Orthopedics

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  • CMA exam 300 questions 4 hours no breaksEstimate 3 hours homework per 1 credit hour class. Guideline. If spend substantially more time, then seek help from instructor or tutor servicesAnnouncementsReview TestsOrtho intro: skeleton frolic rap; name the skeletonA & P pronunciation highlighted wordsA & P Pile up sticky notes with bone name on it. Arrange themselves in order from cranium to phalanges, then put sticky notes on skeletonBreakDiscuss differences between: osteovs rheumatoid arthritis; kyphosis, scoliosis, lordosis; osteoporosisMedical Terminology Bee winner gets a prize!Video: Broken BonesPatient Education: Groups of 4 each, Director (s); 2 speak in medical terms to each other (doctor to MA), 2 speak as MA to patient in lay terms. Subject will be Broken BonesEnd of class announcements: spelling words for next test
  • Name the skeleton
  • Osse/o oroste/o boneSkelet/o skeletonMuscul/o muscleCrani/o cranium, skullMandibul/o mandible (lower jaw)Maxill/o mixilla (upper jaw)Nas/o noseOccipit/o occipital (lobe, back of head)Cost/o ribStern/o sternum (breastbone)Xiph/o xiphoid (process) end of breastboneCervic/o neckCoccyg/o coccyx (tailbone)Vertebr/o vertebraLumb/ lumbarSpin/o spineThorac/o thorax (chest, middle back)Spondyl/o Clavicul/o clavicle (collarbone)Scapul/o scapula (shoulder wings)Carp/o carpels (wrist)Humer/o humerous (upper arm bone)Phalang/o fingersRadi/o radial, lower arm, thumb sideUln/o ulna, lower arm, pinky sideIli/o ilium (wings on pelvis)Pelv/o pelvisPub/o pubicFemor/o femur thigh bonePatell/o patella (kneecap)Tibi/o tibia (shin bone)Arthr/o jointDextr/o rightSinistr/o left
  • Osteoarthritis is mostly a consequence of aging. Water content of cartilage increases while protein composition of cartilage degenerates. Other factors that may increase the risk of developing osteoarthritis include:joint injury repetitive use or stress of joints being overweight family history/geneticsWith regard to rheumatoid arthritis, researchers have worked for years to find the cause of the abnormal autoimmune response associated with the disease. No single cause has been found. Common theories point to a genetic predisposition and a triggering event.Rheumatoid arthritis symptoms include:joint pain joint swelling or effusionjoint stiffnessredness and/or warmth near the joint restricted range of motionMorning stiffness lasting more than an hour, involvement of the small bones of the hands and feet, extreme fatigue, rheumatoid nodules, and symmetrical joint involvement (both knees, not just one) are all characteristics of rheumatoid arthritis. There also can be lung, kidney, or cardiac involvement.This is where some similarities occur. X-rays of affected joints can show joint damage associated with osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis. Arthrocentesis, joint fluid removal, and joint fluid analysis are possible procedures that can assess osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis. The results differentiate which type of arthritis is involved.Blood tests cannot definitively diagnose osteoarthritis, but may be used to rule out other conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis. Test results, a physical examination, and the patient's medical history together can help determine a diagnosis.
  • Orthopedics

    1. 1. Orthopedicsskeletal system<br />
    2. 2. Midterm announcements<br />Final exam study guide400 questions; half will be the final examAugust 12, 1-3:50Breaks?Extra credit revision (syllabus)Est. time spent on chapter exercises<br />
    3. 3. Skeleton Frolic Rap<br />
    4. 4. Terminology Basics<br />Osse/o oroste/o<br />Skelet/o<br />Muscul/o<br />Crani/o<br />Mandibul/o<br />Maxill/o<br />Nas/o<br />Occipit/o<br />Cost/o<br />Stern/o<br />Xiph/o<br />Cervic/o<br />Coccyg/o<br />Vertebr/o<br />Lumb/o<br />Spin/o<br />Thorac/o<br />Spondyl/o<br />Clavicul/o<br />Scapul/o<br />Carp/o<br />Humer/o<br />Phalang/o<br />Radi/o<br />Uln/o<br />Ili/o<br />Pelv/o<br />Pub/o<br />Femor/o<br />Patell/o<br />Tibi/o<br />Arthr/o<br />Dextr/o<br />Sinistr/o<br />-malacia<br />-algia or dynia<br />
    5. 5. A & P Pile Up<br />Given: sticky note with name of a bone on it. <br />Objective : write description of bone on back of sticky note, explain to rest of class what bone you have and where it is, and then place sticky note on skeleton<br />
    6. 6. OsteoarthritisDegenerative joint disease caused by breakdown of joint cartilage<br />Individual joints affected<br />Rheumatoid Arthritisautoimmune disease attacks synovium (lining of the joint) symmetrically and organs in the body<br />Diagnosed with blood test (rheumatoid factor, RF)<br />
    7. 7. Arthritic Water Buffalo<br />
    8. 8. Kyphosis, Lordosis , Scoliosis<br />Lordosis—Lumbar region<br />Scoliosis – Sideways (curvature) Schoolchildren<br />Kyphosis -hunchback<br />
    9. 9. Osteoporosis<br />Porous bone structure due to loss of calcium & phosphorus – fx<br />Generally affects small-boned post-menopausal women (Asian, Caucasian)<br />Detected by bone density scan<br />
    10. 10. Medical Terminology Bee<br />
    11. 11. Oste/o or osse/o<br />
    12. 12. Oste/o or osse/o= bone<br />
    13. 13. Spondyl/o<br />
    14. 14. Spondyl/o = vertebra<br />
    15. 15. Cost/o<br />
    16. 16. Cost/o = rib<br />
    17. 17. Skele/o<br />
    18. 18. Skelet/o = skeleton<br />
    19. 19. Humer/o<br />
    20. 20. Humer/o =upper arm bone<br />
    21. 21. Crani/o<br />
    22. 22. Crani/o = cranium, skull<br />
    23. 23. -malacia<br />
    24. 24. -malacia = softening<br />
    25. 25. -algia or -dynia<br />
    26. 26. -algia or –dynia = pain<br />
    27. 27. Lumb/o<br />
    28. 28. Lumb/o = lumbar (lower back)<br />
    29. 29. Clavicu/o<br />
    30. 30. Clavicul/o = clavical (collar bone)<br />
    31. 31. Femor/o<br />
    32. 32. Femur/o = femer (upper leg bone)<br />
    33. 33. Nas/o<br />
    34. 34. Nas/o = nose<br />
    35. 35. Ili/o<br />
    36. 36. Ili/o = pelvis (wings)<br />
    37. 37. Sinistr/o<br />
    38. 38. Sinistr/o = left<br />
    39. 39. Scapul/o<br />
    40. 40. Scapul/o = scalpula (shoulder bones)<br />
    41. 41. Muscul/o<br />
    42. 42. Muscul/o = muscle<br />
    43. 43. Carp/o<br />
    44. 44. Carp/o = carpels (wrist bones)<br />
    45. 45. Arthr/o<br />
    46. 46. Arthr/o = joint<br />
    47. 47. Pelv/o<br />
    48. 48. Pelv/o = pelvis<br />
    49. 49. Radi/o<br />
    50. 50. Radi/o = radius (thumb side arm bone)<br />
    51. 51. Tibi/o<br />
    52. 52. Tibi/o = tibia (shin bone)<br />
    53. 53. Spin/o<br />
    54. 54. Spin/o = spine<br />
    55. 55. Cervic/o<br />
    56. 56. Cervic/o = cervix (neck)<br />
    57. 57. Stern/o<br />
    58. 58. Stern/o = sternum (breastbone)<br />
    59. 59. Thorac/o<br />
    60. 60. Thorac/o = thorax (middle back; chest)<br />
    61. 61. Maxill/o<br />
    62. 62. Maxill/o = maxilla (upper jaw bone)<br />
    63. 63. Coccgy/o<br />
    64. 64. Coccyg/o = coccyx (tailbone)<br />
    65. 65. Phalyng/o<br />
    66. 66. Phalyng/o = fingers<br />
    67. 67. Uln/o<br />
    68. 68. Uln/o = lower arm (pinky side)<br />
    69. 69. Pub/o<br />
    70. 70. Pub/o = pubis<br />
    71. 71. Patell/o<br />
    72. 72. Patell/o = patella (kneecap)<br />
    73. 73. Dextr/o<br />
    74. 74. Dextr/o = right<br />
    75. 75. Mandibul/o<br />
    76. 76. Mandibul/o = mandible (lower jaw)<br />
    77. 77. Occipit/o<br />
    78. 78. Occipit/o occipital lobe (back of head)<br />
    79. 79. Xiph/o<br />
    80. 80. Xiph/o = xiphoid process (bottome of breastbone)<br />
    81. 81. Vertebr/o<br />
    82. 82. Vertebr/o = vertebra<br />
    83. 83. articulation<br />
    84. 84. Articulation: the process of being or having a joint<br />
    85. 85. ligament<br />
    86. 86. Ligament: connective tissue that holds bones together<br />
    87. 87. epiphysial<br />
    88. 88. Epiphysial: pertaining to the growth area at the end of a long bone<br />
    89. 89. osteoclast<br />
    90. 90. Osteoclast: (bone) cells that breaks down substances<br />
    91. 91. osteoblast<br />
    92. 92. Osteoblast: immature bone cells<br />
    93. 93. osteomylitis<br />
    94. 94. Osteomylitis: infection in the bone and the bone marrow<br />
    95. 95. Ankylosingspondylitis<br />
    96. 96. Genuvalgum<br />
    97. 97. Genuvalgum: knock-knee<br />
    98. 98. Talipesequinovarus<br />
    99. 99. Talipesequinovarus: clubfoot<br />
    100. 100. arthrodesis<br />
    101. 101. Arthrodesis: fusion of the bones in unstable joints<br />
    102. 102. Video: Broken Bones and How They Mend<br />Get into 4 groups of 3-4 students<br />Watch video<br />Write out explanation medical terms (at least 5 medical terms) to one of the following scenariosExplain the function of osteoclasts and osteoblastsExplain what causes the pain Lisa feels in her armExplain how Lisa’s arm heals itselfExplain how Lisa’s scar is formed (on her hand)<br />

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