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Ch 7 supporting_your_ideas

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  • 1. Ch 7: Supporting Your Ideas
  • 2. 1. Examples
    Brief (use to illustrate a point)
    Extended (use to engage listeners)
    *view Olympic Spirit
    Hypothetical (brief and realistic)
    *view College Cheating
  • 3. When do I use an example?
    To clarify
    To reinforce your ideas
    To personalize
    *view Coming Home: the other side of war
    *tip: make your examples vivid, detailed, specific
    *practice delivery to fine tune the approach (Slower here? Louder here?...what works?)
  • 4. 2. Statistics
    Be sure the stats are representative (Do they actually represent the population or issue they are being used to discuss?)
    Be sure the stats are from a reliable source
  • 5. Use statistical measures correctly:
    mean: the average of a group of numbers
    median: the middle number when numbers are arranged highest to lowest
    mode: the number occurring most frequently in a group of numbers
  • 6. When do I use a statistic?
    To clarify or strengthen your point
    To show seriousness of an issue *view Rainforests
    To quantify your ideas
    * Use statistics sparingly
    * Identify the sources of the stats in the speech
    * Explain your statistics
    * Round off complicated stats
    * Use visual aids to show trends
    *view The Economics of Native American...
  • 7. 3. Testimony
    Expert or peer
    Direct quotations: Testimony presented word-for-word
    should be brief, say it best, and be witty, eloquent or compelling.
    Paraphrasing: restating the ideas in your own words
    should be used when a quotation is too complicated or too long
  • 8. Tips for using testimony:
    Be accurate
    Use qualified sources
    Use unbiased sources
    Identify the people you quote or paraphrase:
    -book, magazine or web document name
    -author or sponsoring organization
    -author’s qualifications
    -date of publication, posting, or updating
    *view Bursting the Antibacterial Bubble

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