Hiram “Hank” Williams was born September 17, 1923 in Mount Olive, Alabama.In his early life, Hank Williams really developed a relationship with music by listening to all different types through the radio.He had spina bifida which separated him from a lot of other children his age, which is why he turned to music.He grew up listening to different types of music, especially fold and country and western.He was able to incorporate a style of African American Street music from a homeless musician named Rufus Payne which is later described as the blues.
Hank Williams moved to Montgomery, Alabama in 1937, thus starting his music career.His first debut was performing and hosting a radio show on the WSFA radio station.As his backup band, he formed the Drifting Cowboys, which he eventually dropped out of school to pursue his singing career with them.Once many members of his band were drafted into WWII, he had trouble with their replacements because of his drinking habits.His drinking problem caused him to be dropped from WSFA radio station.
Some of his greater hits included “Move It on Over” which he recorded in 1947 with MGM RecordsHe also had a hit in 1949 called “Lovesick Blues” which was a cover version of the show tune composed by Cliff Friend. It originally was a pop song but Hank Williams made it into a famous country and western song. This song was what really made Hank Williams famous.Hank Williams had 11 number one hit songs between 1948 and 1953. Some of these included “Your Cheatin’s Heart” “Hey, Good Lookin’” and “I’m So Lonesome, I could Cry”
Hank continued with Alcoholism his entire life, and in 1951 he suffered a fall injuring his back, causing him to be addicted to painkillers.His drinking worsened after his divorce from his first wife, and he was fired from the Grand ole Opry.He began touring again, which didn’t last long as at most times he was too drunk to even perform.Many people began to stop working with him for these reasons.Hank Williams passed away January 1, 1953, due to a combination of chloral hydrate, alcohol, and two shots of injected B12 that unknowingly contained morphine.
In stage performances Hank could capture the audience with the sincerity of his emotional highs, like in ‘Baby We’re really in love’ and lows, like your cheatin’ heartMany southerners were displaced to find factory jobs in the city. His songs often sang of the lonely discontent and disillusionment this caused. Hank was able to speak the language of his southern audience because he was the embodiment of the southern stereotype, a confident tortured soul who was unapologetically rustic and usually clutching a bottle of whiskey. His unstable love life gave his tortured lyrics authenticity and sincerity. His own complicated life redefined the country singer as a complicated character.
Hank sometimes released albums under an alternative name, Luke the Drifter. In this way he could release recordings that did not fit with his image and not worry about changing in the eyes of his fans. Often, however, he performed Luke the Drifter’s material during his own concerts. Luke had an unconventional country western style. He often chastised the public for the kinds of behavior Hank was known for, and spoke the verses during his songs.
Williams was a poetic lyricist. He often used rigid verse structures and rhyming schemes much like stanzas in a sonnet. Assonance is a kind of rhyming within words both at the end and in the middle of lines. For example, in Your Cheatin’ Heart you hear the aw sound in falling, toss, call, walk and heart in the second verse. To enhance the poetry of the lyrics, Williams also uses repeated consonant sounds within lines. He also connected to his audience on a deep emotional level. His voice would often crack with emotion during a performance.
Some people that influenced Hank Williams include Jimmie Rodgers, The Carter Family, and Roy Acruff. Jimmie Rodgers is known as the father of country music, and one of the many artist Hank Williams listened too.The Carter Family was more traditional American folk music, one of the styles that was also a favorite of Hank’s growing up.Roy Acuffwas a country music that is best known for helping move country music from “hoedown” to a singer based format.
Even though Hank Williams had a lot of influences in his life, Rufus Payne was Hank Williams’ largest and greatest influenceHe was an American blues musician and exposed Hank to blues and other African American styles.He was also influential in helping Hank overcome his shyness.Hank Williams said that Tee Tot gave him all the training in music that he ever had.
Here are a few of the many people that were influenced by the music of Hank Williams.Bob Dylan used to listen to Hank Williams on the radio as a child.The Rolling Stones were influenced by his music styles throughout their entire careers.Bruce Springsteen has said that he used to listen to Hank Williams in his apartment before his music career.Ray Charles has said that Hank Williams saved his music career.
Hank’s family was also very influenced by his music.Hank Williams Jr. who is Hank’s son started his career at the Grand Ole Opry, the place where his father once worked.Hank Williams Jr. moved on in his music career to rank #20 in Country Music Television’s Top 40 Greatest Men in the Country.Hank Williams III, who is Hank Williams Jr.’s son and Hank’s grandson was also very influenced by his grandfather.He was somewhat bitter towards country music because he was more into punk and metal, but still has the musical gene like his father and grandfather.
Like we have said before, Hank Williams grew up listening to early country music and folk music.He also listened to some gospel music as well which helped to influence his music career.The gospel music of both black and white communities taught him that music must have a spiritual component. His mother was an organist at a Baptist church and was influential in teaching him the Gospel type music.This component is prevalent throughout his music and is credited to the emotional connection he made with listeners.
During the Great Depression, unemployment rose to nearly 25%, droughts persisted across America's heartland, and hundreds of thousands found themselves homeless. This undoubtedly affected Hank and his family ability to obtain stable wages, being farmers by trade. Several moves over the course of his short life may also be contributed to unstable employment and economic conditions of the American South. Due to a spinal issue, this left Hank with even fewer options and caused him to seek various jobs in Oregon, Tennessee, and the South.The Jim Crow laws in the Southern States of America mandated racial segregation in all public facilities and undoubtedly affected the relationships between black and white musicians of the time. The legal segregation also made it easier for the musical contributions of black artist and bands to be ignored or outright stolen. The Great Migration was another great social influence on Hank WilliamsPopulations began migrating to the south, which meant he had more listeners and more fansThe Great Migration also caused feelings of displacement and disillusionment.Hank had these similar feelings so he was able to connect with people affected by the migration either in the region, or other areas of the United States, and offer a sense of commonality and familiarity through his music.
Hank Williams was also very affected by both World Wars.His father was a veteran of WWI and spent most of Hank’s early life hospitalized, leaving his strong-willed mother to do most of his upbringing.WWII also had great effects on Hank WilliamsMany of his band mates of his first band, The Drifting Cowboys, were drafted into the war.Hank Williams was unable to be drafted because of back problemsThis was the start of Hank’s heavy drinking, which caused his band replacements to refuse to work with him.
The legacy that Hank Williams left is definitely a reason as to why he is a topic in this class.The Alabama Governor proclaimed September 21st “Hank Williams Day.”The first celebration of this was in 1954 where there was an unveiling of a monument that is now at his grave site.Hank Williams had 11 number one hit songs as well as many other top ten hits.In 1961 he was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame and in 1985 he was inducted into the Alabama Music Hall of Fame.He was also inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1987 as an “Early Influence.”Hank Williams’ songs still continue to be hits today, and he is still perceived as one of country music's greatest artists.
Hank williams powerpoint presentation
Presented by Group 2 Marcel Allen Clint Borkan Susan Slocums EmilyTuttle Kiersten YndestadSeptember 17, 1923- January 1, 1953http://www.mxdwn.com/2011/08/07/news/dylan- white-and-more-cover-hank-williams/
• Born September 17, 1923• Developed a relationship with music early on • Spina Bifida• He grew up listening to different types of music• Rufus Payne helped him develop new styles
• Moved to Montgomery, Alabama in 1937• WSFA radio station.• Drifting Cowboys was his first band• WWII and drinking• WSFA dropped him The Drifting Cowboys http://rustytruck.wordpress.com/2010/02/12/han k-by-michael-panasuk/
• “Move It on Over”• “Lovesick Blues”• “Your Cheatin’ Heart”• “Hey, Good Lookin’”• “I’m So Lonesome, I Could Cry”
• Alcoholism and drug addiction• Led to a divorce and a firing from Grand Ole Opry• His drinking ruined his career, and his life• Hank Williams passed away January 1, 1953
• Sincerity• Displaced and disillusioned by the city.• The country western archetype. http://www.last.fm/music/Hank+Williams/+im ages/6315077
• Luke the Drifter http://yograndparentsmusic.blogspot.com/2012/01/hank- williams-luke-drifter-1950.html
• Jimmie Rodgers (Jimmie Rodgers Foundation)• The Carter Family• Roy Acuff Jimmie Rodgers http://rockhall.com/inductees/jimmie-rodgers/
• Hank’s largest influence• Exposed Hank to blues and other African American styles• Shyness• “All the music training I ever had” (Ward, 2012)
• Bob Dylan (Lepidus, 2010)• The Rolling Stones• Bruce Springsteen• Ray Charles
Hank Williams Jr. Hank Williams IIIhttp://www.last.fm/music/Hank+Williams+ Jr. http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/reliable- source/post/quoted-hank-williams-iii-on-hank- williams-jr/2011/10/04/gIQAfMLlLL_blog.html
• Early Country Music• Gospel Music • His mother • Black and White Communities
• Great Depression • Economic • Unemployment• Jim Crow South Jim Crow South• The Great Migration http://themoderatevoice.com/121302/courte sy-of-the-gop-jim-crow-is-back-in-a- national-voter-suppression-campaign/
• WWI • Family Issues• WWII • Career Issues WWII http://military.wikia.com/wiki/World_War_II
• September 21st “Hank Williams Day.”• 1954 celebration-unveiling of Hank Williams Monument• 11 number one hit songs• 1961-Country Music Hall of Fame• 1985 -Alabama Music Hall of Fame.• 1987-Rock and Roll Hall of Fame-“Early Influence.”• Is still a hit today
• Escott, C. (2005). Hank williams. Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/episodes/hank- williams/about-hank-williams/734/• Flippo, Chet (1985). Your cheatin heart:a biography of Hank Williams. Doubleday. ISBN 978-0-385-19737- 3.• Hank William biography. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.biography.com/people/hank-williams- 9532414?page=1• Jimmie Rodgers Foundation. (n.d.). Jimmie rodgers. Retrieved from http://www.jimmierodgers.com/biography.html• Lange, J. J. (2007, March 19). Hank williams sr.. Retrieved from http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1124• Lepidus, H. (2010, September 18). Bob dylan and his first hero, hank williams, sr. Retrieved from http://www.examiner.com/article/bob-dylan-and-his-first-hero-hank-williams-sr• NNDB. (2012). Hank williams, sr.. Retrieved from http://www.nndb.com/people/876/000062690/• Scripps Networks. LLC. (2012). Hank williams sr. biography. Retrieved from http://www.gactv.com/gac/ar_az_hank_williams_sr/article/0,,GAC_26936_4874790,00.html• Shmoop Editorial Team. (November 11, 2008).Your cheatin heart. Retrieved from http://www.shmoop.com/your-cheatin-heart• Swanson, J., Williamson, S.(1972). "Estimates of national product and income for the United States economy, 1919–1941". Explorations in Economic History 10: 53–73.• Ward, J. (2012, July 9). Panel to discuss hank williamsâ™ influence onamerican singer/songwriters set for june 20th." panel to discuss hank williamsâ™ influence onamerican singer/songwriters set for june 20th. Retrieved from http://www.musicnewsnashville.com/panel-to-discuss-hank-williams-influence-on- american-singersongwriters-set-for-june-20th
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