upon the mountains overhead And hid his face among a crowd of stars.
Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening By Robert FrostWhose woods these are I think I He gives his harness bells a shakeknow. To ask if there is some mistake.His house is in the village though; The only other sound’s the sweepHe will not see me stopping here Of easy wind and downy flake.To watch his woods fill up withsnow. The woods are lovely, dark andMy little horse must think it queer deep.To stop without a farmhouse near But I have promises to keep,Between the woods and frozen And miles to go before I sleep,lake And miles to go before I sleep.The darkest evening of the year.
How to Write Your Poem in Quatrain Form1. Choose a subject for your poem. More abstract topics such as nature or emotionare easiest to find rhyme for, however you can write about anything. It could even tella story as your poem can have more than one stanza.2. Choose a rhyme scheme. It is best to choose the rhyme scheme before you startwriting however you may have to change it later if you cant find anything to fit.Common rhyme schemes for a quatrain are: ABAB, ABCD. If you have more than oneverse you could consider: AABA BBCB CCDC etc. or similar. An example of ABAB rhyme scheme would be: A:Today there was some snow B: Its falling down a treat A:Then the wind began to blow B: And now its turned to sleet. Notice how all the "A" lines rhyme and all the "B" lines rhyme. The first example in step one is AABB rhyme scheme. The second is ABAB. The first line is the base of your poem because they dont have to rhyme with anything yet. Start with this
Writing QuatrainsLast Step:Brain storm a list of words that rhyme with the lastword of the line youve written, but try to find onesthat can be related to your topic.The first line is always called "A" so check the rhymescheme youve chosen and see where the line thatrhymes with A (also called A) fits into your poem.Build on the words youve brainstormed so theybecome a line. For beginners, try and create lines allof similar lengths and meter (10 syllables).
• William Shakespeare’s Macbeth Tomorrow, and tomorrow, andBlank Verse tomorrow,Definition of Blank Verse Creeps in this petty pace from day to day,Blank Verse is Poetry that iswritten in unrhymed iambic To the last syllable of recorded time;pentameter. Blank verse is And all our yesterdays have lightedoften unobtrusive and the foolsiambic pentameter form The way to dusty death.often resembles the rhythms Out, out, brief candle!of ordinary speech. William Lifes but a walking shadow, a poorShakespeare wrote most of playerhis plays in blank verse. That struts and frets his hour upon the stage And then is heard no more: it is a tale Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, Signifying nothing.
A classic example of iambic pentameter is this line written by John Keats: To swell the gourd, and plump the hazelHow to Write Blank Verse shells.To understand blank verse poetry, you Sometimes a line written in iambicneed to understand iambicpentameter, which is the typical pentameter will have an extra, weaklyrhyming and stress scheme behind stressed syllable at the end. This is calledmost poetry. Iambic pentameter is a iambic pentameter with a weak ending. Anline of 10 syllables, with the accent example of this is the followingfalling on thesecond, fourth, sixth, eighth and tenth line, written by William Shakespeare:syllables. Whether you realize it or To be, or not to be: that is the question.not, youve heard iambic pentametermany, many times. You probably just Blank verse poetry makes use of iambicdidnt know what to call it pentameter, but the lines are not required to rhyme. This frees up the poet to write more freely, focusing more on the stress or accenting of the lines. Youll want to make use of each stanza as a tool to separate out groups of thoughts.
Steps to Writing Your Poem in Blank Verse• Master the rhythm of iambic pentameter…think of a horse’s canter• da DUM, da DUM, da DUM, da DUM, da DUM• Think of what you would like to write about and begin writing…don’t worry about having the exact 10 syllables per line at first…• Write the idea and eliminate or trade words for iambic pentameter
Steps to Writing Your Poem in Blank Verse• When I see the sun rising over the meadowThis line has 11 syllables and we need 10…Weneed to eliminate or trade words to make it 10.When I see the sun rise over the meadowWhen I see the sun rising over meadowsWhen I see the sun rising over the field.