The EU IUU regulation: a civil society perspective


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Presentation to the 5th Update and Stakeholder Consultation on Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing, Session 2: The new EU regulation on IUU fishing. Organized by the Chatman House in London. 15 October 2009.

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The EU IUU regulation: a civil society perspective

  1. 1. 5th Update and Stakeholder Consultation on Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing Session 2 The new EU regulation on IUU fishing A NGO perspective – Sebastián Losada, Greenpeace 15 October 2009, Chatham House, London
  2. 2. High levels of IUU fishing <ul><li>More than 8 years after the FAO IPOA on IUU was adopted </li></ul><ul><li>Insufficient measures by RFOs </li></ul><ul><li>It is estimated that between 11-19% of the world fish catches originate from IUU activities </li></ul><ul><li>Overcapacity and diminishing fish resources exacerbate the problem – very little progress has been made in addressing the overcapacity problem </li></ul>
  3. 3. Main loopholes <ul><li>Transshipments, lack of controls over non-fishing vessels </li></ul><ul><li>Flag State performance </li></ul><ul><li>Weak port controls, granting of port services other than offloading fish </li></ul><ul><li>Measures against vessels but not against nationals or companies </li></ul><ul><li>Insufficient communication between governments and organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of political will </li></ul>
  4. 4. Some recent positive steps <ul><li>A new FAO agreement on Port Control... still to be formally adopted and ratified </li></ul><ul><li>The new EU regulation on IUU fishing will enter into force next January 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>On the negative side... Compliance with UNGA Resolution 61/105 very poor... the unregulated 'U' </li></ul>
  5. 5. The EU Regulation on IUU fishing <ul><li>On paper, one of the highest standards worldwide at the moment </li></ul><ul><li>Scope </li></ul><ul><li>Port control and denial of port services </li></ul><ul><li>Traceability </li></ul><ul><li>Transhipments ban </li></ul><ul><li>Sanctions </li></ul><ul><li>Risk management </li></ul><ul><li>Community alert system </li></ul>
  6. 6. Supporting regional MCS
  7. 7. 2006 Witnessing the plunder <ul><li>Some examples from West Africa gathered at-sea </li></ul>
  8. 12. Fish boxes unloaded from the reefer Elpis, Las Palmas, 17/03/2006
  9. 17. IUU fishing by the EU fleet <ul><li>More political will from Member States will be required </li></ul><ul><li>The bluefin tuna fishery provides examples of extremely weak measures against IUU fishing </li></ul><ul><li>Enforcement lies with the Member States </li></ul>
  10. 19. The spotter plane I-GEMK while overflowing the Ligny Primo, Maria Antonietta and Luca Maria on 14 June 2007 The Ligny Primo together with the Luigi Padre at Valetta on 16 May 2007 The Ligny Primo and the Luca Maria overflown by spotter plane I-GEMK on 14 June 2007 The spotter plane I-GEMK at Lampedusa airport on 19 June 2007
  11. 20. EU ports... hopefully in the past
  12. 21. Dealing with nationals: little progress <ul><li>Dealt with at the Member States level </li></ul><ul><li>Need to involve Departments other than purely fisheries </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency and access to information </li></ul>
  13. 22. The case of Vidal Armadores <ul><li>Operating in the Southern Ocean in the late 90's </li></ul><ul><li>The Camouco – Arvisa I – Eternal </li></ul><ul><li>The hot pursuit of the Viarsa I </li></ul><ul><li>Still operating a fleet today </li></ul>
  14. 23. Vidal Armadores <ul><li>A network of legal and illegal vessels </li></ul>
  15. 24. The Paloma V <ul><li>A joint venture in Namibia </li></ul><ul><li>International network of companies </li></ul><ul><li>Clear links back to Spain... no action so far </li></ul>
  16. 25. The Galaecia <ul><li>Spanish nationals involved... no action so far </li></ul>
  17. 26. The Galaecia <ul><li>Complaints at CCMLAR about a license for experimental fishing </li></ul><ul><li>Solved by moving the ship to the IOTC area in 2006 and 2007 </li></ul>
  18. 27. Vidal Armadores <ul><li>A charter agreement was negotiated for the company in the ICCAT Convention Area in 2008 </li></ul>
  19. 28. Give back the money!
  20. 29. In summary <ul><li>The EU IUU Regulation has possibility to greatly strengthen the fight against IUU fishing </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation not yet completed: regular checks and assessments of standards and monitoring of practical application are needed - the devil is in the detail </li></ul><ul><li>Regional cooperation between developing States should be supported </li></ul><ul><li>EU IUU activities should be appropriately sanctioned, at sea monitoring needs to be improved and loopholes must be closed (adoption of Control Regulation) </li></ul><ul><li>Very little has been done yet in relation to EU nationals involved in IUU fishing </li></ul>
  21. 30. Some next steps <ul><li>Completion and ratification of the PSA </li></ul><ul><li>Global record of fishing and fishing related vessels </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment of flag State performance </li></ul><ul><li>Serious actions against nationals </li></ul><ul><li>ADDRESS OVERCAPACITY! </li></ul>