The Catalan educational System


          Servei de Llengües
          Subdirecció General de Llengües i Entorn
         ...
European priorities

                     Five key challenges facing Europe (Nov.2009)

• Restarting economic growth today...
Catalonia, an Autonomy in Spain




Population:
   7.202.905 inhabitants (2008)

15.96% of the Spanish population
946 muni...
Catalonia:
           a small country in Europe




05/07/00      Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa
Catalan language in Europe


      LANGUAGE      POPULATION LANGUAGE                  POPULATION
      German        90.2 ...
Language challenges in Catalonia




                                          Social cohesion

                       • 1...
Immigrant students increase
                                            in Catalonia
                                  Imm...
Students newly arrived
                                                         ordered by originating country
30000      ...
The Catalan educational model
Many different societies ?                       One complex society?


                    ...
Usage of official languages
                                                                  in Catalonia 2008
          ...
Plurilingual Project:
   languages in a lifelong learning process

               International globalisation

           ...
Saving diversity is a long term investment
                Biodiversity

              Benefits:
              -planetary ...
Language dymamics:
                   ~ 5000 - 5500 languages in the world

About 8-10 % disappear every year
Only 10% are...
Learning a new language is opening a window
    to other cultures, it is a right for our students
       and a benefit for...
Languages in the Catalan Educational System


                              Language for
                         sharing ...
Chart D1.1. Total num be r of intended ins truction hours in public institutions betw ee n the ages of 7 and 14 (2007)


 ...
Learning languages, building bridges
 Basic Skills (CEFR)

• Oral comprehension
• Reading comprehension
• Oral Expression
...
05/07/00   Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa
High level learning processes and ICT

                      Creació

            Avaluació                               ...
Scaffolding

 Input                                                        Output
                       Transformation


...
Studies & Levels
               +18…. years                  Lifelong learning
 University
                               ...
Core Curriculum (40%, State) Llei Orgànica d’Educació (LOE, 2006)
 Flexible curriculum (60%, Autonomy) LEC, Llei d’Educaci...
Chart D1.2a. Instruction tim e pe r subje ct as a pe rce ntage of total com pulsory ins truction tim e for 9-11 ye ar-olds...
Read ing , writ ing and lit erat ure                                              M at hemat ics                          ...
Non-formal and informal education




05/07/00            Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa
Diversity, a collective empowerment




                            Dealing with diversity
                               ...
Sharing past?
             Geographical and
             institutional space?




                                        ...
Sharing present?




                      An oral and written shared language?




05/07/00   Known and shared /empowered...
Sharing future?




Sense, vision and will of common future?
  05/07/00           Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa
The Catalan educational System


          Servei de Llengües
          Subdirecció General de Llengua i Entorn
          ...
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The Catalan Educational System

  1. 1. The Catalan educational System Servei de Llengües Subdirecció General de Llengües i Entorn Departament d’Educació Neus Lorenzo Galés, 2010 nlorenzo@xtec.cat
  2. 2. European priorities Five key challenges facing Europe (Nov.2009) • Restarting economic growth today and ensuring long–term sustainability and competitiveness for the future • Fighting unemployment and reinforcing our social cohesion • Turning the challenge of a sustainable Europe to our competitive advantage • Reinforcing EU citizenship and participation participation. • Ensuring the security of Europeans Androulla VASSILIOU: Comissionate: Education, Culture, Multilingüism and Youth Prioritaties of the European Union (president José Manuel Barroso) 05/07/00 Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa Font : http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/09/1837&format=HTML&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en
  3. 3. Catalonia, an Autonomy in Spain Population: 7.202.905 inhabitants (2008) 15.96% of the Spanish population 946 municipalities 41 territories 4 provinces: Girona, Lleida, Tarragona, Barcelona 10 05/07/00 territorial services of education Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa
  4. 4. Catalonia: a small country in Europe 05/07/00 Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa
  5. 5. Catalan language in Europe LANGUAGE POPULATION LANGUAGE POPULATION German 90.2 M French 62.7 M English 62.2 M Italian 57.4 M Hungarian 10.5 M Spanish 39.8 M Czech 10.3 M Polish 38.7 M Bulgarian 8.3 M Catalan 10.8 M Slovakian 5.4 M Greek 10.6 M Lithuanian 3.7 M Portuguese 9.8 M Latvian 2.4 M Swedish 9.3 M Slovene 2.0 M Danish 5.2 M Estonian 1.4 M Finnish 05/07/00 5.1 M Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa Maltese 0.4 M
  6. 6. Language challenges in Catalonia Social cohesion • 10M speakers in 4 countries • Identity vs. Globalisation • Bilingualism vs. Plurilingualism • Intercultural dialog 05/07/00 Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa
  7. 7. Immigrant students increase in Catalonia Immigrants students in Catalonia 180000 14.15% 160000 13.65% 140000 10.05% 148.525 133.000 120000 9.03% 121.622 106.746 100000 7.65% 93.831 Alumnat Estranger Immigrant students 80000 74.491 5.04% 60000 51.926 40000 0.81% 34.797 20000 16.921 23.778 9.868 19.793 0 95 2 99 6 00 0 01 01 02 2 03 3 04 4 05 5 06 06 07 7 08 8 09 9 0 19 1 99 19 1 99 20 2 00 20 2 00 20 2 00 20 2 00 20 2 00 20 2 00 20 2 00 20 2 00 01 20 - 2 0 20 - 2 0 -2 - - - - - - - - - - 91 Spain: 8,37 % 19 05/07/00 Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa Source: http://www.idescat.cat/pub/?id=aec&n=274&t=2008
  8. 8. Students newly arrived ordered by originating country 30000 29.561 25000 20000 15000 14.073 10000 6.329 5.806 5.962 5.159 5000 3.788 3.371 2.491 2.502 2.720 1.847 1.931 1.933 1.377 1.519 931 981 1.102 1.216 1 0 a a t la a a ia a n or na c in i lia a ia l an ile ú a ni om ua si tin bi ri ro bi ta si in ue an er ív ad U gà ra Ità aï X òm ic àm . D ug ús is ar X en P ol eç om cr ne B qu ak ul M R B ep Ur rg G ol U en B eg E P R C Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa A 05/07/00 V R Source: Servei d’Immersió i Ús de la llengua, 2008 R
  9. 9. The Catalan educational model Many different societies ? One complex society? project project project project ect proj 05/07/00 Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa
  10. 10. Usage of official languages in Catalonia 2008 Family la llar Membres de Friends Amistats 0,00 500,00 1.000,00 1.500,00 2.000,00 2.500,00 0,00 500,00 1.000,00 1.500,00 2.000,00 2.500,00 Companys de feina Companys d'estudi Work Schoolmates 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 Neighbours Veïns 05/07/00 Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa 0,00 500,00 1.000,00 1.500,00 2.000,00 2.500,00
  11. 11. Plurilingual Project: languages in a lifelong learning process International globalisation Professional profiles Learning and personal growing process Environment Family language 05/07/00 Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa
  12. 12. Saving diversity is a long term investment Biodiversity Benefits: -planetary survival -health research reservoir -flexible response for Life and Nature -wider resource pool for facing crisis -adaptation Cultural diversity 05/07/00 Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa
  13. 13. Language dymamics: ~ 5000 - 5500 languages in the world About 8-10 % disappear every year Only 10% are active in the Internet space (40 languages for 99,3 % of users) 80 % are no-state, minority languages 75% are threatened or in danger In 100 years about 2500 will disappear (50 %) When a language disappears, a whole culture vanishes, with its unique, collective, unrepeateble view of reality. 05/07/00 Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa Source: « Halte à la mort des langues » Claude Hagège
  14. 14. Learning a new language is opening a window to other cultures, it is a right for our students and a benefit for the whole community 05/07/00 Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa
  15. 15. Languages in the Catalan Educational System Language for sharing opportunities and living together Catalan (Occitan) Curricular Languages Extra Curricular languages (family language, complementary lifelong learning) Catalan (Occitan) Arabic Spanish Chinese Amazig English Rumanian French Ukrainian German Portuguese Italian Galician (Latin/Old Greek) (Quitxua) 05/07/00 Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa
  16. 16. Chart D1.1. Total num be r of intended ins truction hours in public institutions betw ee n the ages of 7 and 14 (2007) Ag es 7 t o 8 Ag es 9 t o 11 Ag es 12 t o 14 Estonia Finland Slovenia Russian Federation Sw eden Korea Norw ay Hungary Germany Japan Denmark Iceland Czech Republic Luxembourg Austria Spain Turkey Belgium (Fl.) Portugal England Greece Ireland Israel Mexico France Belgium (Fr.) Australia Netherlands Italy Chile 0 1 000 2 000 3 000 4 000 5 000 6 000 7 000 8 000 9 000 10 000 Total number of intended instruction hours Ref: http://www.oecd.org/document/24/0,3343,en_2649_39263238_43586328_1_1_1_1,00.html 05/07/00 Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa Countries are ranked in ascending order of total number of intended instruction hours. Source: OECD. Table D1.1. See Annex 3 f or notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2009 ).
  17. 17. Learning languages, building bridges Basic Skills (CEFR) • Oral comprehension • Reading comprehension • Oral Expression • Writing expression • Interaction, conversation – Initial inclusive classroom (Catalan language immersion) – Open classroom (Active pre-professional approach) – Environmental Plan (Contextual inclusion) – 1x1 projects (ICT and collaborative activities) – International projects (CLIL methodologies and exchanges) 05/07/00 Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa
  18. 18. 05/07/00 Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa
  19. 19. High level learning processes and ICT Creació Avaluació Crear Avaluar Síntesi Analitzar Anàlisi Aplicació Aplicar Comprensió Entendre Coneixement Recordar Bloom Fisher School Projects Fonts: Bloom’s Taxonomy: : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bloom's_Taxonomy M.Fisher 2009: http://www.digygogy.blogspot.com 05/07/00 Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa
  20. 20. Scaffolding Input Output Transformation Tittle: Author: Sumary: Assessment SelF-assessment 05/07/00 Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa Font: http://edweb.sdsu.edu/webquest/tv/
  21. 21. Studies & Levels +18…. years Lifelong learning University University +18... years Professional Training 16-18 (+18) y. Post Compulsory Institutes 12-16 years Secondary 6-12 years Primary Schools 3-6 years Pre-school Kindergarden 05/07/00 Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa 0-3 years Infant edu.
  22. 22. Core Curriculum (40%, State) Llei Orgànica d’Educació (LOE, 2006) Flexible curriculum (60%, Autonomy) LEC, Llei d’Educació de Catalunya, 2009 Llar Escola CEIP Institut IES (ESO) Universitat Pre-school Primary Secondary Post-compulsory Different school typologies: • State schools (public, state funded) 50 % • Private funded schools, concertades (private, state funded) 50% • Private, independent schools (private, self-founded) 4%
  23. 23. Chart D1.2a. Instruction tim e pe r subje ct as a pe rce ntage of total com pulsory ins truction tim e for 9-11 ye ar-olds (2007) Percentage of intended instruction time devoted to various subject areas within the total compulsory curriculum R ead ing , writ ing and lit erat ure M at hemat ics Science M o d ern fo reig n lang uag es Ot her co mp uls o ry co re curriculum Co mp uls o ry flexib le curriculum 100% 80% 60% Languages Science 40% Maths 20% Reading... 0% ark ussian Federation epublic2 any Turkey etherlands1 France exico Ireland reece bourg3 ngland stonia Finland Japan Iceland ortugal4 hile elgium(Fl.) ungary Israel pain orea lovenia ustria ustralia N ay S eden enm orw C erm S K M w G A E E Luxem H S D G A P zech R B N C R 1. Includes 11-year-olds only. 2. For 9-10 year-olds, social studies is included in science. 3. German as a language of instruction is included in "Reading, w riting and literature" in addition to the mother tongue Luxemburgish. 4. Includes 10-11 year-old Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa 05/07/00 Ref: http://www.oecd.org/document/24/0,3343,en_2649_39263238_43586328_1_1_1_1,00.html
  24. 24. Read ing , writ ing and lit erat ure M at hemat ics Science M o d ern fo reig n lang uag es Ot her co mp uls o ry co re curriculum Co mp uls o ry flexib le curriculum 100% 80% 60% Languages 40% Science Version 1 - Last updated: 19-Aug-2009 Chart D1.2b. Instruction time per subject as a percentage of total compulsory instruction tim e for 12-14 year-olds (2007) Maths Percentage of intended instruction time devoted to various subject areas within the total compulsory curriculum 20% Reading... 0% ark Belgium (Fr.)3 Russian Federation Turkey any Czech Republic bourg2 Italy3 France exico Estonia Iceland Finland Greece Japan Belgium (Fl.) Ireland1 Chile England Israel Portugal Hungary Spain Slovenia Korea Austria Australia Norway Sweden Denm Germ M Luxem 1. For 13-14 year-olds, arts is included in non-compulsory curriculum. 2. German as a language of instruction is included in "Reading, w riting and literature" in addition to the mother tongue Luxemburgish. 05/07/00 3. Includes 12-13 year-olds only. Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa Countries are r Ref: http://www.oecd.org/document/24/0,3343,en_2649_39263238_43586328_1_1_1_1,00.html
  25. 25. Non-formal and informal education 05/07/00 Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa
  26. 26. Diversity, a collective empowerment Dealing with diversity to grant equity in rights and duties EQUITY in DIVERSITY reading, writing, speaking, listening Building knowledge Building community in several languages 05/07/00 Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa
  27. 27. Sharing past? Geographical and institutional space? Common past? 05/07/00 Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa
  28. 28. Sharing present? An oral and written shared language? 05/07/00 Known and shared /empowered values? Jordi Vaquer Àrea d’Europa
  29. 29. Sharing future? Sense, vision and will of common future? 05/07/00 Jordi Vaquer / Àrea d’Europa
  30. 30. The Catalan educational System Servei de Llengües Subdirecció General de Llengua i Entorn Departament d’Educació Neus Lorenzo Galés, 2010 nlorenzo@xtec.cat

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