Mulvey powerpoint

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Mulvey powerpoint

  1. 1. Cinema & Pleasure: Man as bearer of the look
  2. 2. Fascination and film <ul><li>Film fascinates us (engages our emotions), through images and spectacle </li></ul><ul><li>Mulvey uses psychoanalysis ‘to discover where and how the fascination of film is reinforced by pre-existing patterns of fascination already at work within the individual subject’ (= spectator) </li></ul><ul><li>She says she is using psychoanalytic theory ‘as a political weapon’ </li></ul>
  3. 3. Cinema and pleasure <ul><li>Hollywood/mainstream/narrative cinema manipulates visual pleasure . </li></ul><ul><li>It ‘codes the erotic into the language of the dominant patriarchal order’. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Scopophilia <ul><li>Scopophilia = pleasure in looking (Sigmund Freud 1905, in ‘Three Essays’) </li></ul><ul><li>examples of the private and curious gaze: children’s voyeurism, cinematic looking </li></ul><ul><li>the most pleasurable looking = looking at the human form and the human face, figural looking (corresponds to psychic patterns) </li></ul>
  5. 5. ‘ Woman as image, man as bearer of the look’ <ul><li>pleasure in looking split between active/male and passive/female </li></ul><ul><li>women connote ‘to-be-looked-at-ness’ </li></ul><ul><li>the visual presence of women ‘works against the development of a story-line, freezes the flow of action in moments of erotic contemplation’ </li></ul>
  6. 6. ‘ Woman as image, man as bearer of the look’ (cont…) <ul><li>the woman functions as both erotic object for the characters within the screen story and erotic object for the spectator within the auditorium (object of fantasy ) </li></ul><ul><li>the spectator is led to identify with the main male protagonist </li></ul><ul><li>‘ the power of the male protagonist as he controls events coincides with the active power of the erotic look’ </li></ul>
  7. 7. Fetishistic scopophilia <ul><li>the image of the woman also carries a threat </li></ul><ul><li>there are two avenues of escape from fear of femininity for the male spectator </li></ul><ul><ul><li>investigate the woman, demystify her mystery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>disavow (deny) castration by turning the woman into a reassuring fetish. The image of the woman > overvalued: this is the cult of the (beautiful) female star. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The male gaze and fetishistic scopophilia in Hitchcock films <ul><li>scopophilia is the force driving the movements and positioning of the camera </li></ul><ul><li>the gaze is male, and the spectator is led to identify with this male gaze </li></ul><ul><li>the cinematic apparatus is not gender-neutral </li></ul>

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