Urology

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  • Urin/o or ur/o urine; urinary systemGenit/o genitaliaRen/o kidneypelv/o pelvis (hip bone or renal pelvis)Ureter/o ureterVesic/o or cyst/o bladderUrethr/o urethraTub/o tubeTubul/o tubuleMicturi/o making urineErythr/o redExcret/o excrete; remove from bodyPyel/o renal pelvisGlomerul/o glomerulesPen/o penisPub/o pubic Peritone/o peritoneal (abdominal) Nephr/o nephronRetro- behind; backwardSupra- above -poietin a substance that formsBUN Blood Urea NitrogenCc cubic centimetersC & S culture & sensitivityI & O intake & outputIVP IntravenouspyelogramKUB kidney, ureter & bladderSG specific gravityUA urinalysisUTI urinary tract infection WBC white blood cell
  • Uremia excessive urea in urine (toxin)Cystitis inflammation of the bladderNeurogenic bladder urinary retention due to disease (spinal cord injuries)Urethritis inflammation of the urethraAnuria absence of urineDysuria painful urinationEnuresis involuntary release of urineHematuria blood in the urineHypokalemia decrease in potassium in blood due to diureticsKentonuriaketones in urine (waste of metabolized fats)Nocturia increased frequency of nightime urinationOliguria scanty urinationPyuria pus in the urine
  • Urology

    1. 1. Urology Chapter 11<br />
    2. 2. Terminology Basics<br />Urin/o or ur/o<br />Genit/o<br />Ren/o <br />pelv/o<br />Ureter/o<br />Vesic/o or cyst/o<br />Urethr/o<br />Tub/o<br />Tubul/o<br />Micturi/o<br />Erythr/o<br />Excret/o<br />Pyel/o<br />Glomerul/o<br />Pen/o<br />Pub/o <br />Peritone/o<br />Nephr/o<br />Retro-<br />Supra-<br />-poietin<br />BUN<br />cc<br />C & S<br />I & O<br />IVP<br />KUB<br />SG<br />UA<br />UTI<br />WBC<br />
    3. 3. Micturation(formation of urine)<br />Function of the Nephron<br />hypertension and kidneys<br />Renal artery<br />Nephron<br />Glomerules<br />Proximal convoluted tubule<br />Loop of Henle (nephron loop)<br />Distal convoluted tubule<br />Collecting duct<br />
    4. 4. Key Terms<br />Uremia<br />Cystitis<br />Neurogenic bladder<br />Urethritis<br />Anuria<br />Dysuria<br />Enuresis<br />Hematuria<br />Hypocalemia<br />Kentonuria<br />Nocturia<br />Oliguria<br />Pyuria<br />
    5. 5. Diseases & Conditions<br />End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD)<br />Hemodialysis<br />Peritoneal dialysis<br />Kidney Stones<br />Urinary Tract Infections (UTI)<br />
    6. 6. Procedures<br />Urinalysis<br />Lithotripsy<br />Cystoscopy<br />TURBT<br />

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