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Algeria

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A lesson on the African nation Algeria, for year 9 geography SOW

A lesson on the African nation Algeria, for year 9 geography SOW

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  • ♣ ((My Official language is Arabic, but many of my inhabitants also speak French)) ... Thank you for Berberians (Kabyle, Chaoui, Tergui, Mzab, ...
    Please, check the Algerian Constitution, in the first page, it may surprise you. -_-'
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  • 1. STARTER
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g8mA4L4ZeA8&feature=related
    National anthem
    Which nation is today’s subject? Identify from the clues!
    This is my flag
    This is my shape
    My official language is Arabic, but many of my inhabitants also speak French
    My main export is Natural Gas and other Petroleum based products
    I share borders with Mali, Mauritania, Western Sahara, Libya, Tunisia, Morocco and Niger
    I have a coastline on the Mediterranean Sea
    A large part of me is covered by the Sahara desert
  • 2. Algeria or الجزائر
    Aim
    To get to know the little known nation of Algeria
    To understand the problems of having a inhospitable landscape
    To appreciate some of the world’s protected places
  • 3. Algeria has a troubled past-
    A bloody struggle for independence from colonial France in the 60s
    Internal conflict between conflicting groups within it’s borders- some who support a more westernised culture and some who support a more ‘traditionally’ Islamic culture and those who are berber and cherish there indigenous berber culture
    Many people of my generation grew up in conflict with bombs and guns symbols of everday life
  • 4. Due to the struggles Algeria has a very strong identity today and as my Algerian friends say ‘you can take a man out of Algeria, but you cannot take Algeria out of the man’
    So lets discover a little more about this little known nation
    Fill in your sheet as we go through the next few slides
  • 5. Algeria’s main cities and towns
    The capital is Algiers, on the Mediterranean coast
    The other major cities are Oran in the North West, Tindouf in the Centre West, Tamanrasset in the South and Constantine and Annaba to the North East
  • 6. Algeria’s physical Geography!!
    Sahara Desert
    Algeria’s lowest point is ChottMelrhir near Biskra
    It’s highest is Mount Tahat near Tamanrasset
    The Sahara covers most of the country
  • 7. The Hoggar Mountains
    EL HOGGAR
  • 8. Algeria’s Gas fields
  • 9. ALGERIA TASK SHEET
    ALGERIA TASK SHEET
    Task One
    On your outline mark the following-
    The capital City in the correct place with a star
    The Sahara Desert
    The main cities of Oran, Constantine,
    Tamanrasset and Tindouf
    The Mediterranean coastline
    The Hoggar mountains
    The main gas field areas
    The countries lowest point at
    The countries highest point at
    Task One
    On your outline mark the following-
    The capital City in the correct place with a star
    The Sahara Desert
    The main cities of Oran, Constantine,
    Tamanrasset and Tindouf
    The Mediterranean coastline
    The Hoggar mountains
    The main gas field areas
    The countries lowest point at
    The countries highest point at
    Task Two-
    Using the information sheets compete a fully annotated map of Algeria, showing
    places to visit and giving reasons to go (atleast 2 cities/ towns and 2 natural features and 1 world heritage site)- locate these on your map
    Describe how you will bet there from London
    Outline the problems it faces as a nation
    Include information about Algerian culture and language
    5 Interesting facts
    Task Two-
    Using the information sheets compete a fully annotated map of Algeria, showing
    places to visit and giving reasons to go (atleast 2 cities/ towns and 2 natural features and 1 world heritage site)- locate these on your map
    Describe how you will bet there from London
    Outline the problems it faces as a nation
    Include information about Algerian culture and language
    5 interesting facts
  • 10.
  • 11. Task One
    Complete task one from the worksheet- when you have finished, come and take a piece of A3 paper and stick your completed map in the centre-
  • 12. What problems does Algeria face?
    Problem
    Problem because…
    High unemployment rates- in some places 25% (1/4) people are unemployed
    Relies on natural gas to make money
    Most people are squashed into the northern coastal strip of the country because of the inhospitable desert in the centre and south
    Threats to tourists (people have been kidnapped in the Sahara)
    Many nations still advise their citizens not to travel to Algeria as they deem it unsafe (there are still threats from bombings)
    Only the northern border with Tunisia can be used for general tourist crossings- others are shut or require police/ guide escort which must be arranged and paid for in advance
    I will give you a number in groups of 3, you will have 4 minutes to read your problem and then think of reasons why it could be a problem, we will then go round and share with the class
  • 13. What problems does Algeria face?
    Problem because…
    Problem
    Jobless people do not pay tax and contribute to improving the country, also jobless have less money to invest or spend so businesses struggle and close- stopping the country getting rich
    High unemployment rates- in some places 25% (1/4) people are unemployed
    Relies on natural gas to make money
    Most people are squashed into the northern coastal strip of the country because of the inhospitable desert in the centre and south
    Threats to tourists (people have been kidnapped in the Sahara)
    Many nations still advise their citizens not to travel to Algeria as they deem it unsafe (there are still threats from bombings)
    Only the northern border with Tunisia can be used for general tourist crossings- others are shut or require police/ guide escort which must be arranged and paid for in advance
    Although the supply is currently plentiful, obviously natural gas is finite and will run out- Algeria needs to develop other money makers before this happens to avoid becoming poorer
    Parts of the country are overcrowded and others empty- overcrowding can lead to tension and fights. Also housing tends to be cramped as space is at a premium
    Algeria is a beautiful country but if people are warned against travel there most will not go- if people do not visit the country cannot make money from tourism, fewer jobs will be created as without tourists fewer hotels, restaurants, guides etc are needed. Less money comes into the country and less is made by Algerians themselves through working in the industry.
  • 14. The lonely planet website describes Algeria as ‘the country you never knew you wanted to visit’
    Let’s see what it has to offer
  • 15. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Puua1rndaS8 Algeria’s beautiful places
    Whilst you watch the clip write down the things that could attract you to Algeria (or someone else you know, if you are not attracted)
  • 16. Algiers- the White City
    Algeria’s capital city- with a population of about 1.2 million- its an important port.
    You can get here by plane from London
    Or by ferry from France, Spain or Greece
  • 17. To have UNESCO protection means it is protected from destruction by the United Nations- who frequently visit to ensure the site is maintained
    Things to see in Algiers!
    The UNESCO protected Kasbah
  • 18. The monument of the martyrs- a monument to commemorate the Algerian War of Independence from France in 1962
    Djemaa el-DjedidMosque
    350 years old, originallly built by ottomans, but changed numerous times- it’s a mosque but has a church like tower! A symbol of every religion in one building
  • 19. The great Mosque of Algiers, built in 1097, one of few buildings of the time in the world today
    Notre Dammed’Afrique- a Catholic basilica- built in the 19th century by the French.
    A Roman Catholic building in a Muslim country seen as a sign of Algeria’s religious tolerance
  • 20. The North East- Batna, Djemila, Annaba, Constantine
    Annaba- a vibrant city with beautiful beaches. The centre of Algeria’s steel production. To the south is the beautiful Basilica of St, Augustine and this dominates the skyline. It has a relaxed pace of life and a bustling nightlife- it is the city to which many Algerians flock to relax and escape from the bustle of Algiers.
    Basillica of St. Augustine.
    A beautiful beach- like the ones in neighbouring
    Tunisia (popular with Brits) but quieter as Algeria
    Isn’t such a tourist place.
  • 21. Timgrad- Roman town remains
    Ancient Roman remains built in 2nd century AD. In the Sahara, the theatre has been so well preserved performances are still held there.
  • 22. North West Algeria- Oran- Algeria’s second city
    A new luxury hotel constructed recently as tourists increase.
    A more Spanish connection than the rest of Algeria- nice Mosques and more Moorish architecture here.
  • 23. Saharan Algeria
    Ghardaia, M’zab valley- another UNESCO protected site in Algeria. It has a culture all of its own the Ibadi Muslims- who are very traditional in their beliefs and dress. Visitors here should taka a local guide and dress appropriately.
    Best for a day trip as staying overnight in the town is not appreciated by locals
    The town is a group of desert oases, where many fig and date trees grow.
  • 24. Tamanrasset- the South Sahara
    The gateway to the beautiful Algerian Sahara- most desert treks start and end here- but beware you must have a guide and its best not to drive- the place is littered with cars abandoned en route.
  • 25. HassiMessaoud- oil rich Sahara
    The town at the centre of Algeria’s natural gas and oil extraction- more modern and rich than most Algerian regions, but at a cost to the beauty of the country?
    HassiMessaoud means ‘blessed well’ in Arabic.
  • 26. Algerian Culture
    Algeria's culture is strongly influenced by the country's recent history, as well as other aspects such as their literature, music, arts, crafts and religion.
    Arabic is Algeria's primary language and is spoken by around 82% of people. The French colonialism experienced by the country in the past has resulted in French being the second language of many educated Algerians, and English is very rarely spoken. Many people of Algeria also speak different dialects of Berber.
    The culture of most countries is also influenced by its past and this is certainly true of Algeria. There are also many ethnic groups in the country that contribute to its diverse and fascinating culture.
    Islam is the official religion of Algeria and the majority (99%)of Algerians are Muslims. Approximately one percent of Algeria's population is Jewish or Christian
    Algerian literature is split between French and Arabic and the country has produced a number of famous novelists, Mohammed Dib, KatebYacine and AssiaDjebar, during the 20th century. AssiaDjebar's works are widely translatedinto English.
    The musical genre of Algeria that is best known abroad is Rai. Rai is a pop-flavored, opinionated take on folk music, featuring stars such as Khaled and ChebMami. Chaabi style music also remains very popular with stars such as El Hadj El Anka and Dahmane El Harrachi making their mark on the local music scene. For those with a more classical taste in music, Andalusi music, brought from Al-Andalus by Morisco refugees, is preserved in many older coastal towns.
    Algeria has a thriving handicrafts industry. Part of the charm of the country is the richness of its production. From carpets to ceramics, from leather to lute making, from pottery to glass working to silverwork, the country has a tremendous variety of skills that produce goods which are sold in many other countries as well as to visiting tourists.
  • 27. Algerian cuisine
    Couscous is the national dish- it is often flavoured with raisins and cinnamon or with chilli paste (harissa)
    Tagines and soups are widely eaten, using lamd vegetables like corgettes and dried fruit like apricots
    Dates are a staple sweet food along with semolina or sweetened couscous.
    They drink mint tea, but coffee is widely consumed.
    Usually lamb and beef are the preferred meats- but in the north seafood is widely eaten
    Merguez sausages- originate in the Atlas mountains- a spicy lamb sausage
    Burek- Algerian spring rolls- mix of meat and veg rolled in thin pastry layers and fried
    Bread usually accompanies every Algerian meal, it can be made from semolina or wheat
    Couscous
    Lamb shanks
    merguez sausages
    Burek
  • 28. Algerian Music
    Rai- ‘meaning advice/ opinion’ in Algeria- a message in the lyrics- very popular in Middle East, rest of North Africa, Turkey and Europe. Usually has a repetitive beat- making it ideal for dancing
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xbiN8JGhvTE&playnext=1&list=PL86E176D9A7F1F68E extract
    Algerian folk music- mainly Kabilye in origin- uses instruments like the Banjo
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bwCjwd3yvVQ&feature=relatedsouadMassi (yaQalbi (my heart)
    More modern Algerian music-
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QEvYRVAUYTQcameleon
    Algerian Hip Hop on the increase- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jiro3LRbWmI
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_iv8mptXAvo
  • 29. Algerian Proverbs
    Esberrmaftah el djena - Patience is the key to paradise
    Hbibek min charkek fi lafrahoualaqrah - A friend is someone who shares your happiness and your pains
    Li fi kerchoutben ma khaf mi nar - The one whose belly isn't full of straw isn't afraid of fire
    What do you think these mean?
  • 30. Task
    Complete an annotated map of Algeria, include the following information
    The completed labelled map from earlier in the lesson
    Details about Algerian culture- music, food, literature
    Information about places to visit- linked to their location on the map

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