Usace safety manual 385 1-1

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Usace safety manual 385 1-1

  1. 1. DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY EM 385-1-1U.S. Army Corps of EngineersCESO-ZA Washington, D.C. 20314-1000For sale by the U.S. Government Printing OfficeSuperintendent of Documents, Mail Stop: SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-9328ISBN 0-16-048877-xManualNo. 385-1-1 3 November 2003SafetySAFETY AND HEALTH REQUIREMENTS1. Purpose. This manual prescribes the safety and healthrequirements for all Corps of Engineers activities and operations.2. Applicability. This manual applies to Headquarters, US ArmyCorps of Engineers (HQUSACE) elements, major subordinatecommands, districts, centers, laboratories, and field operatingactivities (FOA), as well as USACE and Naval Facilities (NAVFAC)Engineering Command contracts. Applicability extends tooccupational exposure for missions under the command of theChief of Engineers, whether accomplished by military, civilian, orcontractor personnel.3. References.a. 29 Code of Federal Regulation (CFR) 1910b. 29 CFR 1926c. 29 CFR 1960d. 30 CFR 56e. Executive Order (EO) 12196f. Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) Clause 52.236-13This manual supersedes EM 385-1-1, 3 September 1996
  2. 2. EM 385-1-11 Oct 03g. Department of Defense Instruction (DODI) 6055.1h. DODI 6055.3i. Army Regulation (AR) 40-5j. AR 385-10k. AR 385-114. General.a. The provisions of this manual implement and supplement thesafety and health standards and requirements contained in 29CFR 1910, 29 CFR 1926, 29 CFR 1960, 30 CFR 56, EO 12196,DODI 6055.1, DODI 6055.3, AR 40-5, AR 385-10, AR 385-11,AR 385-40, and FAR Clause 52.236-13. Where more stringentsafety and occupational health standards are set forth in theserequirements and regulations, the more stringent standardsshall apply.b. Mission applicability introduced in paragraph 2 above shallinclude the following:(1) Construction contract work under the provisions of FARClause 52.236-13. Contractors shall comply with the latestversion of EM 385-1-1 (including interim changes) that is ineffect on the date of solicitation. Prior to making an offer,bidders should check the HQUSACE Safety and OccupationalHealth web site (see paragraph c) for the latest changes.No separate payment will be made for compliance with thisparagraph or for compliance with other safety and healthrequirements of this contract. Note: Existing contracts willcontinue to apply the provisions of the previous edition(s) ofthis manual until contract completion.(2) Service, supply, and research and developmentcontracting actions. Compliance with this manual shall be acontract requirement for such activities when technical
  3. 3. EM 385-1-11 Oct 03representatives (proponent in coordination with safety andhealth professionals) advise that special precautions areappropriate.(3) For contracting actions for hazardous, toxic, andradioactive waste site investigation, design, or remediationactivities, compliance with this manual shall be a contractrequirement.c. Copies of this manual are available electronically on theUSACE Safety and Occupational Health Office web site:http://www.hq.usace.army.mil/soh/hqusace_soh.htm and inCorps of Engineers Electronic Bid Sets. Hard copies andCD ROM versions of the manual are available from the localcontracting officials.(1) Changes. All interim changes (changes made betweenpublication of new editions) to this manual will be posted onthe Safety and Occupational Health Office web site. Thedate a change is posted will become the official effectivedate of the change.(2) Interpretations. Within the Corps of Engineers,interpretations to the requirements contained within thismanual shall be executed in accordance with the processcontained in Appendix M. Interpretations will apply only tothe specific situation in question and may not be used as aprecedent to determine the meaning of a requirement as itmay apply to another circumstance.(3) Variances. Within the Corps of Engineers, variances toprovisions of this manual require the approval of the Chief ofSafety and Occupational Health, HQUSACE. Variancesshall provide an equal or greater level of protection, shall besubstantiated with a hazard analysis of the activity, and shallbe documented and forwarded through channels to Chief ofSafety and Occupational Health, HQUSACE. The processfor requesting variances is contained in Appendix N.
  4. 4. EM 385-1-11 Oct 03(4) Exceptions. Some of the technical requirements of thismanual may not always be applicable to overseas activitiesdue to conflicting circumstances, practices, and laws orregulations of the locality or the unavailability of equipment.In such instances, means other than the ones specified inthis manual may be used to achieve the required protection.When this occurs, a hazard analysis must be made todocument that the required protection will be achieved by thealternate means.d. Unless otherwise indicated, when publications arereferenced in this manual, the most recent edition is to be used.e. Underlining indicates new or changed text.g. Supplementation of this manual is not authorized except aspublished by the Safety and Occupational Health Office,HQUSACE. Local USACE organizations may develop StandardOperating Procedures (SOPs) to implement the provisionscontained within this manual, but may not implement newrequirements without the specific approval of HQUSACE.Locally developed Safety and Health Requirements will not beincluded in contract requirements without the approval ofHQUSACE. Unified Facilities Guide Specification (UFGS)–01525 will be used in all USACE and NAVFAC contract workunder the provisions of FAR Clause 52.236-13.
  5. 5. EM 385-1-13 Nov 03iTABLE OF CONTENTSSection Page1. Program Management ............................................................... 1A. General .......................................................................... 1B. Indoctrination and Training........................................... 10C. Physical Qualification of Employees ............................ 13D. Accident Reporting and Recordkeeping....................... 15E. Emergency Planning ................................................... 17F. Emergency Recovery Operations................................ 182. Sanitation................................................................................. 19A. General Requirements ................................................. 19B. Drinking Water ............................................................. 19C. Toilets .......................................................................... 21D. Washing Facilities ........................................................ 23E. Food Service................................................................ 24F. Waste Disposal ............................................................ 25G. Vermin Control............................................................. 253. Medical and First-Aid Requirements................................................... 27A. General ........................................................................ 27B. First-Aid Kits................................................................. 30C. First-Aid Stations and Infirmaries ................................. 32D. Personnel Requirements and Qualifications ................ 334. Temporary Facilities ................................................................ 35A. General ........................................................................ 355. Personal Protective and Safety Equipment.............................. 39A. General ........................................................................ 39B. Eye and Face Protection.............................................. 42C. Hearing Protection and Noise Control.......................... 48D. Head Protection ........................................................... 52E. Respiratory Protection.................................................. 54F. Body Belts, Harnesses, Lanyards, and Lifelines -Selection of Components ............................................. 75G. Electrical Protective Equipment ................................... 77
  6. 6. EM 385-1-13 Nov 03iiH. Personal Floatation Devices ........................................ 80I. Lifesaving and Safety Skiffs......................................... 846. Hazardous Substances, Agents, and Environments................ 87A. General ........................................................................ 87B. Hazardous Substances ................................................ 89C. Hot Substances............................................................ 95D. Harmful Plants, Animals, and Insects........................... 97E. Ionizing Radiation......................................................... 98F. Nonionizing Radiation and Magnetic andElectric Fields ............................................................. 108G. Ventilation and Exhaust Systems .............................. 111H. Abrasive Blasting ....................................................... 112I. Confined Space ......................................................... 113J. Inclement Weather and Environmental Hazards........ 126K. Cumulative Trauma Prevention.................................. 129L. Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) Management........................ 1317. Lighting .................................................................................. 133A. General ...................................................................... 1338. Accident Prevention Signs, Tags, Labels, Signals,Piping System Identification, and Traffic Control ................... 137A. Signs, Tags, Labels, and Piping Systems .................. 137B. Signal Systems, Personnel, and Procedures ............. 145C. Traffic Control ............................................................ 147D. Haul Roads ............................................................... 1479. Fire Prevention and Protection .............................................. 163A. General ...................................................................... 163B. Flammable and Combustible Liquids ......................... 168C. Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LP-Gas) ........................... 174D. Temporary Heating Devices....................................... 178E. First Response Fire Protection................................... 184F. Fixed Fire Suppression Systems................................ 189G. Fire Fighting Equipment............................................. 190H. Fire Detection and Employee Fire Alarm Systems..... 191I. Fire Fighting Organizations - Training and Drilling..... 192
  7. 7. EM 385-1-13 Nov 03iiiJ. Fire Patrols ............................................................... 193K. USACE Wild Land Fire Control ................................. 19310. Welding and Cutting............................................................. 197A. General ...................................................................... 197B. Respiratory Protection................................................ 199C. Fire Protection............................................................ 200D. Oxyfuel Gas Welding and Cutting .............................. 202E. Arc Welding and Cutting............................................. 204F. Gas Metal Arc Welding............................................... 20611. Electrical .............................................................................. 209A. General ...................................................................... 209B. Overcurrent Protection, Disconnects, and Switches .. 214C. Grounding .................................................................. 215D. Temporary Wiring and Lighting.................................. 220E. Operations Adjacent to Overhead Lines..................... 222F. Batteries and Battery Charging .................................. 225G. Hazardous (Classified) Locations .............................. 226H. Power Transmission and Distribution......................... 229I. Underground Electrical Installations .......................... 244J. Work in Energized Substations.................................. 245K. Communication Facilities ........................................... 24712. Control of Hazardous Energy (Lockout/Tagout)................... 249A. General ...................................................................... 249B. Training ...................................................................... 252C. Periodic Inspections................................................... 253D. Lockout and Tagout Devices...................................... 254E. Applying and Removing Lockout and TagoutDevices...................................................................... 25513. Hand and Power Tools ........................................................ 259A. General ...................................................................... 259B. Grinding and Abrasive Machinery .............................. 261C. Power Saws and Woodworking Machinery................ 263D. Pneumatic Tools ........................................................ 265E. Explosive-Actuated Tools........................................... 266
  8. 8. EM 385-1-13 Nov 03ivF. Chain Saws ............................................................... 268G. Abrasive Blasting Machinery...................................... 26814. Material Handling, Storage, and Disposal............................ 271A. Material Handling ....................................................... 271B. Material Storage......................................................... 272C. Housekeeping ............................................................ 275D. Material Disposal ....................................................... 27615. Rigging................................................................................. 279A. General ...................................................................... 279B. Wire Rope .................................................................. 280C. Chain.......................................................................... 284D. Fiber Rope (Natural and Synthetic)............................ 284E. Slings ......................................................................... 285F. Rigging Hardware....................................................... 28716. Machinery and Mechanized Equipment............................... 291A. General ...................................................................... 291B. Guarding and Safety Devices..................................... 298C. Cranes and Derricks - General .................................. 303D. Crawler-, Truck-, Wheel-, and Ringer-MountedCranes....................................................................... 317E. Portal, Tower, and Pillar Cranes ............................... 321F. Floating Cranes, Floating Derricks, Crane Barges,and Auxiliary Shipboard Mounted Cranes ................. 324G. Overhead and Gantry Cranes.................................... 331H. Monorails and Underhung Cranes ............................. 332I. Derricks ..................................................................... 332J. Helicopter Cranes ...................................................... 334K. Material Hoists ........................................................... 336L. Pile Drivers ................................................................ 340M. Drilling Equipment...................................................... 34217. Conveyors............................................................................ 347A. General ...................................................................... 347B. Operation ................................................................... 353
  9. 9. EM 385-1-13 Nov 03v18. Motor Vehicles and Aircraft.................................................. 357A. General ...................................................................... 357B. Operating Rules ......................................................... 362C. Transportation of Personnel....................................... 365D. All Terrain Vehicles (ATV).......................................... 366E. Aircraft........................................................................ 36719. Floating Plant and Marine Activities..................................... 369A. General ...................................................................... 369B. Access........................................................................ 382C. Launches, Motorboats, and Skiffs.............................. 385D. Dredging .................................................................... 388E. Scrows and Barges .................................................... 390F. Navigation Locks and Locking.................................... 39120. Pressurized Equipment and Systems .................................. 393A. General ...................................................................... 393B. Compressed Air and Gas Systems ............................ 397C. Boilers and Systems .................................................. 401D. Compressed Gas Cylinders ....................................... 40221. Safe Access and Fall Protection.......................................... 405A. General ...................................................................... 405B. Standard Guardrails and Handrails ............................ 411C. Personal Fall Protection Systems and Safety Nets.... 415D. Ladders...................................................................... 421E. Stairways.................................................................... 424F. Ramps, Runways, and Trestles.................................. 427G. Personnel Hoists and Elevators................................. 42722. Work Platforms .................................................................... 429A. General ...................................................................... 429B. Scaffolds - General..................................................... 430C. Metal Scaffolds and Towers....................................... 433D. Scaffolds - Wood Pole................................................ 437E. Scaffolds - Suspended ............................................... 443F. Crane Supported Work Platforms............................... 455G. Form and Carpenter’s Bracket Scaffolds ................... 463H. Horse Scaffolds.......................................................... 467
  10. 10. EM 385-1-13 Nov 03viI. Pump Jack Scaffolds ................................................. 468J. Elevating Work Platforms........................................... 470K. Vehicle-Mounted Elevating and RotatingWork Platforms .......................................................... 471L. Mast Climbing Work Platform .................................... 47323. Demolition............................................................................ 477A. General ...................................................................... 477B. Debris Removal.......................................................... 480C. Wall Removal............................................................. 482D. Floor Removal............................................................ 483E. Steel Removal............................................................ 484F. Mechanical Demolition ............................................... 48424. Floor and Wall Holes and Openings .................................... 487A. General ...................................................................... 48725. Excavations ......................................................................... 489A. General ...................................................................... 489B. Safe Access ............................................................... 493C. Sloping and Benching ................................................ 495D. Support Systems........................................................ 496E. Cofferdams................................................................. 49926. Underground Construction (Tunnels), Shafts, andCaissons.............................................................................. 507A. General ...................................................................... 507B. Hazardous Classifications.......................................... 516C. Air Monitoring, Air Quality Standards, andVentilation.................................................................. 518D. Fire Prevention and Protection................................... 524E. Drilling ........................................................................ 528F. Shafts ......................................................................... 529G. Hoisting...................................................................... 530H. Caissons .................................................................... 531I. Compressed Air Work................................................ 532J. Underground Blasting ................................................ 533
  11. 11. EM 385-1-13 Nov 03vii27. Concrete and Masonry Construction and Steel Erection ..... 537A. Concrete and Masonry Construction - General.......... 537B. Formwork and Shoring............................................... 539C. Precast Concrete Operations..................................... 544D. Lift-Slab Operations ................................................... 545E. Structural Steel Assembly .......................................... 546F. Systems-Engineered Metal Building........................... 566G. Masonry Construction................................................ 570H. Roofing....................................................................... 57128. Hazardous Waste Operations and EmergencyResponse (HAZWOPER).................................................... 579A. General ...................................................................... 57929. Blasting................................................................................ 589A. General ...................................................................... 589B. Transportation of Explosive Materials ........................ 594C. Handling of Explosive Materials ................................. 597D. Electromagnetic Radiation ......................................... 598E. Vibration and Damage Control................................... 598F. Drilling and Loading.................................................... 600G. Wiring......................................................................... 603H. Firing.......................................................................... 605I. Post-Blast Procedures............................................... 607J. Underwater Blasting................................................... 60830. Contract Diving Operations.................................................. 611A. General ...................................................................... 611B. SCUBA Diving Operations ......................................... 620C. Surface Supplied Air Operations................................ 622D. Mixed-Gas Diving Operations .................................... 624E. Equipment Requirements........................................... 625F. Advanced Diving Technology ..................................... 628G. Scientific Snorkeling................................................... 62931. Tree Maintenance and Removal.......................................... 631A. General ...................................................................... 631B. Tree Climbing............................................................. 633C. Felling ........................................................................ 634
  12. 12. EM 385-1-13 Nov 03viiiD. Brush Removal and Chipping .................................... 636E. Other Operations and Equipment............................... 63732. Airfield Operations ............................................................... 641A. General ...................................................................... 641AppendicesA – Minimum Basic Outline for Accident Prevention Plan............A-1B – Emergency Recovery Operations..........................................B-1C – Guidelines for Control of Occupational Exposure toCrystalline Silica and Abrasive Blasting............................... C-1D – Assured Equipment Grounding Conductor Program ............ D-1E – Woodworking Machinery Guarding .......................................E-1F – Rigging Inspection and Removal Criteria...............................F-1G – Procedures for the Examination and Qualification ofCrane Operators.................................................................. G-1H – Crane and Derrick Inspection Criteria .................................. H-1I – Crane Testing Requirements for Performance Tests..............I-1J – Ladders, Ramps, Stairs, and Fixed Ladders......................... J-1K – Cranes, Derricks, and Hooks.................................................K-1L – Scaffolds, Work Stands, and Platforms .................................L-1M – USACE Process for Requesting Interpretations ..................M-1N – USACE Process for Requesting Waivers/Variances............ N-1O – Manning Levels for Dive Teams........................................... O-1P – Recommended Safe Practices for Tree Maintenance andRemoval Operations .............................................................P-1Q – Definitions ............................................................................ Q-1R – Metric Conversion Table ...................................................... R-1S – References and Resources...................................................S-1Glossary ........................................................................Glossary -1Index .................................................................................. Index-1Figures1-1 – Position Hazard Analysis....................................................... 41-2 – Activity Hazard Analysis ........................................................ 85-1 – Personal Floatation Devices................................................ 816-1 – PRCS Procedures and Decision Logic .............................. 115
  13. 13. EM 385-1-13 Nov 03ix8-1 – Sign and Tag Signal Word Headings................................. 1518-2 – Example Tag Layout.......................................................... 1518-3 – Example Sign Layout......................................................... 1528-4 – Radio Frequency Warning Symbol .................................... 1558-5 – Laser Caution Sign ............................................................ 1568-6 – Laser Warning Sign ........................................................... 1568-7 – Radiological Warning Symbol............................................ 1578-8 – Slow-Moving Vehicle Emblem ........................................... 1578-9 – Accident Prevention Tags.................................................. 1588-10 – Crane Hand Signals......................................................... 1598-11 – Helicopter Hand Signals .................................................. 16115-1 – Wire Rope Clip Spacing (Not to be used for slings)......... 28115-2 – Wire Rope Clip Orientation (Not to be used for slings) .... 28115-3 – Wedge Socket Fastening................................................. 28315-4 – Sling Configurations......................................................... 28625-1 – Sloping and Benching...................................................... 50025-2 – Trench Shields................................................................. 50425-3 – Trench Jacks ................................................................... 50529-1 – Power Firing Systems...................................................... 59229-2 – Recommended Installation of Shooting Station andAccessory Arrangement for Using Arcontroller ................ 592J-1 – Suggested Design for Rungs on Individual-RungLadders............................................................................. J-2J-2 – Rail Ladder with Bar Steel Rails and Round SteelRungs ............................................................................... J-5J-3 – Clearance for Unavoidable Obstruction at Rear ofFixed Ladder..................................................................... J-5J-4 – Ladder Far from Wall ........................................................ J-6J-5 – Deflector Plates for Head Hazards ................................... J-6J-6 – Relationship of Fixed Ladder to a Safe Access Hatch ...... J-7J-7 – Cages for Ladders More Than 20 ft (6.1 m) High ............. J-7J-8 – Clearance Diagram for Fixed Ladder in Well .................... J-8J-9 – Cages - Special Applications ............................................ J-9J-10 – Offset Fixed Ladder Sections............................................ J-9J-11 – Slope of Ladders, Ramps, and Stairs ............................. J-13J-12 – Slope of Wood Grain for Job Made Ladders................... J-13J-13 – Example of Impermissible Knot Spacing......................... J-14J-14 – Example of Impermissible Knots at Edge ....................... J-14J-15 – Example of Impermissible Spike Knots........................... J-12
  14. 14. EM 385-1-13 Nov 03xJ-16 – Cleat Attachment, Single-Cleat Ladder........................... J-15J-17 – Cleat Attachment, Double-Cleat Ladder ......................... J-16J-18 – Ladder Splices, 2 x 4 Rail ............................................... J-17J-19 – Ladder Splices, 2 x 6 Rail ............................................... J-18J-20 – Ladder Pitch.................................................................... J-19J-21 – Methods for Securing Base............................................. J-20K-1 – Mobile and Locomotive Cranes.........................................K-1K-2 – Construction Tower Cranes................................................K-8K-3 – Overhead and Gantry Cranes ..........................................K-11K-4 – Cab-Operated Cranes......................................................K-14K-5 – Floor-Operated Cranes ....................................................K-15K-6 – Floating Cranes................................................................K-16K-7 – Derricks............................................................................K-18K-8 – Drop Section (Lift Section) ...............................................K-22K-9 – Hooks...............................................................................K-23L-1 – Scaffolds.............................................................................L-1L-2 – Work Stands.....................................................................L-38L-3 – Platforms ..........................................................................L-39Tables2-1 – Minimum Toilet Facilities (Construction Sites)..................... 222-2 – Minimum Toilet Facilities (Other than Construction Sites) ... 233-1 – Minimum Quantity Requirements for Basic Unit Packages.. 315-1 – Eye and Face Protector Selection Guide............................. 435-2 – Required Shades for Filter Lenses and Glasses inWelding, Cutting, Brazing, and Soldering ............................ 495-3 – Permissible Non-DOD Noise Exposures ............................. 505-4 – Standards for Electrical Protective Equipment..................... 786-1 – Occupational Dose Rates.................................................. 1016-2 – Laser Safety Goggle Optical Density Requirements.......... 1096-3 – PRCS Program Elements.................................................. 1206-4 – PRCS Training................................................................... 1236-5 – Wind Chill Temperature Table........................................... 1306-6 – Time to Occurrence of Frostbit in Minutes or Hours .......... 1307-1 – Minimum Lighting Requirements ....................................... 1358-1 – Accident Prevention Sign Requirements ........................... 1538-2 – Accident Prevention Color Coding..................................... 1548-3 – Identification of Piping Systems......................................... 154
  15. 15. EM 385-1-13 Nov 03xi9-1 – Maximum Allowable Size of Containers and Tanks forFlammable and Combustible Liquids................................. 1719-2 – LP-Gas Container and Cylinder Outside StorageMinimum Distances............................................................ 1779-3 – Temporary Heating Device Clearances............................. 1809-4 – Fire Extinguisher Distribution............................................. 18511-1 – Minimum Clearance from Energized OverheadElectric Lines ................................................................... 22311-2 – Hazardous (Classified) Locations .................................... 22711-3 – Alternating Current – Minimum Distances ....................... 23015-1 – Number of Clips and the Proper Torque Necessaryto Assemble Wire Rope Eye Loop Connections witha Probable Efficiency Not More Than 80% ...................... 28215-2 – Safe Working Loads for Shackles.................................... 28816-1 – Crane Design and Construction Standards ..................... 30919-1 – Fire Extinguisher Requirements for Launches/Motorboats....................................................................... 38621-1 – Selection Criteria for Planking and Platforms .................. 40721-2 – Maximum Intended Load ................................................. 40721-3 – Wood Plank Selection...................................................... 40821-4 – Safety Net Distances ....................................................... 41922-1 – Wood Pole Scaffold Height and Level Limits................... 43922-2 – Ladder-Type Platforms .................................................... 45022-3 – Form Scaffolds ................................................................ 46422-4 – Minimum Dimensions for Horse Scaffold Members......... 46727-1 – Erection Bridging for Short Span Joists ........................... 56027-2 – Erection Bridging for Long Span Joists............................ 56229-1 – Energy Ratio and Peak Particle Velocity Formalae ......... 599C-1 – U.S. Guidelines and Limits for Occupational Exposureto Crystalline Cilica .......................................................... C-2F-1 – Inspecting Wire Rope for Broken Wires............................F-1F-2 – Allowable Chain Wear .......................................................F-4H-1 – Crane and Derrick Inspection Frequency.......................... H-2I-1 – Crane Performance Testing Requirements -No-Load Tests ...................................................................I-2I-2 – Crane Performance Testing Requirements -At-Load Tests ....................................................................I-6
  16. 16. EM 385-1-13 Nov 03xiiO-1 – Dive Team Composition, SCUBA, Untethered,0 to 100 ft (0 to 30.5 m).................................................... O-1O-2 – Dive Team Composition, SCUBA, Tethered withCommunications, 0 to 100 ft (0 to 30.5 m)....................... O-1O-3 – Dive Team Composition, Surface Supplied Air,0 to 100 ft (0 to 30.5 m).................................................... O-2O-4 – Dive Team Composition, Surface Supplied Air,101 to 190 ft (31.8 to 57.9 m)........................................... O-3O-5 – Dive Team Composition, Surface Supplied Mixed GasDiving............................................................................... O-3
  17. 17. EM 385-1-13 Nov 031SECTION 1PROGRAM MANAGEMENT01.A GENERAL01.A.01 No person shall be required or instructed to work insurroundings or under conditions that are unsafe or dangerous tohis or her health.01.A.02 The employer shall be responsible for initiating andmaintaining a safety and health program that complies with theUS Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) safety and healthrequirements.01.A.03 Each employee is responsible for complying withapplicable safety and occupational health requirements, wearingprescribed safety and health equipment, reporting unsafeconditions/activities, preventing avoidable accidents, and working ina safe manner.01.A.04 Safety and health programs, documents, signs, and tagsshall be communicated to employees in a language that theyunderstand.01.A.05 Worksites with non-English speaking workers shall have aperson(s), fluent in the language(s) spoken and English, on sitewhen work is being performed, to translate as needed.01.A.06. The Contractor shall erect and maintain a safety andhealth bulletin board in an area commonly accessed by workers.The bulletin board shall be maintained current, in clear view of on-site workers; and protected against the elements and unauthorizedremoval. It shall contain at least the following safety and healthinformation:
  18. 18. EM 385-1-13 Nov 032a. Map denoting the route to the nearest emergency carefacility.b. Emergency phone numbers.c. Copy of the most up-to-date accident prevention plan (APP)shall be mounted on or adjacent to the bulletin board or statethe location, which will be accessible on the site by all workers.d. Copy of current activity hazard analysis/analyses (AHA)shall be mounted on or adjacent to the bulletin board or statethe location, which will be accessible on the site by all workers.e. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)Form 300A shall be posted in accordance with OSHArequirements and mounted on or adjacent to the bulletin boardor state the location, which will be accessible on the site by allworkers.f. Copy of Safety and Occupational Health deficiency trackinglog shall be mounted on or adjacent to the bulletin board orstate the location where it will be accessible by all workers uponrequest. (See content in 01.A.12.d.)g. Safety and Health promotional posters.h. Date of last lost workday injury.i. OSHA Safety and Health Poster.01.A.07 USACE Project Managers (PMs) shall ensure that a safetyand occupational health plan is developed, in accordance with theSafety and Occupational Health Reference Document contained inthe USACE Business Manual, and incorporated into each ProjectManagement Plan (PMP)/Program Management Plan (PrgMP).01.A.08 USACE Project Delivery Teams (PDTs) will develop thesafety and occupational health plan to be incorporated in the PMP
  19. 19. EM 385-1-13 Nov 033and are responsible for assuring that safety and occupationalhealth requirements are properly addressed and executedthroughout the life cycle of each project.01.A.09 For USACE activities where USACE employees areengaged in other than routine office/administrative functions, aproject specific safety and health plan (SSHP) shall be developed,implemented, and updated as necessary. > See Section 28.a. Such activities include operations and maintenance;recreational resource management; in-house conductedenvironmental restoration (investigation, design, andremediation); surveying, inspection, and testing; constructionmanagement; warehousing; transportation; research anddevelopment; and other activities when the GovernmentDesignated Authority (GDA) and the command safety andoccupational health office agree on the benefit of such aprogram in accident prevention.b. The project safety and health plan shall address applicableitems listed in Appendix A in addition to the USACE Commandssafety and occupational health program requirements.01.A.10 A position hazard analysis (PHA) shall be prepared,updated as necessary, and documented by the supervisor of eachUSACE position as warranted by the hazards associated with thepositions tasks. A generic PHA may be used for groups ofemployees performing repetitive office/administrative tasks wherethe primary hazards are ergonomic, lighting, light lifting andcarrying, and indoor air quality. > See Figure 1-1 for an outline ofa PHA.a. The GDA, using the advice of the safety and occupationalhealth office, shall determine the need for analysis for eachposition within his or her area of responsibility.b. In developing the analysis for a particular position,supervisors should draw upon the knowledge and experience ofemployees in that position and the safety and occupational
  20. 20. EM 385-1-13 Nov 034health office.c. Supervisors will review the contents of PHAs with employeesupon initial assignment to a position, and at least annually orwhenever there is a significant change in hazards.01.A.11 Before initiation of work at the job site, an APP withappropriate appendices (e.g., SSHP for hazardous waste sitecleanup operations, Lead Compliance Plan when working with lead,Asbestos Hazard Abatement Plan when working with asbestos) --written in English by the Prime Contractor for the specific work andhazards of the contract and implementing in detail the pertinentrequirements of this manual -- will be reviewed and foundacceptable by the GDA. APPs shall be developed and submittedby the Contractor in the formats provided in Appendix A of thismanual. The Contractor shall address each of the elements/sub-elements in the outline contained in Appendix A in the order thatthey are provided in the manual. If by the nature of the work anitem is not applicable, the Contractor will so state and provide ajustification for why that element/sub-element is not applicable.> See Appendix A.a. The plan will be developed by qualified personnel and will besigned in accordance with Appendix A.1. The Contractor shallbe responsible for documenting the qualified person’scredentials.b. On contract operations, the Contractors plan will be job-specific and will include work to be performed by subcontractorsand measures to be taken by the Contractor to control hazardsassociated with materials, services, or equipment provided bysuppliers.
  21. 21. EM 385-1-13 Nov 035FIGURE 1-1POSITION HAZARD ANALYSISPOSITION HAZARD ANALYSIS (PHA) FOR USACE EMPLOYEENAME: (Print - Last, First, MI):_____________________JOB SERIES:______________________JOB TITLE:_____________________JOB NUMBER (SF-52):____________Prepared by: (Print Name – Last, First, MI):___________________________________Analyzed by (SSHO):____________Date (mo) _ _ (day) _ _ (year) _ _ _ _COMMAND NAME & ORGANIZATION CODE:_______________________________PRIMARY DUTY LOCATION:__________________________________________Clearances RequiredEM OPS Team First Aid/CPR Respirator CDL Crane Operator Diver HTRW Othero o o o o o o oPOSITION TASKSSAFETY AND/OROCCUPATIONAL HEALTHHAZARDSRECOMMENDEDCONTROLS1.2.3.4.5.6.7.1.2.3.4.5.6.7.1.2.3.4.5.6.7.*Note: Examples of potential hazards are as follows:Safety:trenching,electrical, slips,trips, fallhazards, etc.Physical Agent:Exposure toheat/cold, noise,stress, vibration,radiation, etc.Chemical: Exposureto solvents, cadmium,paints, weldingfumes, pesticides,etc.Biological: Exposure tobloodborne pathogens,poison ivy, insects, fungi, etc.
  22. 22. EM 385-1-13 Nov 036FIGURE 1-1 (CONTINUED)POSITION HAZARD ANALYSISEQUIPMENT TO BEUSEDINSPECTION REQUIREMENTS TRAININGREQUIREMENTSList equipment to beused for each taskList inspection requirements foreach work taskList safety/healthtraining requirements1.2.3.4.5.6.7.8.9.10.1.2.3.4.5.6.7.8.9.10.1.2.3.4.5.6.7.8.9.10.This analysis serves as the hazard assessment required by Sections 01, 05, and 06 of EM385-1-1, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Safety and Health Requirements Manual. Theemployee covered by this analysis has been instructed in the tasks to be performed, thehazards to be encountered, the potential adverse effects of exposure to such hazards andthe controls to be used. He/she has received adequate training specifically related to safework practices, administrative and engineering controls and personal protective equipment(PPE) to be used in order to assure assigned work tasks are conducted in a safe andhealthful manner. He/she has demonstrated an understanding of the safety and healthequipment and PPE to be used to include its limitations, useful self-life, how to properlydon, doff, adjust, and wear required PPE and how to properly care for, inspect, maintain,store, and dispose. Attached is documentation of the training received, dates of suchtraining, and the subject matter taught.Supervisor Signature________________ Employee Signature_________________Date __ __/__ __/__ __ __ __ Date __ __/__ __/__ __ __ __
  23. 23. EM 385-1-13 Nov 03701.A.12 Inspections.a. The APP or the USACE Project Safety and Health Plan shallprovide for frequent safety inspections, conducted by competentpersons, of the work sites, material, and equipment to ensurecompliance with the plan and this manual.b. In addition to the requirements of subparagraph a.,Contractor quality control (QC) personnel - as part of their QCresponsibilities - shall conduct and document daily safety andoccupational health inspections in their daily QC logs.c. Identified safety and health issues and deficiencies, and theactions, timetable, and responsibility for correcting thedeficiencies, shall be recorded in inspection reports. Follow-upinspections to ensure correction of any identified deficienciesshall be conducted and documented in a like manner.d. The Contractor shall establish a safety and occupationalhealth deficiency tracking system that lists and monitors thestatus of safety and health deficiencies in chronological order.The list will be posted on the project safety bulletin board, will beupdated daily, and will provide the following information:(1) Date deficiency identified.(2) Description of deficiency(3) Name of person responsible for correcting deficiency.(4) Projected resolution date(5) Date actually resolved.
  24. 24. EM 385-1-13 Nov 038e. The Contractor will immediately notify the GDA of any OSHAor other regulatory agency inspection and provide him/her anopportunity to accompany the Contractor on the inspection.(The inspection will not be delayed due to non-availability of theGDA.) The Contractor shall provide the GDA a copy of anycitations or reports issued by the inspector and any correctiveaction responses to the citation(s) or report(s).01.A.13 Before beginning each work activity involving a type ofwork presenting hazards not experienced in previous projectoperations or where a new work crew or sub-contractor is toperform the work, the Contractor(s) performing that work activityshall prepare an AHA. > See Figure 1-2 for an outline of an AHA.FIGURE 1-2ACTIVITY HAZARD ANALYSISACTIVITY HAZARD ANALYSISACTIVITY _________________________ ANALYZED BY/DATE ________________PRINCIPAL STEPS POTENTIAL SAFETY/HEALTHHAZARDSRECOMMENDEDCONTROLSIdentify the principalsteps involved and thesequence of workactivitiesAnalyze each principal step forpotential hazardsDevelop specific controls forpotential hazardEQUIPMENT TO BEUSEDINSPECTIONREQUIREMENTSTRAINING REQUIREMENTSList equipment to beused in the workactivityList inspectionrequirements for the workactivityList training requirements,including hazard communicationa. AHAs will define the activities being performed and identifythe sequences of work, the specific hazards anticipated, siteconditions, equipment, materials, and the control measures tobe implemented to eliminate or reduce each hazard to anacceptable level of risk.
  25. 25. EM 385-1-13 Nov 039b. Work will not begin until the AHA for the work activity hasbeen accepted by the GDA and discussed with all engaged inthe activity, including the Contractor, subcontractor(s), andGovernment on-site representatives at preparatory and initialcontrol phase meetings.c. The names of the competent/qualified person(s) required fora particular activity (i.e., excavations, scaffolding, fallprotections, other activities as specified by OSHA and thismanual) will be identified and included in the AHA. Proof oftheir competency/ qualification must be submitted to the GDAfor acceptance prior to the start of that work activity.d. The AHA will be reviewed and modified as necessary toaddress changing site conditions, operations, or change ofcompetent/qualified person(s).(1) If more than one competent/qualified person will be usedon the AHA activity, a list of names shall be submitted as anattachment to the AHA. Those listed shall be competent/qualified for the type of work involved in the AHA and familiarwith current site safety issues.(2) If a new competent/qualified person (not on the originallist) is added, the list shall be updated (an administrativeaction not requiring an updated AHA). The new person shallacknowledge in writing that he/she has reviewed the AHAand is familiar with current site safety issues.01.A.14 An AHA shall be prepared and documented for eachUSACE activity as warranted by the hazards associated with theactivity. Generally, an AHA shall be prepared for all fieldoperations.a. The GDA, using the advice of the safety and occupationalhealth office, shall determine the need for an AHA for eachactivity within their area of responsibility.
  26. 26. EM 385-1-13 Nov 0310b. In developing the AHA for a particular activity, USACEsupervisors should draw upon the knowledge and experience ofemployees in that activity and the safety and occupationalhealth office.c. The Government will use this process to assess and managethe risk associated with the project.01.A.15 To assure compliance with this manual, the Contractormay be required to prepare for review specific safety andoccupational health submittal items. These submittal items may bespecifically required by this manual or may be identified in thecontract or by the Contracting Officers Representative (COR).All safety and occupational health submittal items shall be written inEnglish and provided by the Contractor to the GDA.01.A.16. The COR or his/her designated representative mayimmediately stop work when an employee is deemed to be inimminent danger of serious injury or loss of life. > See FederalAcquisition Regulation (FAR) Clause 52.236-13(d).01.A.17 The Contractor shall employ a competent person at eachproject to function as the Site Safety and Health Officer (SSHO).The SSHO will manage the Contractor’s APP. (This may beacollateral duty responsibility unless specified differently in thecontract.) > See Appendix A, paragraphs 4 and 7. Theperson(s), as a minimum, must have completed the 10-hour OSHAConstruction safety class or an equivalent course applicable to thework to be performed and given by qualified instructors. Suchtraining shall have been within the last three (3) years. An SSHOshall be on-duty at all times when work is being performed andshall be responsible for enforcing and implementing theContractor’s Safety and Health Program in accordance with theaccepted APP.01.A.18. The Prime Contractor is responsible for assuringsubcontractor compliance with the safety and occupational healthrequirements contained in this manual.
  27. 27. EM 385-1-13 Nov 031101.B INDOCTRINATION AND TRAINING01.B.01 A qualified person(s) shall conduct all training required bythis manual.01.B.02 Employees shall be provided safety and healthindoctrination prior to the start of work and continuing safety andhealth training to enable them to perform their work in a safemanner. Employee indoctrinations will be documented in writing bydate, name, and content.01.B.03 Indoctrination and training shall be based on the safetyand health program of the Contractor or Government agency, asapplicable, and shall include but not be limited to:a. Requirements and responsibilities for accident preventionand maintaining safe and healthful work environments;b. General safety and health policies and procedures andpertinent provisions of this manual;c. Employee and supervisor responsibilities for reporting allaccidents;d. Provisions for medical facilities and emergency responseand procedures for obtaining medical treatment or emergencyassistance;e. Procedures for reporting and correcting unsafe conditions orpractices;f. Job hazards and the means to control/eliminate thosehazards, including applicable position and/or activity hazardanalyses; andg. Specific training as required by this manual.
  28. 28. EM 385-1-13 Nov 031201.B.04 All visitors to USACE Government or Contractor controlledsites hosting hazardous conditions will be briefed by a qualifiedperson on the hazards to be expected on the site and the safetyand health controls required (i.e., hard hat, foot protection, etc.).The person-in-charge of the site will assure that all visitors enteringthe site are properly protected and are wearing or provided with theappropriate personal protective equipment (PPE). Site personnelshould maintain a stock of common PPE (i.e., hard hats, eyeprotection, ear plugs, reflective vests, etc.) for use by visitors. Thesite manager will provide an escort for all visitors while on site.A visitor sign-in log will be maintained on site.01.B.05 Safety meetings shall be conducted to review pastactivities, plan for new or changed operations, review pertinentaspects of appropriate AHA (by trade), establish safe workingprocedures for anticipated hazards, and provide pertinent safetyand health training and motivation.a. Meetings shall be conducted at least once a month for allsupervisors on the project location and at least once a week bysupervisors or foremen for all workers.b. Meetings shall be documented, including the date,attendance, subjects discussed, and names of individual(s) whoconducted the meeting. Documentation shall be maintainedand copies furnished to the GDA on request.c. The GDA will be informed of all scheduled meetings inadvance and be invited to attend.01.B.06 A hazard communication program shall be implemented inaccordance with 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 1910.1200or 1926.59.a. The written hazard communication program shall address, asa minimum, the following: training (to include potential safetyand health effects from exposure), labeling, current inventory ofhazardous chemicals on site, and the location and use ofMaterial Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs).
  29. 29. EM 385-1-13 Nov 0313b. When hazardous substances are brought onto the job site,all employees potentially exposed to the substance will beadvised of information in the MSDS for the substance.c. A copy of the MSDS for each hazardous substance at theproject will be maintained in an inventory, will be provided to theGDA, and will be made available to all potentially exposedemployees. For emergency response purposes, each entry inthe inventory shall include the approximate quantities (e.g.,liters, kilograms, gallons, pounds) that will be on site at anygiven time. In addition, a site map will be attached to theinventory showing where inventoried hazardous substances arestored. The inventory and the site map will be updated asfrequently as necessary to ensure accuracy. > The inventoryand site map shall be integrated into requirements of thisSection and 06.B.01.01.B.07 Emergency situations.a. The employer shall provide training in handling emergencysituations that may arise in the activities or use of equipment onthe project.b. All persons who may have occasion to use emergency andrescue or lifesaving equipment shall be familiarized with thelocation of the equipment, trained in the proper use of theequipment and its capabilities and limitations, and medicallyqualified for its use.01.C PHYSICAL QUALIFICATIONS OF EMPLOYEES01.C.01 All persons shall be physically, medically, and emotionallyqualified for performing the duties to which they are assigned.Some factors to be considered in making work assignments arestrength, endurance, agility, coordination, and visual and hearingacuity.
  30. 30. EM 385-1-13 Nov 031401.C.02 At no time while on duty may employees use or be underthe influence of alcohol, narcotics, intoxicants, or similar mind-altering substances. Employees found under the influence of orconsuming such substances will be immediately removed from thejob site. Contractors shall enforce the drug-free workplacerequirements specified in Appendix A as part of their APP.> See Appendix A.01.C.03 Operators of any equipment or vehicle shall be able toread and understand the signs, signals, and operating instructionsin use.01.C.04 Operators shall not be permitted to operate beyond thefollowing limits: > See Section 19 for Marine activities.a. Operators of equipment, such as hoisting equipment anddraglines, mobile construction equipment, electrical powersystems, hydropower plants, industrial manufacturing systems,hydraulically operated equipment, powered vessels, and boats,shall not be permitted to exceed 12 hours of duty time in any24-hour period, including time worked at another occupation.A minimum of 8 consecutive hours will be provided for rest ineach 24-hour period.b. Operators of motor vehicles, while on duty, shall not operatevehicles for a continuous period of more than 10 hours in any24-hour period; nor shall any employees, while on duty, operatemotor vehicles after being in a duty status for more than 12hours during any 24-hour period. A minimum of 8 consecutivehours will be provided for rest in each 24-hour period.01.C.05 Compressed-air workers.a. No person shall be permitted to enter a compressed-airenvironment until examined by a licensed physician and foundto be physically qualified to engage in such work.
  31. 31. EM 385-1-13 Nov 0315b. Any person working in a compressed-air environment who isabsent from work for 10 or more days, or is absent due tosickness or injury, shall not resume work until reexamined by alicensed physician, and found to be physically qualified to workin a compressed-air environment.c. After a person has been continuously employed incompressed air for a period designated by a physician, but notto exceed 1 year, that person shall be reexamined by aphysician to determine if he/she is still physically qualified toengage in compressed-air work.d. All other requirements for compressed-air work will be asspecified in the contract technical provisions.01.D ACCIDENT REPORTING AND RECORDKEEPING01.D.01 All accidents that occur incidentally to an operation,project, or facility for which this manual is applicable will beinvestigated, reported, and analyzed as prescribed by the GDA.a. Employees are responsible for reporting all injuries oroccupationally related illnesses as soon as possible to theiremployer or immediate supervisor.b. Employers and immediate supervisors are responsible forreporting all injuries to the GDA within 24 hours.c. No supervisor shall decline to accept a report of injury from asubordinate.
  32. 32. EM 385-1-13 Nov 031601.D.02 An accident that appears to have any of theconsequences listed below shall be immediately reported to theGDA. These accidents will be investigated in depth to identify allcauses and to recommend hazard control measures. The GDAshall immediately notify the Safety and Occupational Health Officeof all serious accidents and follow-up with official accidents reportsas prescribed by regulation. > Contractors are responsible fornotifying OSHA when one or more of their employees areseriously injured.a. Fatal injury,b. Permanent totally disabling injury,c. Permanent partial disabling injury,d. Three or more persons admitted to a hospital, ore. Property damage in an amount specified by USACE currentaccident reporting regulations.01.D.03 Except for rescue and emergency measures, the accidentscene shall not be disturbed until it has been released by theinvestigating official. The Contractor is responsible for obtainingappropriate medical and emergency assistance and for notifyingfire, law enforcement, and regulatory agencies. The Contractormust assist and cooperate fully with the GDA conducting theGovernment investigation(s) of the accident.01.D.04 Daily records of all first-aid treatments not otherwisereportable shall be maintained on prescribed forms and furnished tothe GDA upon request.01.D.05 In addition to any other applicable requirements of thissection on contract operations, the Prime Contractor shall:a. Maintain records of all exposure and accident experienceincidental to the work (this includes exposure and accidentexperience of the Prime Contractor and subcontractors and, as
  33. 33. EM 385-1-13 Nov 0317a minimum, these records shall include exposure work hoursand a log of occupational injuries and illnesses - OSHA Form300 or equivalent as prescribed by 29 CFR 1904; provide acurrent copy of OSHA Form 300 or equivalent to the GDA uponrequest;b. Maintain health hazard assessment documentation andemployee exposure monitoring to chemical, biological, andphysical agents as required by Section 06. Provide thisinformation to employees who are characterized by theseassessments and exposure monitoring in accordance withOSHA requirements. Immediately notify the GDA of anyexposure in excess of the limits specified in Section 06 and thehazard control measures that has been taken to reduce oreliminate such exposures.c. Submit project work hours to the COR monthly on the formprovided by the COR. Work hours include all hours on theproject where an employee is in an on-duty pay status.01.E EMERGENCY PLANNING01.E.01 Emergency plans to ensure employee safety in case of fireor other emergency shall be prepared, in writing, and reviewed withall affected employees. Emergency plans shall be tested to ensuretheir effectiveness. >See 28.A.03 for emergency planningprocedures for storing and handling hazardous substances.a. Plans shall include escape procedures and routes, criticalplant operations, employee accounting following an emergencyevacuation, rescue and medical duties, means of reportingemergencies, and persons to be contacted for information orclarification.b. On-site emergency planning shall be integrated with off-siteemergency support. (Documentation of specific on-siteemergency services shall be made. This can include writtenagreements, memorandum for record, telephone conversation
  34. 34. EM 385-1-13 Nov 0318logs, etc. The emergency services provider should be offeredan on-site orientation of the project and associated hazards.)01.E.02 Planning for any operation shall include the total systemresponse capabilities to minimize the consequences of accidents ornatural disaster and shall consider communications, rescue, firstaid, medical, emergency response, emergency equipment, andtraining requirements.01.E.03 The number of persons permitted in any location shall belimited to rescue and escape capability.01.E.04 Emergency alert systems shall be developed, tested, andused to alert all persons likely to be affected by existing or imminentdisaster conditions and to alert and summon emergencyresponders.01.E.05 Emergency telephone numbers and reporting instructionsfor ambulance, physician, hospital, fire, and police shall beconspicuously posted at the work site.01.E.06 Employees working alone in a remote location or awayfrom other workers shall be provided an effective means ofemergency communications. This means of communication couldinclude a cellular phone, two-way radios, hard-line telephones orother acceptable means. The selected communication must bereadily available (easily within the immediate reach) of theemployee and must be tested prior to the start of work to verify thatit effectively operates in the area/environment. An employeecheck-in/check-out communication procedure shall be developed toassure employee safety.01.F EMERGENCY RECOVERY OPERATIONS.01.F.01 In addition to the other pertinent parts of this manual, CivilEmergency Recovery Operations shall be conducted in accordancewith Appendix B for both USACE and Contractor activities.
  35. 35. EM 385-1-13 Nov 0319SECTION 2SANITATION02.A GENERAL REQUIREMENTS02.A.01 Employers shall establish and maintain basic sanitationprovisions for all employees in all places of employment asspecified in the following paragraphs.02.B DRINKING WATER02.B.01 An adequate supply of drinking water shall be provided inall places of employment. Cool water shall be provided during hotweather.a. Drinking water shall be provided at continental United States(CONUS) fixed facilities according to the requirements of theSafe Drinking Water Act, as amended, and all applicableFederal, State, and local regulations. Refer to the most currentversion of 40 CFR 141 and 40 CFR 143, for updates to thenational drinking water regulations. Refer to individual Stateand local regulations, as applicable, for updates in thoseregulations. CONUS facilities classified as suppliers of water--(1) Must comply with substantive and proceduralrequirements pursuant to 40 CFR 141;(2) Must meet any State and local regulations that are morestringent than the Federal regulations; and(3) Shall ensure that the sanitary control and surveillance ofwater supplies and that the chlorination and fluoridation areconducted according with applicable guidelines.
  36. 36. EM 385-1-13 Nov 0320b. Drinking water at military outside continental United States(OCONUS) fixed facilities shall be provided in compliance withcountry-specific Final Governing Standards (FGS) or, in theabsence of FGS, the National Primary Drinking WaterRegulations (NPDWR) as outlined in the OverseasEnvironmental Baseline Guidance Document (OEBGD)(Department of Defense Instruction (DODI) 4715.5-G).In addition, the sanitary control and surveillance of watersupplies and the chlorination and fluoridation shall be conductedaccording to applicable Department of Defense (DOD)Component guidelines, or if more stringent, the host nationrequirements.c. Drinking water for field activities shall be provided accordingto the procedures defined in Army Regulation (AR) 700-136;Field Manual (FM) 10-52; FM 21-10/Marine Corps ReferencePublication (MCRP) 4-11.1D; and Technical Bulletin, Medical(TB MED) 577.d. Drinking water on all Army floating vessels is providedaccording to 40 CFR 141 and chapter 6 of Navy Medical(NAVMED) P-5010-010-LP-207-1300.02.B.02 Only approved potable water systems shall be used forthe distribution of drinking water.02.B.03 Drinking water shall be dispensed by means that preventcontamination between the consumer and the source.02.B.04 Portable drinking water dispensers shall be designed,constructed, and serviced to ensure sanitary conditions; shall becapable of being closed; and shall have a tap. Containers shall beclearly marked as “DRINKING WATER” and shall not be used forother purposes. Water shall not be dipped from containers.02.B.05 Fountain dispensers shall have a guarded orifice.
  37. 37. EM 385-1-13 Nov 032102.B.06 Use of a common cup (a cup shared by more than oneworker) is prohibited without the cup being sanitized between uses.Employees shall use cups when drinking from portable watercoolers/containers. Unused disposable cups shall be kept insanitary containers and a waste receptacle shall be provided forused cups.02.B.07 Nonpotable water.a. Outlets dispensing nonpotable water will be conspicuouslyposted "CAUTION - WATER UNSAFE FOR DRINKING,WASHING, OR COOKING." (Outlets dispensing nonpotablewater at Corps Dumping Stations within campgrounds may,in lieu of this requirement, be posted in accordance withUSACE’s Engineering Pamphlet (EP) 310-1-6A and EP 310-1-6B.)b. Cross-connection - open or potential - between a systemfurnishing potable water and a system furnishing nonpotablewater is prohibited.02.C TOILETS02.C.01 When sanitary sewers are not available, one of thefollowing facilities, unless prohibited by local codes, shall beprovided: chemical toilets, recirculating toilets, combustion toilets,or other toilet systems as approved by State/local governments.02.C.02 Each toilet facility shall be equipped with a toilet seat andtoilet seat cover. Each toilet facility - except those specificallydesigned and designated for females - shall be equipped with ametal, plastic, or porcelain urinal trough. All shall be provided withan adequate supply of toilet paper and a holder for each seat.02.C.03 Toilet facilities shall be so constructed that the occupantsshall be protected against weather and falling objects; all cracksshall be sealed and the door shall be tight-fitting, self-closing, andcapable of being latched.
  38. 38. EM 385-1-13 Nov 032202.C.04 Adequate ventilation shall be provided and all windowsand vents screened; seat boxes shall be vented to the outside(minimum vent size 4 inches (in) (10.1 centimeters (cm)) insidediameter) with vent intake located 1 in (2.5 cm) below the seat.02.C.05 Toilet facilities shall be constructed so that the interior islighted.02.C.06 Toilets at construction job sites. (The requirements of thisparagraph shall not apply to mobile crews having transportationreadily available to nearby toilet facilities.)a. Toilets shall be provided according to Table 2-1. Where toiletrooms may be occupied by no more than one person at a time,can be locked from the inside, and contain at least one toiletseat, separate toilet rooms for each sex need not be provided.b. Under temporary field conditions, provisions shall be made toassure that at least one toilet facility is available.TABLE 2-1MINIMUM TOILET FACILITIES(CONSTRUCTION SITES)Number ofEmployeesMinimum Facilities (per sex)20 or less One21 to 199 One toilet seat and one urinal for every 40 workers200 or more One toilet seat and one urinal for every 50 workers02.C.07 Toilets at places of employment other than constructionjob sites.a. Water closets, which are separate for each sex, shall beprovided according to Table 2-2. Where toilet rooms may beoccupied by no more than one person at a time, can be locked
  39. 39. EM 385-1-13 Nov 0323from the inside, and contain at least one toilet seat, separatetoilet rooms for each sex need not be provided.TABLE 2-2MINIMUM TOILET FACILITIES(OTHER THAN CONSTRUCTION SITES)Number of Employees Minimum Facilities (per sex)1 to 15 one16 to 35 two36 to 55 three56 to 80 four81 to 110 five111 to 150 sixOver 150 one for each additional 40 personsb. Each water closet shall occupy a separate compartment witha door that can lock from the inside and walls or partitions,between fixtures, of sufficient height to assure privacy.02.C.08 Provisions for routinely servicing and cleaning all toiletsand disposing of the sewage shall be established before placingtoilet facilities into operation. The method of sewage disposal andlocation selected shall be in accordance with Federal, State, andlocal health regulations.02.D WASHING FACILITIES02.D.01 Washing facilities shall be provided at toilet facilities andas needed to maintain healthful and sanitary conditions. Washing
  40. 40. EM 385-1-13 Nov 0324facilities for persons engaged in the application of paints, coatings,herbicides, insecticides, or other operations where contaminantsmay be harmful shall be at or near the work site and shall beadequate for removal of the harmful substance.02.D.02 Each washing facility shall be maintained in a sanitarycondition and provided with water (either hot and cold runningwater or tepid running water), soap, and individual means of drying.However, where it is not practical to provide running water, handsanitizers may be used as a substitute.02.D.03 Whenever employees are required by a particularstandard to shower, showers shall be provided in accordance withthe following:a. One shower shall be provided for every ten employees (orfraction thereof) of each sex who are required to shower duringthe same shift;b. Body soap or other appropriate cleansing agent convenientto the shower shall be provided;c. Showers shall have hot and cold running water feeding acommon discharge line; andd. Employees using showers shall be provided with individualclean towels.02.D.04 Whenever employees are required by a particularstandard to wear protective clothing, change rooms with storagefacilities for street clothes and separate storage facilities forprotective clothing shall be provided.02.D.05 Whenever working clothes are provided by an employerand become wet or are washed between shifts, provision shall bemade to ensure such clothing is dry before reuse.02.E FOOD SERVICE
  41. 41. EM 385-1-13 Nov 032502.E.01 All cafeterias, restaurants, mess facilities, and relatedfacilities on areas, projects, or installations shall be established,operated, and maintained in compliance with the health andsanitation recommendations of the United States Public HealthService and applicable State and local regulations.02.E.02 All food service operations shall be carried out in a soundmanner. Food shall be free from spoilage and kept uncontaminatedthroughout the storage, preparation, and serving process.02.E.03 No food or beverage shall be consumed or stored in atoilet room or in any area exposed to a toxic material.02.E.04 An adequate number of waste receptacles shall beprovided in the food service area. Receptacles shall beconstructed of corrosion resistant or disposable material, providedwith solid tight-fitting covers (covers may be omitted where sanitaryconditions can be maintained without the use of a cover), emptiedat least daily, and maintained in a sanitary condition.02.F WASTE DISPOSAL02.F.01 Receptacles used for putrescible or liquid waste materialshall be so constructed to prevent leakage and to allow thoroughcleaning and sanitary maintenance. These receptacles shall beequipped with a solid tight-fitting cover, unless it can be maintainedin sanitary condition without a cover. > Disposal of rubbish,debris, and litter is covered in 14.D.02.F.02 Solid and liquid waste shall be removed in a way thatavoids creating a menace to health and as often as necessary tomaintain a sanitary environment.02.G VERMIN CONTROL02.G.01 Enclosed workplaces shall be constructed andmaintained, as far as practical, to prevent the entrance orharborage of rodents, insects, and other vermin. An effective
  42. 42. EM 385-1-13 Nov 0326extermination program shall be instituted where the presence ofsuch vermin is detected.
  43. 43. EM 385-1-13 Nov 0327SECTION 3MEDICAL AND FIRST-AID REQUIREMENTS03.A GENERAL03.A.01 Prior to start of work, arrangements shall be made formedical facilities and personnel to provide prompt attention to theinjured and for consultation on occupational safety and healthmatters.a. An effective means of communication (hard-wired or cellulartelephone, two-way radio, etc.) with 911 access or otheremergency response source and transportation to effectivelycare for injured workers shall be provided. Communicationdevices shall be tested in the area of use to assure functionality.b. The telephone numbers of physicians, hospitals, orambulances shall be conspicuously posted (at the minimum,these numbers shall be posted at the on-site project officetelephones).c. A map delineating the best route to the nearest medicalfacility shall be prepared and posted on the safety bulletinboard.03.A.02 First-aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)training.a. When a medical facility or physician is not accessible within5 minutes of an injury to a group of two or more employees forthe treatment of injuries, at least two employees on each shiftshall be qualified to administer first aid and CPR. > Minimumqualifications are listed in 03.D.b. Individuals who are required to work alone in remote areasshall be trained in first aid and provided an effective means of
  44. 44. EM 385-1-13 Nov 0328communication to call for assistance in the event of anemergency.03.A.03 First-aid and medical facility requirements.a. All projects, activities, installations, or contracts on whichless than 100 persons are employed (greatest total number ofemployees on a shift) at the site of the work, and where neithera first-aid station nor infirmary is available, shall be providedwith a first-aid kit complying with the criteria contained inAmerican National Standards Institute (ANSI) Z308.1-1998 inthe ratio of one for every 25 persons or less. In addition to thebasic fill requirements, the employer, in consultation with ahealth care professional or competent first aid person, shallevaluate the hazards found in the work environment todetermine the necessity of optional fill contents.b. All projects, activities, installations, or contracts on whichmore than 99 and less than 300 persons are employed (greatesttotal number of employees on a shift) at the site of the workshall establish and equip, as directed by a licensed physician, afirst-aid station. In non-rural locations, medical clinics, hospitals,or doctors’ office, accessible within 5 minutes of an injury maybe approved for use provided the requirements of 03.A.03a aremet.c. Where tunnels are being excavated, a first-aid station andtransportation facilities shall be provided so that treatment isavailable within 5 minutes of the occurrence of an injury.d. All projects, activities, installations, or contracts on which300 or more persons are employed (greatest total number ofemployees on a shift) at the site of the work shall establish andequip, as directed by a licensed physician, an infirmary.03.A.04 When any part of the body may be exposed to toxic orcorrosive materials, drenching and/or flushing facilities shall beprovided in the work area for immediate emergency use. > SeeSection 06.B.
  45. 45. EM 385-1-13 Nov 032903.A.05 When persons are exposed to epoxy resins, solvents,hydrocarbons, cement, lime, or other dermatitis-producingsubstances, ointment recommended by the manufacturer for thespecific exposure shall be available and shall be used.03.A.06 Employees designated as responsible for rendering firstaid or medical assistance shall be included in their employersblood-borne pathogen program in accordance with 29 CFR1910.1030 and shall:a. Be instructed in the sources, hazards, and avoidance ofblood-borne pathogens and be provided the trainingrequirements specified in 29 CFR 1910.1030;b. Be provided with, and shall use and maintain, PPE(i.e., CPR barrier, gloves, gowns, masks, eye protectors, and/orresuscitation equipment) when appropriate for rendering first aidor other medical assistance to prevent contact with blood orother potentially infectious materials;c. Institute a blood-borne pathogen prevention program toinclude an Exposure Control Plan with provisions forengineering and administrative controls, Hepatitis B vaccination,PPE, training, recordkeeping, and a Post-Exposure Control Planin the event of a blood-borne exposure. Post-exposure protocolmust include a plan to assure immediate medical evaluation ofexposed individual(s) per current recommendations of theCenters for Disease Control(CDC) for human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus(HCV) and hepatitis A virus (HAV).03.A.07 Prior to the start of work, the employer shall informemployees of prevention steps, symptom recognition, and medicalassets available if they are traveling to areas recognized by theCDC or are required to perform work activities in areas known to bea potential source of disease transmission such as Lyme Disease,West Nile Virus, Hantavirus, Histoplasmosis, Human Ehrlichiosis,Rabies, Rocky-Mountain Spotted Fever, Dengue Fever, Malariaand other vectore-borne diseases.
  46. 46. EM 385-1-13 Nov 0330a. The employer may use the CDC fact sheets and othersources for available information for such awareness trainingand travel purposes. CDC information can be found at thefollowing website: http://www.cdc.gov/travel/diseases.b. Issues to consider when traveling in areas where suchdiseases are endemic include:(1) Modes of disease transmission.(2) Specific health risks associated with the disease.(3) Preventive measures such as available vaccines andPPE (gloves, eye and skin protection, respirator).(4) Appropriate work practices to prevent contact withinfected agents (bird/rodent droppings, etc.), such aswatering areas prior to dust-generating activities.(5) Vaccine information, to include information on theeffectiveness, risks, and availability.(6) Safe removal of source where applicable.(7) Symptom recognition and medical referral.03.B FIRST-AID KITS03.B.01 Unless otherwise specified, where first-aid kits arerequired, they shall be Type III, 16-unit, first-aid kits (kits containing16 unit-type first-aid packages) containing the minimum fill contents(Table 3-1), and one pocket mouth piece or CPR barrier. First-aidkits shall be easily accessible to all workers, protected from theweather, and each item maintained sterile. First-aid kit locationsshould be clearly marked and distributed throughout the site(s).03.B.02 The contents of first-aid kits shall be checked by theemployer prior to their use and at least weekly when work is inprogress to ensure that expended items are replaced.
  47. 47. EM 385-1-13 Nov 0331TABLE 3-1REQUIREMENTS FOR BASIC UNIT PACKAGESUnit first aiditemMinimumSize orVolume(metric)MinimumSize orVolume (US)Itemquantityper unitpackageUnitpackagesize* AbsorbentCompress60 sq. cm 24 sq. in 1 1* AdhesiveBandage2.5 x 7.5 cm 1 x 3 in. 16 1* Adhesive Tape 457.2 cm 5 yd (total) 1 or 2 1 or 2* Antiseptic Swab 0.5 g 0.14 fl. oz. 10 1Antiseptic Wipe 2.5 x 2.5 cm 1 x 1 in. 10 1AntisepticTowelette60 sq. cm 24 sq. in. 10 1BandageCompress (2 in.)5 x 91 cm 2 x 36 in. 4 1BandageCompress (3 in.)7.5 x 152 cm 3 x 60 in. 2 1BandageCompress (4 in. )10 x 183 cm 4 x 72 in. 1 1* Burn Treatment 0.5 g 0.14 fl. oz. 6 1Eye Covering,with means ofattachment1 1Eye Wash 30 ml 1 fl. oz. total 1 2Eye Wash &Covering, withmeans ofattachment1 2Gloves 2 pair 1Roller Bandage(4 in.)10 x 550 cm 4 in. x 6 yd. 1 1Roller Bandage(2 in.)5 x 550 cm 2 in. x 6 yd. 2 1* Sterile pad 7.5 x 7.5 cm 3 x 3 in. 4 1* TriangularBandage101 x 101 x142 cm40 x 40 x 56in.1 1* Minimum mandatory contents for basic fill kit. Additional itemsfrom this table are needed to meet 16-unit kit requirement.
  48. 48. EM 385-1-13 Nov 033203.B.0 3 Automatic External Defibrillator (AED)a. The placement of AEDs is optional (except for infirmariessee 03.C.03d), but encouraged. The placement of AEDs on theworksite must be preceded by an assessment of the time anddistance to emergency medical services (EMS) and a justifiedneed for such equipment.b. An AED program shall include as a minimum:(1) Appropriate training and certification of identifiedoperators.(2) Physician oversight and assessment.(3) Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for EMS activationand outcome oversight.(4) Equipment Maintenance Program.03.C FIRST-AID STATIONS AND INFIRMARIES03.C.01 General.a. On activities requiring a first-aid station or an infirmary, thetype of facilities and equipment shall be determined by theproximity and quality of available medical services and shall bein accordance with the recommendation of a licensed physician.Alternative facilities that provide the quantity and quality ofservices outlined in this section may be used if recommendedby a licensed physician.b. Identification and directional markers shall be used to readilydenote the location of all first-aid stations and infirmaries.c. Emergency lighting shall be provided for all first-aid stationsand infirmaries.
  49. 49. EM 385-1-13 Nov 033303.C.02 A first-aid attendant shall be on duty in first-aid stations atall hours when work is in progress (except when on emergencycalls).03.C.03 Infirmaries.a. Infirmaries shall provide reasonably quiet, privacy, light,climate control, adequate toilet facilities, hot and cold water,drainage, and electrical outlets; walls and ceilings shall befinished with the equivalent of two coats of white paint; windowsand doors will be screened; floors shall be of imperviousconstruction.b. A properly equipped emergency vehicle, helicopter, ormobile first-aid unit shall be provided during work hours at sitesrequiring an infirmary. The emergency vehicle shall not be usedfor any other purpose, except that the helicopter may be usedfor shift crew changes.c. A registered nurse (RN), a licensed physicians assistant, acertificated emergency medical technician (EMT), or a licensedpractical nurse (LPN) (if the LPN is approved by a licensedphysician) shall be assigned on a full-time basis to eachinstallation requiring an infirmary.d. Infirmaries shall be equipped with an AED.03.D PERSONNEL REQUIREMENTS AND QUALIFICATIONS03.D.01 All projects, installations, activities, or contracts on which1,000 persons or more are employed (greatest total aggregatenumber of employees on a shift) shall have the full-time services ofa licensed physician. An EMT having direct communication with alicensed physician may be used when a full-time physician is notavailable.03.D.02 First-aid attendants shall hold certification in first-aid andCPR training from the American Red Cross, the American HeartAssociation, or from an organization whose training is deemed
  50. 50. EM 385-1-13 Nov 0334equivalent by one of these organizations (and this equivalency isstated in writing), or from a licensed physician. The certificate(s)shall state the date of issue and length of validity.03.D.03 First-aid attendants, RNs, licensed physicians assistants,LPNs, and EMTs shall be under the direction of a licensedphysician.03.D.04 Military personnel with equivalent qualifications may beused in lieu of the above personnel.
  51. 51. EM 385-1-13 Nov 0335SECTION 4TEMPORARY FACILITIES04.A GENERAL04.A.01 Plans for the layout of temporary construction buildings,facilities, fencing, and access routes and anchoring systems fortemporary structures shall be submitted to and approved by theGDA. > See 09.A.19 for temporary facility spacingrequirements; Section 11 for temporary power distributionapproval requirements; and Sections 21 and 22 for temporaryramp, trestle, scaffold, and platform approval requirements.04.A.02 The design and construction of temporary structures shallconsider the following loadings (reference American Society of CivilEngineers (ASCE) 7-98):a. Dead and live loads,b. Soil and hydrostatic pressures,c. Wind loads,d. Rain and snow loads, ande. Seismic forces.04.A.03 Trailers and other temporary structures used as fieldoffices, to house personnel, or for storage shall be anchored withrods and cables or by steel straps to ground anchors. The anchorsystem shall be designed to withstand winds and must meetapplicable State or local standards for anchoring mobile trailerhomes.
  52. 52. EM 385-1-13 Nov 033604.A.04 Fencing and warning signs.a. Temporary project fencing (or a substitute acceptable to theGDA and delineated in the APP) shall be provided on allprojects located in areas of active use by members of the public.Consideration will also be given to those areas proximate tofamily housing areas and/or school facilities.b. Signs warning of the presence of construction hazards andrequiring unauthorized persons to keep out of the constructionarea shall be posted on the fencing. At the minimum, postingshall be on all fenced sides of the project and spaced one signevery 300 feet (ft) (91.4 meters (m)). > See also Section 8.c. For areas of minimal public exposure, fencing is not required,but signs, warning of construction hazards, shall be posted.04.A.05 Temporary Work Camps (Floating plant excluded).a. All sites used for temporary work camps shall beadequately drained. They shall not be subject to periodicflooding nor located within 200 ft (60.9 m) of swamps, pools,sink holes, or other surface collections of water unless adequatemosquito control methods have been implemented. The sitesshall be graded, ditched, and rendered free from depressions inwhich water may become a nuisance.b. Sites shall be sized to prevent overcrowding of necessarystructures.c. The grounds and open areas surrounding the shelters shallbe maintained free of rubbish, debris, waste paper, garbage, orother refuse.d. Shelters will provide protection from the elements, and eachroom used for sleeping purposes shall contain at least 50square feet (ft2) (4.6 square meters (m2)) of floor space for eachoccupant and at least 7-ft, 6-in (2.3-m) ceilings.
  53. 53. EM 385-1-13 Nov 0337e. Beds, cots, or bunks, and suitable storage facilities (such aswall lockers for clothing and personal articles) shall be providedin every room used for sleeping purposes. Beds shall bespaced not closer than 36 in (91.4 cm) both laterally and end-to-end and shall be elevated at least 12 in (30.4 cm) from the floor.Double-decked bunk beds shall be spaced not less than 48 in(121.9 cm) both laterally and end-to-end with a minimum spaceof not less than 27 in (68.5 cm) between the upper and lowerbunk. Triple deck bunks are prohibited.f. Floors shall be constructed of wood, asphalt, or concrete.Wooden floors shall be of smooth and tight construction. Floorsshall be kept in good repair.g. Living quarters shall be provided with windows that may beopened for purposes of ventilation.h. All exterior openings shall be effectively screened with 16-mesh material and screen doors shall be equipped with self-closing devices.i. Temporary sleeping quarters shall be heated, ventilated,lighted, and maintained in a clean and safe condition.j. Sleeping quarters must comply with the National FireProtection Agency (NFPA) 101.04.A.06 Unless otherwise indicated, throughout this manual, lumberdimensions are given in nominal sizes.
  54. 54. EM 385-1-13 Nov 0338
  55. 55. EM 385-1-13 Nov 0339SECTION 5PERSONAL PROTECTIVE AND SAFETYEQUIPMENT05.A GENERAL05.A.01 Responsibilities.a. Based on hazard evaluations (conducted by supervisors),employers shall select, and have each affected employee use,PPE that will protect the employee from hazards. > See also06.A.02.b. Employers shall communicate PPE decisions to eachaffected employee and select PPE that properly fits eachaffected employee.c. Employees shall use all PPE that may be required tomaintain their exposure within acceptable limits.d. The employer will make all reasonable efforts toaccommodate employees with religious beliefs that may conflictwith the PPE requirements contained within this manual.However, when reasonable efforts to accommodate theemployee’s religious beliefs do not provide the necessary safeworking environment (without PPE), then the employer shallrequire the employee to use the appropriate PPE or theemployee will not be allowed to work in the area where he/shewill be exposed to the hazard requiring protection.05.A.02 Employees shall be physically able and medicallydetermined qualified to use the personal protective and safetyequipment that may be required in their job duties.05.A.03 Employers shall ensure users of personal protective andsafety equipment are trained to know the following: when PPE, andwhat types of PPE are necessary; how to properly don, doff, adjust,
  56. 56. EM 385-1-13 Nov 0340and wear PPE; limitations of the PPE; and proper care, inspection,testing, maintenance, useful life, storage, and disposal of the PPE.a. Each affected employee shall demonstrate an understandingof this training and the ability to use PPE properly before beingallowed to perform work requiring the use of PPE.b. When the employer has reason to believe that any affectedemployee who has been trained does not have the under-standing and skill required for the use of the PPE, the employershall assure the employee receives the necessary retraining toacquire the appropriate skills.c. The employer shall verify that each affected employee hasreceived and understood the required training by a writtencertification that identifies the name of each employee trained,the date(s) of the training, and the subjects taught.05.A.04 A copy of the manufacturers use, inspection, testing, andmaintenance instructions shall be maintained with the personalprotective and safety equipment.05.A.05 Personal protective and safety equipment shall be tested,inspected, and maintained in serviceable and sanitary condition asrecommended by the manufacturer.a. Defective or damaged equipment shall not be used. It shallbe tagged as out of service and locked-up or immediatelyremoved from the work site to prevent use.b. Before being stored or reissued to another person,equipment shall be cleaned, disinfected, inspected, andrepaired.05.A.06 When employees provide their own equipment, theemployer is responsible for assuring its adequacy in protectingagainst the hazard and its state of repair.
  57. 57. EM 385-1-13 Nov 034105.A.07 Minimum requirements.a. Employees shall wear clothing suitable for the weather andwork conditions: the minimum for fieldwork (i.e., constructionsites, industrial operations and maintenance activities,emergency operations, regulatory inspections, etc.) shall beshort sleeve shirt, long pants (excessively long or baggy pantsare prohibited), and leather or other protective work shoes orboots.b. Protective equipment shall be of heat/fire/chemical/electrical-resistive material when conditions require protection againstsuch hazards.05.A.08 Protective footwear, such as rubber boots, protectivecovers, ice cramp-ons, and safety-toed boots, shall be worn by allpersons exposed to hazards to the feet (including, but not limitedto, puncture, slipping, electrical, or chemical hazards).a. For all activities in which USACE or contractor personnel orofficial visitors are potentially exposed to foot hazards, theapplicable PHA/AHA, APP, or project safety and health planshall include an analysis of, and prescribe specific protectivemeasures to be taken for, reducing foot hazards.b. USACE and Contractor personnel shall, as a minimum, wearsafety-toed footwear meeting ANSI Z41 while working onconstruction sites unless it can be demonstrated by a PHA/AHAto the GDA satisfaction that a different type of foot protection isrequired.c. Footwear providing protection against impact andcompressive forces, conduction hazards, electrical hazards,and sole puncture shall meet the applicable requirements ofANSI Z41; footwear providing protection against impact andcompression hazards shall be rated as I75 and C75.d. Unexploded ordnance (UXO) sweep personnel shall have nometal parts in or on their footwear.
  58. 58. EM 385-1-13 Nov 0342e. Personnel participating in wild land fire managementactivities shall wear leather lace-up boots with slip-resistantsoles, such as a hard rubber lug-type or tractor tread, a topheight of 8 in (20.3 cm) or more, and without steel toes. Solesshould not be made of composition rubber or plastic, whichhave low melting points.05.A.09 Miners’ lights and flashlights used around explosives, andin atmospheres likely to contain explosive vapors, dusts, or gasesshall be approved by the Mine Safety and Health Administration(MSHA) or National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health(NIOSH) for use in such locations.05.A.10 Persons involved in activities that subject the hands toinjury (e.g., cuts, abrasions, punctures, burns, chemical irritants,toxins, vibration, and forces that can restrict blood flow) shall selectand use hand protection appropriate for the hazard in accordancewith ANSI/International Safety Equipment Association (ISEA) 105.05.A.11 Persons exposed to vehicular or equipment traffic,including signalpersons, spotters, or inspectors, shall wear highvisibility apparel meeting ANSI/ISEA 107 Class 3 requirements.05.A12 Protective leg chaps shall be worn by workers whooperate chain saws. Protective leg chaps must meet thespecifications in American Society for Testing and Materials(ASTM) Standard F1897.05.B EYE AND FACE PROTECTION05.B.01 Persons shall be provided with eye and face protectionequipment, as outlined in Table 5-1, when machines or operationspresent potential eye or face injury from physical, chemical, orradiation agents.
  59. 59. EM 385-1-13 Nov 0343TABLE 5-1EYE AND FACE PROTECTOR SELECTION GUIDE

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