IUU fishing on trial

 Exposing the system and
loopholes that keep pirates
  plundering the oceans


  FAO Committee on Fi...
IUU fishing levels remain too high

   8 years after the FAO IPOA
   Estimations suggest that between 11-19% of the
    ...
FAO IPOA on IUU fishing

   Key instrument but voluntary
   Progress has been slow
   Little use of regional plans of a...
Regional Fisheries Bodies

   Different degrees of performance
   Not equally efficient when IUU fishing is
    carried ...
Main loopholes

   Transshipments and resupplying of vessels – lack
    of controls over non-fishing vessels
   Re-flagg...
Main loopholes

   Measures against vessels but not against
    nationals or companies
   Poor communication between gov...
The case of Vidal Armadores S.A.
         Over one decade in business
   Operating a fleet in the Southern Ocean in the
 ...
Antonio Vidal Pego
Problems with the justice
   Indicted in the US in
    September 2005, for importing
    26 t of PTF a...
The Paloma V
                          Illegal activities documented
   Tried to offload 98
    t. of Patagonian
    toot...
The Paloma V
                        Illegal activities documented
   Transshiping
    with the
    blacklisted
    Chilb...
The Paloma V
Links to Vidal Armadores S.A

   Invoices on-board established
    very clearly that the ship as
    supplie...
The Paloma V
Links to Vidal Armadores S.A

   The owner was a
    Namibian joint
    venture between a
    Namibian compa...
The Paloma V
Links to Vidal Armadores S.A

   Mabenal is 100%
    by Vidal
    Armadores S.A.
The Paloma V
Links to Vidal Armadores S.A
   Emails on board
    confirmed that the
    company is operated by
    Vidal ...
The Paloma V
Legal and illegal
vessels cooperate
   Fleet online view
   The Spanish flagged
    Galaecia and Belma are
...
The Paloma V
Spanish nationals
involved
   Crew list
   Lack of use of
    legislation
    against nationals
   The cas...
The Paloma V
Spanish nationals
involved
   Lack of use of
    legislation against
    nationals
   The case of Antonio
 ...
The Paloma V
Spanish nationals involved

   There is
    enough
    evidence
The Black Moon
Illegal activities documented

   Involved in a long list of IUU
    operations between October
    2005 a...
The Black Moon
Illegal activities documented
   Just between October 2005
    and 24 April 2006 the
    vessel was involv...
The Black Moon
Illegal activities documented
The Black Moon
Links to Vidal Armadores S.A.
The Black Moon
Continuously renaming and reflagging

   Dorita (Uruguay)
   Magnus (St
    Vincent&Gren)
   Thule (Eq. ...
Vidal Armadores S.A.
a highly subsidised company
Vidal Armadores
The case of the
Galaecia
   Alleged transhipment with the
    Magnus (the Blackmoon) and the
    Hammer i...
Vidal Armadores
The case of the
Galaecia
   Complaints in CCAMLR
    about the granting of a
    license to the Galaecia ...
The end of the
Galaecia
Pirates to the rescue
   The Galaecia caught fire
    on July 2008 and the crew
    was rescued b...
The case of the Belma
            Charters for Vidal's vessels

   ICCAT convention area 2008
A fleet still operative in the Southern Ocean
   Crew swapping
    vessels
   The list of
    vessels
    operated by
  ...
Good progress could be achieved in 2009

   A strong Port State Agreement
   First steps of a global record of fishing v...
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IUU Fishing on Trial

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Greenpeace presentation to the FAO Committee on Fisheries: "IUU Fishing Exposing the system and
loopholes that keep pirates plundering the oceans". March 2009.

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IUU Fishing on Trial

  1. 1. IUU fishing on trial Exposing the system and loopholes that keep pirates plundering the oceans FAO Committee on Fisheries Rome, 5th March 2009
  2. 2. IUU fishing levels remain too high  8 years after the FAO IPOA  Estimations suggest that between 11-19% of the global catch is derived from IUU activities  Overcapacity and shrinking resources exacerbate the problem – very little progress in capacity reduction
  3. 3. FAO IPOA on IUU fishing  Key instrument but voluntary  Progress has been slow  Little use of regional plans of action
  4. 4. Regional Fisheries Bodies  Different degrees of performance  Not equally efficient when IUU fishing is carried out by CPs  Lack of communication between RFBs
  5. 5. Main loopholes  Transshipments and resupplying of vessels – lack of controls over non-fishing vessels  Re-flagging – lack of vessels traceability  Weak port controls, granting of port services other than offloading  Irresponsible flag states
  6. 6. Main loopholes  Measures against vessels but not against nationals or companies  Poor communication between governments and organizations  Lack of will to put time and resources on the issue
  7. 7. The case of Vidal Armadores S.A. Over one decade in business  Operating a fleet in the Southern Ocean in the late 90's  The Camouco (Panama) – Arvisa I (Uruguay) – Eternal (Netherlands Antilles)  The hot pursuit of the Viarsa I (Uruguay)  Still operating a fleet today!
  8. 8. Antonio Vidal Pego Problems with the justice  Indicted in the US in September 2005, for importing 26 t of PTF and falsifying documents  Pleaded guilty in November 2006 and was placed on probation for 4 years.
  9. 9. The Paloma V Illegal activities documented  Tried to offload 98 t. of Patagonian toothfish in Auckland, in May 2008  Owned by a Namibian joint venture  Inspection proved it had been involved in IUU operations and was controlled by Vidal Armadores
  10. 10. The Paloma V Illegal activities documented  Transshiping with the blacklisted Chilbo San 33 on 8 August 2007  Transshipping with the blacklisted Black Moon on 18 November 2007
  11. 11. The Paloma V Links to Vidal Armadores S.A  Invoices on-board established very clearly that the ship as supplied by Vidal Armadores in Spain
  12. 12. The Paloma V Links to Vidal Armadores S.A  The owner was a Namibian joint venture between a Namibian company and Mabenal S.A, based in Uruguay
  13. 13. The Paloma V Links to Vidal Armadores S.A  Mabenal is 100% by Vidal Armadores S.A.
  14. 14. The Paloma V Links to Vidal Armadores S.A  Emails on board confirmed that the company is operated by Vidal and further indicate that he operates a fleet
  15. 15. The Paloma V Legal and illegal vessels cooperate  Fleet online view  The Spanish flagged Galaecia and Belma are included together with blacklisted vessels
  16. 16. The Paloma V Spanish nationals involved  Crew list  Lack of use of legislation against nationals  The case of Antonio García Pérez
  17. 17. The Paloma V Spanish nationals involved  Lack of use of legislation against nationals  The case of Antonio García Pérez
  18. 18. The Paloma V Spanish nationals involved  There is enough evidence
  19. 19. The Black Moon Illegal activities documented  Involved in a long list of IUU operations between October 2005 and May 2006  Confirmed gillnet fishing operations
  20. 20. The Black Moon Illegal activities documented  Just between October 2005 and 24 April 2006 the vessel was involved in joint operations with nine fishing vessels, eight of which were blacklisted
  21. 21. The Black Moon Illegal activities documented
  22. 22. The Black Moon Links to Vidal Armadores S.A.
  23. 23. The Black Moon Continuously renaming and reflagging  Dorita (Uruguay)  Magnus (St Vincent&Gren)  Thule (Eq. Guinea)  Eolo (Eq. Guinea)  Red Moon (N Korea)  Black Moon (N Korea)  Ina Maka (N Korea)  Galaxy (N Korea)
  24. 24. Vidal Armadores S.A. a highly subsidised company
  25. 25. Vidal Armadores The case of the Galaecia  Alleged transhipment with the Magnus (the Blackmoon) and the Hammer in August 2004.  Reported by the observer on- board.  Should a vessel belonging to this operator been licensed and subsidized to carry out 'scientific research'?
  26. 26. Vidal Armadores The case of the Galaecia  Complaints in CCAMLR about the granting of a license to the Galaecia for an exporatory fishery  The Galaecia and the Belma were licensed in the IOTC area in 2006 and 2007
  27. 27. The end of the Galaecia Pirates to the rescue  The Galaecia caught fire on July 2008 and the crew was rescued by the Galaxy, which is actually the same vessel as the Black Moon.  Even here the vessels on the screenshot show to be operating together
  28. 28. The case of the Belma Charters for Vidal's vessels  ICCAT convention area 2008
  29. 29. A fleet still operative in the Southern Ocean  Crew swapping vessels  The list of vessels operated by Vidal may be longer: Duero, Cetan, ...
  30. 30. Good progress could be achieved in 2009  A strong Port State Agreement  First steps of a global record of fishing vessels  Progress in addressing nationals and companies  Need for an investigation – GP took action this morning  Strengthen regional cooperation  Capacity reduction?

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