Fair Use Fair use is the concept of providing limitations on Kathryn copyright material. A small amount of work may be broken down and used. Parody Critical Comment The amount used. The nature of the work. The commercial impact
Copyright WicklineWhat is Copyright? According to Merriam-Webster copyright is the exclusive legal right to reproduce, publish, sell, or distribute the matter and form of something (as a literary, musical, or artistic work), 2012.Retrieved from Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
Copyright Continued... Copyright Act gives holders the exclusive right to reproduce works for a limited period of time (Fair Use is a limitation on this right). The protection of the producers (artists) to control the use of their work(s). The law provides exclusive rights to the holder for a limited time, this is to encourage the publication of creative works that enrich society. The law does not give the holder unlimited control over their work. Once the copyrighted period has passed the work becomes available in the public domain.
Copyright Continued... Copyright is a way to ensure there is a balance of users (fans) and producers in relation to intellectual properties. ... a way to promote creativity for artists of all genres. ... a way to provide users the right to critique, comment, and review work(s).
Teaching CopyrightPlagiarism is the copying of someone else’s work and not giving them credit, but takingit as your own. while,Copyright Infringement does not depend on you giving credit to the source you copied.It is the unauthorized use of works, which infringes on the copyright holders "exclusiverights“.To consider whether a piece of work(s) is being used fairly review the four factorsoutlined in section 107 of the Copyright Act.These factors are: The purpose of the work in question – was the quality of the work completely transformed to create something entirely new, or was the work exactly the same as the copyrighted work? Is money being made from the work in question, or is it being used for nonprofit, educational or personal reasons? The nature of the work – is the work factual or creative in nature? The amount of the work used – has the entire work been copied, the most important parts of the work, or a small segment of the work. What is the overall effect on the value of the copyrighted work – is the new work infringing on productivity and marketing of the copyrighted material.
Teaching Copyright Continued...Some fair uses for copyrighted work is as follows: Criticism and Commentary – Using pieces of work that promote factual and historical events. Parody – Using small portions of copyrighted material that depicts someone’s life and that would in no way be substituted for the original works in any market. New Reporting – Using small portions of copyrighted material for the use of news commentaries. Art – Using recreated images from one artist in another’s work for the sake of new expression and meaning. Scholarship and Researching – Using pieces of work to educate and inform the public if it is less than 1 percent of the original, and for the use of scholarly analysis.
Public Domain Fulwah● Basically, public domain means that footage can be usedwithout permission from the original copyright owner inanything you create, and you dont have to pay royalties at all.Examples:● United States government footage and DOA where you can findold movies.● Public domain stock warehouses are great places where youfind old films and other related items from such years as1960, 1970, and they offer them for a charge ranging from $200 to $500for per movie.●eBay, you can find all US government has produced, and youmay find cheap or not depends on how many people want them.● you can use on your production is the dollar DVDS but makesure that they are in public domain.
Creative Commons Ashish• No middleman, no legal doubt, and no friction because it allows people to use most or sample part of the original artists work and modify it for yourself• Provides free copyright licenses where it tells the world exactly how much of an artist’s work people can use• You can collaborate, reuse, and remix different people’s work for free (as long as you give the original artist the credit)
Creative Commons Continued Authors, universities, and artists have allowed the public to download their books for free and use Creative Commons has different types of licenses Use images from Creative Commons using Google advanced image search feature
A Complex Relationship:Copyright and the Freedom of Expression DotThe Copyright Point-of-View• Copyright protects creators’ ability to financially benefit from their work.• Copyright gives creators’ control over who, when, and how their works are used.• Copyright protection promotes freedom of expression by protecting new innovations.• Without copyright, the incentive to be innovative will be diminished.
Freedom of Expression Continued…The Free Culture Movement Point-of-View• In order to have true freedom of expression, there is need to use copyrighted work.• Obtaining permission to use copyright material can be difficult and expensive.• Copyright laws need adjusted to allow others to use, modify, and distribute creative works without seeking permission or paying for its use.• Copyright laws hinder creativity.
Freedom of Expression Continued…Questions to answer:1. What is intellectual property worth?2. Should the social “free culture” movement replace the current U.S. capitalism structure?
Further Information...Copyright – United States Copyright Office (USCO)Copyright Law – PDF from USCOFact Sheet – American Library Association (ALA)Copyright Slider - ALAFair Use - Copyright Clearance CenterCreative Commons
Reference List Fair(y) Use Stanford Law School Fair Use – Part 1 Fair Use – Part 2 What’s Copyright? Teaching Copyright Public Domain Video Public Domain Wiki Creative Commons Wiki Creative Commons Video What is Creative Commons? Creative Commons Image Search Freedom of Expression Free Culture