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Bulgaria- by Virdzhiniya Vasileva_ Study Visit 2013-189-ES (Barcelona)
Bulgaria- by Virdzhiniya Vasileva_ Study Visit 2013-189-ES (Barcelona)
Bulgaria- by Virdzhiniya Vasileva_ Study Visit 2013-189-ES (Barcelona)
Bulgaria- by Virdzhiniya Vasileva_ Study Visit 2013-189-ES (Barcelona)
Bulgaria- by Virdzhiniya Vasileva_ Study Visit 2013-189-ES (Barcelona)
Bulgaria- by Virdzhiniya Vasileva_ Study Visit 2013-189-ES (Barcelona)
Bulgaria- by Virdzhiniya Vasileva_ Study Visit 2013-189-ES (Barcelona)
Bulgaria- by Virdzhiniya Vasileva_ Study Visit 2013-189-ES (Barcelona)
Bulgaria- by Virdzhiniya Vasileva_ Study Visit 2013-189-ES (Barcelona)
Bulgaria- by Virdzhiniya Vasileva_ Study Visit 2013-189-ES (Barcelona)
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Bulgaria- by Virdzhiniya Vasileva_ Study Visit 2013-189-ES (Barcelona)

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Bulgaria: Presentation for the European Study Visit 2013-189-ES (Catalonia, Spain), "Language learning spaces: diversity and transversality". Author Virdzhiniya Vasileva. Visit the web: …

Bulgaria: Presentation for the European Study Visit 2013-189-ES (Catalonia, Spain), "Language learning spaces: diversity and transversality". Author Virdzhiniya Vasileva. Visit the web: http://blocs.xtec.cat/cataloniastudyvisit2013languagelearning/report/

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  • 1. Virdzhiniya VasilevaIntegration-Focused LanguageEducation Policies in Bulgaria
  • 2. Virdziniya VasilevaQuick introductionEmploymentEmployment• Senior Expert of Pre-school Education at the Regional Inspectorate in Sofia ofthe Ministry of Education, Youth and Science (since 1992)– Offer methodological and organizational help and support to kindergartens– Rich experience in improving kindergartens in Sofia• Lecturer with RAABE Bulgaria on various education-related topics (since 2012)• Previously served as a Headmistress of Kindergarten #152 in SofiaEducationEducation• MS in Pedagogy and Bulgarian Language from the University of Sofia (1979)• Year-long Specialization in Pre-School Education at the University of Sofia(1991)• Participant in multiple international experience exchange programs, courses andstudy visitsOtherOther• Author of multiple articles on topics of pre-school education• Chairwoman of the OMEP (World Organization for Early Childhood Education)Chapter in Sofia
  • 3. Agenda• Summary and framework• Language and integration within the EU• Language and integration within Bulgaria• Q&A1234
  • 4. Summary and frameworkEUBulgariaEthnicminorities inBulgariaLanguage Education is a key meansto integrationLanguage Education is a key meansto integrationCommunities can be understood as"bubbles"• Speaking only one language isolatespeople from other communities• It confines people to a narrow worldviewLanguage education allows communitymembers to "move out of the bubble"• Thus it is intrinsically integrative• It allows for cultural exchange thatwould otherwise not be possibleTwo types of transitions are discussedin the Bulgarian context• Bulgarian integration within the EU viaforeign language Education• Integration of ethnic communities withinBulgaria via language EducationIndividualcommunitieswithin Europe1
  • 5. Language and integration within the EUTwo of eight key competencies focus on language2Mother tongue communicationMother tongue communicationInitiative-taking andentrepreneurshipInitiative-taking andentrepreneurshipForeign languagecommunicationForeign languagecommunicationAbility to learnAbility to learnComputer skillsComputer skillsMathematical skills and basicscientific and technologicalknowledgeMathematical skills and basicscientific and technologicalknowledgeSocial and citizenscompetenciesSocial and citizenscompetenciesCultural competenciesCultural competencies
  • 6. Language and integration within the EUSetup of the Bulgarian foreign language education system2Kindergarten 1st grade 2nd-4th grade 5th-7th grade8th grade 9th-12th grade• Foreign-languageeducation isoptional• As such, thereis noregulatednumber ofLUs1per week• Almost allkindergartensin Sofia offerforeignlanguagetraining andmany parentstake advantageof the offering• Foreign-languageeducation iselective• If a language ischosen, theclass time is 3LUs per week• A first foreignlanguage ismandatory• 3 LUs perweek• The firstforeignlanguageremainsmandatory (3LUs per week)• A secondlanguage iselective• If chosen, theclass time is 3LUs per week• In specializedlanguage highschoolsmandatory 18LUs per weekfor the primaryforeignlanguage• 6 LUs per weekfirst foreignlanguage• CLIL: 3-5 subjects(e.g., physics,chemistry, biology,etc.) taughtexclusively in thefirst foreignlanguage• 2 LUs per weeksecond foreignlanguage8th grade 9th-12th grade• 13 LUs perweek for thefirst foreignlanguage• 6 LUs perweek for thefirst foreignlanguage• 2 LUs perweek for thefirst foreignlanguage1. Lesson Unit (LU) = 45 minutesABSpecialized elitelanguage high schools(very competitive examsfor admission)
  • 7. Language and integration within BulgariaIntegration of ethnic minorities3Integration necessitiesIntegration necessitiesA large minority of Roma and Sintichildren are educated in school inBulgaria• The language spoken at home isusually not Bulgarian• Those children grow up bilingual, butneed extra help and support withBulgarianThe necessities of the job market dictateBulgarian language proficiency• Employment opportunities areextremely limited for people who are notfluent in Bulgarian• The Roma and Sinti communities areeconomically disadvantaged• Thus language education translatesdirectly into economic development
  • 8. Language and integration within BulgariaStrategic integration goals of secondary education inBulgaria3Five goals for integration of ethnicminoritiesFive goals for integration of ethnicminoritiesStated strategic goals of the BulgarianConcept for Secondary Education• Equal access to high-quality education• Conservation and development of thecultural identity of children• Creation of preconditions for successfulsocialization of young people fromethnic minorities• Transformation of cultural diversity intoa factor for mutual exchange anddevelopment• Inclusion of parents to the goals ofeducational integrationKeys to successful integrationKeys to successful integrationTo satisfy the goals of the Concept,quality language education is necessary• Since Bulgarian is the language of theeducation in Bulgaria, unless ethnicminority children are fluent they wouldbe at a disadvantage• It is important to underscore the culturalexchange in the education processrather than have a two-tier educationsystem• Parental involvement can decreaseabsence and thus facilitate theeducation process
  • 9. Q&A4
  • 10. Q&A4

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