1500 B.C. The Aryans (a group of Indo-Europeans) come to India.They are herders who lived simply andspoke a language called Sanskrit.Legends says that the Aryans came in andconquered the Harappans, but historiansbelieve that evidence shows that the Harappancities were destroyed by natural disaster longbefore the Aryans arrived.
Dravidians were there when the Aryansarrived. The Aryans brought their religionand their simple way of life. The Dravidiansshowed them how to live in their cities.
They blended into a complex culture…of classes which were associated with their jobs. Brahmans---priests, scholars, teachers Ksatriya---rulers, nobles, warriors Vaisya---bankers, farmers, merchants Sudra---artisans, laborers Untouchables---jobs no one else will do
Brahmanism Was the religion brought by the Aryans It was named for the priests or Brahmans Brahmins reading the Vedic Chants
Worshiped many nature deities Made sacrifices of animals to sacred fires Ceremonies developed, some lasted days or even months Rituals and hymns are found in the Vedas (4 books that detail Brahman beliefs, the most important one is the Rig Veda)
Changing Beliefs People began to question how the world “worked” and beliefs changed They began to believe that the multiple deities were just expressions of one central deity.
Mahabharata Indians wrote down their history One of these accounts is an epic poem called the Mahabharata. The Bhagavad Gita is part of it.
Brahmanism develops into Hinduism Recognizes one supreme life force who takes the form of several deities. These other deities are…
Brahma the Creatoris the Hindu god (deva) ofcreation and one of theTrimūrti, the others beingViṣhņu and Śhiva.According to the BrahmaPurāņa, he is the father ofManu, and from Manu allhuman beings aredescended.
Vishnu the ProtectorVishnu as the All-Pervading essence ofall beings, the masterof—and beyond—thepast, present andfuture, one whosupports, sustains andgoverns the Universeand originates anddevelops all elementswithin. Vishnu governsthe aspect ofpreservation andsustenance of theuniverse, so he iscalled "Preserver ofthe universe".
Shiva the DestroyerHe is regarded asthe most powerfulgod in hinduism.Shiva is a yogiwho has notice ofeverything thathappens in theworld and is themain aspect oflife. Yet one withgreat power, helives a life of asage at MountKailash.
Reincarnation A major belief of Hindus is reincarnation, the belief that all beings are reborn after death. Hindus believe that your behavior in this life determines your place in the next. The principal of Karma says that those who live a bad life will be born into a lowly position in the next life…
Beliefs Hindus believe the only way to break the cycle of reincarnation is for someone to reach spiritual union with their god. Yoga and Meditation play an important role in Hindus’ lives. Hindus believe that the way to god is to faithfully carry out their job duties (dictated by their birth into their caste).