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Grammar book
Grammar book
Grammar book
Grammar book
Grammar book
Grammar book
Grammar book
Grammar book
Grammar book
Grammar book
Grammar book
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Grammar book
Grammar book
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Grammar book

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shakira's grammar book sp3 …

shakira's grammar book sp3

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  • 1. Grammar Book Shakira Rushing
  • 2. Table of contents <ul><li>Present tense –ar,-er/-ir </li></ul><ul><li>Stem changers </li></ul><ul><li>Irregular “yo” </li></ul><ul><li>Saber vs. Conocer </li></ul><ul><li>Reflexives </li></ul><ul><li>“ Se” impersonal </li></ul><ul><li>Dipthongs with accents </li></ul><ul><li>Verbs like –ger/-gir, -vir/-guir, -cer/-cir </li></ul><ul><li>Hace +(time expression)+ que + _______ </li></ul><ul><li>Imperfecto </li></ul>
  • 3. Present tense –ar,-er/-ir Escriben Comen Caminan Ellos/Ellas Escribimos Comemos Caminamos Nosotros Escribe Come Camina Ello/Ella Escribes Comes Caminas Tú Escribo Como Camino Yo -ir (escribir) -er (comer) -ar (caminar)
  • 4. Ser Vs. Estar <ul><li>Ser/ Permanent </li></ul><ul><li>Description </li></ul><ul><li>Origins </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Time </li></ul><ul><li>Occupation </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Possession </li></ul><ul><li>Events </li></ul><ul><li>Dates </li></ul><ul><li>Estar/ Temporary </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Emotion </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Present Condition </li></ul><ul><li>-Ar goes to –ando </li></ul><ul><li>-er/-ir goes to –endo/-yendo </li></ul>
  • 5. Irregular “yo” <ul><li>Oir-oigo </li></ul><ul><li>Salir-salgo </li></ul><ul><li>Tener-tengo </li></ul><ul><li>Hacer-hago </li></ul><ul><li>Poner-pongo </li></ul>
  • 6. Stem Changers e-ie empezar e-i consegiur o-ue almorzar empiezan Consigan almuerzan Ellos/ellas Empezamos Conseguimos almorzamos Nostros empieza Consiga Almuerza Èl/ella Empiezas Consigas almuerzas Tú Empiezo Consigo Almuerzo Yo
  • 7. Saber vs. Conocer <ul><li>Saber </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning to know a fact or how to do something. </li></ul><ul><li>Conocer </li></ul><ul><li>To know someone or be familiar with someone. </li></ul>
  • 8. Reflexives <ul><li>Me Me peino el pelo. </li></ul><ul><li>Te Te peinas el pelo. </li></ul><ul><li>Se Ella se peina el pelo. </li></ul><ul><li>Nos Nos peinamos el pelo. </li></ul><ul><li>Se Ellos se peinan el pelo. </li></ul>
  • 9. “ se” impersonal
  • 10. Dipthongs with accents <ul><li>Strong Vowels </li></ul><ul><li>Always make their own syllable </li></ul><ul><li>o, a, e </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hablar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>España </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Correro </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Weak Vowels </li></ul><ul><li>Are only their own syllable if they are surrounded by strong vowels </li></ul><ul><li>i/y, u </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fútbol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cine </li></ul></ul>
  • 11. Verbs like –ger/-gir, -cer/-cir <ul><li>-ger/-gir </li></ul><ul><li>Escoger </li></ul><ul><ul><li>escojo </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Protoger </li></ul><ul><ul><li>protejo </li></ul></ul><ul><li>-cer/-cir </li></ul><ul><li>Conducir </li></ul><ul><ul><li>conduzco </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Producir </li></ul><ul><ul><li>produzco </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Traducir </li></ul><ul><ul><li>traduzco </li></ul></ul>
  • 12. Hace +(time expression)+ que + verb in present tense <ul><li>Hago tres horas que estudia </li></ul>
  • 13. Imperfect Tense <ul><li>What used to happen or is happening at the time of narration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Los pajaros cantaban </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Describe people in the past tense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mi mama tenia una cara bonita y era muy amable </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Describe a state of mind, an opinion, or a feeling in the past </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yo pensaba que él era muy tonto </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Express a time of day in the past </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eran las ocho de la noche </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Describing an action that was happening when interrupted by another action </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comíamos cuando el nos llamó </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To set the stage, describe a situation or setting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>El sol brillaba nacia un tiempo muyagradable y todos estaban muy contentos. </li></ul></ul>
  • 14. Imperfect ending chart veían eran iban veíamos eramos ibamos veía era iba veías eras ibas veía era iba ver ser ir

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