Libro de Gramaticas   Shakira Rushing
Table of contents• Imperfect     – Imperfect ending chart•   Preterite•   Future•   Conditional•   Por vs. Para•   Command...
Imperfect Tense•   What used to happen or is happening at the time of narration     – Los pajaros cantaban•   Describe peo...
Imperfect ending chartir           ser        veriba          era        veíaibas         eras       veíasiba          era...
Preterite• Past tense• Known beginning and ending• Snapshot of time  – Preterite Trigger Words     •   Ayer     •   Anoche...
Future  • The future tense is used to tell what “will” or “might”    happen.                           Verbs      Stem   V...
Conditional     • The conditional is used to express something that “would,       should, or could” happen                ...
Por vs. Para• Duration of an action   • Destination• Means by which          • Purpose  something is done       • In compa...
Commands• Used when telling someone what to do• Formal  – Put in “yo” form of present indicative  – Drop the “o”  – Goes t...
Present Perfect• Present perfect is made by having the main verb  and “have” or “has”• Drop the infinitive ending and add ...
Double Object Pronouns• Me   – me                  Lelo= selo• Te                     Lela= sela   – you                 L...
Adverbs• Formed by adding –mente to the feminine  sigular form of the adjective
Subjunctive•   Conjugate                Es importante que•   Put in the “yo” form     Es necessario que•   Goes to opposit...
Se impersonal• You would use “se” to avoid specifying the  person who is acting out the verb• ALWAYS in 3rd person• Can be...
Progressives with             Ir/Andar/Seguir• Ir- -ando/-iendo/-yendo  – Slowly but surely ____ing• Andar- -ando/-iendo...
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Libro de gramaticas

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Libro de gramaticas

  1. 1. Libro de Gramaticas Shakira Rushing
  2. 2. Table of contents• Imperfect – Imperfect ending chart• Preterite• Future• Conditional• Por vs. Para• Commands• Present Perfect• Double Object Pronouns• Adverbs• Subjunctive• Se Impersonal• Progressive w/ir, andar, y seguir
  3. 3. Imperfect Tense• What used to happen or is happening at the time of narration – Los pajaros cantaban• Describe people in the past tense – Mi mama tenia una cara bonita y era muy amable• Describe a state of mind, an opinion, or a feeling in the past – Yo pensaba que él era muy tonto• Express a time of day in the past – Eran las ocho de la noche• Describing an action that was happening when interrupted by another action – Comíamos cuando el nos llamó• To set the stage, describe a situation or setting – El sol brillaba nacia un tiempo muyagradable y todos estaban muy contentos.
  4. 4. Imperfect ending chartir ser veriba era veíaibas eras veíasiba era veíaibamos eramos veíamosiban eran veían
  5. 5. Preterite• Past tense• Known beginning and ending• Snapshot of time – Preterite Trigger Words • Ayer • Anoche • Anteayer • Le semana pasado
  6. 6. Future • The future tense is used to tell what “will” or “might” happen. Verbs Stem Verb StemForm Ending Change ChangeYo -éTu -ás Decir Dir- Venir Vendr-Ella/El/Ud. -á Hacer Har- Poder Podr-Nosotros -emos Poner Pondr- Querer Querr-Ellos/Ellas/ -án Salir Saldr- Saber Sabr-Uds. Tener Tendr- Valer Valdr-
  7. 7. Conditional • The conditional is used to express something that “would, should, or could” happen Verb Stem ChangeForm Ending Salir Saldr-Yo -ía Decir Dir-Tu -ías Hacer Har- Poner Pondr-Ella/El/Ud. -ía Saber Sabr-Nosotros -íamos Tener Tendr-Ellos/Ellas/Uds -ían Venir Vendr- Poder Podr- Querer Querr-
  8. 8. Por vs. Para• Duration of an action • Destination• Means by which • Purpose something is done • In comparison• Reason or motive for • Done for someone else an action • Recipient of something• Exchange or • Deadline or specific time substitution in the future• Object of search • Describes the purpose for• Units of measure
  9. 9. Commands• Used when telling someone what to do• Formal – Put in “yo” form of present indicative – Drop the “o” – Goes to opposite vowel
  10. 10. Present Perfect• Present perfect is made by having the main verb and “have” or “has”• Drop the infinitive ending and add –ado or –idoForm endingYo HeTu HasElla/El/Ud. HaNosotros HemosVosotros HabeisEllas/Ellos/Uds. Han
  11. 11. Double Object Pronouns• Me – me Lelo= selo• Te Lela= sela – you Lelos= selos• Lo,La Lelas= selas – Him, Her, It, You• Nos Leslo= selo – us Lesla= sela• Os Leslos= selos – You-all• Los,Las Leslas= selas – Them, you-all
  12. 12. Adverbs• Formed by adding –mente to the feminine sigular form of the adjective
  13. 13. Subjunctive• Conjugate Es importante que• Put in the “yo” form Es necessario que• Goes to opposite vowel• Wish/want Es posible que• Emotion Es probable que• Doubt Ojala que• Denial• Impersonal Expression• Negation• God
  14. 14. Se impersonal• You would use “se” to avoid specifying the person who is acting out the verb• ALWAYS in 3rd person• Can be used in all tenses
  15. 15. Progressives with Ir/Andar/Seguir• Ir- -ando/-iendo/-yendo – Slowly but surely ____ing• Andar- -ando/-iendo/-yendo – Is going around ___ing• Seguir- -ando/-iendo/-yendo – Is still ___ing

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